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SB-320 Public university student health centers: medication abortion readiness: abortion by medication techniques: College Student Health Center Sexual and Reproductive Health Preparation Fund.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 06/15/2018 04:00 AM
SB320:v93#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  June 14, 2018
Amended  IN  Assembly  June 04, 2018
Amended  IN  Senate  January 11, 2018
Amended  IN  Senate  January 03, 2018
Amended  IN  Senate  April 25, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  March 16, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 320


Introduced by Senator Leyva
(Coauthor: Assembly Member Carrillo)

February 13, 2017


An act to add Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 99250) to Part 65 of Division 14 of Title 3 of the Education Code, relating to public health, and making an appropriation therefor.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 320, as amended, Leyva. Public health: public postsecondary education: public university student health centers: medication abortion readiness: abortion by medication techniques: College Student Health Center Sexual and Reproductive Health Preparation Fund.
Existing law establishes the University of California, under the administration of the Regents of the University of California, and the California State University, under the administration of the Trustees of the California State University, as 2 of the segments of public postsecondary education in this state.
This bill would express findings and declarations of the Legislature relating to the availability of abortion by medication techniques at on-campus student health centers at public postsecondary educational institutions in the state.
The bill would require, on and after January 1, 2022, each public university student health center, as defined, to offer abortion by medication techniques, as specified.
The bill would require the Commission on the Status of Women and Girls to administer the College Student Health Center Sexual and Reproductive Health Preparation Fund, which the bill would establish, and would continuously appropriate the moneys in that fund to the commission for allocation for specified grants for purposes of the bill, thereby making an appropriation. The bill would provide that its requirements would be implemented only if, and to the extent that, a total of at least $9,600,000 in private moneys are made available to the fund in a timely manner on or after January 1, 2019.
The bill would require the commission to report to the Legislature, on or before December 31, 2020, and then again on or before December 31, 2021, the number of public university student health centers that have begun to provide abortion by medication techniques.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: YES   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Abortion care is a constitutional right and an integral part of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care.
(b) More than 400,000 students classified as female are educated at California’s public university campuses, and it is central to the mission of California’s public university student health centers to minimize the negative impact of health concerns on students’ studies and to facilitate retention and graduation.
(c) The state has an interest in ensuring that every pregnant person in California who wants to have an abortion can obtain access to that care as easily and as early in pregnancy as possible. When pregnant young people decide that abortion is the best option for them, having early, accessible care can help them stay on track to achieve their educational and other aspirational life plans.
(d) All California public university campuses have on-campus student health centers, but none of these health centers currently provide abortion by medication techniques. Abortion by medication techniques is extremely safe, highly effective, and cost effective. Abortion by medication techniques is an essential part of comprehensive women’s sexual and reproductive health care, and should be accessible at on-campus student health centers.
(e) Staff at on-campus student health centers include health professionals who are licensed to provide abortion by medication techniques. Under current California law, all residency programs in obstetrics and gynecology include training in abortion. Physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and certified nurse-midwives are legally authorized to perform abortions by medication techniques. Any clinician legally authorized to provide abortion, but not currently trained to provide abortion by medication techniques, can be trained inexpensively to do so, and such training falls within the requirements of continuing education for medical providers.
(f) The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have found that prescribing abortion by medication techniques is no different from prescribing other medications, and have also found that the risks of providing abortion by medication techniques, including via telehealth, are low and similar to the risks of serious adverse effects of taking commonly used prescription and over-the-counter medications.
(g) Students seeking early pregnancy termination, especially those enrolled at institutions outside of major urban centers, face prohibitively expensive travel, often without reliable means of transportation, to a clinic that may require hours of travel from their campus, out of their city, county, or even geographic region. These financial and time burdens negatively impact academic performance and mental health.
(h) California law recognizes abortion as a basic health service that must be covered by Medi-Cal and by private, managed care insurance plans regulated by the state.
(i) It is the intent of the Legislature that public university student health centers make abortion by medication techniques as accessible and cost-effective for students as possible, and thus public university student health centers should treat abortion by medication techniques as a basic health service.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 99250) is added to Part 65 of Division 14 of Title 3 of the Education Code, to read:
CHAPTER  5.5. Student Health Care Services

99250.
 For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(a) “Commission” means the Commission on the Status of Women and Girls established by Section 8241 of the Government Code.
(b) “Fund” means the College Student Health Center Sexual and Reproductive Health Preparation Fund established by Section 99251.
(c) “Grantee” means any qualifying student health center at a public or private college or university.
(d) “Medication abortion readiness” includes, but is not limited to, assessment of each individual clinic to determine facility and training needs before beginning to provide abortion by medication techniques, purchasing equipment, making facility improvements, establishing clinical protocols, creating patient educational materials, and training staff. “Medication abortion readiness” does not include the provision of abortion by medication techniques.
(e) “Public university student health center” means a clinic providing primary health care services to students that is located on the campus of a university within the University of California or California State University systems.

99251.
 (a) On and after January 1, 2022, each public university student health center shall offer abortion by medication techniques.
(b) (1) The commission shall administer the College Student Health Center Sexual and Reproductive Health Preparation Fund, which is established by this chapter for the purposes of providing private moneys in the form of grants to on-campus student health centers at public and private colleges and universities for medication abortion readiness. Notwithstanding any other law, the commission is authorized to receive moneys from nonstate entities, including, but not necessarily limited to, private sector entities and local and federal government agencies, and deposit these moneys in the fund.
(2) Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, the moneys in the fund are continuously appropriated to the commission for allocation for purposes of this chapter.
(3) The commission shall utilize fund moneys to do all of the following:
(A) Provide a grant of two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) to each public university student health center to pay for the cost, both direct and indirect, of medication abortion readiness. Allowable expenses under these grants include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(i) Purchase of equipment used in the provision of abortion by medication techniques.
(ii) Facility and security upgrades.
(iii) Costs associated with enabling the campus health center to deliver telehealth services.
(iv) Costs associated with training staff in the provision of abortion by medication techniques.
(v) Staff cost reimbursement and clinical revenue offset while staff are in trainings.
(B) Provide a grant of two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) to both the University of California and the California State University to pay for the cost, both direct and indirect, of the following, for each university system:
(i) Providing 24-hour, backup medical support by telephone to patients who have obtained abortion by medication techniques at a public university student health center until January 1, 2022. center.
(ii) One-time fees associated with establishing a corporate account to provide telehealth services.
(iii) Billing specialist consultation.
(C) Paying itself for the costs, both direct and indirect, associated with administration of the fund, including the costs of hiring staff. staff, not to exceed two million four hundred thousand dollars ($2,400,000).
(D) Maintaining a system of financial reporting on all aspects of the fund.
(4) Each public university student health center grantee shall, as a condition of receiving a grant award from the fund, participate in an evaluation of its medication abortion readiness and its provision of abortion by medication techniques.
(5) The requirements of this chapter shall be implemented only if, and to the extent that, a total of at least nine million six hundred thousand dollars ($9,600,000) in private funds is made available to the fund in a timely manner on or after January 1, 2019.
(6) Nothing in this chapter shall be interpreted as requiring a public university to utilize General Fund moneys or student fees for medication abortion readiness before January 1, 2022.
(c) The commission, working with the public university student health centers, shall assist and advise on potential pathways for their student health centers to access public and private payers to provide funding for ongoing costs of providing abortion by medication techniques.
(d) (1) The commission shall report to the Legislature, on or before December 31, 2020, and then again on or before December 31, 2021, the number of public university student health centers that have begun providing abortion by medication techniques.
(2) The requirement for submitting reports under paragraph (1) shall become inoperative on January 1, 2026, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code.