Code Section Group

Revenue and Taxation Code - RTC

DIVISION 2. OTHER TAXES [6001 - 61045]

  ( Heading of Division 2 amended by Stats. 1968, Ch. 279. )

PART 1. SALES AND USE TAXES [6001 - 7176]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

CHAPTER 1. General Provisions and Definitions [6001 - 6024]
  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36. )

6001.
  

This part is known and may be cited as the “Sales and Use Tax Law.”

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6002.
  

Except where the context otherwise requires, the definitions given in this chapter govern the construction of this part.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6003.
  

“Sales tax” means the tax imposed by Chapter 2 of this part.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6004.
  

“Use tax” means the tax imposed by Chapter 3 of this part.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6005.
  

“Person” includes any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, limited liability company, association, social club, fraternal organization, corporation, estate, trust, business trust, receiver, assignee for the benefit of creditors, trustee, trustee in bankruptcy, syndicate, the United States, this state, any county, city and county, municipality, district, or other political subdivision of the state, or any other group or combination acting as a unit.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1200, Sec. 46. Effective September 30, 1994.)

6006.
  

“Sale” means and includes:

(a) Any transfer of title or possession, exchange, or barter, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means whatsoever, of tangible personal property for a consideration. “Transfer of possession” includes only transactions found by the board to be in lieu of a transfer of title, exchange, or barter.

(b) The producing, fabricating, processing, printing, or imprinting of tangible personal property for a consideration for consumers who furnish either directly or indirectly the materials used in the producing, fabricating, processing, printing, or imprinting.

(c) The furnishing and distributing of tangible personal property for a consideration by social clubs and fraternal organizations to their members or others.

(d) The furnishing, preparing, or serving for a consideration of food, meals, or drinks.

(e) A transaction whereby the possession of property is transferred but the seller retains the title as security for the payment of the price.

(f) A transfer for a consideration of the title or possession of tangible personal property which has been produced, fabricated, or printed to the special order of the customer, or of any publication.

(g) Any lease of tangible personal property in any manner or by any means whatsoever, for a consideration, except a lease of:

(1) Motion pictures or animated motion pictures, including television, films, and tapes.

(2) Linen supplies and similar articles when an essential part of the lease agreement is the furnishing of the recurring service of laundering or cleaning the articles.

(3) Household furnishings with a lease of the living quarters in which they are to be used.

(4) Mobile transportation equipment for use in transportation of persons or property as defined in Section 6023.

(5) Tangible personal property leased in substantially the same form as acquired by the lessor or leased in substantially the same form as acquired by a transferor, as to which the lessor or transferor has paid sales tax reimbursement or has paid use tax measured by the purchase price of the property. For purposes of this paragraph, “transferor” shall mean the following:

(A) A person from whom the lessor acquired the property in a transaction described in subdivision (b) of Section 6006.5.

(B) A decedent from whom the lessor acquired the property by will or the laws of succession.

(6) A mobilehome, as defined in Sections 18008 and 18211 of the Health and Safety Code, other than a mobilehome originally sold new prior to July 1, 1980, and not subject to local property taxation.

(7) Paragraphs (1) and (5) and Section 6094.1 shall not apply to rentals or leases of video cassettes, video tapes, and video discs for private use under which the lessee or renter does not obtain or acquire the right to license, broadcast, exhibit, or reproduce the video cassette, video tape, or video disc.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 915, Sec. 3. Effective September 21, 1987.)

6006.1.
  

The granting of possession of tangible personal property by a lessor to a lessee, or to another person at the direction of the lessee, is a continuing sale in this state by the lessor for the duration of the lease as respects any period of time the leased property is situated in this state, irrespective of the time or place of delivery of the property to the lessee or such other person.

(Added by Stats. 1965, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 2.)

6006.3.
  

“Lease” includes rental, hire and license. “Lease” does not include a use of tangible personal property for a period of less than one day for a charge of less than twenty dollars ($20) when the privilege to use the property is restricted to use thereof on the premises or at a business location of the grantor of the privilege. Where a contract designated as a lease binds the lessee for a fixed term and the lessee is to obtain title at the end of the term upon the completion of the required payment or has the option at that time to purchase the property for a nominal amount, the contract shall be regarded as a sale under a security agreement from its inception and not as a lease. In the case of a contract designated as a lease with any state or local governmental body, or any agency or instrumentality thereof, the lessee shall be treated as bound for a fixed term notwithstanding any right of the lessee to terminate the contract in the event that sufficient funds are not appropriated to pay amounts due under the contract.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 825, Sec. 1. Effective September 15, 1986.)

6006.5.
  

“Occasional sale” includes all of the following:

(a) A sale of property not held or used by a seller in the course of activities for which he or she is required to hold a seller’s permit or permits or would be required to hold a seller’s permit or permits if the activities were conducted in this state, provided that the sale is not one of a series of sales sufficient in number, scope, and character to constitute an activity for which he or she is required to hold a seller’s permit or would be required to hold a seller’s permit if the activity were conducted in this state.

(b) Any transfer of all or substantially all the property held or used by a person in the course of those activities when after the transfer the real or ultimate ownership of the property is substantially similar to that which existed before the transfer. For the purposes of this section, stockholders, bondholders, partners, or other persons holding an ownership interest in a corporation or other entity are regarded as having the “real or ultimate ownership” of the property of the corporation or other entity.

