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SB-1078 Housing.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 02/12/2018 09:00 PM
SB1078:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 1078


Introduced by Committee on Transportation and Housing (Senators Beall (Chair), Allen, Cannella, Dodd, Gaines, McGuire, Mendoza, Morrell, Roth, Skinner, Vidak, Wieckowski, and Wiener)

February 12, 2018


An act to amend Sections 53398.52 and 65584.01 of the Government Code, and to amend Sections 51005 and 115927 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to housing.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1078, as introduced, Committee on Transportation and Housing. Housing.
(1) Existing law authorizes the legislative body of a city or a county to establish an enhanced infrastructure financing district to finance public capital facilities or other specified projects of communitywide significance. Existing law requires the district to require, by recorded covenants or restrictions, that housing units built pursuant to this authority remain available at affordable housing costs to, and occupied by, persons and families of very low, low-, or moderate-income households, as provided.
This bill would delete an unnecessary reference to “households” in these provisions.
(2) The Planning and Zoning Law requires each city, county, and city and county to prepare and adopt a general plan that contains certain mandatory elements, including, but not limited to, a housing element. That law requires the housing element to include, among other things, an assessment of housing needs and an inventory of resources and constraints relevant to the meeting of those needs. That law further requires the Department of Housing and Community Development, for the 4th and subsequent revisions of the housing element, to determine the existing and projected need for housing for each region and requires the department to meet and consult with the council of governments regarding this need at least 26 months prior to the scheduled revision. Existing law requires the council of governments to provide data assumptions from the council’s projections, including, if available, among other things, the percentage of renters’ households that are overcrowded, as provided.
This bill would delete the reference to “renters” in the provisions described above, thereby requiring the data assumptions from the council’s projections to include the percentage of all households that are overcrowded. By increasing the duties of local officials, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
(3) Existing law establishes the California Housing Finance Agency with a primary purpose of meeting the housing needs of persons and families of low or moderate income and requires the agency to administer various housing finance assistance programs. Existing law, by November 1 of each year, also requires the agency to submit an annual report of its activities for the preceding year to specified state governmental entities.
This bill would instead require that report to be submitted by December 31 of each year.
(4) The Swimming Pool Safety Act generally requires, whenever a building permit is issued for the construction of a new swimming pool or spa, the pool or spa to be equipped with specified safety features. Existing law prohibits the act from being subject to further modification or interpretation by any regulatory agency of the state, and provides that this authority is reserved exclusively to local jurisdictions, as specified.
This bill would correct erroneous cross-references in these provisions.
(5) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 53398.52 of the Government Code is amended to read:

53398.52.
 (a) (1) A district may finance any of the following:
(A) The purchase, construction, expansion, improvement, seismic retrofit, or rehabilitation of any real or other tangible property with an estimated useful life of 15 years or longer that satisfies the requirements of subdivision (b).
(B) The planning and design work that is directly related to the purchase, construction, expansion, or rehabilitation of property.
(C) The costs described in Sections 53398.56 and 53398.57.
(2) The facilities are not required to be physically located within the boundaries of the district. However, any facilities financed outside of a district shall have a tangible connection to the work of the district, as detailed in the infrastructure financing plan adopted pursuant to Section 53398.69.
(3) A district shall not finance routine maintenance, repair work, or the costs of an ongoing operation or providing services of any kind.
(b) The district shall finance only public capital facilities or other specified projects of communitywide significance that provide significant benefits to the district or the surrounding community, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Highways, interchanges, ramps and bridges, arterial streets, parking facilities, and transit facilities.
(2) Sewage treatment and water reclamation plants and interceptor pipes.
(3) Facilities for the collection and treatment of water for urban uses.
(4) Flood control levees and dams, retention basins, and drainage channels.
(5) Child care facilities.
(6) Libraries.
(7) Parks, recreational facilities, and open space.
(8) Facilities for the transfer and disposal of solid waste, including transfer stations and vehicles.
(9) Brownfield restoration and other environmental mitigation.
(10) The development of projects on a former military base, provided that the projects are consistent with the military base authority reuse plan and are approved by the military base reuse authority, if applicable.
(11) The repayment of the transfer of funds to a military base reuse authority pursuant to Section 67851 that occurred on or after the creation of the district.
(12) The acquisition, construction, or rehabilitation of housing for persons of very low, low, and moderate income, as defined in Sections 50105 and 50093 of the Health and Safety Code, for rent or purchase.
(13) Acquisition, construction, or repair of industrial structures for private use.
(14) Transit priority projects, as defined in Section 21155 of the Public Resources Code, that are located within a transit priority project area. For purposes of this paragraph, a transit priority project area may include a military base reuse plan that meets the definition of a transit priority project area and it may include a contaminated site within a transit priority project area.
(15) Projects that implement a sustainable communities strategy, when the State Air Resources Board, pursuant to Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 65080) of Division 1 of Title 7, has accepted a metropolitan planning organization’s determination that the sustainable communities strategy or the alternative planning strategy would, if implemented, achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction targets.
(16) Projects that enable communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change, including, but not limited to, higher average temperatures, decreased air and water quality, the spread of infectious and vector-borne diseases, other public health impacts, extreme weather events, sea level rise, flooding, heat waves, wildfires, and drought.
(17) Port or harbor infrastructure, as defined by Section 1698 of the Harbors and Navigation Code.
(c) The district shall require, by recorded covenants or restrictions, that housing units built pursuant to this section shall remain available at affordable housing costs to, and occupied by, persons and families of very low, low-, or moderate-income households low, or moderate income for the longest feasible time, but for not less than 55 years for rental units and 45 years for owner-occupied units.
(d) The district may finance mixed-income housing developments, but may finance only those units in such a development that are restricted to occupancy by persons of very low, low, or moderate incomes as defined in Sections 50105 and 50093 of the Health and Safety Code, and those onsite facilities for child care, after school care, and social services that are integrally linked to the tenants of the restricted units.
(e) A district may utilize any powers under either the Polanco Redevelopment Act (Article 12.5 (commencing with Section 33459) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 24 of the Health and Safety Code) or Chapter 6.10 (commencing with Section 25403) of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code, and finance any action necessary to implement that act.

