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SB-59 California Transportation Commission: advisory committee: autonomous vehicle technology.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 07/03/2019 09:00 PM
SB59:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  July 03, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  May 17, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  April 01, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 59


Introduced by Senator Allen

December 19, 2018


An act to add Article 5.5 (commencing with Section 65053) to Chapter 1.5 of Division 1 of Title 7 of the Government Code, relating to autonomous vehicle technology. An act to add and repeal Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 14518) of Part 5.3 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, relating to transportation.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 59, as amended, Allen. Autonomous vehicle technology: Statewide policy. California Transportation Commission: advisory committee: autonomous vehicle technology.
Existing law creates the California Transportation Commission with various powers and duties, including the duty to advise and assist the Secretary of Transportation and the Legislature in formulating and evaluating state policies and plans for transportation programs in the state.
This bill would require the chair of the commission to establish an advisory committee, the California Council on the Future of Transportation, to provide the Governor and the Legislature with recommendations for changes in state policy to ensure that California continues to be the world leader in autonomous, driverless, and connected vehicle technology. The bill would require the council to consist of at least 22 members, selected by the chair or designated, as specified, who represent, among others, transportation workers, various state and local agencies, and a disability rights organization.
The bill would require the council to gather public comment on issues and concerns related to autonomous vehicles and to submit, among other things, recommendations for statewide policy changes and updates to the Legislature no later than January 1, 2022, and to submit a report of its recommendations biannually thereafter, or more frequently at the commission’s discretion. The bill would require the council to create subcommittees focused on or more specific topics and to form one subcommittee led by the Office of Planning and Research focused on furthering the state’s environmental, public health, and energy objectives, as specified. The bill would require the subcommittee to submit policy recommendations to the council and the Legislature by January 1, 2022, and to make those recommendations publicly available.
The bill would repeal these provisions on January 1, 2030.

Existing law establishes the Office of Planning and Research in the Governor’s office, which serves the Governor and the Governor’s cabinet for long-range planning and research and constitutes the comprehensive state planning agency. Existing law permits the operation of an autonomous vehicle on public roads for testing purposes by a driver who possesses the proper class of license for the type of vehicle being operated if specified requirements are met.

This bill would establish certain guiding principles relating to autonomous vehicles in order to ensure that these vehicles support the state’s efforts to, among other things, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and encourage efficient land use. The bill would require the Office of Planning and Research to convene an autonomous vehicle interagency working group of specified state agencies, including, among others, the Transportation Agency, the Department of Transportation, the State Air Resources Board, and the Department of Motor Vehicles, to guide policy development for autonomous vehicle technology consistent with the statewide principles described above. The bill would require the working group to submit its recommendations to further these principles to the Legislature on or before January 1, 2022. The bill would also make related findings and declarations.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) California, as a technological hub for innovation, should support the continued research and development of autonomous vehicle technology as it has the potential to eventually contribute, along with other transportation developments, to safety and mobility and to other environmental, economic, public health, and social equity benefits. Autonomous vehicle technology continues to be developed and its full potential has yet to be realized.
(b) The deployment of autonomous vehicles, along with all other parts of the transportation sector, should appropriately support the state’s efforts to improve road safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and criteria air pollutants, reduce traffic congestion and vehicle miles traveled, encourage efficient land use, and increase access to mobility and economic opportunities for all Californians.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 14518) is added to Part 5.3 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, to read:
CHAPTER  1.5. California Council on the Future of Transportation

