Code Section Group

Revenue and Taxation Code - RTC

DIVISION 2. OTHER TAXES [6001 - 60709]

  ( Heading of Division 2 amended by Stats. 1968, Ch. 279. )

PART 1. SALES AND USE TAXES [6001 - 7176]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

CHAPTER 2. The Sales Tax [6051 - 6172]

  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

ARTICLE 3. Presumptions and Resale Certificates [6091 - 6095]
  ( Article 3 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

6091.
  

For the purpose of the proper administration of this part and to prevent evasion of the sales tax it shall be presumed that all gross receipts are subject to the tax until the contrary is established. The burden of proving that a sale of tangible personal property is not a sale at retail is upon the person who makes the sale unless he takes from the purchaser a certificate to the effect that the property is purchased for resale.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6092.
  

The certificate relieves the seller from liability for sales tax only if taken in good faith from a person who is engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property and who holds the permit provided for in Article 2 (commencing with Section 6066) of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1966, Ch. 2.)

6092.1.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any person, other than a person exempt from payment of use tax in accordance with Section 6352, who leases mobile transportation equipment and who cannot otherwise properly issue a resale certificate may issue such a certificate for the limited purpose of reporting his use tax liability based on fair rental value as provided in subdivision (d) of Section 6094 and subdivision (d) of Section 6244. With respect to matters arising out of mergers or acquisitions, the provisions of this section shall apply to any matters pending before the board on the effective date of this section.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1161.)

6092.5.
  

(a) Every qualified person making any sale of a mobilehome or commercial coach required to be registered annually under the Health and Safety Code, or of a vehicle required to be registered under the Vehicle Code or subject to identification under Division 16.5 (commencing with Section 38000) of the Vehicle Code, or a vehicle that qualifies under the permanent trailer identification plate program pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 5014.1 of the Vehicle Code, or of any salvage certificate vehicle as defined in Section 11515 of the Vehicle Code, is presumed to be making a sale at retail and not a sale for resale. The presumption may be rebutted by taking a resale certificate from any of the following:

(1) A person that certifies it is licensed, registered, regulated, or certificated under the Health and Safety Code or the Vehicle Code as a dealer or dismantler.

(2) A person that certifies it is licensed, registered, regulated, or certificated under the Business and Professions Code as an automotive repair dealer, or is qualified as a scrap metal processor as described in the Vehicle Code.

(3) A person that certifies it is licensed, registered, regulated, certificated, or otherwise authorized by another state, country, or jurisdiction to do business as a dealer, dismantler, automotive repairer, or scrap metal processor.

(b) A qualified person shall not accept a resale certificate from any person except as provided in subdivision (a).

(c) (1) In addition to the requirements of Sections 6093 and 6243, the certificate shall include the license or registration number of the dealer, dismantler, or automotive repair dealer, as applicable. If the purchaser is not required to hold a seller’s permit because the purchaser makes no sales in this state, the purchaser must include on the certificate a sufficient explanation as to the reason the purchaser is not required to hold a California seller’s permit in lieu of the seller’s permit number. The certificate issued by a purchaser pursuant to this section shall be substantially in such form as the board may prescribe.

(2) A qualified person that does not timely obtain a resale certificate as provided in this section may use alternative methods as prescribed by the board to rebut the presumption provided in subdivision (a).

(d) For the purposes of this section, a “qualified person” means a person making a sale at auction or a dismantler licensed under the Vehicle Code.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 756, Sec. 1. (AB 2618) Effective September 29, 2012.)

6093.
  

The certificate shall be signed by and bear the name and address of the purchaser, shall indicate the number of the permit issued to the purchaser, and shall indicate the general character of the tangible personal property sold by the purchaser in the regular course of business. The certificate shall be substantially in such form as the board may prescribe.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6094.
  

(a) If a purchaser who gives a resale certificate makes any use of the property other than retention, demonstration, or display while holding it for sale in the regular course of business, the use shall be taxable to the purchaser under Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 6201) of this part as of the time the property is first used by him, and, except as provided in subdivisions (b), (c), and (d) of this section, the sales price of the property to him shall be the measure of the tax.

(b) If such use is limited to the loan of the property to customers as an accommodation while awaiting delivery of property purchased or leased from the lender or while property is being repaired for customers by the lender, the measure of the tax is the fair rental value of the property for the duration of each loan so made.

(c) If the property is used frequently for purposes of demonstration or display while holding it for sale in the regular course of business and is used partly for other purposes, the measure of the tax is the fair rental value of the property for the period of such other use or uses.

(d) If the property is mobile transportation equipment as defined in Section 6023, and the use is limited to leasing the equipment, the purchaser may elect to pay his use tax measured by the fair rental value, if the election is made on or before the due date of a return for the period in which the equipment is first leased. The election must be made by reporting tax measured by the fair rental value on the return for that period, or in such other manner as the board may prescribe. Tax must thereafter be paid with the return for each reporting period, measured by the fair rental value, whether the equipment is within or without the state. The election may not be revoked with respect to the equipment as to which it is made.

(e) As used in subdivision (d), the term “fair rental value” means the rentals required by the purchaser under the lease except where the board determines that such rentals are nominal. The term shall not include any reimbursement payments made by the lessee to the purchaser for such use tax.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1352, Sec. 1. Effective September 30, 1980.)

6094.1.
  

If a purchaser acquires property in a transaction described in subdivision (a) of Section 6006.5 and leases such property, the purchaser may elect at the time the property is first leased by him, after the effective date of this section, to pay use tax measured by the purchase price of the property. Purchaser shall include a transferee who acquires property in a transaction which qualifies under the provisions of subdivision (b) of Section 6006.5 and, for purposes hereof, the purchase price of the transferee shall be the same as that paid by the original purchaser.

(Added by Stats. 1966, Ch. 7.)

6094.5.
  

Except as provided in Sections 6012.8 and 6012.9:

(a) Any person, including any officer or employee of a corporation, who gives a resale certificate for property which he or she knows at the time of purchase is not to be resold by him or her or the corporation in the regular course of business for the purpose of evading payment to the seller of the amount of the tax applicable to the transaction is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable as provided in Section 7153.

(b) Any person, including any officer or employee of a corporation, who gives a resale certificate for property which he or she knows at the time of purchase is not to be resold by him or her or the corporation in the regular course of business is liable to the state for the amount of tax that would be due if he or she had not given such resale certificate. In addition to the tax, the person shall be liable to the state for a penalty of 10 percent of the tax or five hundred dollars ($500) whichever is greater, for each purchase made for personal gain or to evade the payment of taxes.

(Amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1490, Sec. 5. Effective September 27, 1984.)

6095.
  

If a purchaser gives a certificate with respect to the purchase of fungible goods, or purchases those goods for resale in the regular course of business, and thereafter commingles these goods with other fungible goods not so purchased but of such similarity that the identity of the constituent goods in the commingled mass cannot be determined, sales from the mass of commingled goods shall be deemed to be sales of the goods so purchased until a quantity of commingled goods equal to the quantity of purchased goods so commingled has been sold. Goods removed from the commingled mass for consumption shall be deemed to be a consumption of goods not so purchased until a quantity of commingled goods equal to the quantity of goods not so purchased has been consumed.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 337, Sec. 2.)

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