(c) A sale of property, other than hay, by a producer of hay, provided that the sale is not one of a series of sales sufficient in number, scope, or character to constitute an activity for which the producer would be required to hold a seller’s permit if the producer were not also selling hay.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 903, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1995.)

6006.6.
  

“Sale” includes any sale at an auction in respect to tangible personal property which is sold to a successful bidder at the auction upon an agreement or understanding at the time of the sale that the property involved either will not be delivered to the successful bidder or that any amount which he may pay for the property pursuant to the sale will be returned to him. The tax shall be computed in such case upon the amount of the successful bid.

(Added by Stats. 1957, Ch. 1482.)

6007.
  

(a) (1) A “retail sale” or “sale at retail” means a sale for a purpose other than resale in the regular course of business in the form of tangible personal property.

(2) When tangible personal property is delivered by an owner or former owner thereof, or by a factor or agent of that owner, former owner, or factor to a consumer or to a person for redelivery to a consumer, pursuant to a retail sale made by a retailer not engaged in business in this state, the person making the delivery shall be deemed the retailer of that property. He or she shall include the retail selling price of the property in his or her gross receipts or sales price.

(b) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a “retail sale” or “sale at retail” shall include a sale by a convicted seller of tangible personal property with a counterfeit mark, a counterfeit label, or an illicit label on that property, or in connection with that sale, regardless of whether the sale is for resale in the regular course of business.

(2) For purposes of this subdivision, all of the following shall apply:

(A) A “convicted seller” means a person convicted of a counterfeiting offense, including, but not limited to, a violation under Section 350 or 653w of the Penal Code or Section 2318, 2319, or 2320 of Title 18 of the United States Code on or after the date of sale.

(B) “Counterfeit mark” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2320 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(C) “Counterfeit label” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2318 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(D) “Illicit label” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2318 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(E) Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7 of, and Article 1 (commencing with Section 17500) of Chapter 1 of Part 3 of Division 7 of, the Business and Professions Code, and Title 1.5 (commencing with Section 1750) of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code shall not apply to any person other than a convicted seller.

(F) Notwithstanding Article 2 (commencing with Section 6481) of Chapter 5, any notice of deficiency determination to a convicted seller shall be mailed within one year after the last day of the calendar month following the date of conviction.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 427, Sec. 2. (AB 160) Effective January 1, 2016.)

6007.5.
  

A sale of tangible personal property to a contractor or subcontractor for use in the performance of contracts with the United States for the construction of improvements on or to real property in this State is a retail sale. The gross receipts from such a sale or the sales price of property so sold shall be included in the measure of the taxes imposed by this part.

(Added by Stats. 1955, Ch. 795.)

6008.
  

“Storage” includes any keeping or retention in this State for any purpose except sale in the regular course of business or subsequent use solely outside this State of tangible personal property purchased from a retailer.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6009.
  

“Use” includes the exercise of any right or power over tangible personal property incident to the ownership of that property, and also includes the possession of, or the exercise of any right or power over, tangible personal property by a lessee under a lease, except that it does not include the sale of that property in the regular course of business.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 2.)

6009.1.
  

“Storage” and “use” do not include the keeping, retaining or exercising any right or power over tangible personal property for the purpose of subsequently transporting it outside the state for use thereafter solely outside the state, or for the purpose of being processed, fabricated, or manufactured into, attached to or incorporated into, other tangible personal property to be transported outside the state and thereafter used solely outside the state.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 546, Sec. 1.)

6009.2.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Sections 6008, 6009, and 6009.1, “storage” and “use” each shall include a purchase by a convicted purchaser of tangible personal property with a counterfeit mark, a counterfeit label, or an illicit label on that property, or in connection with that purchase, regardless of whether the purchase is for resale in the regular course of business.

(b) “Convicted purchaser” means a person convicted of a counterfeiting offense, including, but not limited to, a violation under Section 350 or 653w of the Penal Code or Section 2318, 2319, or 2320 of Title 18 of the United States Code on or after the date of purchase.

(c) For purposes of this section, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7 of, and Article 1 (commencing with Section 17500) of Chapter 1 of Part 3 of Division 7 of, the Business and Professions Code, and Title 1.5 (commencing with Section 1750) of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code shall not apply to any person other than a convicted seller.

(d) “Counterfeit mark” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2320 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(e) “Counterfeit label” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2318 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(f) “Illicit label” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 2318 of Title 18 of the United States Code.

(g) Notwithstanding Article 2 (commencing with Section 6481) of Chapter 5, any notice of deficiency determination to a convicted purchaser shall be mailed within one year after the last day of the calendar month following the date of conviction.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 427, Sec. 3. (AB 160) Effective January 1, 2016.)

6010.
  

“Purchase” means and includes:

(a) Any transfer of title or possession, exchange, or barter, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means whatsoever, of tangible personal property for a consideration. “Transfer of possession” includes only transactions found by the board to be in lieu of a transfer of title, exchange, or barter.

(b) When performed outside this state or when the customer gives a resale certificate pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 6091) of Chapter 2, the producing, fabricating, processing, printing, or imprinting of tangible personal property for a consideration for consumers who furnish either directly or indirectly the materials used in the producing, fabricating, processing, printing, or imprinting.

(c) A transaction whereby the possession of property is transferred but the seller retains the title as security for the payment of the price.

(d) A transfer for a consideration of tangible personal property which has been produced, fabricated, or printed to the special order of the customer, or of any publication.

