Code Section Group

Revenue and Taxation Code - RTC

DIVISION 2. OTHER TAXES [6001 - 61045]

  ( Heading of Division 2 amended by Stats. 1968, Ch. 279. )

PART 1. SALES AND USE TAXES [6001 - 7176]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

CHAPTER 5. Determinations [6451 - 6597]

  ( Chapter 5 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

ARTICLE 2. Deficiency Determinations [6481 - 6488]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

6481.
  

If the board is not satisfied with the return or returns of the tax or the amount of tax, or other amount, required to be paid to the state by any person, it may compute and determine the amount required to be paid upon the basis of the facts contained in the return or returns or upon the basis of any information within its possession or that may come into its possession. One or more deficiency determinations may be made of the amount due for one or for more than one period. When a business is discontinued a determination may be made at any time thereafter, within the periods specified in Section 6487, as to liability arising out of that business, irrespective of whether the determination is issued prior to the due date of the liability as otherwise specified in this part.

(Amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 930, Sec. 3.)

6482.
  

The amount of the determination, exclusive of penalties, shall bear interest at the modified adjusted rate per month, or fraction thereof, established pursuant to Section 6591.5, from the last day of the month following the quarterly period for which the amount or any portion thereof should have been returned until the date of payment.

(Amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1020, Sec. 3. Operative July 1, 1985, by Sec. 65 of Ch. 1020.)

6483.
  

In making a determination the board may offset overpayments for a period or periods, together with interest on the overpayments, against underpayments for another period or periods, against penalties, and against the interest on the underpayments. The interest on underpayments and overpayments shall be computed in the manner set forth in Sections 6591 and 6907.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6484.
  

If any part of the deficiency for which a deficiency determination is made is due to negligence or intentional disregard of this part or authorized rules and regulations, a penalty of 10 per cent of the amount of the determination shall be added thereto.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6485.
  

If any part of the deficiency for which a deficiency determination is made is due to fraud or an intent to evade this part or authorized rules and regulations, a penalty of 25 per cent of the amount of the determination shall be added thereto.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6485.1.
  

Any purchaser of a vehicle, vessel, or aircraft who registers it outside the State of California for the purpose of evading the payment of taxes due under this part shall be liable for a penalty of 50 percent of any tax determined to be due on the sales price of the vehicle, vessel, or aircraft.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1490, Sec. 6. Effective September 27, 1984.)

6486.
  

The board shall give to the retailer or person storing, using, or consuming tangible personal property written notice of its determination. The notice shall be placed in a sealed envelope, with postage paid, addressed to the retailer or person storing, using, or consuming tangible personal property at his or her address as it appears in the records of the board. The giving of notice shall be deemed complete at the time of the deposit of the notice in the United States Post Office, or a mailbox, sub-post office, substation or mail chute or other facility regularly maintained or provided by the United States Postal Service, without extension of time for any reason. In lieu of mailing, a notice may be served personally by delivering it to the person to be served and service is complete at the time of delivery. Personal service to a corporation may be made by delivery of a notice to any person designated in the Code of Civil Procedure to be served for the corporation with summons and complaint in a civil action.

(Amended by Stats. 1981, Ch. 714, Sec. 402.)

6487.
  

(a) For taxpayers filing returns, other than a return filed pursuant to Section 6452.1, on other than an annual basis, except in the case of fraud, intent to evade this part or authorized rules and regulations, or failure to make a return, every notice of a deficiency determination shall be mailed within three years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period for which the amount is proposed to be determined or within three years after the return is filed, whichever period expires the later. In the case of failure to make a return, every notice of determination shall be mailed within eight years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period for which the amount is proposed to be determined.

(b) For taxpayers filing returns on an annual basis, except in the case of fraud, intent to evade this part or authorized rules and regulations, or failure to make a return, every notice of a deficiency determination shall be mailed within three years after the last day of the calendar month following the one-year period for which the amount is proposed to be determined or within three years after the return is filed, whichever period expires the later. In the case of failure to make a return, every notice of determination shall be mailed within eight years after the last day of the calendar month following the one-year period for which the amount is proposed to be determined.

