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SB-1121 California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Act.(2013-2014)

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SB1121:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  July 01, 2014
Amended  IN  Assembly  June 10, 2014
Amended  IN  Senate  April 29, 2014
Amended  IN  Senate  April 10, 2014

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2013–2014 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 1121


Introduced by Senator De León

February 19, 2014


An act to add Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 26100) to Division 16 of the Public Resources Code, relating to greenhouse gases.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1121, as amended, De León. California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Act.
Existing law establishes the California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority consisting of specified members and authorizes the authority to provide financial assistance to projects related to the utilization of alternative energy sources or advanced transportation technologies.
This bill would enact the California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Act and would require the authority, in consultation with the State Air Resources Board, to develop the California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Program to provide financial assistance to eligible greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects, as defined. The bill would establish the Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Finance Fund and would, upon appropriation by the Legislature, require the authority to expend moneys in the fund for the purposes of the program.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 26100) is added to Division 16 of the Public Resources Code, to read:
CHAPTER  5. California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Act
Article  1. General Provisions and Definition Definitions

26100.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Division 25.5 (commencing with Section 38500) of the Health and Safety Code) requires the reduction of statewide greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020.
(b) As a result of the act and complimentary policies, California has established itself as a leader in the development of clean technologies, helping to drive innovation and deployment of a variety of greenhouse gas emissions reducing technologies.
(c) However, there exist barriers to the widespread adoption and commercial scale deployment of these technologies and, as a result, cleaner, lower-carbon, cheaper, and more reliable energy remains unavailable to many California consumers and businesses.
(d) Among the most critical barriers is the availability of financing options for consumers and businesses, and the lack of familiarity and perceived risk for investors due to limited data, and, often, small and expensive financial transactions.
(e) To achieve the state’s climate goals, the state should better optimize our limited public dollars to attract more private investment, so that each dollar of public funds provides multiple dollars of private capital.
(f) A statewide financing entity focused on fostering private investments in low-carbon projects can provide significant leveraging of private dollars to make public funds go further.
(g) A statewide financing entity in California could accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy, achieve the state’s climate goals, and improve access for all Californians to cleaner energy. A financing entity could help achieve all of the following goals:
(1) Evaluate, coordinate, and increase private investment in greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects that are not currently able to obtain financing in the capital markets at a reasonable cost and with a reasonable rate of return to project developers at scale and with significant private sector participation.
(2) Lower rates and decrease costs for utility ratepayers within the state, expand the accessibility and affordability of clean energy for end users, ensure the reliability and safety of the state’s energy and water supplies, increase the climate resilience of the state’s infrastructure, increase the use of clean energy, promote energy efficiency, and advance the state’s energy- and infrastructure-related economy.
(3) Foster increasingly efficient, low-cost capital financing at scale and with maximum private sector participation for eligible projects through the creation, where appropriate, of financial performance data, standardized contracts, underwriting standards, and measurement and verification protocols.
(4) Coordinate with, and enhance, existing clean energy financing programs to fill financing gaps not currently filled by existing programs or markets and further enhance the scale and scope of existing programs or markets to enabling financing at scale and with maximum private sector participation.
(5) Implement a variety of financing tools, including, but not limited to, loans, loan guarantees, securitization, warehousing, insurance, portfolio insurance, and other forms of financing support and risk management, to support greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects necessary to advance the state’s policy objectives, including the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions within the state.