(e) Any lease of tangible personal property in any manner or by any means whatsoever, for consideration, except a lease of:

(1) Motion pictures or animated motion pictures, including television, films, and tapes.

(2) Linen supplies and similar articles when an essential part of the lease agreement is the furnishing of the recurring service of laundering or cleaning the articles.

(3) Household furnishings with a lease of the living quarters in which they are to be used.

(4) Mobile transportation equipment for use in transportation of persons or property as defined in Section 6023.

(5) Tangible personal property leased in substantially the same form as acquired by the lessor or leased in substantially the same form as acquired by a transferor, as to which the lessor or transferor has paid sales tax reimbursement or has paid use tax measured by the purchase price of the property. For purposes of this paragraph, “transferor” shall mean the following:

(A) A person from whom the lessor acquired the property in a transaction described in subdivision (b) of Section 6006.5.

(B) A decedent from whom the lessor acquired the property by will or the laws of succession.

(6) A mobilehome, as defined in Sections 18008 and 18211 of the Health and Safety Code, other than a mobilehome originally sold new prior to July 1, 1980, and not subject to local property taxation.

(7) Paragraphs (1) and (5) and Section 6094.1 shall not apply to rentals or leases of video cassettes, video tapes, and video discs for private use under which the lessee or renter does not obtain or acquire the right to license, broadcast, exhibit, or reproduce the video cassette, video tape, or video disc.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 915, Sec. 4. Effective September 21, 1987.)

6010.1.
  

The possession of tangible personal property by a lessee, or by another person at the direction of the lessee, is a continuing purchase for use in this state by the lessee as respects any period of time the leased property is situated in this state, irrespective of the time or place of delivery of the property to the lessee or such other person.

(Added by Stats. 1965, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 2.)

6010.3.
  

“Sale” and “purchase,” for the purposes of this part, do not include (a) the fabrication or transfer by a typographer of composed type or reproduction proofs thereof for use in the preparation of printed matter, or (b) the fabrication or transfer of such reproduction proofs or impressed mats when the fabrication is for, and the transfer is to, a printer or publisher for use in printing.

The foregoing provisions shall not apply to the fabrication or transfer of a “pasteup,” “mechanical” or “assembly” of which a reproduction proof is a component part.

(Added by Stats. 1968, Ch. 1061.)

6010.4.
  

If two or more persons engaged in the production and distribution of motion pictures for use in any media form a partnership for the purpose of reducing the cost of producing motion pictures through the sharing of the use of equipment, studio facilities and the services of personnel, the furnishing (without transferring title to tangible personal property) of such equipment, facilities and services by the partnership to its members for the purpose of the production of motion pictures by its members shall not constitute either a “sale” or “purchase.”

(Added by Stats. 1972, Ch. 640.)

6010.5.
  

For the purposes of this part, the place of the sale or purchase of tangible personal property is the place where the property is physically located at the time the act constituting the sale or purchase, as defined in this part, takes place.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1960.)

6010.6.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), “sale” and “purchase,” for the purposes of this part, do not include any of the following:

(1) The performance of any qualified production services in connection with the production of all or any part of any qualified motion picture. Persons performing those qualified production services are consumers of paintings, models, and art work used by those filming special effects, titles, or credits, and of film, tape, or other embodiment upon which sound, visual images, or computer-generated graphics are created or recorded, notwithstanding that title to the property may be transferred pursuant to the qualified production services contract.

(2) Any transfer of all or any part of any qualified motion picture, or any interest therein or any rights relating thereto, under either of the following circumstances:

(A) The transfer is made prior to the date that the qualified motion picture is exhibited or broadcast to its general audience.

(B) The transfer is made to any person or persons holding, either directly or indirectly, or by affiliation, any exploitation rights obtained prior to the date that the qualified motion picture is exhibited or broadcast to its general audience.

(b) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Motion picture” means any audiovisual work (at any stage of the production thereof) consisting of a series of related images, either on film, tape, or other embodiment, whether photographic, or otherwise, and for these purposes, includes all physical materials comprising part of, or synchronized with, the motion picture, including the original, duplicate, and other negatives, intermediary film products, tapes, prints and original, duplicate, and other sound or visual recordings created to accompany the pictorial material depicted in the motion picture.

(2) “Produce or production of any qualified motion picture” means to originate, create, invent, design, devise, develop, photograph, edit, record, imprint, adapt, alter, make, process, fabricate, assemble, construct, or manufacture all or any part of that qualified motion picture by any means, method, or devise of any kind or character, whether before or after commencement of principal photography.

(3) “Qualified motion picture” means any motion picture, whether or not the production of that motion picture is completely finished, which is produced, adapted, or altered for exploitation in, on, or through any medium or by any device, including, but not limited to, a motion picture produced for exploitation in movie theaters, through any form of television, or videocassettes, videotapes, or videodiscs, in amusement parks, or on commercial carriers, for any purpose, including, but not limited to, for any entertainment, commercial, advertising, promotional, industrial, or educational purpose. Qualified motion picture includes, but is not limited to, all adapted versions thereof (whether adapted for exploitation in any language, for any media, or otherwise) creative advertising, and publicity materials, such as trailers, television spots, or featurettes. Qualified motion picture does not include motion pictures produced for private noncommercial use, such as weddings or graduations.

