Code Section Group

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC

DIVISION 5. COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES [5000 - 5952]

  ( Division 5 repealed and added by Stats. 1967, Ch. 1667. )

PART 3. ADULT AND OLDER ADULT MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM OF CARE ACT [5800 - 5815]

  ( Part 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 153, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 4. Financial Participation [5813 - 5815]
  ( Article 4 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 153, Sec. 2. )

5813.
  

County participation under this part shall be voluntary.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 153, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997.)

5813.5.
  

Subject to the availability of funds from the Mental Health Services Fund, the state shall distribute funds for the provision of services under Sections 5801, 5802, and 5806 to county mental health programs. Services shall be available to adults and seniors with severe illnesses who meet the eligibility criteria in subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 5600.3. For purposes of this act, “seniors” means older adult persons identified in Part 3 (commencing with Section 5800) of this division.

(a) Funding shall be provided at sufficient levels to ensure that counties can provide each adult and senior served pursuant to this part with the medically necessary mental health services, medications, and supportive services set forth in the applicable treatment plan.

(b) The funding shall only cover the portions of those costs of services that cannot be paid for with other funds, including other mental health funds, public and private insurance, and other local, state, and federal funds.

(c) Each county mental health program’s plan shall provide for services in accordance with the system of care for adults and seniors who meet the eligibility criteria in subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 5600.3.

(d) Planning for services shall be consistent with the philosophy, principles, and practices of the Recovery Vision for mental health consumers:

(1) To promote concepts key to the recovery for individuals who have mental illness: hope, personal empowerment, respect, social connections, self-responsibility, and self-determination.

(2) To promote consumer-operated services as a way to support recovery.

(3) To reflect the cultural, ethnic, and racial diversity of mental health consumers.

(4) To plan for each consumer’s individual needs.

(e) The plan for each county mental health program shall indicate, subject to the availability of funds as determined by Part 4.5 (commencing with Section 5890) of this division, and other funds available for mental health services, adults and seniors with a severe mental illness being served by this program are either receiving services from this program or have a mental illness that is not sufficiently severe to require the level of services required of this program.

(f) Each county plan and annual update pursuant to Section 5847 shall consider ways to provide services similar to those established pursuant to the Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction Grant Program. Funds shall not be used to pay for persons incarcerated in state prison. Funds may be used to provide services to persons who are participating in a presentencing or postsentencing diversion program or who are on parole, probation, postrelease community supervision, or mandatory supervision. When included in county plans pursuant to Section 5847, funds may be used for the provision of mental health services under Sections 5347 and 5348 in counties that elect to participate in the Assisted Outpatient Treatment Demonstration Project Act of 2002 (Article 9 (commencing with Section 5345) of Chapter 2 of Part 1).

(g) The department shall contract for services with county mental health programs pursuant to Section 5897. After November 2, 2004, the term “grants,” as used in Sections 5814 and 5814.5, shall refer to those contracts.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 209, Sec. 1. (SB 389) Effective January 1, 2020.)

5813.6.
  

(a) At the time of the release of the January 10 budget plan and the May Revision, the Director of Health Care Services shall submit to the Legislature information regarding the projected expenditure of Proposition 63 funding for each state department, and for each major program category specified in the measure, for local assistance. This shall include actual past-year expenditures, estimated current-year expenditures, and projected budget-year expenditures of local assistance funding. In addition, it shall include a complete listing of state support expenditures for the current year and for the budget year by the State Department of Health Care Services, including the number of state positions and any contract funds. A description of these state expenditures shall accompany the fiscal information the director is required to submit to the Legislature pursuant to this section.

(b) During each fiscal year, the Director of Health Care Services shall submit to the fiscal committees of the Legislature, 30 days in advance, written notice of the intention to expend Proposition 63 local assistance funding in excess of the amounts presented in its May Revision projection for that fiscal year. The written notice shall include information regarding the amount of the additional spending and its purpose.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 193. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)

5814.
  

(a) (1) This part shall be implemented only to the extent that funds are appropriated for purposes of this part. To the extent that funds are made available, the first priority shall go to maintain funding for the existing programs that meet adult system of care contract goals. The next priority for funding shall be given to counties with a high incidence of persons who are severely mentally ill and homeless or at risk of homelessness, and meet the criteria developed pursuant to paragraphs (3) and (4).

(2) The Director of Health Care Services shall establish a methodology for awarding grants under this part consistent with the legislative intent expressed in Section 5802, and in consultation with the advisory committee established in this subdivision.