26101.
 For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms mean the following:
(a) “Clean agriculture project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, having the primary purpose of deploying a product or service that avoids or reduces emissions of greenhouse gases directly or indirectly caused by the production or processing of crops or livestock.
(b) “Clean energy infrastructure project” means the construction, alteration, or repair of types of infrastructure necessary for the deployment of technologies, products, or services, that will avoid or reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, including, but not limited to, the following:
(1) Electric transmission and distribution facilities interconnected to renewable energy projects or system efficiency projects.
(2) Hydrogen transportation and distribution systems.
(3) Car sharing, ridesharing, and bicycle sharing facilities.
(4) Improvements to infrastructure used for the transportation of passengers, goods, or freight.
(c) “Demand response project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, that changes results in reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by reducing electric usage by end-use customers in the state from their normal consumption pattern in response to any of the following:
(1) Changes in the price of electricity over time.
(2) Incentive payments designed to induce lower electricity use at times of high market prices or when system reliability is jeopardized.
(d) “Energy efficiency project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, that results in the reduction of energy usage required to achieve the same level of service or output prior to the application of the project, product, service, function, or measure, and reduces emissions of greenhouse gas relative to emissions that would have occurred prior to the application of the project, product, service, function, or measure, including, but not limited to, either of the following:
(1) Water capture, conveyance, distribution, use, reuse, and recycling.
(2) Wastewater collection, treatment, and disposal.
(e) “Fund” means the California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Finance Fund established pursuant to Section 26130.
(f) “Greenhouse gas emissions reduction project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, that avoids or reduces emissions of greenhouse gases, including, but not limited to, any of the following:
(1) Energy efficiency projects.
(2) Clean energy infrastructure projects.
(3) Innovation energy technology projects.
(4) Renewable energy projects.
(5) System efficiency projects.
(6) Clean agriculture projects.
(7) Low-carbon transportation projects.
(8) Demand response projects.
(9) Land-based greenhouse gas sequestration projects.
(10) A combination of the projects specified in paragraphs (1) to (9), inclusive.
(g) “Innovation energy technology project” means a project having either of the following primary purposes:
(1) Deployment of a technology, infrastructure, practice, product, or service that avoids or reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and that employs new or significantly improved technologies or practices, as compared to technologies or practices that are in general use in the commercial marketplace in the United States at the time the project is approved by the authority pursuant to this chapter.
(2) Manufacturing of a commercially ready energy technology or product that avoids or reduces emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases and that incorporates an innovative manufacturing process or processes not in general use in the commercial marketplace in the United States at the time the project is approved by the authority pursuant to this chapter.
(h) “Land-based greenhouse gas sequestration project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, having a primary purpose of developing, constructing, or deploying a project in forests, grasslands, wetlands, or other habitat types in California for which a carbon credit or offset protocol has been adopted by the state board.
(i) “Low-carbon transportation project” means a project, product, service, function, or measure, or an aggregation of projects, products, services, functions, or measures, that results in reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation of people, goods, freight, or off-road equipment.
(j) “Program” means the California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Program developed pursuant to Section 26110.
(k) “Renewable energy project” means the development, construction, deployment, alteration, or repair of a solar, wind, geothermal, appropriately sourced biomass, anaerobic digestion of organic waste streams, small hydropower, ocean or tidal, fuel cell using renewable fuels, or advanced biofuel or other renewable fuel, energy generation facility. or alteration of an eligible renewable energy resource, as defined in Section 399.12 of the Public Utilities Code, that avoids or reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
(l) “State board” means the State Air Resources Board.
(m) “System efficiency project” means the development, construction, deployment, alteration, or repair of a distributed generation, energy storage, smart grid, advanced battery, microgrid, fuel cell, water pumping, or combined heat and power, technology or system. system that results in the reductions of greenhouse gas emissions.

Article  2. California Climate Change Technology and Infrastructure Financing Program

26110.
 (a) The authority, in consultation with the state board, shall develop and administer the California Climate Technology and Infrastructure Financing Program to provide financial assistance for greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects consistent with this chapter, the guiding document developed pursuant to Section 26120, and both of the following:
(1) Earning a net positive return on the financial assistance made pursuant to this chapter.
(2) Maximizing net greenhouse gas emissions reductions for each dollar provided by focusing financial support on filling demonstrated financing gaps that are the key barriers to greater investment or market transformation.
(b) Greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects eligible for financial assistance pursuant to this chapter shall demonstrate all of the following:
(1) Reduction in net emissions of greenhouse gases.
(2) Partnership with a private financial institution or lender.
(3) Ability for the project to meet applicable permitting requirements.
(4) Ability to create jobs in the state.
(5) Technological viability.
(6) Ability to, over time, pay back the financial assistance provided pursuant to this chapter.
(7) Demonstrate the The existence of a financing gap that is a barrier to project implementation or market growth.
(8) Other requirements deemed necessary by the authority.
(c) The authority shall establish a portfolio approach to the provision of financial assistance to address different industry needs and different development and commercialization stages of technology.
(d) The authority may accept applications for financial assistance pursuant to the program on an ongoing and open solicitation basis.