(4) “Qualified production services” means any fabrication performed by any person in any capacity (whether as an employee, agent, independent contractor, or otherwise) on film, tape, or other audiovisual embodiment in connection with the production of all or any part of any qualified motion picture, including, but not limited to, photography, sound, music, special effects, animation, adaptation (language, media, electronic, or otherwise), technological modifications, computer graphics, dubbing, mixing, editing, or cutting services. “Qualified production services” do not include services or other work to manufacture release prints or to duplicate tapes for exhibition or broadcast.

(5) “Transfer” means any change of title or possession in any manner or form by any means whatsoever, conditional or otherwise, including, but not limited to, any sale, assignment, exchange, lease, license, or barter.

(6) “Rights relating to any qualified motion picture” includes, but is not limited to, any and all rights to produce or exploit all or any part of the qualified motion picture by any means and in or through any medium.

(7) “Exploit” or “exploitation” with respect to any qualified motion picture includes, but is not limited to, exhibiting, broadcasting, telecasting, displaying, projecting, transmitting, duplicating, reproducing, distributing, promoting, advertising, commercializing, merchandising, marketing, or otherwise using all or any part of the qualified motion picture in any or all media markets and territories and by any or all means, methods, modes, processes, and devices or delivery systems of every kind and character. “Exploitation” includes each and every act comprising part of any phase of the process of exploiting all or any qualified motion picture, whether before or after commencement of principal photography.

(c) Subdivision (a) shall not apply to any of the following:

(1) Any sale or purchase of raw film or videotape stock.

(2) Any sale or purchase of release prints or tapes for exhibition or broadcast.

(3) Any rentals or leases of videocassettes, videotapes, or videodiscs for private use, as described in paragraph (7) of subdivision (g) of Section 6006 and paragraph (7) of subdivision (e) of Section 6010.

(Added by Stats. 1988, Ch. 1157, Sec. 1. Effective September 22, 1988.)

6010.65.
  

(a) “Sale” and “purchase,” for purposes of this part, do not include any transfer of title to, nor any lease of, tangible personal property pursuant to an acquisition sale and leaseback. An acquisition sale and leaseback is a sale by a person and leaseback to that person of tangible personal property where both of the following conditions are satisfied:

(1) That person has paid sales tax reimbursement or use tax with respect to that person’s purchase of the property.

(2) The acquisition sale and leaseback is consummated within 90 days of that person’s first functional use of the property.

(b) “Sale” and “purchase” include, for purposes of this part, the transfer of title to a lessee upon termination of an acquisition sale and leaseback.

(c) This section shall apply to acquisition sale and leaseback arrangements executed on or after the operative date of this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 286, Sec. 1. Effective July 21, 1994.)

6010.7.
  

Paragraph (5) of subdivision (g) of Section 6006, paragraph (5) of subdivision (e) of Section 6010, and Section 6094.1 shall have no application to a lease of a chemical toilet unit. Such a lease is a “sale” and “purchase” and the taxes imposed by this part apply measured by the lease or rental price accordingly, regardless of whether the unit is leased in substantially the same form as acquired and regardless of whether sales tax or use tax has been paid with respect to the chemical toilets at the time of their acquisition.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 1211.)

6010.8.
  

(a) (1) “Sale” and “purchase” do not include any lease or transfer of title of tangible personal property constituting any project to any participating party.

(2) On and after the operative date of the act adding this paragraph, “sale” and “purchase” do not include any lease or transfer of title of tangible personal property constituting any project to any contractor for use in the performance of a construction contract for the participating party that will use that property as an integral part of the approved project.

(b) As used in this section, “project” has the meaning specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (8) of subdivision (a) of Section 26003 of the Public Resources Code and “participating party” has the meaning specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 26003 of the Public Resources Code.

(c) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2021, deletes or extends that date.

(Amended (as amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 788, Sec. 5) by Stats. 2018, Ch. 645, Sec. 15. (AB 1547) Effective September 21, 2018. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, by its own provisions. See later operative version, as amended by Sec. 6 of Stats. 2015, Ch. 788.)

6010.8.
  

(a) “Sale” and “purchase” do not include any lease or transfer of title of tangible personal property constituting any project to any participating party. As used in this section, “project” has the meaning specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 26003 of the Public Resources Code and “participating party” has the meaning specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 26003 of the Public Resources Code.

(b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2021.

(Amended (as added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 677, Sec. 36) by Stats. 2015, Ch. 788, Sec. 6. (AB 1269) Effective January 1, 2016. Section operative January 1, 2021, by its own provisions.)

6010.9.
  

“Sale” and “purchase,” for the purposes of this part, do not include the design, development, writing, translation, fabrication, lease, or transfer for a consideration of title or possession, of a custom computer program, other than a basic operational program (as defined in Section 995.2), either in the form of written procedures or in the form of storage media on which, or in which, the program is recorded, or any required documentation or manuals designed to facilitate the use of the custom computer program so transferred.

As used in this section:

(a) “Storage media” includes punched cards, tapes, discs, diskettes, or drums on which computer programs may be embodied or stored.

(b) “Computer” does not include tape-controlled automatic drilling, milling, or other manufacturing machinery or equipment.

(c) “Computer program” means the complete plan for the solution of a problem, such as the complete sequence of automatic data-processing equipment instructions necessary to solve a problem and includes both systems and application programs and subdivisions, such as assemblers, compilers, routines, generators, and utility programs.