(c) The limitation specified in this section does not apply in case of a sales tax proposed to be determined with respect to sales of property for the storage, use, or other consumption of which notice of a deficiency determination has been or is given pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) or pursuant to Section 6486, 6515, or 6536. The limitation specified in this section does not apply in case of an amount of use tax proposed to be determined with respect to storage, use, or other consumption of property for the sale of which notice of a deficiency determination has been or is given pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) or pursuant to Section 6486, 6515, or 6536.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 718, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2004.)

6487.05.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 6487, the period during which a deficiency determination may be mailed to a qualifying retailer is limited to three years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period for which the amount is proposed to be determined. For purposes of this section, a “qualifying retailer” is a retailer that meets all of the following conditions:

(1) The retailer is located outside this state, and has not previously registered with the board.

(2) The retailer is engaged in business in this state, as defined in Section 6203.

(3) The retailer voluntarily registers with the board.

(4) The retailer has not been previously contacted by the board or its agents regarding the provisions of Section 6203.

(5) As determined by the board, the retailer’s failure to file a return or failure to report or pay the tax or amount due required by law was due to reasonable cause and was not a result of negligence or intentional disregard of the law, or because of fraud or an intent to evade the provisions of this part.

(b) If the board or its designee finds that the retailer’s failure to make a timely return or payment is due to reasonable cause and circumstances beyond the retailer’s control, and occurred notwithstanding the exercise of ordinary care and the absence of willful neglect, the retailer shall be relieved of the penalties imposed pursuant to this part. Any retailer seeking relief of penalty shall file a statement under penalty of perjury setting forth the facts upon which he or she bases his or her claim for relief.

(Added by Stats. 1994, Ch. 903, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 1995.)

6487.06.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 6487, the period during which a deficiency determination may be mailed to a qualifying purchaser is limited to three years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period for which the amount is proposed to be determined.

(b) For purposes of this section, a “qualifying purchaser” is a person that voluntarily files an individual use tax return for tangible personal property that is purchased from a retailer outside of this state for storage, use, or other consumption in this state, and that meets all of the following conditions:

(1) The purchaser resides or is located within this state and has not previously done any of the following:

(A) Registered with the State Board of Equalization.

(B) Filed an individual use tax return with the State Board of Equalization.

(C) Reported an amount on his or her individual California income tax return.

(2) The purchaser is not engaged in business in this state as a retailer, as defined in Section 6015.

(3) The purchaser has not been contacted by the State Board of Equalization regarding failure to report the use tax imposed by Section 6202.

(4) The State Board of Equalization has made a determination that the purchaser’s failure to file an individual use tax return or to otherwise report or pay the use tax imposed by Section 6202 was due to reasonable cause and was not caused by reason of negligence, intentional disregard of the law, or by an intent to evade the taxes imposed by this part.

(c) If the State Board of Equalization makes a determination that the purchaser’s failure to timely report or remit the taxes imposed by this part is due to reasonable cause or due to circumstances beyond the purchaser’s control, the purchaser may be relieved of any penalties imposed by this part. Any purchaser seeking relief from penalties imposed by this part shall file a statement, signed under penalty of perjury, setting forth the facts that form the basis for the claim for relief.

(d) This section shall not apply to purchases of vehicles, vessels, or aircraft as defined in Article 1 (commencing with Section 6271) of Chapter 3.5.

(Added by Stats. 2008, Ch. 306, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2009.)

6487.07.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 6487, a deficiency determination may be issued to a qualifying retailer only for those liabilities arising under this part for sales made on and after April 1, 2016.

(b) For purposes of this section, a “qualifying retailer” is a retailer that meets all of the following conditions:

(1) The retailer is not registered or has not registered with the department under this part prior to December 1, 2018.

(2) The retailer had not filed sales or use tax returns or made sales or use tax payments prior to being contacted by the department.

