Code Section Group

Water Code - WAT


  ( Division 4 enacted by Stats. 1943, Ch. 368. )

CHAPTER 3. Bridges and Conduits on or Near Highways [7030 - 7036]
  ( Chapter 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1786. )


As used in this chapter, “conduit” includes canal, ditch, culvert, pipeline, flume, or other appliance for conducting water.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1786.)


As used in this chapter, except in Section 7034, “highway” includes both state and county highways as defined by or identified in the Streets and Highways Code.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1786.)


As used in this chapter, “bridge” means a structure constructed to allow the conducting of water underneath by canal, ditch, flume or other uncovered appliance for conducting water.

(Added by Stats. 1967, Ch. 998.)


No conduit shall be laid, constructed, or maintained so as to obstruct any highway.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1786.)


Every person or public district or agency who or which initially constructs, or improves for his or its own benefit, any conduit crossing or running along any pre-existing highway, shall construct or improve such conduit in accordance with standards established by the county or State as the case may be, and at the expense of the person so constructing or improving such conduit.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 1786.)


Bridges or conduits heretofore or hereafter constructed in a permanent manner, whether by encroachment permit or otherwise, which cross county highways and which have been constructed or brought up to county standards, and have been accepted, either formally or informally by appropriate action, shall, after such acceptance, and regardless of who constructed them, be the sole responsibility of the county, so far as maintenance, repair, improvement for the benefit of the county, reconstruction or replacement of such bridges and conduits are concerned. If any such county highways become state highways, the State shall succeed to the foregoing obligations of the county.

The amendment of this section made at the 1963 Regular Session of the Legislature does not constitute a change in, but is declaratory of, the pre-existing law.

(Amended by Stats. 1963, Ch. 524.)


Whenever any conduit for conducting water crosses a highway and no written records exist showing that the highway rights-of-way existed prior to the conduit rights-of-way, it shall be conclusively presumed that the conduit was in place and lawfully maintained prior to the highway and such conduit shall be repaired, improved for the benefit of the public agency having jurisdiction over such highway, and replaced, if necessary, by the public agency having jurisdiction over such highway, provided that usual acts of maintenance of the conduit, such as cleaning the conduit of dirt or silt, shall be performed by and at the expense of the person using the conduit.

This section shall not apply to any conduit as to which Section 7034 is applicable.

(Amended by Stats. 1974, Ch. 36.)


Any public district or private utility and any county may enter into a contract agreeing to pay and apportion between them the costs of locating, removing, repairing, or relocating any facilities owned or to be owned by either party on the roads or other property of the other in such proportion and upon such terms as the governing boards of the parties shall determine to be equitable.

This section shall not supersede the provisions of this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1967, Ch. 998.)

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