(d) “Custom computer program” means a computer program prepared to the special order of the customer and includes those services represented by separately stated charges for modifications to an existing prewritten program which are prepared to the special order of the customer. The term does not include a “canned” or prewritten computer program which is held or existing for general or repeated sale or lease, even if the prewritten or “canned” program was initially developed on a custom basis or for in-house use. Modification to an existing prewritten program to meet the customer’s needs is custom computer programming only to the extent of the modification.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 1274, Sec. 2. Effective September 22, 1982.)

6010.10.
  

(a) “Sale” and “purchase,” for the purposes of this part, do not include any transfer of title of tangible personal property constituting any project or pollution control facility to the California Pollution Control Financing Authority by any participating party, nor any lease or transfer of title of tangible personal property constituting any project or pollution control facility by the authority to any participating party, when the transfer or lease is made pursuant to Division 27 (commencing with Section 44500) of the Health and Safety Code. The terms “project,” “pollution control facility,” and “participating party” as used in this section have the meanings ascribed to them in Sections 44506 and 44508 of the Health and Safety Code.

(b) This section shall only apply to a project or pollution control facility that is a “project” or “pollution control facility” as defined in Section 44508 of the Health and Safety Code as amended by Chapter 756 of the Statutes of 1999.

(c) This section shall not apply to a project for which the authority refunds bonds or evidences of indebtedness not originally issued by the authority, and the authority makes a finding that the project being refinanced qualifies as a project under Division 27 (commencing with Section 44500) of the Health and Safety Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 643, Sec. 34. (SB 832) Effective November 2, 2009.)

6010.11.
  

“Sale” and “purchase,” for the purpose of this part, do not include any transfer of a qualified mass commuting vehicle pursuant to a safe harbor lease arrangement described in Section 168(f)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended by Section 208 of Public Law 97-248, Section 5 of Public Law 97-354, and Section 102 of Public Law 97-448, or pursuant to a sale-leaseback or lease-leaseback arrangement which includes a safe harbor lease arrangement. For purposes of this section, “qualified mass commuting vehicle” means a qualified mass commuting vehicle as defined in Section 103(b)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1511, Sec. 1. Effective September 28, 1984.)

6010.15.
  

(a) “Sale” and “purchase” for the purposes of this part do not include the transfer of title to vested property by a pawnbroker to a person who pledged the property to the pawnbroker as security for a loan and from whom title to the property transferred to the pawnbroker pursuant to Section 21201 of the Financial Code, if all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The transfer occurs no more than six months after title to the property transferred to the pawnbroker from the person pursuant to Section 21201 of the Financial Code.

(2) As consideration for the transfer of the property, the person is required to pay the pawnbroker only the remaining unpaid balance of the loan, including accrued charges and interest, as of the date the pawnbroker becomes vested with title to the property, together with one of the following:

(A) For an original loan amount not exceeding two thousand four hundred ninety-nine dollars and ninety-nine cents ($2,499.99), charges and interest allowable under the loan pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 21200) of Division 8 of the Financial Code, from the date the pawnbroker is vested with title to the property to the date of the transfer to the person who pledged the property.

(B) For an original loan amount of two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) or more, charges and interest due in accordance with the last monthly contractual interest rate, from the date the pawnbroker is vested with title to the property until the date of the transfer to the person who pledged the property.

(3) The person has proof, such as a receipt or similar document provided to the purchaser, that the person originally paid sales tax on the item.

(b) As used in this section:

(1) “Pawnbroker” has the meaning described in Section 21000 of the Financial Code.

(2) “Vested property” has the meaning described in subdivision (b) of Section 21002 of the Financial Code.

(c) This section shall become inoperative and shall be repealed on January 1, 2022.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 21, Sec. 12. (AB 119) Effective June 27, 2017. Repealed as of January 1, 2022, by its own provisions.)

6010.30.
  

(a) “Sale” and “purchase,” for the purpose of this part, do not include the transfer of original drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings by an artist or designer at a social gathering for entertainment purposes, if all of the following requirements are met:

(1) Substantially all of the drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings are delivered by the artist or designer to a person or persons other than the purchaser.

(2) Substantially all of the drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings are received by a person or persons, other than the purchaser, at no cost to the person or persons who become the owner of the drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings.

(3) The charge for the drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings is based on a preset fee.

(4) The fee charged for the drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings is contingent upon a minimum number of at least three drawings, sketches, illustrations, or paintings to be produced by the artist or designer at the social gathering.

(b) For purposes of this section, “substantially all” means 80 percent or more.

(Added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 799, Sec. 1. Effective October 10, 1999. Operative April 1, 2000, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 799.)

6010.40.
  

“Sale” and “purchase,” for the purpose of this part, do not include the transfer by a city, city and county, county, or other local government animal shelter or a nonprofit animal welfare organization of any animal to an individual for use as a pet, or any charges made by the government shelter or nonprofit organization for services in connection with the transfer of that animal, including, but not limited to, the spaying or neutering or future spaying or neutering of the animal, or any vaccination, future vaccination, or similar service. For purposes of this section, “nonprofit animal welfare organization” means any organization formed and operated for the primary purpose of prevention of abuse, neglect, or exploitation of animals and that qualifies for the exemption from taxation pursuant to Section 23701d.

(Added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 361, Sec. 2. Effective September 7, 1999. Operative January 1, 2000, by Sec. 4 of Ch. 361.)

6010.50.
  

