Code Section Group

Unemployment Insurance Code - UIC

DIVISION 1. UNEMPLOYMENT AND DISABILITY COMPENSATION [100 - 4751]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

PART 2. DISABILITY COMPENSATION [2601 - 3308]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

CHAPTER 2. Disability Benefits [2625 - 2778]

  ( Chapter 2 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

ARTICLE 4. Filing, Determination and Payment of Disability Benefit Claims [2701 - 2714]
  ( Article 4 enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308. )

2701.
  

(a) Disability benefits shall be paid by the department through public employment offices or other agencies approved by the director.

(b) Beginning January 1, 2024, the department shall provide a person entitled to receive disability benefits and family temporary disability insurance benefits under Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 3300) the option to receive payments by direct deposit, as regulated under the federal Electronic Fund Transfer Act (EFTA) (15 U.S.C. Sec. 1693 et seq.), into a qualifying account, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 1339.1, of the recipient’s choice, in addition to other alternative disbursement payment methods, including, but not limited to, debit cards and checks.

(Amended by Stats. 2021, Ch. 78, Sec. 13. (AB 138) Effective July 16, 2021.)

2701.5.
  

The department shall issue the initial payment for unemployment compensation disability benefits to a monetarily eligible claimant who is otherwise determined eligible by the department under applicable law and regulation within 14 days of receipt of his or her properly completed first disability claim.

(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1093, Sec. 1.)

2702.
  

Minors who are eligible for disability benefits may be paid and receive such benefits in their own right and a receipt signed by a minor shall be valid and binding in all respects.

(Enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308.)

2703.
  

The establishment of a disability benefit period for unemployment compensation disability benefits shall not establish a benefit year for unemployment compensation benefits and the filing of a valid claim for one shall not establish a valid claim for the other. Wages used to establish a valid claim for disability benefits may be used to establish a subsequent claim for disability benefits or unemployment compensation benefits provided such wages were paid in the base period applicable to the subsequent claim.

(Amended by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1371.)

2705.
  

Where an individual who would be eligible to receive disability benefits dies before making a claim therefor, the director may in accordance with authorized regulations allow the filing of a claim for such benefits by a person legally entitled thereto under Section 1341.

(Enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308.)

2705.1.
  

Where an individual who would be eligible to receive disability benefits is mentally unable to make a claim therefor, the director shall, in accordance with authorized regulations, allow the filing of a claim for these benefits by the spouse or domestic partner of the individual, in the absence of any other legally authorized representative of the individual. A payment shall be made upon affidavit executed by the spouse or domestic partner or person or persons claiming to be entitled to the benefits and the receipt of the affidavit or affidavits shall fully discharge the Director of Employment Development from any further liability with reference to the payments, without the necessity of inquiring into the truth of any of the facts stated in the affidavit.

For the purposes of this section “mentally unable to make a claim” shall be limited to those cases in which the individual is certified by a healing arts practitioner specified in Sections 2708 and 2709 to be mentally unable to make a claim pursuant to this part.

(Amended by Stats. 2001, Ch. 893, Sec. 60. Effective January 1, 2002.)

2706.
  

Claims for disability benefits shall be made in accordance with authorized regulations of the Director of Employment Development. Each employer shall post and maintain in places readily accessible to individuals in his service printed statements concerning such regulations and shall make available to each such individual copies of such printed statements, regulations or matters relating to claims for disability benefits as the Director of Employment Development may prescribe. Such printed statements shall be supplied to each employer by the Director of Employment Development without cost to the employer.

(Amended by Stats. 1973, Ch. 1212, Sec. 215.)

2706.1.
  

A first claim, accompanied by a certificate on a form furnished by the department to the claimant, shall be filed not later than the 41st consecutive day following the first compensable day of unemployment and disability with respect to which the claim is made for benefits, which time shall be extended by the department upon a showing of good cause. If a first claim is not complete, the claim form shall be returned to the claimant for completion and it shall be completed and returned not later than the 10th consecutive day after the date it was mailed by the department to the claimant, except that such time shall be extended by the department upon a showing of good cause.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 904, Sec. 2. Effective September 13, 1982.)

2706.2.
  

Any continued medical certification shall be submitted to the department within 20 days of the date the claimant is issued a notice of final payment or departmental request for additional medical certification. The 20-day time limit shall be extended by the department upon a showing of good cause.