SEC. 2.

 Section 65584.01 of the Government Code is amended to read:

65584.01.
 For the fourth and subsequent revision of the housing element pursuant to Section 65588, the department, in consultation with each council of governments, where applicable, shall determine the existing and projected need for housing for each region in the following manner:
(a) The department’s determination shall be based upon population projections produced by the Department of Finance and regional population forecasts used in preparing regional transportation plans, in consultation with each council of governments. If the total regional population forecast for the projection year, developed by the council of governments and used for the preparation of the regional transportation plan, is within a range of 1.5 percent of the total regional population forecast for the projection year by the Department of Finance, then the population forecast developed by the council of governments shall be the basis from which the department determines the existing and projected need for housing in the region. If the difference between the total population projected by the council of governments and the total population projected for the region by the Department of Finance is greater than 1.5 percent, then the department and the council of governments shall meet to discuss variances in methodology used for population projections and seek agreement on a population projection for the region to be used as a basis for determining the existing and projected housing need for the region. If no agreement is reached, then the population projection for the region shall be the population projection for the region prepared by the Department of Finance as may be modified by the department as a result of discussions with the council of governments.
(b) (1) At least 26 months prior to the scheduled revision pursuant to Section 65588 and prior to developing the existing and projected housing need for a region, the department shall meet and consult with the council of governments regarding the assumptions and methodology to be used by the department to determine the region’s housing needs. The council of governments shall provide data assumptions from the council’s projections, including, if available, the following data for the region:
(A) Anticipated household growth associated with projected population increases.
(B) Household size data and trends in household size.
(C) The percentage of renters’ households that are overcrowded. For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “overcrowded” means more than one resident per room in each room in a dwelling.
(D) The rate of household formation, or headship rates, based on age, gender, ethnicity, or other established demographic measures.
(E) The vacancy rates in existing housing stock, and the vacancy rates for healthy housing market functioning and regional mobility, as well as housing replacement needs.
(F) Other characteristics of the composition of the projected population.
(G) The relationship between jobs and housing, including any imbalance between jobs and housing.
(2) The department may accept or reject the information provided by the council of governments or modify its own assumptions or methodology based on this information. After consultation with the council of governments, the department shall make determinations in writing on the assumptions for each of the factors listed in subparagraphs (A) to (G), inclusive, of paragraph (1) and the methodology it shall use and shall provide these determinations to the council of governments.
(c) (1) After consultation with the council of governments, the department shall make a determination of the region’s existing and projected housing need based upon the assumptions and methodology determined pursuant to subdivision (b). The region’s existing and projected housing need shall reflect the achievement of a feasible balance between jobs and housing within the region using the regional employment projections in the applicable regional transportation plan. Within 30 days following notice of the determination from the department, the council of governments may file an objection to the department’s determination of the region’s existing and projected housing need with the department.
(2) The objection shall be based on and substantiate either of the following:
(A) The department failed to base its determination on the population projection for the region established pursuant to subdivision (a), and shall identify the population projection which the council of governments believes should instead be used for the determination and explain the basis for its rationale.
(B) The regional housing need determined by the department is not a reasonable application of the methodology and assumptions determined pursuant to subdivision (b). The objection shall include a proposed alternative determination of its regional housing need based upon the determinations made in subdivision (b), including analysis of why the proposed alternative would be a more reasonable application of the methodology and assumptions determined pursuant to subdivision (b).
(3) If a council of governments files an objection pursuant to this subdivision and includes with the objection a proposed alternative determination of its regional housing need, it shall also include documentation of its basis for the alternative determination. Within 45 days of receiving an objection filed pursuant to this section, the department shall consider the objection and make a final written determination of the region’s existing and projected housing need that includes an explanation of the information upon which the determination was made.