(3) (A) The Director of Health Care Services shall establish an advisory committee for the purpose of providing advice regarding the development of criteria for the award of grants, and the identification of specific performance measures for evaluating the effectiveness of grants. The committee shall review evaluation reports and make findings on evidence-based best practices and recommendations for grant conditions. At not less than one meeting annually, the advisory committee shall provide to the director written comments on the performance of each of the county programs. Upon request by the department, each participating county that is the subject of a comment shall provide a written response to the comment. The department shall comment on each of these responses at a subsequent meeting.

(B) The committee shall include, but not be limited to, representatives from state, county, and community veterans’ services and disabled veterans outreach programs, supportive housing and other housing assistance programs, law enforcement, county mental health and private providers of local mental health services and mental health outreach services, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, local substance abuse services providers, the Department of Rehabilitation, providers of local employment services, the State Department of Social Services, the Department of Housing and Community Development, a service provider to transition youth, the United Advocates for Children of California, the California Mental Health Advocates for Children and Youth, the Mental Health Association of California, the California Alliance for the Mentally Ill, the California Network of Mental Health Clients, the California Behavioral Health Planning Council, the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission, and other appropriate entities.

(4) The criteria for the award of grants shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(A) A description of a comprehensive strategic plan for providing outreach, prevention, intervention, and evaluation in a cost appropriate manner corresponding to the criteria specified in subdivision (c).

(B) A description of the local population to be served, ability to administer an effective service program, and the degree to which local agencies and advocates will support and collaborate with program efforts.

(C) A description of efforts to maximize the use of other state, federal, and local funds or services that can support and enhance the effectiveness of these programs.

(5) In order to reduce the cost of providing supportive housing for clients, counties that receive a grant pursuant to this part after January 1, 2004, shall enter into contracts with sponsors of supportive housing projects to the greatest extent possible. Participating counties are encouraged to commit a portion of their grants to rental assistance for a specified number of housing units in exchange for the counties’ clients having the right of first refusal to rent the assisted units.

(b) In each year in which additional funding is provided by the annual Budget Act the State Department of Health Care Services shall establish programs that offer individual counties sufficient funds to comprehensively serve severely mentally ill adults who are homeless, recently released from a county jail or the state prison, or others who are untreated, unstable, and at significant risk of incarceration or homelessness unless treatment is provided to them and who are severely mentally ill adults. For purposes of this subdivision, “severely mentally ill adults” are those individuals described in subdivision (b) of Section 5600.3. In consultation with the advisory committee established pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a), the department shall report to the Legislature on or before May 1 of each year in which additional funding is provided, and shall evaluate, at a minimum, the effectiveness of the strategies in providing successful outreach and reducing homelessness, involvement with local law enforcement, and other measures identified by the department. The evaluation shall include for each program funded in the current fiscal year as much of the following as available information permits:

(1) The number of persons served, and of those, the number who receive extensive community mental health services.

(2) The number of persons who are able to maintain housing, including the type of housing and whether it is emergency, transitional, or permanent housing, as defined by the department.

(3) (A) The amount of grant funding spent on each type of housing.

(B) Other local, state, or federal funds or programs used to house clients.

(4) The number of persons with contacts with local law enforcement and the extent to which local and state incarceration has been reduced or avoided.

(5) The number of persons participating in employment service programs including competitive employment.

(6) The number of persons contacted in outreach efforts who appear to be severely mentally ill, as described in Section 5600.3, who have refused treatment after completion of all applicable outreach measures.

(7) The amount of hospitalization that has been reduced or avoided.

(8) The extent to which veterans identified through these programs’ outreach are receiving federally funded veterans’ services for which they are eligible.

(9) The extent to which programs funded for three or more years are making a measurable and significant difference on the street, in hospitals, and in jails, as compared to other counties or as compared to those counties in previous years.

(10) For those who have been enrolled in this program for at least two years and who were enrolled in Medi-Cal prior to, and at the time they were enrolled in, this program, a comparison of their Medi-Cal hospitalizations and other Medi-Cal costs for the two years prior to enrollment and the two years after enrollment in this program.

(11) The number of persons served who were and were not receiving Medi-Cal benefits in the 12-month period prior to enrollment and, to the extent possible, the number of emergency room visits and other medical costs for those not enrolled in Medi-Cal in the prior 12-month period.

(c) To the extent that state savings associated with providing integrated services for the mentally ill are quantified, it is the intent of the Legislature to capture those savings in order to provide integrated services to additional adults.

(d) Each project shall include outreach and service grants in accordance with a contract between the state and approved counties that reflects the number of anticipated contacts with people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and the number of those who are severely mentally ill and who are likely to be successfully referred for treatment and will remain in treatment as necessary.