(Added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 1134, Sec. 6.)

2707.
  

The department shall give a notice of the filing of a first claim for each disability benefit period to the employing unit by which the claimant was last employed immediately preceding the filing of such claim.

(Amended by Stats. 1979, Ch. 373.)

2707.1.
  

Within two working days after receipt of the notice provided for in Section 2707, or if there has been a termination of the claimant’s service within five days after such termination, whichever is the later, the last employer shall notify the department of any information known to him which may bear upon the eligibility of the claimant.

(Amended by Stats. 1979, Ch. 373.)

2707.2.
  

(a) The department shall consider the facts submitted by the employer pursuant to Section 2707.1 and make a determination as to the eligibility of the claimant for benefits. The department shall promptly notify the claimant of the determination and the reasons therefor. The claimant may appeal therefrom to an administrative law judge within 30 days from mailing or personal service of the notice of determination. The 30-day period may be extended for good cause. The director shall be an interested party to any appeal.

(b) “Good cause,” as used in this section, shall include, but not be limited to, mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.

(c) This section shall become operative on March 1, 2018.

(Repealed (in Sec. 1) and added by Stats. 2016, Ch. 276, Sec. 2. (AB 2886) Effective January 1, 2017. Section operative March 1, 2018, by its own provisions.)

2707.3.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b) of this section, upon the filing of a claim for unemployment compensation disability benefits, the Employment Development Department shall promptly make a computation on the claim which shall set forth the maximum amount of benefits potentially payable during the disability benefit period and the weekly benefit amount. The Employment Development Department shall promptly notify the claimant of the computation.

(b) No computation shall be made on a claim of an employee for disability benefits under an approved self-insured plan if the uninterrupted period of disability for such claim does not exceed the waiting period prescribed for benefits from the Disability Fund under subdivision (b) of Section 2627.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 1143.)

2707.4.
  

(a) The claimant may, within 30 days after the mailing or personal service of the notice of computation or recomputation, protest the accuracy of the computation or recomputation. The 30-day period may be extended for good cause. The department shall consider any such protest and shall promptly notify the claimant of the recomputation or denial of recomputation. The claimant may appeal from a notice of denial of recomputation in the manner prescribed in Section 2707.2. The director shall be an interested party to any appeal.

(b) “Good cause,” as used in this section, shall include, but not be limited to, mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.

(c) This section shall become operative on March 1, 2018.

(Repealed (in Sec. 3) and added by Stats. 2016, Ch. 276, Sec. 4. (AB 2886) Effective January 1, 2017. Section operative March 1, 2018, by its own provisions.)

2707.5.
  

(a) The department may for good cause reconsider any determination provided for in this part prior to the filing of an appeal therefrom, or within 30 days after an appeal to an administrative law judge is filed. The department shall promptly notify the claimant of any reconsidered determination, and the claimant may appeal therefrom in the manner prescribed in Section 2707.2. The director shall be an interested party to any appeal.

(b) The department may for good cause reconsider any computation or recomputation provided for in this part within one year from the beginning date of the disability benefit period to which the notice of computation or recomputation relates, except that no recomputation may be considered with respect to any issue considered or under consideration in an appeal taken from a denial of recomputation. The department shall promptly notify the claimant of the recomputation. The claimant may protest the accuracy of the recomputation as prescribed in Section 2707.4.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 797, Sec. 11. Effective January 1, 2004.)

2707.6.
  

Notices, protests, and information required under this article shall be submitted in accordance with authorized regulations.

(Amended by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1159.)

2707.8.
  

(a) An administrative law judge, after affording a reasonable opportunity for fair hearing, shall, unless the appeal is withdrawn, affirm, reverse, modify, or set aside any determination that is appealed under this article. The claimant and the director shall be promptly notified in writing of the administrative law judge’s decision, together with reasons for the decision. The decision shall be final unless, within 30 days after mailing of the decision, further appeal is initiated to the appeals board pursuant to Section 1336. The 30-day limitation may be extended for good cause.

(b) “Good cause,” as used in this section, shall include, but not be limited to, mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.

(Added by Stats. 2016, Ch. 276, Sec. 6. (AB 2886) Effective January 1, 2017.)

2708.
  