(a) For purposes of this part, “sale” and “purchase” do not include any transfer of an endangered or threatened animal or plant species acquired or disposed of through a trade or exchange between nonprofit zoological societies or between a member of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) and a nonprofit zoological society.

(b) For purposes of this section and Section 6366.5, “endangered or threatened animal or plant species” means animals or plants that are any of the following:

(1) Listed in Appendix I, II, or III to the Convention for International Trade of Endangered Species.

(2) Listed as endangered or threatened by the United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service.

(c) For purposes of this section and Section 6366.5, a “nonprofit zoological society” includes both of the following:

(1) A zoological society operated for charitable, educational, or scientific purposes and qualified for exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) A zoological park owned or operated by a city, county, or other instrumentality of any state or foreign government.

(Added by Stats. 1994, Ch. 771, Sec. 1. Effective September 26, 1994. Operative January 1, 1995, by Sec. 5 of Ch. 771.)

6011.
  

(a) “Sales price” means the total amount for which tangible personal property is sold or leased or rented, as the case may be, valued in money, whether paid in money or otherwise, without any deduction on account of any of the following:

(1) The cost of the property sold.

(2) The cost of materials used, labor or service cost, interest charged, losses, or any other expenses.

(3) The cost of transportation of the property, except as excluded by other provisions of this section.

(b) The total amount for which the property is sold or leased or rented includes all of the following:

(1) Any services that are a part of the sale.

(2) Any amount for which credit is given to the purchaser by the seller.

(3) The amount of any tax imposed by the United States upon producers and importers of gasoline and the amount of any tax imposed pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 7301) of this division.

(c) “Sales price” does not include any of the following:

(1) Cash discounts allowed and taken on sales.

(2) The amount charged for property returned by customers when that entire amount is refunded either in cash or credit, but this exclusion shall not apply in any instance when the customer, in order to obtain the refund, is required to purchase other property at a price greater than the amount charged for the property that is returned. For the purpose of this section, refund or credit of the entire amount shall be deemed to be given when the purchase price less rehandling and restocking costs are refunded or credited to the customer. The amount withheld for rehandling and restocking costs may be a percentage of the sales price determined by the average cost of rehandling and restocking returned merchandise during the previous accounting cycle.

(3) The amount charged for labor or services rendered in installing or applying the property sold.

(4) (A) The amount of any tax (not including, however, any manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax, except as provided in subparagraph (B)) imposed by the United States upon or with respect to retail sales whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(B) The amount of manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax imposed pursuant to Section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code for which the purchaser certifies that he or she is entitled to either a direct refund or credit against his or her income tax for the federal excise tax paid or for which the purchaser issues a certificate pursuant to Section 6245.5.

(5) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California upon or with respect to retail sales of tangible personal property, measured by a stated percentage of sales price or gross receipts, whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(6) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California with respect to the storage, use or other consumption in that city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(7) Separately stated charges for transportation from the retailer’s place of business or other point from which shipment is made directly to the purchaser, but the exclusion shall not exceed a reasonable charge for transportation by facilities of the retailer or the cost to the retailer of transportation by other than facilities of the retailer. However, if the transportation is by facilities of the retailer, or the property is sold for a delivered price, this exclusion shall be applicable solely with respect to transportation which occurs after the purchase of the property is made.

(8) Charges for transporting landfill from an excavation site to a site specified by the purchaser, either if the charge is separately stated and does not exceed a reasonable charge or if the entire consideration consists of payment for transportation.

(9) The amount of any motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach fee or tax imposed by and paid the State of California that has been added to or is measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price of a motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach.

(10) (A) The amount charged for intangible personal property transferred with tangible personal property in any technology transfer agreement, if the technology transfer agreement separately states a reasonable price for the tangible personal property.

(B) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the price at which the tangible personal property was sold, leased, or offered to third parties shall be used to establish the retail fair market value of the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.

(C) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has not been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the retail fair market value shall be equal to 200 percent of the cost of materials and labor used to produce the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.

(D) For purposes of this paragraph, “technology transfer agreement” means any agreement under which a person who holds a patent or copyright interest assigns or licenses to another person the right to make and sell a product or to use a process that is subject to the patent or copyright interest.

(11) The amount of any tax imposed upon diesel fuel pursuant to Part 31 (commencing with Section 60001).

(12) (A) The amount of tax imposed by any Indian tribe within the State of California with respect to a retail sale of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(B) The exclusion authorized by subparagraph (A) shall only apply to those retailers who are in substantial compliance with this part.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 593, Sec. 1. Effective September 16, 2002. Operative January 1, 2003, by Sec. 4 of Ch. 593.)

6011.1.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 6011, “sales price” from the sale of tangible personal property by consumer cooperatives, as defined in subdivision (b), shall not include the value of initial or periodic membership fees and the value of labor performed in lieu of, or as part of, monthly membership fees; provided, the exclusion authorized by this section shall not be interpreted to permit consumer cooperatives to exclude from “sales price” the cost of the property sold.

(b) As used in this section, consumer cooperative means a corporation or group of persons composed of ultimate producers or consumers, or both, organized for the purpose of conducting any lawful business primarily for the mutual benefit of its shareholders who may be natural or legal persons, and the earnings, savings, or benefits of which are used for the general welfare of the shareholders or patrons or are distributed in the form of cash, stock, evidences of indebtedness, goods, or services, proportionately and equitably among the persons for which it does business upon the basis of the amount of their transactions or participation in production, or both. However, any such corporation may pay out of its net surplus earnings, savings, or benefits, not to exceed 5 percent interest upon its capital stock.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 406, Sec. 1. Effective July 7, 1982.)

