Code Section Group

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC


  ( Division 5 repealed and added by Stats. 1967, Ch. 1667. )


  ( Part 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 153, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 2. Establishing New County Systems of Care [5803 - 5809]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 153, Sec. 2. )


(a) The State Department of Health Care Services shall issue a request for proposals to develop system of care programs no later than October 1 in any year in which the state budget provides new funds to expand the system of care provided for in this chapter. The request for proposals shall include the following:

(1) Proposals may be submitted as a regional system of care by counties acting jointly, independent countywide proposals, and proposals to serve discrete geographic areas within counties or for a specific integrated services agency team. Nothing in the request for proposal shall be construed to restrict a county from contracting for part or all services included in the demonstration project proposal.

(2) The department shall establish reporting requirements for direct and indirect costs, and these requirements may be included in the request for proposals.

(3) The department shall require that proposals identify resources necessary to measure client and cost outcome and interagency collaboration. Proposal guidelines shall clearly require identification of procedures to document outcomes.

(4) Proposals must be approved by the board of supervisors and the local mental health board or commission.

(b) The director shall prepare a method for rating proposals to assure objectivity and selection of the best qualified applications. New proposals shall be selected with consideration of regional balance across the state.

(c) The State Department of Health Care Services shall fund counties with integrated service agencies or countywide systems of care funded under Chapter 982 of the Statutes of 1988, operating at the time of passage of this part. Those programs shall be funded under the provisions paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 5700 and shall be subject to all of the requirements and sanctions of this part.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 186. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)


The State Department of Health Care Services shall require counties to use available state and matching funds for the client target population as defined in Section 5600.3 to develop a comprehensive array of services as defined in Sections 5600.6 and 5600.7.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 188. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)


The State Department of Health Care Services shall establish service standards that ensure that members of the target population are identified, and services provided to assist them to live independently, work, and reach their potential as productive citizens. The department shall provide annual oversight of grants issued pursuant to this part for compliance with these standards. These standards shall include, but are not limited to, all of the following:

(a) A service planning and delivery process that is target population based and includes the following:

(1) Determination of the numbers of clients to be served and the programs and services that will be provided to meet their needs. The local director of mental health shall consult with the sheriff, the police chief, the probation officer, the mental health board, contract agencies, and family, client, ethnic, and citizen constituency groups as determined by the director.

(2) Plans for services, including outreach to families whose severely mentally ill adult is living with them, design of mental health services, coordination and access to medications, psychiatric and psychological services, substance abuse services, supportive housing or other housing assistance, vocational rehabilitation, and veterans’ services. Plans also shall contain evaluation strategies, that shall consider cultural, linguistic, gender, age, and special needs of minorities in the target populations. Provision shall be made for staff with the cultural background and linguistic skills necessary to remove barriers to mental health services due to limited-English-speaking ability and cultural differences. Recipients of outreach services may include families, the public, primary care physicians, and others who are likely to come into contact with individuals who may be suffering from an untreated severe mental illness who would be likely to become homeless if the illness continued to be untreated for a substantial period of time. Outreach to adults may include adults voluntarily or involuntarily hospitalized as a result of a severe mental illness.

(3) Provision for services to meet the needs of target population clients who are physically disabled.

(4) Provision for services to meet the special needs of older adults.

(5) Provision for family support and consultation services, parenting support and consultation services, and peer support or self-help group support, where appropriate for the individual.

(6) Provision for services to be client-directed and that employ psychosocial rehabilitation and recovery principles.

(7) Provision for psychiatric and psychological services that are integrated with other services and for psychiatric and psychological collaboration in overall service planning.

(8) Provision for services specifically directed to seriously mentally ill young adults 25 years of age or younger who are homeless or at significant risk of becoming homeless. These provisions may include continuation of services that still would be received through other funds had eligibility not been terminated due to age.

(9) Services reflecting special needs of women from diverse cultural backgrounds, including supportive housing that accepts children, personal services coordinator therapeutic treatment, and substance treatment programs that address gender-specific trauma and abuse in the lives of persons with mental illness, and vocational rehabilitation programs that offer job training programs free of gender bias and sensitive to the needs of women.