26111.
 (a) The authority, in consultation with the state board, shall establish guidelines for the program and project eligibility that are consistent with the requirements of the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Division 25.5 (commencing with Section 38500) of the Health and Safety Code) and the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund Investment Plan and Communities Revitalization Act (Chapter 4.1 (commencing with Section 39710) of the Health and Safety Code). The guidelines shall include consideration of whether providing financial assistance for a greenhouse gas emissions reduction project will do the following:
(1) Increase private investment in greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects that are not currently able to obtain financing at attractive terms or through an existing state program.
(2) Enable the implementation and scaling of greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects to increase deployment of innovative financing by leveraging limited public dollars to attract private capital.
(3) Facilitate the deployment of greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects at an accelerated rate.
(4) Enhance the competitiveness of California-based companies and reduce leakage of greenhouse gas emissions to other jurisdictions.
(5) Achieve cobenefits, such as enhanced water supply, improved water quality, improved air quality, enhanced urban environments, and improved public health and wildlife habitat.
(6) Addresses Address barriers that have prevented adequate commercial financing of greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects.
(b) Priority shall be given to projects that demonstrate the ability to meet the following criteria:
(1) Ability to increase Increase private investment in otherwise commercially viable greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects not currently able to obtain financing in the capital markets at a reasonable cost with a reasonable rate of return.
(2) Ability to increase Increase private investment in greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects located in disadvantaged communities identified pursuant to Section 39711 of the Health and Safety Code.
(3) Ability to maximize Maximize economic, environmental, and public health benefits to the state.

26112.
 The authority shall appoint an executive officer to oversee and implement the program, who meets all of the following requirements:
(a) Demonstrates significant experience and knowledge of private sector financing of low-carbon technologies and projects.
(b) Does not have any financial interest in any greenhouse gas emission emissions reduction project under consideration or any financial interest in an investment institution or its affiliates or any other entity seeking or likely to seek financial assistance for any greenhouse gas emission emissions reduction project pursuant to this chapter.
(c) Has the ability to hire staff with experience and knowledge of private sector financing structures and tools.

26113.
 The authority shall convene, at least twice each year, in a public process, an advisory stakeholder group consisting of clean energy stakeholders with experience in clean energy financing or technological expertise. The advisory group shall provide to the authority information on topics, including, but not limited to, current market needs, financial feasibility of financial tools, commercial feasibility of greenhouse gas emissions reducing technologies and projects, and relevant studies.

Article  3. Oversight and Coordination

26120.
 (a) The authority shall prepare a three-year guiding document, consistent with the three-year investment plan developed pursuant to Section 39716 of the Health and Safety Code, outlining planned financial assistance categories and how financial assistance furthers the reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. The guiding document shall establish priorities for investment of funds to achieve the goals of this chapter and describe how funding will complement existing public and private investments, including existing state programs that further the goals of this chapter. The guiding document shall identify gaps in existing programs or private financing markets that can be filled by financial assistance made pursuant to this chapter to achieve the goals of this chapter.
(b) In developing the guiding document, the authority shall convene and consult with a climate and energy incentive coordination advisory body consisting of the following:
(1) The chair of the state board or his or her designee.
(2) The chair of the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission or his or her designee.
(3) The President of the Public Utilities Commission or his or her designee.
(4) The Treasurer or his or her designee.
(5) The Director of the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development or his or her designee.
(6) The Director of the Department of Water Resources or his or her designee.
(7) Two members appointed by the Speaker of the Assembly.
(8) Two members appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules.
(c) The advisory body is subject to the requirements of the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).

26121.
 (a) No later than July 30, 2016, and annually thereafter, the commission authority shall report to the Legislature on the progress of the financial assistance provided pursuant to this chapter, the performance of the program, how the financial assistance provided has supported the goals of this chapter, and how the financial assistance has been coordinated with other state incentive programs.
(b) The report required pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be submitted in accordance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

Article  4. Financial Provision

26130.
 (a) The Climate Technology and Infrastructure Finance Fund is hereby established in the State Treasury. Moneys in the fund, upon appropriation of the Legislature, shall be expended by the authority for the purpose of this chapter.
(b) The fund is a repository of both of the following:
(1) Moneys transferred by the Legislature from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund established pursuant to Section 16428.8 of the Government Code for the purposes of carrying out this chapter.
(2) Other moneys, including, but not limited to, revenues from bonds and other securities issued by the authority and fees collected pursuant to this division, and gifts and grants to the authority, if issued, collected, granted, or gifted for the purposes of this chapter.