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AB-1542 County of Yolo: Secured Residential Treatment Program.(2021-2022)

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Date Published: 07/15/2021 09:00 PM
AB1542:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  July 15, 2021
Amended  IN  Senate  July 07, 2021
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 29, 2021
Amended  IN  Assembly  March 30, 2021

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2021–2022 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1542


Introduced by Assembly Member McCarty
(Coauthor: Senator Dodd)

February 19, 2021


An act to amend Section 4019 of, and to add and repeal Section 1203.44 of, the Penal Code, relating to drug treatment.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1542, as amended, McCarty. County of Yolo: Secured Residential Treatment Program.
Existing law authorizes a court to grant pretrial diversion to a defendant in specified cases, including when the defendant is suffering from a mental disorder, specified controlled substances crimes, and when the defendant was, or currently is, a member of the United States military. Existing law imposes various fines, fees, penalties, and assessments on a defendant in a criminal proceeding, including the fine set by statute, restitution fines and fees, and assessments to support the state court system.
This bill would, until January 1, 2025, authorize the County of Yolo to offer a pilot program, known as the Secured Residential Treatment Program, for individuals suffering from substance use disorders (SUDs) who have been convicted of qualifying drug-motivated felony crimes, as specified. The bill would require the program to meet certain conditions relating to, among other things, a risk, needs, and psychological assessment, a comprehensive curriculum, a determination by a judge of the length of treatment, data collection, licensing and monitoring of the facility by the State Department of Health Care Services, and reporting to the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, the State Department of Health Care Services, and the Legislature.
The bill would require the judge to offer the defendant voluntary participation in the pilot program, as an alternative to a jail or prison sentence otherwise imposed, if the defendant’s crime was caused in whole or in part by the defendant’s SUD, the crime was not a sex crime, serious or violent felony, or nonviolent drug possession, and the judge makes their determination based on the recommendations of the treatment providers, on a finding by the health and human services agency of the county that the defendant’s participation would be appropriate, and on a specified report prepared with input from interested parties. Under the bill, the defendant would be eligible to receive credits for participation in the program, as specified.
The bill would set forth a procedure for the transfer of a participant out of the secured residential treatment program based on the recommendations of the treatment providers or program administrators or based on the participant’s request, as specified.
If the participant successfully completes the court-ordered drug treatment pursuant to the pilot program, the bill would require the court to expunge the conviction from the participant’s record and would authorize the court to expunge the conviction of any previous drug possession or drug use crimes on the participant’s record.
Existing law establishes the Medi-Cal program, which is administered by the State Department of Health Care Services, under which qualified low-income individuals receive health care services, including mental health and substance use disorder services, pursuant to a schedule of benefits. The Medi-Cal program is, in part, governed and funded by federal Medicaid program provisions. Existing law, with certain exceptions based in part on the type and location of the service, provides for the suspension of Medi-Cal benefits to an inmate of a public institution.
This bill would, to the extent permitted under federal and state law, make treatment provided to a participant during the program reimbursable under the Medi-Cal program, if the participant is a Medi-Cal beneficiary and the treatment is a covered benefit under the Medi-Cal program. If treatment services are not reimbursable under the Medi-Cal program or through the participant’s personal health care coverage, the bill would authorize funds allocated to the state from the 2021 Multistate Opioid Settlement Agreement, subject to an appropriation by the Legislature, to be used to reimburse those treatment services to the extent consistent with the terms of the settlement agreement and the court’s final judgment, as specified.
This bill would make legislative findings and declarations as to the necessity of a special statute for the County of Yolo.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) A significant percentage of people arrested and charged with crimes in the County of Yolo suffer from substance use disorders (SUDs).
(b) For many individuals suffering from SUDs, residential and professionally conducted evidence-based treatment programs are the best, or at times only, option for getting this population well.
(c) Our efforts in California in treating those who suffer from SUDs, some of whom are homeless, have been unsuccessful. Although there have been efforts to treat this population, to date, there has been limited success.
(d) For those who suffer from SUDs and who commit drug-motivated crimes, as an alternative to a jail or prison sentence, they could consent to be diverted to a secured residential treatment facility, where they would receive evidence-based treatment to get them well and give them the opportunity to become healthy, fulfilled, and contributing members of society. One goal of this pilot program is to reduce recidivism.
(e) If the pilot program is established, eligible individuals who could consent to this alternative to sentencing in jail or prison would generally be individuals who suffer from an SUD that is determined to be the driving force behind the crime, and whereby the crime is not a simple drug possession offense, and the individual, but for this voluntary program, would be sentenced to jail or prison as a result of the crime.

SEC. 2.

