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AB-1520 Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 07/17/2017 10:00 AM
AB1520:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  July 17, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  July 05, 2017
Amended  IN  Assembly  May 30, 2017
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 17, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1520


Introduced by Assembly Members Burke and Rubio
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Baker, Chiu, Cooper, Cristina Garcia, Gloria, Gomez, Limón, Mayes, Steinorth, and Thurmond)
(Coauthors: Senators Anderson and Bradford)

February 17, 2017


An act to add Division 11 (commencing with Section 20050) to the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to poverty.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1520, as amended, Burke. Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force.
Existing law establishes various programs that provide cash assistance and other benefits relating to health care, food, and housing, among other things, to qualified low-income families and individuals, including, among others, the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program, the California Earned Income Tax Credit, Medi-Cal, CalFresh, the California Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC Program), and the Emergency Housing and Assistance Program.
This bill would establish the Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force, consisting of specified stakeholders, for purposes of eliminating deep child poverty and to reduce the overall child poverty rate in the state by 50% by the 2039–40 fiscal year. the purpose of developing, recommending, and annually updating a plan aimed at addressing deep child poverty and providing recommendations on how to reduce child poverty in California. The bill would require the task force, in conjunction with the California Health and Human Services Agency, to prepare and submit a report to the Legislature no earlier than March 1, 2018, and no later than March 1, 2020, that includes, among other things, a projection of the child poverty rate for each fiscal year through 2039–40 and benchmarks that can be used to measure the state’s progress towards these goals, as specified. The bill would require the task force’s benchmarks to include those that peer-reviewed studies have shown to be predictive of adult poverty rates and child poverty rates in subsequent generations, as specified. The bill would require the task force to base any estimate made in its report on current evidence-based, high-quality modeling techniques and data networks, as specified. The bill would require the task force to discuss the degree of uncertainty and reasonable range related to each key estimate made in its report and to disclose, to the extent possible, statistical margins of error and confidence intervals for each estimate. Following the submission of the initial report, the bill would require the agency and task force to continuously review its benchmarks, update its models and projections, and annually submit a report to the Legislature regarding the state’s progress towards its poverty reduction goals and any significant modifications to the findings and recommendations made in the initial report, as specified. The bill would require the agency and task force to consider certain programs, services, and expenditures in preparing its analyses and recommendations, including child care and early childhood education for children living below the federal poverty level, job training and placement programs, and General Fund expenditures related to health care services for children and low-come childless adults.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature to address deep poverty and move toward reducing the overall child poverty rate in the state.
(b) In seeking to address deep child poverty and reduce overall child poverty, it is the intent of the Legislature to build on the substantial foundation and progress that has been made in helping low-income Californians and addressing child poverty in the state.
(c) It is further the intent of the Legislature that the Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force provide a comprehensive plan to the Legislature and various state agencies to reduce childhood poverty.

SECTION 1.SEC. 2.

 Division 11 (commencing with Section 20050) is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

DIVISION 11. POVERTY REDUCTION

CHAPTER  1. general provisionsGeneral Provisions
Article  1. Title and Intent

20050.
 (a)This part division shall be known, and may be cited, as the Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Act.

(b)It is the intent of the Legislature to eliminate deep poverty and move toward reducing the overall child poverty rate in the state.

(c)In seeking to achieve the deep child poverty elimination and reducing overall child poverty, it is the intent of the Legislature to build on the substantial foundation and progress that has been made in helping low-income Californians and address child poverty in the state.

(d)It is further the intent of the Legislature that the Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force provide a comprehensive plan to the Legislature and various state agencies to reduce childhood poverty.