14518.
 (a) The chair of the commission shall establish an advisory committee known as the California Council on the Future of Transportation.
(b) The council shall provide the Governor and the Legislature with recommendations for changes in state policy to ensure that California continues to be the world leader in autonomous, driverless, and connected vehicle technology.
(c) (1) The council shall consist of all of the following members selected by the chair of the commission, all of whom shall serve without additional compensation:
(A) One or more individuals who represent insurance interests.
(B) One or more individuals who represent a bona fide labor organization that represents transportation workers.
(C) One or more individuals who represent local government from a rural, suburban, or urban area of the state or from an organization that represents local governments.
(D) One or more individuals who represent a California public research institution.
(E) One or more individuals who represent a vehicle manufacturer or an organization that represents vehicle manufacturers.
(F) One or more individuals who represent a technology company that develops autonomous technology or an organization that represents technology companies that are developing autonomous technology.
(G) One or more individuals who represent a disability rights organization.
(H) One or more individuals who represent a local transit agency.
(I) One or more individuals who represent a statewide motorist service membership organization.
(J) One or more individuals from a bicycle or pedestrian safety organization.
(K) One or more individuals from an environmental justice or environmental equity advocacy organization.
(L) One or more individuals from a public health, science, or environmental organization.
(2) The following individuals shall also serve on the council, without compensation:
(A) The Secretary of the Natural Resources Agency or the secretary’s designee.
(B) The Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development or the secretary’s designee.
(C) The Chair of the commission or the chair’s designee.
(D) The Director of the Office and Planning and Research or the director’s designee.
(E) The Director of Transportation or the director’s designee.
(F) The Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol or the commissioner’s designee.
(G) The Insurance Commissioner or the commissioner’s designee.
(H) The Director of Motor Vehicles or the director’s designee.
(I) The Director of the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development or the director’s designee.
(J) The Chair of the State Air Resources Board or the chair’s designee.
(3) The chair of the commission shall consult with the members of the council designated in paragraph (2) when selecting the individuals described in paragraph (1).
(d) (1) The council shall gather public comment on issues and concerns related to autonomous vehicles and shall submit recommendations for statewide policy changes and updates, and any additional research or data needed, to the Legislature no later than January 1, 2022, and shall continue to submit a report of its recommendations biannually thereafter, or more frequently at the commission’s discretion.
(2) A report submitted pursuant to this subdivision shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795.
(e) The council shall include in its report submitted pursuant to subdivision (d), but is not limited to including, policy recommendations on the following topics:
(1) Safety for all road users in the near and long term, including potential changes to traffic laws, and licensing and registration, taking into account changes in autonomous vehicle technology over time.
(2) Infrastructure improvements that may be needed for the safe operation of autonomous vehicles.
(3) Improving how individuals travel, including, but not limited to, reducing traffic congestion and vehicle miles traveled.
(4) Furthering the state’s environmental, public health, and energy objectives, including the state’s planning priorities described in Section 65041.1.
(5) Promoting the integration of new mobility services with walking, bicycling, transit, and other modes of travel.
(6) Labor and economic impacts that include, but are not limited to, potential job loss, worker displacement, and job creation.
(7) Increasing the availability of accessible mobility options, particularly for individuals with technological, financial, cultural, and other barriers to mobility or with different physical, sensory, and cognitive abilities, that provide accessible physical equipment and communication interfaces.
(8) Potential changes to insurance requirements.
(f) The council shall create subcommittees focused on one or more of the topics described in subdivision (e) to gather public comment and provide recommendations to the council. One subcommittee shall be led by the Office of Planning and Research and focus on paragraph (4) of subdivision (e), taking into consideration the principles established by the California Multi-Agency Workgroup on Automated Vehicle Deployment for Healthy and Sustainable Communities. Policy recommendations developed by this subcommittee shall be submitted to the council and the Legislature by January 1, 2022, and shall be made available to the public.
(g)  This chapter shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2030, and as of that date is repealed.

SECTION 1.

The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

(a)California, as a technological hub for innovation, should support the continued research and development of autonomous vehicle technology, as it has the potential to eventually contribute—along with other transportation developments—to safety, mobility, environmental, economic, public health, and social equity benefits. Autonomous vehicle technology continues to be developed and its full potential has yet to be realized.

(b)Automobile crashes are a leading cause of death and 94 percent of serious automobile crashes are linked to human choices or errors. Autonomous vehicle technology may help to avoid human-error crashes and significantly improve vehicle safety.

(c)California leads the nation in the number of pedestrians and bicyclists killed by motor vehicles, and ranks sixth highest in such deaths per capita. Deaths of pedestrians and bicyclists from motor vehicles are increasing nationwide. Making the roads safer for pedestrians and cyclists could help to increase the use of active transportation, which is an affordable, low-impact alternative to driving that supports California’s clean transportation goals and equity goals.

(d)Autonomous vehicle technology could significantly transform California’s entire transportation system, potentially affecting both mobility and land use patterns across the state. Depending on how autonomous vehicle technology develops, this technology could help California attain its greenhouse gas emissions reduction, air quality improvement, and equity goals or could potentially hinder these efforts.

(e)Research funded through the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 20-102, Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies, projects that autonomous vehicles could lead to changes in land use patterns that could either support or undermine efforts to fight climate change and reduce sprawl and vehicle miles traveled (VMT).