6012.
  

(a) “Gross receipts” mean the total amount of the sale or lease or rental price, as the case may be, of the retail sales of retailers, valued in money, whether received in money or otherwise, without any deduction on account of any of the following:

(1) The cost of the property sold. However, in accordance with any rules and regulations as the board may prescribe, a deduction may be taken if the retailer has purchased property for some other purpose than resale, has reimbursed his or her vendor for tax which the vendor is required to pay to the state or has paid the use tax with respect to the property, and has resold the property prior to making any use of the property other than retention, demonstration, or display while holding it for sale in the regular course of business. If that deduction is taken by the retailer, no refund or credit will be allowed to his or her vendor with respect to the sale of the property.

(2) The cost of the materials used, labor or service cost, interest paid, losses, or any other expense.

(3) The cost of transportation of the property, except as excluded by other provisions of this section.

(4) The amount of any tax imposed by the United States upon producers and importers of gasoline and the amount of any tax imposed pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 7301) of this division.

(b) The total amount of the sale or lease or rental price includes all of the following:

(1) Any services that are a part of the sale.

(2) All receipts, cash, credits and property of any kind.

(3) Any amount for which credit is allowed by the seller to the purchaser.

(c) “Gross receipts” do not include any of the following:

(1) Cash discounts allowed and taken on sales.

(2) Sale price of property returned by customers when that entire amount is refunded either in cash or credit, but this exclusion shall not apply in any instance when the customer, in order to obtain the refund, is required to purchase other property at a price greater than the amount charged for the property that is returned. For the purpose of this section, refund or credit of the entire amount shall be deemed to be given when the purchase price less rehandling and restocking costs are refunded or credited to the customer. The amount withheld for rehandling and restocking costs may be a percentage of the sales price determined by the average cost of rehandling and restocking returned merchandise during the previous accounting cycle.

(3) The price received for labor or services used in installing or applying the property sold.

(4) (A) The amount of any tax (not including, however, any manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax, except as provided in subparagraph (B)) imposed by the United States upon or with respect to retail sales whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(B) The amount of manufacturers’ or importers’ excise tax imposed pursuant to Section 4081 or 4091 of the Internal Revenue Code for which the purchaser certifies that he or she is entitled to either a direct refund or credit against his or her income tax for the federal excise tax paid or for which the purchaser issues a certificate pursuant to Section 6245.5.

(5) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California upon or with respect to retail sales of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or gross receipts whether imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(6) The amount of any tax imposed by any city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district within the State of California with respect to the storage, use or other consumption in that city, county, city and county, or rapid transit district of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of sales price or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(7) Separately stated charges for transportation from the retailer’s place of business or other point from which shipment is made directly to the purchaser, but the exclusion shall not exceed a reasonable charge for transportation by facilities of the retailer or the cost to the retailer of transportation by other than facilities of the retailer. However, if the transportation is by facilities of the retailer, or the property is sold for a delivered price, this exclusion shall be applicable solely with respect to transportation which occurs after the sale of the property is made to the purchaser.

(8) Charges for transporting landfill from an excavation site to a site specified by the purchaser, either if the charge is separately stated and does not exceed a reasonable charge or if the entire consideration consists of payment for transportation.

(9) The amount of any motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach fee or tax imposed by and paid to the State of California that has been added to or is measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price of a motor vehicle, mobilehome, or commercial coach.

(10) (A) The amount charged for intangible personal property transferred with tangible personal property in any technology transfer agreement, if the technology transfer agreement separately states a reasonable price for the tangible personal property.

(B) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the price at which the tangible personal property was sold, leased, or offered to third parties shall be used to establish the retail fair market value of the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.

(C) If the technology transfer agreement does not separately state a price for the tangible personal property, and the tangible personal property or like tangible personal property has not been previously sold or leased, or offered for sale or lease, to third parties at a separate price, the retail fair market value shall be equal to 200 percent of the cost of materials and labor used to produce the tangible personal property subject to tax. The remaining amount charged under the technology transfer agreement is for the intangible personal property transferred.

(D) For purposes of this paragraph, “technology transfer agreement” means any agreement under which a person who holds a patent or copyright interest assigns or licenses to another person the right to make and sell a product or to use a process that is subject to the patent or copyright interest.

(11) The amount of any tax imposed upon diesel fuel pursuant to Part 31 (commencing with Section 60001).

(12) (A) The amount of tax imposed by any Indian tribe within the State of California with respect to a retail sale of tangible personal property measured by a stated percentage of the sales or purchase price, whether the tax is imposed upon the retailer or the consumer.

(B) The exclusion authorized by subparagraph (A) shall only apply to those retailers who are in substantial compliance with this part.

For purposes of the sales tax, if the retailers establish to the satisfaction of the board that the sales tax has been added to the total amount of the sale price and has not been absorbed by them, the total amount of the sale price shall be deemed to be the amount received exclusive of the tax imposed. Section 1656.1 of the Civil Code shall apply in determining whether or not the retailers have absorbed the sales tax.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 593, Sec. 2. Effective September 16, 2002. Operative January 1, 2003, by Sec. 4 of Ch. 593.)