(a) (1) In accordance with the director’s authorized regulations, and except as provided in subdivision (c) and Sections 2708.1 and 2709, a claimant shall establish medical eligibility for each uninterrupted period of disability by filing a first claim for disability benefits supported by the certificate of a treating physician or practitioner that establishes the sickness, injury, or pregnancy of the employee, or the condition of the family member that warrants the care of the employee. For subsequent periods of uninterrupted disability after the period covered by the initial certificate or any preceding continued claim, a claimant shall file a continued claim for those benefits supported by the certificate of a treating physician or practitioner. A certificate filed to establish medical eligibility for the employee’s own sickness, injury, or pregnancy shall contain a diagnosis and diagnostic code prescribed in the International Classification of Diseases, or, if no diagnosis has yet been obtained, a detailed statement of symptoms.

(2) A certificate filed to establish medical eligibility of the employee’s own sickness, injury, or pregnancy shall also contain a statement of medical facts, including secondary diagnoses when applicable, within the physician’s or practitioner’s knowledge, based on a physical examination and a documented medical history of the claimant by the physician or practitioner, indicating the physician’s or practitioner’s conclusion as to the claimant’s disability, and a statement of the physician’s or practitioner’s opinion as to the expected duration of the disability.

(b) An employee shall be required to file a certificate to establish eligibility when taking leave to care for a family member with a serious health condition. The certificate shall be developed by the department. In order to establish medical eligibility of the serious health condition of the family member that warrants the care of the employee, the information shall be within the physician’s or practitioner’s knowledge and shall be based on a physical examination and documented medical history of the family member and shall contain all of the following:

(1) A diagnosis and diagnostic code prescribed in the International Classification of Diseases, or, if no diagnosis has yet been obtained, a detailed statement of symptoms.

(2) The date, if known, on which the condition commenced.

(3) The probable duration of the condition.

(4) An estimate of the amount of time that the physician or practitioner believes the employee needs to care for the child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, spouse, or domestic partner.

(5) (A) A statement that the serious health condition warrants the participation of the employee to provide care for his or her child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, spouse, or domestic partner.

(B) “Warrants the participation of the employee” includes, but is not limited to, providing psychological comfort, and arranging “third party” care for the child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, sibling, spouse, or domestic partner, as well as directly providing, or participating in, the medical care.

(c) The department shall develop a certification form for bonding that is separate and distinct from the certificate required in subdivision (a) for an employee taking leave to bond with a minor child within the first year of the child’s birth or placement in connection with foster care or adoption.

(d) The first and any continuing claim of an individual who obtains care and treatment outside this state shall be supported by a certificate of a treating physician or practitioner duly licensed or certified by the state or foreign country in which the claimant is receiving the care and treatment. If a physician or practitioner licensed by and practicing in a foreign country is under investigation by the department for filing false claims and the department does not have legal remedies to conduct a criminal investigation or prosecution in that country, the department may suspend the processing of all further certifications until the physician or practitioner fully cooperates, and continues to cooperate, with the investigation. A physician or practitioner licensed by, and practicing in, a foreign country who has been convicted of filing false claims with the department may not file a certificate in support of a claim for disability benefits for a period of five years.

(e) For purposes of this part:

(1) “Physician” has the same meaning as defined in Section 3209.3 of the Labor Code.

(2) (A) “Practitioner” means a person duly licensed or certified in California acting within the scope of his or her license or certification who is a dentist, podiatrist, or a nurse practitioner, and in the case of a nurse practitioner, after performance of a physical examination by a nurse practitioner and collaboration with a physician and surgeon, or as to normal pregnancy or childbirth, a midwife or nurse midwife, or nurse practitioner.

(B) “Practitioner” also means a physician assistant who has performed a physical examination under the supervision of a physician and surgeon. Funds appropriated to cover the costs required to implement this subparagraph shall come from the Unemployment Compensation Disability Fund. This subparagraph shall be implemented on or before January 1, 2017.

(f) For a claimant who is hospitalized in or under the authority of a county hospital in this state, a certificate of initial and continuing medical disability, if any, shall satisfy the requirements of this section if the disability is shown by the claimant’s hospital chart, and the certificate is signed by the hospital’s registrar. For a claimant hospitalized in or under the care of a medical facility of the United States government, a certificate of initial and continuing medical disability, if any, shall satisfy the requirements of this section if the disability is shown by the claimant’s hospital chart, and the certificate is signed by a medical officer of the facility duly authorized to do so.