(f)According to research conducted by the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California at Davis, autonomous vehicles could increase vehicle travel by 15 to 20 percent by 2050. This would contribute to more greenhouse gas emissions, a worsening of air quality, and increased traffic congestion. The same research also suggests that widespread on-demand travel, when supported by substantial ride sharing and electric vehicles, can potentially reduce car travel by over 50 percent, reduce carbon emissions from transportation by 80 percent, and cut the cost of transportation infrastructure and operations by 40 percent by 2050.

(g)For many families, especially those without access to a car, public transportation, biking, and walking are the critical link to employment, education, childcare facilities, and other important services. California should continue to invest in public transportation, as well as safe routes for biking, walking, and other micro-mobility options. Autonomous vehicle technology should be developed to complement and support these modes.

(h)Potential positive impacts of autonomous vehicles can be maximized and potential negative impacts resulting from autonomous vehicles can be mitigated and, in some cases, eliminated if policies are developed to promote deployment of autonomous vehicles in high-capacity shared fleets, encourage pooled rides, encourage electrification of autonomous vehicles, and expand high-quality public transportation and infrastructure and programs for active transportation.

(i)The State Air Resources Board’s 2017 Scoping Plan proposed implementing a process for intrastate agency and regional and local transportation coordination on autonomous vehicles to ensure shared policy goals in achieving safe, energy efficient, and low carbon autonomous vehicle deployment that also contribute to VMT reductions.

(j)The 2018 Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Action Plan Priorities Update calls on the Office of Planning and Research and the State Air Resources Board to lead an autonomous vehicle interagency group to determine policies necessary to ensure that the rise of autonomous transportation benefits all Californians, both environmentally and economically, and to consider the intersection of autonomous and ZEV technology, as well as the implications of autonomous vehicles on land use and VMT.

SEC. 2.Article 5.5 (commencing with Section 65053) is added to Chapter 1.5 of Division 1 of Title 7 of the Government Code, to read:
5.5.Autonomous Passenger Vehicles for Healthy and Sustainable Communities
65053.

(a)The Office of Planning and Research shall convene an autonomous vehicle interagency working group to guide policy development for autonomous passenger vehicle technology consistent with the principles described in Section 65054.

(b)The following entities shall participate in the interagency working group:

(1)The Transportation Agency.

(2)The Department of Transportation.

(3)The Department of Motor Vehicles.

(4)The Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development.

(5)The Strategic Growth Council.

(6)The State Air Resources Board.

(7)Representatives of local government as determined by the Office of Planning and Research.

(c)The Office of Planning and Research may invite other organizations to participate, as well as create advisory groups.

(d)On or before January 1, 2022, the working group shall submit to the Legislature recommendations to further the principles described in Section 65054. In developing these recommendations, the working group shall do all of the following:

(1)Examine specific policy options, including both mandates and incentives, and identify actions that require further statutory authority.

(2)Identify additional research and data needs.

(3)Provide an opportunity for input by the general public.

(4)Consider other agency processes or programs that are ongoing and data points that are being collected.

65054.

To ensure autonomous passenger vehicles support the state’s efforts to improve road safety, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and criteria air pollutants, reduce traffic congestion and vehicle miles traveled, encourage efficient land use, and access to mobility and economic opportunities for all Californians, the following shall be the principles guiding the working group established in Section 65053:

(a)Reduce motor vehicle crashes and improve road safety for all users.

(b)Maximize ridesharing and shared use of autonomous passenger vehicles by encouraging pooling and prioritizing pooled vehicles’ mobility.

(c)Shift the use of autonomous passenger vehicles to zero-emission technology as quickly as is feasible.

(d)Deploy autonomous passenger vehicles in ways that reduce overall emissions from all vehicles on the road consistent with the state’s climate and environmental goals.

(e)Integrate autonomous passenger vehicles as part of, and complementary to, a multimodal transportation system, including public transit, walking, and biking, that moves people and goods to destinations quickly and efficiently and that is, taken as a whole, more energy efficient, space efficient, environmentally benign, and beneficial to human health.

(f)Support compact infill development rather than accelerating sprawl, recognizing there are many factors that contribute to sprawl, and further the implementation of robust policies that support the state planning priorities described in Section 65041.1.

(g)Increase the availability of affordable mobility options, particularly for low-income and disadvantaged communities, and increase accessibility for individuals with physical and cognitive impairments.

(h)Promote the transportation needs of rural residents and communities in a manner that improves access to destinations and goods without increasing sprawl.

65054.5.

For the purposes of this article, “autonomous passenger vehicle” means a “passenger vehicle” as defined in Section 465 of the Vehicle Code that is also an “autonomous vehicle” as defined in Section 38750 of the Vehicle Code.