(3) The retailer voluntarily registers under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 6051) or Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 6201), as applicable, files completed tax returns for all tax reporting periods for which a determination may be issued under this section, within 90 days after the effective date of this act, and pays in full the taxes due or applies for an installment agreement, but only if final payment under the terms of that installment payment agreement is paid no later than December 31, 2021.

(4) The retailer is or was engaged in business in this state solely because the retailer used a marketplace facilitator, as defined in Section 6041, to facilitate sales for delivery in this state and the marketplace facilitator stored the retailer’s inventory in this state.

(c) A qualifying retailer shall be relieved of the penalties imposed pursuant to this part with respect to sales made from April 1, 2016, to March 31, 2019, inclusive.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 34, Sec. 9. (SB 92) Effective June 27, 2019.)

6487.1.
  

In the case of a deficiency arising under this part during the lifetime of a decedent, a notice of deficiency determination shall be mailed within four months after written request therefor, in the form required by the board, by the fiduciary of the estate or trust or by any other person liable for the tax or any portion thereof.

(Added by Stats. 1968, Ch. 1299.)

6487.2.
  

(a) A notice of determination issued pursuant to Section 6486, 6515, or 6536 to an individual who was a general partner, as shown on the board’s records, and who, prior to the period covered by the determination, withdrew from the partnership, causing a change in ownership, and failed to notify the board, shall be mailed within four years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period in which the change of ownership occurred.

(b) An individual who was a general partner, as shown on the board’s records, who withdraws from a partnership without notifying the board of the change in ownership, shall not be liable for any unpaid, self-assessed liability of the partnership that becomes due at least three years after the last day of the calendar month following the quarterly period in which the change in ownership occurred.

(c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall not apply to either of the following:

(1) Cases of fraud or intent to evade this part or other administrative or interpretive regulations.

(2) Any partners who retain an ownership interest in a corporation that is a successor to the partnership.

(d) For purposes of this part, change in ownership means that a new “person,” as defined in Section 6005, is created by the action of the former owner by means of a sale, an incorporation, an addition or elimination of one or more partners, or the termination of a spouse’s ownership or community property interest due to legal separation or divorce.

(e) For purposes of this section, “individual” includes only natural persons.

(Added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 1109, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 1994.)

6487.3.
  

(a) (1) For persons that elect to report qualified use tax in accordance with Section 6452.1, except in the case of fraud, intent to avoid this part or authorized rules and regulations issued by the board, or the gross understatement of qualified use taxes, every notice of a deficiency determination with respect to the qualified use tax shall be mailed within three years after the last day for which an acceptable tax return is due or filed, whichever occurs later.

(2) In the case of a gross understatement of qualified use tax, every notice of a deficiency determination with respect to the qualified use tax shall be mailed within six years after the last day for which an acceptable tax return is due or filed, whichever occurs later.

(3) For purposes of this subdivision a “gross understatement of qualified use tax” is a deficiency that is in excess of 25 percent of the amount of qualified use tax reported on a person’s acceptable tax return. In the case of married individuals filing separate California personal income tax returns, the total amount of qualified use tax reported will be considered in determining whether there is a gross understatement of qualified use tax.

(4) For purposes of this section “acceptable tax return” means a timely filed original return that is filed pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 18501), Article 2 (commencing with Section 18601), Section 18633, Section 18633.5 of Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 18501) of Part 10.2, or Article 3 (commencing with Section 23771) of Chapter 4 of Part 11.

(b) This section applies to reporting of purchases of tangible personal property made on or after January 1, 2010, in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2010.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 721, Sec. 5. (SB 858) Effective October 19, 2010.)

6488.
  

If before the expiration of the time prescribed in Section 6487 for the mailing of a notice of deficiency determination the taxpayer has consented in writing to the mailing of the notice after such time, the notice may be mailed at any time prior to the expiration of the period agreed upon. The period so agreed upon may be extended by subsequent agreements in writing made before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 500.)

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