Article  2. Task Force

20055.
 (a) (1) The Lifting Children and Families Out of Poverty Task Force is hereby established for the purpose of developing, recommending, and annually updating a plan aimed at achieving the elimination of addressing deep child poverty and providing recommendations on how to reduce child poverty rate by 50 percent in California between the 2019–20 and 2039–40 fiscal years. in California.
(2) The task force shall consist of stakeholders that focus on family and child well-being, from birth to adulthood, in furtherance of the goals of reducing child poverty and alleviating family crises, including, but not limited to, at least one representative from each of the following groups or entities:
(A) The State Department of Education.
(B) The State Department of Health Care Services.
(C) The State Department of Social Services.
(D) The State Department of Public Health.
(E) County health and social services agencies.
(F) Community-based organizations that work with children and families.
(G) State and local advocacy organizations for children and families.
(H) Academics who work in issues impacting children and families.
(I) Research based organizations that focus on children and family issues.
(J) The Legislature.
(b) The task force shall work with the California Health and Human Services Agency to carry out its duties. The agency, in conjunction with the task force, may hire staff and enter into contracts with state agencies, universities, nonprofit organizations, and other entities, as needed, to develop the capabilities required to carry out the duties set forth in this section. The agency may accept funds from nongovernment sources in order to commence work on the task force.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, by no earlier than March 1, 2018, and no later than March 1, 2020, the agency and the task force shall submit a report to the Legislature that includes all of the following:
(1) A projection of the child poverty rate in California in the 2039–40 fiscal year and intervening fiscal years under programs, services, and policies established pursuant to existing law, as identified by the agency and task force.
(2) An analysis of the unmet need, if any, for each of the programs and services determined by the task force to be of the highest importance in reducing childhood poverty, including those programs and services listed in subdivision (h). This analysis shall include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(A) Future investment increases, if any, in existing programs, services, or innovations.
(B) New investments in strategies not currently employed by the state.
(C) Changes in financial formulas for programs affecting children that involve county services for children living in poverty.
(3) A specific set of near-term, intermediate term, and long-term benchmarks that can be used to measure the state’s progress toward the goal of a 50 percent reduction in the child poverty rate by the 2039-40 2039–40 fiscal year. These benchmarks shall include those that peer-reviewed studies have shown to be predictive of future adult poverty and child poverty in subsequent generations. These benchmarks may include, but are not limited to, any of the following:
(A) Juvenile arrest rates.
(B) Incidence of reported mistreatment of children.
(C) Incidence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
(D) The numbers and percentage of children, from birth to kindergarten entry, who participate in center-based or formal home-based early learning settings or programs, including Early Head Start, Head Start, child care, or preschool.
(E) The number and percentage of students above grade level, according to state mathematics and English language arts assessments, in grades 3 to 8, inclusive, and high school.
(F) The attendance rates of students in grades 6 to 9, inclusive, at target schools, as defined in subdivision (i), inclusive of daily attendance rates and chronic absenteeism.
(G) The truancy rates in target middle schools and high schools, as defined in subdivision (i).
(H) Standardized test scores.
(I) The number and percent of grade 10 students passing the California High School Exit Exam.
(J) High school graduation rates, including rates in target high schools, as defined in subdivision (i).
(K) The percentage of high school graduates who obtain postsecondary degrees, vocational certificates, or other industry-recognized certifications or credentials without the need for remediation.
(d) The projection required in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) shall be based on all relevant demographic, economic, and policy-related factors that have an impact on the future child poverty rate. These factors shall include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(1) The projected number and distribution of households in the state by size, income, and number of children.
(2) Adult education levels.
(3) Immigration and migration patterns.
(4) Growth in jobs by occupation.
(5) Rent, food prices, and other related consumer expenses.
(e) Any estimate made pursuant to subdivision (c) shall be based on current evidence-based, high-quality modeling techniques and data networks, such as the California Longitudinal Administrative Database, the Children’s Data Network, the California Policy Lab, and other sources that link the federal census, the American Community Survey, and other administrative data into panels of deidentified individuals that can be studied over time.
(f) The report produced pursuant to subdivision (c) shall include a discussion of the degree of uncertainty and a reasonable range related to each of the key estimates. To the extent possible, the discussion shall include specific margins of error and confidence intervals for each of the estimates.
(g) (1) Following the issuance of its initial report, the agency and task force shall continuously review the poverty benchmarks established pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (c) and update its models and projections.
(2) Notwithstanding Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, the agency and task force shall submit a report to the Legislature by December 31 of each year on the state’s progress toward meeting the goals specified in Section 20500 and any significant modifications to the findings and recommendations made pursuant to subdivision (c).
(h) The agency and task force shall consider all of the following programs, services, and expenditures in preparing its analyses and recommendations:
(1) Child care and early childhood education, including preschool programs, for children living below the federal poverty level.
(2) Home visiting programs.
(3) After school programs and summer school programs.
(4) Foster care and adoption services.
(5) Job training and placement programs.
(6) Increases in the amount of the California Earned Income Tax Credit, as described in Section 17052 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, or increases in eligibility for the credit.
(7) Increases in the amount of aid to recipients of the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids program pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11200) of Part 3 of Division 9, or increases in eligibility for the aid.
(8) General Fund expenditures for health care services for all children.
(9) General Fund expenditures to maintain health care coverage for childless adults whose income does not exceed 133 percent of the federal poverty level.
(10) General Fund expenditures for the treatment of substance abuse for individuals eligible for Medi-Cal benefits.
(11) The availability of low- and moderate-income housing.
(i) For purposes of this section, target school means a school that meets the requirements set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 200.19 of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(j) A report submitted to the Legislature pursuant to this section shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.