(e) All counties that receive funding shall be subject to specific terms and conditions of oversight and training, which shall be developed by the department, in consultation with the advisory committee.

(f) (1) As used in this part, “receiving extensive mental health services” means having a personal services coordinator, as described in subdivision (b) of Section 5806, and having an individual personal service plan, as described in subdivision (c) of Section 5806.

(2) The funding provided pursuant to this part shall be sufficient to provide mental health services, medically necessary medications to treat severe mental illnesses, alcohol and drug services, transportation, supportive housing and other housing assistance, vocational rehabilitation and supported employment services, money management assistance for accessing other health care and obtaining federal income and housing support, accessing veterans’ services, stipends, and other incentives to attract and retain sufficient numbers of qualified professionals as necessary to provide the necessary levels of these services. These grants shall, however, pay for only that portion of the costs of those services not otherwise provided by federal funds or other state funds.

(3) Methods used by counties to contract for services pursuant to paragraph (2) shall promote prompt and flexible use of funds, consistent with the scope of services for which the county has contracted with each provider.

(g) Contracts awarded pursuant to this part shall be exempt from the Public Contract Code and the state administrative manual and shall not be subject to the approval of the Department of General Services.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds awarded to counties pursuant to this part and Part 4 (commencing with Section 5850) shall not require a local match in funds.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 511, Sec. 16. (AB 1688) Effective January 1, 2018.)

5814.5.
  

(a) (1) In any year in which funds are appropriated for this purpose through the annual Budget Act, counties funded under this part in the 1999–2000 fiscal year are eligible for funding to continue their programs if they have successfully demonstrated the effectiveness of their grants received in that year and to expand their programs if they also demonstrate significant continued unmet need and capacity for expansion without compromising quality or effectiveness of care.

(2) In any year in which funds are appropriated for this purpose through the annual Budget Act, other counties or portions of counties, or cities that operate independent public mental health programs pursuant to Section 5615 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, are eligible for funding to establish programs if a county or eligible city demonstrates that it can provide comprehensive services, as set forth in this part, to a substantial number of adults who are severely mentally ill, as defined in Section 5600.3, and are homeless or recently released from the county jail or who are untreated, unstable, and at significant risk of incarceration or homelessness unless treatment is provided.

(b) (1) Counties eligible for funding pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be those that have or can develop integrated adult service programs that meet the criteria for an adult system of care, as set forth in Section 5806, and that have, or can develop, integrated forensic programs with similar characteristics for parolees and those recently released from county jail who meet the target population requirements of Section 5600.3 and are at risk of incarceration unless the services are provided. Before a city or county submits a proposal to the state to establish or expand a program, the proposal shall be reviewed by a local advisory committee or mental health board, which may be an existing body, that includes clients, family members, private providers of services, and other relevant stakeholders. Local enrollment for integrated adult service programs and for integrated forensic programs funded pursuant to subdivision (a) shall adhere to all conditions set forth by the department, including the total number of clients to be enrolled, the providers to which clients are enrolled and the maximum cost for each provider, the maximum number of clients to be served at any one time, the outreach and screening process used to identify enrollees, and the total cost of the program. Local enrollment of each individual for integrated forensic programs shall be subject to the approval of the county behavioral health director or his or her designee.

(2) Each county shall ensure that funds provided by these grants are used to expand existing integrated service programs that meet the criteria of the adult system of care to provide new services in accordance with the purpose for which they were appropriated and allocated, and that none of these funds shall be used to supplant existing services to severely mentally ill adults. In order to ensure that this requirement is met, the department shall develop methods and contractual requirements, as it determines necessary. At a minimum, these assurances shall include that state and federal requirements regarding tracking of funds are met and that patient records are maintained in a manner that protects privacy and confidentiality, as required under federal and state law.

(c) Each county selected to receive a grant pursuant to this section shall provide data as the department may require, that demonstrates the outcomes of the adult system of care programs, shall specify the additional numbers of severely mentally ill adults to whom they will provide comprehensive services for each million dollars of additional funding that may be awarded through either an integrated adult service grant or an integrated forensic grant, and shall agree to provide services in accordance with Section 5806. Each county’s plan shall identify and include sufficient funding to provide housing for the individuals to be served, and shall ensure that any hospitalization of individuals participating in the program are coordinated with the provision of other mental health services provided under the program.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 455, Sec. 40. (SB 804) Effective January 1, 2016.)

5815.
  

The State Department of Health Care Services shall seek all available federal funding for mental health services for veterans.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 195. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)

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