SEC. 3.

 Section 51005 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

51005.
 (a)  The agency shall, by November 1 December 31 of each year, submit an annual report of its activities under this division for the preceding year to the Governor, the Secretary of Business, Consumer Services and Housing, the Director of Housing and Community Development, the Treasurer, the Joint Legislative Budget Committee, the Legislative Analyst, and the Legislature. The report shall set forth a complete operating and financial statement of the agency during the concluded fiscal year. The report shall specify the number of units assisted, the distribution of units among the metropolitan, nonmetropolitan, and rural areas of the state, and shall contain a summary of statistical data relative to the incomes of households occupying assisted units, the monthly rentals charged to occupants of rental housing developments, and the sales prices of residential structures purchased during the previous fiscal year by persons or families of low or moderate income. The report shall also include a statement of accomplishment during the previous year with respect to the agency’s progress, priorities, and affirmative action efforts. The agency shall specifically include in its report on affirmative action goals, statistical data on the numbers and percentages of minority sponsors, developers, contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, architects, engineers, attorneys, mortgage bankers or other lenders, insurance agents, and managing agents.
(b)  The report shall also include specific information evaluating the extent to which the programs administered by the agency have attained the statutory objectives of the agency, including, but not limited to, (1) the primary purpose of the agency in meeting the housing needs of persons and families of low or moderate income pursuant to Section 50950, (2) the occupancy requirements for very low income households established pursuant to Sections 50951 and 51226, (3) the elderly and orthopedic disability occupancy requirements established pursuant to Section 51230, (4) the use of surplus moneys pursuant to Section 51007, (5) the metropolitan, nonmetropolitan, and rural goals established pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 50952, (6) the California Statewide Housing Plan, as required by Section 50154, (7) the statistical and other information developed and maintained pursuant to Section 51610, (8) the number of manufactured housing units assisted by the agency, (9) information with respect to the proceeds derived from the issuance of bonds or securities and any interest or other increment derived from the investment of bonds or securities, and the uses for which those proceeds or increments are being made as provided for in Section 51365, including the amount by which each fund balance exceeds indenture requirements, (10) any recommendations described in subdivision (d), (11) any recommendations described in Section 51227, (12) the revenue bonding authority plan adopted pursuant to Section 51004.5, (13) the statistical and other information required to be provided pursuant to Section 50156, (14) an analysis of the agency’s compliance with the targeting requirements of subsection (d) of Section 142 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Sec. 142) with respect to any issue of bonds subject to those requirements under Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Sec. 103), including the numbers of rental units subject to this reporting requirement by categories based on the number of bedrooms per unit, and (15) the statistical and other information relating to congregate housing for the elderly pursuant to Section 51218.
The agency may, at its option, include the information required by this section in a single document or may separately report the statistical portion of the information in a supplement appended to its annual report. This statistical supplement shall be distributed with copies of the agency’s annual report, but need not be provided to bond rating agencies, underwriters, investors, developers, or financial institutions.
(c)  The agency shall cause an audit of its books and accounts with respect to its activities under this division to be made at least once during each fiscal year by an independent certified public accountant and the agency shall be subject to audit by the Department of Finance not more often than once each fiscal year.
(d)  The agency shall assess any obstacles or problems that it has encountered in meeting its mandate to serve nonmetropolitan and rural metropolitan areas, and recommend legislative and administrative solutions to overcome these obstacles or problems. The agency shall separately assess its progress in meeting the rehabilitation needs of rural areas and the new construction needs of rural areas, and separately assess its progress as to single and multifamily units. The agency shall include in its report a quantification and evaluation of its progress in meeting the housing needs of communities of various sizes in rural areas.
(e)  By December 1 of each fiscal year, the agency shall ascertain that not less than 25 percent of the total units financed by mortgage loans during the preceding 12 months pursuant to this part were made available to very low income households. If the agency finds that these very low income occupancy goals have not been met, the agency shall immediately notify the Governor, the Speaker of the Assembly, and the Senate Committee on Rules, and shall recommend legislation or other action as may be required to make (1) at least 25 percent of the units so available, and (2) at least 25 percent of the units thereafter financed so available. In housing developments for which the agency provides a construction loan but not a mortgage loan, the agency shall report annually on the percentage of units projected to be made available for occupancy and actually occupied by lower income households.

SEC. 4.

 Section 115927 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

115927.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this article shall not be subject to further modification or interpretation by any regulatory agency of the state, this authority being reserved exclusively to local jurisdictions, as provided for in subdivision (e) paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 115922 and subdivision (c) of Section 115924. 115925.

SEC. 5.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because a local agency or school district has the authority to levy service charges, fees, or assessments sufficient to pay for the program or level of service mandated by this act, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code.