 Section 1203.44 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

1203.44.
 (a) The County of Yolo may offer a pilot program, known as the Secured Residential Treatment Program, consistent with this section for individuals suffering from substance use disorders (SUDs) who have been convicted of drug-motivated felony crimes that qualify pursuant to the criteria and conditions described in subdivisions (b) and (c). If offered, the pilot program shall align with the resolution adopted by the County of Yolo in 2015 in recognition of the national Stepping Up Initiative, with the goal of ensuring that people with behavioral health conditions receive treatment out of custody wherever possible. The County of Yolo may offer the pilot program to eligible individuals if the program meets all of the following conditions:
(1) The program facility is licensed by the State Department of Health Care Services as an alcoholism or drug abuse recovery or treatment facility pursuant to Chapter 7.5 (commencing with Section 11834.01) of Part 2 of Division 10.5 of the Health and Safety Code.
(2) The program is limited to one facility site.
(3) The State Department of Health Care Services monitors the program facility to ensure the health, safety, and well-being of program participants.
(4) The State Department of Health Care Services has authority to access the program facility to investigate complaints by program participants and to ensure the facility complies with applicable statutes and regulations.
(5) The program facility ensures that participants have visitation rights, including through the use of a telephone.

(1)

(6) The county develops the program in consultation with drug treatment service providers and other relevant community partners.

(2)

(7) The Yolo County Health and Human Services Agency (HHSA) ensures that a risk, needs, and psychological assessment, utilizing the Multidimensional Assessment of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), as part of the ASAM Criteria, be performed for each individual identified as a candidate for the program.

(3)

(8) The individual, as an alternative to a jail or prison sentence, consents to participate in the program.

(4)

(9) The participant’s treatment, in terms of length and intensity, within the program is based on the findings of the risk, needs, and psychological assessment and the recommendations of treatment providers.

(5)

(10) The program adopts the Treatment Criteria of ASAM. The program may take into consideration evolving best practices in the SUD treatment community.

(6)

(11) The program has a comprehensive written curriculum that informs the operations of the program and outlines the treatment and intervention modalities.

(7)

(12) A judge determines the length of the treatment program after being informed by, and based on, the risk, needs, and psychological assessment and recommendations of treatment providers. After leaving the secured residential treatment facility, the participant continues outpatient treatment for a period of time and may also be referred to a “step-down” residential treatment facility, subject to the time limit described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (c).

(8)

(13) The program provides, for each participant successfully leaving the program, a comprehensive continuum of care plan that includes recommendations for outpatient care, counseling, housing recommendations, and other vital components of successful recovery.

(9)

(14) To the extent permitted under federal and state law, treatment provided to a participant during the program is reimbursable under the Medi-Cal program, if the participant is a Medi-Cal beneficiary and the treatment is a covered benefit under the Medi-Cal program. If treatment services provided to a participant during the program are not reimbursable under the Medi-Cal program or through the participant’s personal health care coverage, funds allocated to the state from the 2021 Multistate Opioid Settlement Agreement, subject to an appropriation by the Legislature, may be used to reimburse those treatment services to the extent consistent with the terms of the Settlement Agreement and the Final Judgment (People v. McKinsey & Co. (Alameda County Superior Court, No. RG21087649, Feb. 4, 2021)).

(10)

(15) An outcomes assessment is completed by an independent evaluator.

(11)

(16) The county collects and monitors all of the following data for participants in the program:
(A) The participant’s demographic information, including age, gender, race, ethnicity, marital status, familial status, and employment status.
(B) The participant’s criminal history.
(C) The participant’s risk level, as determined by the risk, needs, and psychological assessment.
(D) The treatment provided to the participant during the program, and if the participant completed that treatment.
(E) The participant’s outcome at the time of program completion, six months after completion, and one year after completion, including subsequent arrests and convictions.

(12)