(10) Provision for housing for clients that is immediate, transitional, permanent, or all of these.

(11) Provision for clients who have been suffering from an untreated severe mental illness for less than one year, and who do not require the full range of services but are at risk of becoming homeless unless a comprehensive individual and family support services plan is implemented. These clients shall be served in a manner that is designed to meet their needs.

(12) Provision for services for veterans.

(b) A client shall have a clearly designated mental health personal services coordinator who may be part of a multidisciplinary treatment team who is responsible for providing or assuring needed services. Responsibilities include complete assessment of the client’s needs, development of the client’s personal services plan, linkage with all appropriate community services, monitoring of the quality and followthrough of services, and necessary advocacy to ensure that the client receives those services that are agreed to in the personal services plan. A client shall participate in the development of his or her personal services plan, and responsible staff shall consult with the designated conservator, if one has been appointed, and, with the consent of the client, consult with the family and other significant persons as appropriate.

(c) The individual personal services plan shall ensure that members of the target population involved in the system of care receive age-appropriate, gender-appropriate, and culturally appropriate services or appropriate services based on any characteristic listed or defined in Section 11135 of the Government Code, to the extent feasible, that are designed to enable recipients to:

(1) Live in the most independent, least restrictive housing feasible in the local community, and for clients with children, to live in a supportive housing environment that strives for reunification with their children or assists clients in maintaining custody of their children as is appropriate.

(2) Engage in the highest level of work or productive activity appropriate to their abilities and experience.

(3) Create and maintain a support system consisting of friends, family, and participation in community activities.

(4) Access an appropriate level of academic education or vocational training.

(5) Obtain an adequate income.

(6) Self-manage their illness and exert as much control as possible over both the day-to-day and long-term decisions that affect their lives.

(7) Access necessary physical health care and maintain the best possible physical health.

(8) Reduce or eliminate serious antisocial or criminal behavior and thereby reduce or eliminate their contact with the criminal justice system.

(9) Reduce or eliminate the distress caused by the symptoms of mental illness.

(10) Have freedom from dangerous addictive substances.

(d) The individual personal services plan shall describe the service array that meets the requirements of subdivision (c), and to the extent applicable to the individual, the requirements of subdivision (a).

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 189. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)


(a) The State Department of Health Care Services shall require counties which receive funding to develop interagency collaboration with shared responsibilities for services under this part and achievement of the client and cost outcome goals and interagency collaboration goals specified.

(b) Collaborative activities shall include:

(1) Identification of those agencies that have a significant joint responsibility for the target population and ensuring collaboration on planning for services to that population.

(2) Identification of gaps in services to members of the target population, development of policies to assure service effectiveness and continuity, and setting priorities for interagency services.

(3) Implementation of public and private collaborative programs whenever possible to better serve the target population.

(4) Provision of interagency case management services to coordinate resources to target population members who are using the services of more than one agency.

(5) Coordination with federal agencies responsible for providing veterans’ services, as well as national, state, and local nonprofit organizations that provide veterans’ services, to maximize the integration of services and to eliminate duplicative efforts.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 190. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)


In order to reduce the state and county cost of a mental health system of care, participating counties shall collect reimbursement for services from clients which shall be the same as patient fees established pursuant to Section 5710, fees paid by private or public third-party payers, federal financial participation for Medicaid or Medicare services or veterans’ services, and other financial sources when available.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 591, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 2009.)


The State Department of Health Care Services shall continue to work with participating counties and other interested parties to refine and establish client and cost outcome and interagency collaboration goals including the expected level of attainment with participating system of care counties. These outcome measures should include specific objectives addressing the following goals:

(a) Client benefit outcomes.

(b) Client and family member satisfaction.

(c) System of care access.

(d) Cost savings, cost avoidance, and cost-effectiveness outcomes that measure short-term or long-term cost savings and cost avoidance achieved in public sector expenditures to the target population.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 34, Sec. 191. (SB 1009) Effective June 27, 2012.)

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