Code Section Group

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC

DIVISION 4. MENTAL HEALTH [4000 - 4390]

  ( Heading of Division 4 amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 1252. )

PART 1. GENERAL ADMINISTRATION, POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE DEPARTMENT [4000 - 4098.5]

  ( Heading of Part 1 amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 1252. )

CHAPTER 3. Facility Licensing, Program Certification, and Ratesetting [4080 - 4096.6]

  ( Heading of Chapter 3 amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 89, Sec. 36. )

ARTICLE 3. Psychiatric Health Facilities [4080- 4080.]
  ( Article 3 added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 89, Sec. 44. )

4080.
  

(a) Psychiatric health facilities, as defined in Section 1250.2 of the Health and Safety Code, shall only be licensed by the State Department of Health Care Services subsequent to application by counties, county contract providers, or other organizations pursuant to this part.

(b) (1) For counties or county contract providers that choose to apply, the local mental health director shall first present to the local mental health advisory board for its review an explanation of the need for the facility and a description of the services to be provided. The local mental health director shall then submit to the governing body the explanation and description. The governing body, upon its approval, may submit the application to the State Department of Health Care Services.

(2) Other organizations that will be applying for licensure and do not intend to use any Bronzan-McCorquodale funds pursuant to Section 5707 shall submit to the local mental health director and the governing body in the county in which the facility is to be located a written and dated proposal of the services to be provided. The local mental health director and governing body shall have 30 days during which to provide advice and recommendations regarding licensure, as they deem appropriate. At any time after the 30-day period, the organizations may then submit their applications, along with the mental health director’s and governing body’s advice and recommendations, if any, to the State Department of Health Care Services.

(c) The State Fire Marshal and other appropriate state agencies, to the extent required by law, shall cooperate fully with the State Department of Health Care Services to ensure that the State Department of Health Care Services approves or disapproves the licensure applications not later than 90 days after the application submission by a county, county contract provider, or other organization.

(d) Every psychiatric health facility and program for which a license has been issued shall be periodically inspected by a multidisciplinary team appointed or designated by the State Department of Health Care Services. The inspection shall be conducted no less than once every two years and as often as necessary to ensure the quality of care provided. During the inspections the review team shall offer advice and assistance to the psychiatric health facility as it deems appropriate.

(e) (1) The program aspects of a psychiatric health facility that shall be reviewed and may be approved by the State Department of Health Care Services shall include, but not be limited to:

(A) Activities programs.

(B) Administrative policies and procedures.

(C) Admissions, including provisions for a mental evaluation.

(D) Discharge planning.

(E) Health records content.

(F) Health records services.

(G) Interdisciplinary treatment teams.

(H) Nursing services.

(I) Patient rights.

(J) Pharmaceutical services.

(K) Program space requirements.

(L) Psychiatrist and clinical psychological services.

(M) Rehabilitation services.

(N) Restraint and seclusion.

(O) Social work services.

(P) Space, supplies, and equipment.

(Q) Staffing standards.

(R) Unusual occurrences.

(S) Use of outside resources, including agreements with general acute care hospitals.

(T) Linguistic access and cultural competence.

(U) Structured outpatient services to be provided under special permit.

(2) The State Department of Health Care Services has the sole authority to grant program flexibility.

(f) Commencing July 1, 2013, the State Department of Health Care Services may adopt regulations regarding psychiatric health facilities that shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(1) Procedures by which the State Department of Health Care Services shall review and may approve the program and facility requesting licensure as a psychiatric health facility as being in compliance with program standards established by the department.

(2) Procedures by which the Director of Health Care Services shall approve, or deny approval of, the program and facility licensed as a psychiatric health facility pursuant to this section.

(3) Provisions for site visits by the State Department of Health Care Services for the purpose of reviewing a facility’s compliance with program and facility standards.

(4) Provisions for the State Department of Health Care Services for any administrative proceeding regarding denial, suspension, or revocation of a psychiatric health facility license.

(5) Procedures for the appeal of an administrative finding or action pursuant to paragraph (4) of this subdivision and subdivision (j).

(g) Regulations may be adopted by the State Department of Health Care Services that establish standards for pharmaceutical services in psychiatric health facilities. Licensed psychiatric health facilities shall be exempt from requirements to obtain a separate pharmacy license or permit.

