Code Section Group

Welfare and Institutions Code - WIC


  ( Division 10 added by Stats. 1969, Ch. 1107. )


  ( Part 2 added by Stats. 1969, Ch. 1107. )

CHAPTER 2. Definitions [19150 - 19154]
  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1969, Ch. 1107. )


(a) The term “vocational rehabilitation services” means the following services and goods:

(1) An assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs by qualified personnel, including if appropriate, an assessment by personnel skilled in rehabilitation technology or an assessment for supported employment as an employment outcome.

(2) Counseling, guidance, and work-related placement services for persons with disabilities, including job search assistance, placement assistance, job retention services, personal assistance services, followup services, and specific postemployment services necessary to assist those individuals in maintaining, regaining, or advancing in their employment, both competitive and supported.

(3) Training services for persons with disabilities, which shall include personal and vocational adjustment, books, and other training materials.

(4) Auxiliary aide services, such as reader services for individuals who are blind and interpreter services for individuals who are deaf.

(5) Job coaching services that may include any of the following:

(A) On-the-job skill training.

(B) Observation or supervision at the worksite.

(C) Consultation or training, or both, of coworkers and supervisors.

(D) Assistance in integrating into the work environment.

(E) Destination training.

(F) Assistance with public support agencies.

(G) Family and residential provider consultation.

(H) Any other on- or off-the-job support services needed to reinforce and stabilize job placement.

(6) Recruitment and training services for persons with disabilities to provide them with new employment opportunities in the fields of rehabilitation, health, welfare, public safety, and law enforcement, and other appropriate service employment.

(7) Physical and mental restoration services, including, but not limited to, the following:

(A) Corrective surgery or therapeutic treatment necessary to correct or substantially modify a physical or mental condition which is stable or slowly progressive and constitutes an impediment to employment, but is of such a nature that the correction or modification may reasonably be expected to eliminate or substantially reduce the impediment to employment within a reasonable length of time.

(B) Necessary hospitalization in connection with surgery or treatment.

(C) Prosthetic and orthotic devices.

(D) Eyeglasses and visual services as prescribed by a physician skilled in the diseases of the eye or by an optometrist.

(8) Maintenance, not exceeding the additional costs incurred while participating in rehabilitation.

(9) Occupational licenses, tools, equipment, and initial stocks and supplies.

(10) Rehabilitation technology services, which shall include rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology services and devices.

(11) On-the-job or other related personal assistance services provided to an individual with a disability who is receiving other vocational rehabilitation services.

(12) Transition services to students, pursuant to cooperative agreements established under Section 19013, that promote or facilitate the accomplishment of long-term rehabilitation goals and intermediate rehabilitation objectives.

(13) Referral and other services designed to assist individuals with disabilities in securing needed services from other agencies through agreements developed pursuant to Section 19013.

(14) The provision of other programs and services when provided for the benefit of groups of individuals, including, but not limited to, any of the following:

(A) In the case of any type of small business operated by individuals with significant disabilities, the operation of which can be improved by management services and supervision provided by the department, the provision of those services and supervision, alone or together with the acquisition by the department of vending stands and other equipment and initial stocks and supplies.

(B) The establishment, development, or improvement of community rehabilitation programs that promise to contribute substantially to the rehabilitation of a group of individuals but that are not related directly to the rehabilitation plan of any one individual with a disability, providing the program is used to provide services that promote integration and competitive employment, including supported employment.

(C) Technical assistance and support services to businesses that are not subject to Subchapter 1 (commencing with Section 12111) of Chapter 126 of Title 42 of the United States Code and that are seeking to employ individuals with disabilities.

(15) Transportation in connection with the rendering of any other vocational rehabilitation service.

(16) Any other goods and services necessary to render a person with disabilities employable.

(17) Services to the families of persons with disabilities when those services will contribute substantially to the rehabilitation of those individuals.

(b) For the purposes of subdivision (a), full consideration of eligibility for any comparable service or benefit shall be utilized to the extent permitted by federal law.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 190, Sec. 6. (AB 2877) Effective January 1, 2017.)


(a) The term “individual with a disability” means any individual who:

(1) Has a physical or mental impairment which constitutes or results in a substantial impediment to employment.

(2) Can benefit in terms of an employment outcome from vocational rehabilitation services provided pursuant to this chapter.

(b) The term “individual with a significant disability” shall have the same meaning as specified in the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and includes, but is not limited to, any individual who has a disability or is blind as determined pursuant to Subchapter 2 (commencing with Section 401) and Subchapter XVI (commencing with Section 1381) of Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 190, Sec. 7. (AB 2877) Effective January 1, 2017.)


(a) “Community rehabilitation program” means a program which is operated for the primary purpose of providing directly or facilitating the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities and which provides singly or in combination one or more of the following services to enable persons with disabilities to maximize opportunities for employment, including career advancement:

(1) Comprehensive rehabilitation services which shall include, under one management, medical, psychological, social, and vocational services.

(2) Testing, fitting, or training in the use of prosthetic and orthotic devices.

(3) Recreational therapy.

(4) Physical and occupational therapy.

(5) Speech, language, and hearing therapy.

(6) Psychiatric, psychological, and social services.

(7) Personal and work adjustment.

(8) Vocational training (in combination with other rehabilitation services).

(9) Evaluation or control of special disabilities.

(10) Assessment for determining eligibility and vocational needs, including evaluation for supported employment, development, and placement in jobs.

(11)  Development of, and placement in, jobs.

(12)  Job coaching services to enable a person with disabilities to obtain or maintain supported or competitive employment.

(13)  Extended employment for persons with significant disabilities who cannot be readily absorbed into the competitive labor market.

(14)  Personal assistance services.

(15)  To the extent provided under federal law, services similar to the services described in paragraphs (1) to (13), inclusive.

(b) All medical and related health services shall be prescribed by, or under the formal supervision of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the state.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 190, Sec. 8. (AB 2877) Effective January 1, 2017.)


The term, “blind person” means either a person who has not more than 20/200 central visual acuity in the better eye after correction, or a person who has visual acuity greater than 20/200 but with a limitation in the fields of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle no greater than 20 degrees. Such blindness shall be certified by a licensed physician and surgeon who specializes in diseases of the eye or a licensed optometrist.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 261, Sec. 2.)


Establishment of a community rehabilitation program means the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing buildings necessary to adapt them to community rehabilitation program purposes or to increase their effectiveness for such purposes (subject, however, to such limitations as the federal government or the director may, by regulation, prescribe in order to prevent impairment of the objectives of, or duplication of, other laws providing assistance in the construction of such facilities for community rehabilitation programs), and may include additional equipment and staffing permitted by federal law or regulation.

(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 937, Sec. 21. Effective October 8, 1993.)

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