(17) The county reports all of the following information annually to the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the State Department of Health Care Services and, in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, to the Legislature, excluding any personally identifiable information of participants:
(A) The risk, needs, and psychological assessment tool used for the program.
(B) The curriculum used by each program.
(C) The number of participants with a program length other than one year and the alternative program lengths used.
(D) Individual data on the number of participants participating in the program.
(E) Individual data for the items described in paragraph (11). (16).
(F) A one- and three-year evaluation of the number of subsequent arrests and convictions of the participants.
(b) (1) Eligible drug-motivated crimes shall include any felony crime other than the following:
(A) Sex crimes as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 290.
(B) “Serious” felonies as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7 or in Section 1192.8.
(C) “Violent” felonies as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a “nonviolent drug possession offense” specified in subdivision (a) of Section 1210 may not be diverted pursuant to this program.
(c) (1) At the time of sentencing or pronouncement of judgment in which sentencing is imposed, the judge shall offer the defendant voluntary participation in the pilot program, as an alternative to a jail or prison sentence that the judge would otherwise impose, consistent with the other provisions of this section and if all of the following conditions are met:
(A) The defendant’s crime was caused in whole or in part by the defendant’s SUD.
(B) The defendant’s crime meets the criteria described in subdivision (b).
(C) The judge makes their determination based on the recommendations of the treatment providers who conducted the assessment, on a finding by HHSA that the defendant’s participation in the program would be appropriate, and on the report described in subdivision (d).
(2) The amount of time in the secured residential treatment facility shall be determined by the recommendations of the treatment providers who conducted the assessment. The amount of time, combined with any outpatient treatment or “step-down” residential treatment pursuant to the program, shall not exceed the term of imprisonment to which the defendant would otherwise be sentenced, not including any additional term of imprisonment for enhancements, for the drug-motivated crime. The court shall not place the defendant on probation for the underlying offense. The defendant shall be eligible to receive credits pursuant to Section 4019.
(3) During the period in which an individual is participating in the pilot program, the individual shall be on supervision with the probation department.
(d) To assist the court in making the determination as to whether to offer the defendant placement in the secured residential treatment program pursuant to subdivision (c), a report shall be prepared with input from any of the interested parties, including the district attorney, the attorney for the participant, the probation department, HHSA, and any contracted drug treatment program provider.
(e) If, at any time during the individual’s participation in the program, it is determined by the treatment providers or program administrators that continued participation in the program would not be in the best interests of the individual, other participants, or the program itself, the treatment providers or program administrators may recommend to the court that the individual’s participation be terminated and that the individual be transferred out of the secured residential treatment program.
(f) If the court, based on the recommendations of the treatment providers or program administrators, determines that the participant should be transferred out of the secured residential treatment phase of the program prior to the end of the original order, the court shall make that subsequent order, and the participant shall complete the remainder of the original sentence imposed prior to their consent to enter the program.
(g) If, at any time during the individual’s participation in the program, the individual determines that they no longer wish to participate in the program, the individual may make a request to the court for termination of their participation and be transferred out of the secured residential treatment program to complete the remainder of their originally imposed sentence after accounting for any credits to which the individual is entitled pursuant to Section 4019.
(h) If the treatment providers make a recommendation to the court that the participant should be released prior to the end of the original order based on the treatment providers’ assessment that the participant no longer needs to be in the secured residential treatment program, the court shall make that subsequent order, and paragraph (8) (13) of subdivision (a) shall apply.
(i) If the participant successfully completes the court-ordered drug treatment pursuant to this program, the court shall expunge the conviction from the participant’s record. The court shall also have discretion to expunge the conviction of any previous drug possession or drug use crimes on the participant’s record, including those offenses listed in Sections 11350, 11364, 11377, and 11550 of the Health and Safety Code. A participant’s successful completion of treatment shall be determined by the treatment providers and does not require the participant to complete the duration of the treatment originally ordered by the court.
(j) The court shall ensure that the rights of any victim pursuant to Section 28 of Article I of the California Constitution (Marsy’s Law) are honored before expunging the conviction.
(k) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2025, and as of that date is repealed.

SEC. 3.

 Section 4019 of the Penal Code, as amended by Section 3 of Chapter 44 of the Statutes of 2019, is amended to read:

4019.
 (a) This section applies in all of the following cases:
(1) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp, including all days of custody from the date of arrest to the date when the sentence commences, under a judgment of imprisonment or of a fine and imprisonment until the fine is paid in a criminal action or proceeding.
(2) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as a condition of probation after suspension of imposition of a sentence or suspension of execution of sentence in a criminal action or proceeding.
(3) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a definite period of time for contempt pursuant to a proceeding other than a criminal action or proceeding.
(4) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp following arrest and prior to the imposition of sentence for a felony conviction.
(5) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as part of custodial sanction imposed following a violation of postrelease community supervision or parole.
(6) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as a result of a sentence imposed pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(7) When a prisoner participates in a program pursuant to Section 1203.016 or Section 4024.2. Except for prisoners who have already been deemed eligible to receive credits for participation in a program pursuant to Section 1203.016 prior to January 1, 2015, this paragraph shall apply prospectively.
(8) When a prisoner participates in a treatment program pursuant to Section 1203.44.
(9) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail treatment facility, as defined in Section 1369.1, in proceedings pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 1367) of Title 10 of Part 2.
(b) Subject to subdivision (d), for each four-day period in which a prisoner is confined in or committed to a facility as specified in this section, one day shall be deducted from the prisoner’s period of confinement unless it appears by the record that the prisoner has refused to satisfactorily perform labor as assigned by the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(c) For each four-day period in which a prisoner is confined in or committed to a facility as specified in this section, one day shall be deducted from the prisoner’s period of confinement unless it appears by the record that the prisoner has not satisfactorily complied with the reasonable rules and regulations established by the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(d) This section does not require the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp to assign labor to a prisoner if it appears from the record that the prisoner has refused to satisfactorily perform labor as assigned or that the prisoner has not satisfactorily complied with the reasonable rules and regulations of the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(e) A deduction shall not be made under this section unless the person is committed for a period of four days or longer.
(f) It is the intent of the Legislature that if all days are earned under this section, a term of four days will be deemed to have been served for every two days spent in actual custody.
(g) The changes in this section as enacted by the act that added this subdivision shall apply to prisoners who are confined to a county jail, city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a crime committed on or after the effective date of that act.
(h) The changes to this section enacted by the act that added this subdivision shall apply prospectively and shall apply to prisoners who are confined to a county jail, city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a crime committed on or after October 1, 2011. Any days earned by a prisoner prior to October 1, 2011, shall be calculated at the rate required by the prior law.
(i) (1) This section shall not apply, and no credits may be earned, for periods of flash incarceration imposed pursuant to Section 3000.08 or 3454.
(2) Credits earned pursuant to this section for a period of flash incarceration pursuant to Section 1203.35 shall, if the person’s probation or mandatory supervision is revoked, count towards the term to be served.
(j) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2023, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2023, deletes or extends that date.