(g) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude the department from requesting additional medical evidence to supplement the first or any continued claim if the additional evidence can be procured without additional cost to the claimant. The department may require that the additional evidence include any or all of the following:

(1) Identification of diagnoses.

(2) Identification of symptoms.

(3) A statement setting forth the facts of the claimant’s disability. The statement shall be completed by any of the following individuals:

(A) The physician or practitioner treating the claimant.

(B) The registrar, authorized medical officer, or other duly authorized official of the hospital or health facility treating the claimant.

(C) An examining physician or other representative of the department.

(h) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2014.

(Amended (as added by Stats. 2013, Ch. 350, Sec. 2) by Stats. 2014, Ch. 438, Sec. 2. (SB 1083) Effective January 1, 2015.)

2708.1.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), where an individual is entitled to receive unemployment compensation disability benefits reduced by the amount of temporary workers’ compensation received for any day under Section 2629, it shall not be necessary that he or she obtain a certificate of a physician as required by subdivision (a) of Section 2708 to receive the reduced amount of disability benefits for that day, provided that the claimant submits evidence to the department of receipt of temporary disability benefits under a workers’ compensation law for that day.

(b) This section does not apply to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 3300).

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 797, Sec. 13. Effective January 1, 2004.)

2709.
  

If any individual in good faith adheres to the teachings of any bona fide church, sect, denomination or organization and in accordance with its principles depends for healing entirely upon prayer or spiritual means, no medical examination shall be required, but in lieu thereof the director may accept the certificate of a duly authorized and accredited practitioner of that bona fide church, sect, denomination or organization as to the disability of the claimant, or the serious health condition of the family member that warrants the care of the individual, for purposes of Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 3300) of Part 2, and the estimated duration of such disability, and no authorized regulation prescribing the manner of proof of illness, injury, or serious health condition shall discriminate against that individual.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 797, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2004.)

2712.
  

Whenever an individual is entitled to benefits under this part but there is a dispute whether such benefits are payable from the Disability Fund or from one or another voluntary plan, benefits shall be paid to the individual, pursuant to authorized regulations, from the source against which his claim was first filed, at not less than the Disability Fund rate, pending the determination of the dispute. The appeals board may prescribe by regulation the time, manner, method, and procedure through which such disputes may be determined by administrative law judges and the appeals board. If it is finally determined that the benefits should have been paid from one of said sources other than the one which paid the benefits, reimbursement shall be promptly made from the Disability Fund or the voluntary plan, as the case may be, and the claimant shall be promptly paid the accumulated excess, if any, to which he is entitled. Reimbursement shall also be made to the extent of actual liability for benefits from one to another of the above mentioned sources when it is determined that benefits have been paid in error from one source which should have been paid from another.

(Amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 537, Sec. 40.)

2712.5.
  

(a) If, in a disputed coverage proceeding under Section 2712 a final decision of an administrative law judge or of the appeals board finds that an employer or insurer shall reimburse the Disability Fund and the employer or insurer fails to pay all or any part of the reimbursement within 15 days after the decision of an administrative law judge or of the appeals board becomes final, the director shall assess the unpaid amount against the employer or the insurer. The provisions of Article 8 (commencing with Section 1126) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 with respect to the assessment of contributions shall apply to the recovery of the unpaid amount. The provisions of Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 1701) of Part 1 with respect to the collection of contributions shall apply to the recovery of unpaid amounts under this section. Amounts so collected shall be deposited in the Disability Fund.

(b) The provisions of Article 9 (commencing with Section 1176) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 shall apply to amounts collected under this section and to amounts reimbursed to the Disability Fund after a final decision by an administrative law judge or the appeals board in a disputed coverage proceeding under Section 2712.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 226, Sec. 2.)

2713.
  

In proceedings under this part the claimant, upon a showing of good cause, may request a closed hearing except that the last employer and each base period employer of the claimant shall be entitled to participate in any such hearing.

(Enacted by Stats. 1953, Ch. 308.)

2714.
  

All medical records of the department obtained under this part, except to the extent necessary for the proper administration of this part, or as provided elsewhere in law shall be confidential and shall not be published or be open to public inspection in any manner revealing the identity of the claimant or family member, or the nature or cause of his or her disability. Medical records that are disclosed shall be disclosed only pursuant to Section 1095, and shall remain confidential.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 797, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2004.)

UICUnemployment Insurance Code - UIC4.