(h) (1) It is the intent of the Legislature that the State Department of Health Care Services shall license the facility in order to establish innovative and more competitive and specialized acute care services.

(2) The State Department of Health Care Services shall review and may approve the program aspects of public or private facilities, with the exception of those facilities that are federally certified or accredited by a nationally recognized commission that accredits health care facilities, only if the average per diem charges or costs of service provided in the facility is approximately 60 percent of the average per diem charges or costs of similar psychiatric services provided in a general hospital.

(3) (A) When a private facility is accredited by a nationally recognized commission that accredits health care facilities, the State Department of Health Care Services shall review and may approve the program aspects only if the average per diem charges or costs of service provided in the facility do not exceed approximately 75 percent of the average per diem charges or costs of similar psychiatric service provided in a psychiatric or general hospital.

(B) When a private facility serves county patients, the State Department of Health Care Services shall review and may approve the program aspects only if the facility is federally certified by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and serves a population mix that includes a proportion of Medi-Cal patients sufficient to project an overall cost savings to the county, and the average per diem charges or costs of service provided in the facility do not exceed approximately 75 percent of the average per diem charges or costs of similar psychiatric service provided in a psychiatric or general hospital.

(4) When a public facility is federally certified by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and serves a population mix that includes a proportion of Medi-Cal patients sufficient to project an overall program cost savings with certification, the State Department of Health Care Services shall approve the program aspects only if the average per diem charges or costs of service provided in the facility do not exceed approximately 75 percent of the average per diem charges or costs of similar psychiatric service provided in a psychiatric or general hospital.

(5) (A) The State Department of Health Care Services may set a lower rate for private or public facilities than that required by paragraph (3) or (4), if so required by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as a condition for the receipt of federal matching funds.

(B) This section does not impose any obligation on any private facility to contract with a county for the provision of services to Medi-Cal beneficiaries, and any contract for that purpose is subject to the agreement of the participating facility.

(6) (A) In using the guidelines specified in this subdivision, the State Department of Health Care Services shall take into account local conditions affecting the costs or charges.

(B) In those psychiatric health facilities authorized by special permit to offer structured outpatient services not exceeding 10 daytime hours, the following limits on per diem rates shall apply:

(i) The per diem charge for patients in both a morning and an afternoon program on the same day shall not exceed 60 percent of the facility’s authorized per diem charge for inpatient services.

(ii) The per diem charge for patients in either a morning or afternoon program shall not exceed 30 percent of the facility’s authorized per diem charge for inpatient services.

(i) The licensing fees charged for these facilities shall be credited to the State Department of Health Care Services for its costs incurred in the review of psychiatric health facility programs, in connection with the licensing of these facilities.

(j) (1) The State Department of Health Care Services shall establish a system for the imposition of prompt and effective civil sanctions against psychiatric health facilities in violation of the laws and regulations of this state pertaining to psychiatric health facilities. If the State Department of Health Care Services determines that there is or has been a failure, in a substantial manner, on the part of a psychiatric health facility to comply with the laws and regulations, the Director of Health Care Services may impose the following sanctions:

(A) Cease and desist orders.

(B) Monetary sanctions, which may be imposed in addition to the penalties of suspension, revocation, or cease and desist orders. The amount of monetary sanctions permitted to be imposed pursuant to this subparagraph shall not be less than fifty dollars ($50) nor more than one hundred dollars ($100) multiplied by the licensed bed capacity, per day, for each violation. However, the monetary sanction shall not exceed three thousand dollars ($3,000) per day. A facility that is assessed a monetary sanction under this subparagraph, and that repeats the deficiency, may, in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to this subdivision, be subject to immediate suspension of its license until the deficiency is corrected.

(2) The State Department of Health Care Services may adopt regulations necessary to implement this subdivision and paragraph (5) of subdivision (f) in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).

(k) Proposed changes in the standards or regulations affecting health facilities that serve persons with mental health disorders shall be effected only with the review and coordination of the California Health and Human Services Agency.

(l) In psychiatric health facilities where the clinical director is not a physician, a psychiatrist, or if one is temporarily not available, a physician shall be designated who shall direct those medical treatments and services that can only be provided by, or under the direction of, a physician.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 144, Sec. 64. (AB 1847) Effective January 1, 2015.)

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