SEC. 4.

 Section 4019 of the Penal Code, as amended by Section 4 of Chapter 44 of the Statutes of 2019, is amended to read:

4019.
 (a) This section applies in all of the following cases:
(1) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp, including all days of custody from the date of arrest to the date when the sentence commences, under a judgment of imprisonment or of a fine and imprisonment until the fine is paid in a criminal action or proceeding.
(2) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as a condition of probation after suspension of imposition of a sentence or suspension of execution of sentence in a criminal action or proceeding.
(3) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a definite period of time for contempt pursuant to a proceeding other than a criminal action or proceeding.
(4) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp following arrest and prior to the imposition of sentence for a felony conviction.
(5) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as part of custodial sanction imposed following a violation of postrelease community supervision or parole.
(6) When a prisoner is confined in a county jail, industrial farm, or road camp or a city jail, industrial farm, or road camp as a result of a sentence imposed pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(7) When a prisoner participates in a program pursuant to Section 1203.016 or Section 4024.2. Except for prisoners who have already been deemed eligible to receive credits for participation in a program pursuant to Section 1203.016 prior to January 1, 2015, this paragraph shall apply prospectively.
(8) When a prisoner participates in a treatment program pursuant to Section 1203.44.
(9) When a prisoner is confined in or committed to a county jail treatment facility, as defined in Section 1369.1, in proceedings pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 1367) of Title 10 of Part 2.
(b) Subject to subdivision (d), for each four-day period in which a prisoner is confined in or committed to a facility as specified in this section, one day shall be deducted from the prisoner’s period of confinement unless it appears by the record that the prisoner has refused to satisfactorily perform labor as assigned by the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(c) For each four-day period in which a prisoner is confined in or committed to a facility as specified in this section, one day shall be deducted from the prisoner’s period of confinement unless it appears by the record that the prisoner has not satisfactorily complied with the reasonable rules and regulations established by the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(d) This section does not require the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp to assign labor to a prisoner if it appears from the record that the prisoner has refused to satisfactorily perform labor as assigned or that the prisoner has not satisfactorily complied with the reasonable rules and regulations of the sheriff, chief of police, or superintendent of an industrial farm or road camp.
(e) A deduction shall not be made under this section unless the person is committed for a period of four days or longer.
(f) It is the intent of the Legislature that if all days are earned under this section, a term of four days will be deemed to have been served for every two days spent in actual custody.
(g) The changes in this section as enacted by the act that added this subdivision shall apply to prisoners who are confined to a county jail, city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a crime committed on or after the effective date of that act.
(h) The changes to this section enacted by the act that added this subdivision shall apply prospectively and shall apply to prisoners who are confined to a county jail, city jail, industrial farm, or road camp for a crime committed on or after October 1, 2011. Any days earned by a prisoner prior to October 1, 2011, shall be calculated at the rate required by the prior law.
(i) This section shall not apply, and no credits may be earned, for periods of flash incarceration imposed pursuant to Section 3000.08 or 3454.
(j) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2023.

SEC. 5.

 The Legislature finds and declares that a special statute is necessary and that a general statute cannot be made applicable within the meaning of Section 16 of Article IV of the California Constitution because of the unique circumstances that the County of Yolo has experienced with regard to difficulties in treating individuals who have been convicted of drug-motivated crimes as a result of their substance use disorders.