6012.1.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 6012, “gross receipts” from the sale of tangible personal property by consumer cooperatives, as defined in subdivision (b), shall not include the value of initial or periodic membership fees and the value of labor performed in lieu of, or as part of, monthly membership fees; provided, the exclusion authorized by this section shall not be interpreted to permit consumer cooperatives to exclude from “gross receipts” the cost of the property sold.

(b) As used in this section, consumer cooperative means a corporation or group of persons composed of ultimate producers or consumers, or both, organized for the purpose of conducting any lawful business primarily for the mutual benefit of its shareholders who may be natural or legal persons, and the earnings, savings, or benefits of which are used for the general welfare of the shareholders or patrons or are distributed in the form of cash, stock, evidences of indebtedness, goods, or services, proportionately and equitably among the persons for which it does business upon the basis of the amount of their transactions or participation in production, or both. However, any such corporation may pay out of its net surplus earnings, savings, or benefits, not to exceed 5 percent interest upon its capital stock.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 406, Sec. 1.5. Effective July 7, 1982.)

6012.2.
  

(a) For purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of a used mobilehome, as defined in Section 18014 of the Health and Safety Code, and the “sales price” of a used mobilehome, sold or stored, used, or otherwise consumed in this state shall be based on the current value of the used mobilehome as specified by a recognized value guide, whenever a registered or legal owner sells a used mobilehome through a person licensed under the Health and Safety Code as a dealer and not on the dealer’s own account or through a licensed real estate broker acting pursuant to Section 10131.6 of the Business and Professions Code, or whenever a purchaser of a used mobilehome is required to pay the use tax to the Department of Housing and Community Development. If the value guide does not specify the model or manufacturer of a used mobilehome, the value of the used mobilehome shall be established by reference to the highest value in the value guide according to age and size or the actual sales price, whichever is less. If the actual sales price of a used mobilehome is less than the current value specified in the value guide, the “sales price” and “gross receipts” shall be based on the actual sales price of the mobilehome as evidenced by purchase documents. The State Board of Equalization shall approve the value guides for use within this state through regulation.

(b) For the purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of a mobilehome, whether new or used, shall exclude the amount of separately stated escrow fees on the sale of such mobilehome.

(c) For the purposes of this section, the “actual sales price” means the total contract price, including, but not limited to, the value of the mobilehome, in place location, awning, skirting, carport, patio, landscaping, shrubs, unattached furnishings, or other items not part of the mobilehome, and documentation fees.

(Amended (as amended by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1707) by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1539, Sec. 2. Effective October 2, 1985. Operative January 1, 1986, by Sec. 6 of Ch. 1539.)

6012.3.
  

For purposes of this part, “gross receipts” and “sales price” do not include that portion of the sales price returned to the purchaser of a used motor vehicle or the purchase price for the purchase of a contract cancellation option pursuant to Section 11713.21 of the Vehicle Code.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 128, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2006. Operative July 1, 2006, by Sec. 12 of Ch. 128.)

6012.5.
  

Nothing in Sections 6011 and 6012 shall affect the exemption afforded under Section 6385 to sales of tangible personal property to a common carrier under the circumstances set forth in Section 6385.

(Added by Stats. 1962, Ch. 3.)

6012.6.
  

(a) For the purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of a factory-built school building, and the “sales price” of a factory-built school building, sold or stored, used, or otherwise consumed in this state shall be 40 percent of the sales price of the factory-built school building to the consumer.

(b) For purposes of this section, “factory-built school building” means any building designed in compliance with state laws for school construction and approved by the structural safety section in the office of the State Architect, which is either wholly manufactured or is in substantial part manufactured at an offsite location, to be assembled, erected, or installed on a site owned or leased by a school district or a community college district.

(c) For purposes of this section, the place of sale or purchase of a factory-built school building is the place of business of the retailer of the factory-built school building as provided in Section 7205, regardless of whether sale of the building includes installation or whether the building is placed upon a permanent foundation.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 763, Sec. 1. Effective September 13, 1990.)

6012.7.
  

(a) For the purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of factory-built housing, and the “sales price” of factory-built housing, sold or stored, used, or otherwise consumed in this state shall be 40 percent of the sales price of the factory-built housing to the consumer.

(b) For purposes of this section, “factory-built housing” includes:

(1) A residential building, dwelling unit or an individual dwelling room or combination of rooms thereof, or building component, assembly, or system manufactured in such a manner that all concealed parts or processes of manufacture cannot be inspected before installation at the building site without disassembly, damage, or destruction of the part, including units designed for use as part of an institution for resident or patient care, which is either wholly manufactured or is in substantial part manufactured at an offsite location to be wholly or partially assembled onsite in accordance with regulations adopted by the Commission of Housing and Community Development of the State of California pursuant to Section 19990 of the Health and Safety Code or in accordance with applicable local building requirements if such factory-built housing is inspected and approved by the local enforcement agency at the place of, and during the time of, manufacture.

(2) “Modular housing,” which is a three-dimensional box or cube-shaped structure or structures making up one or more rooms of a residential building.

(3) “Sectionalized housing,” which generally consists of two modules which form a total living unit.

(4) “Modular,” “utility,” or “wet cores,” which are three-dimensional habitable rooms or modules and which are generally comprised of a kitchen or a bathroom or bathrooms.

(c) For purposes of this section, “factory-built housing” does not include:

(1) A “mobilehome,” as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code.

(2) “Precut housing packages” where more than 50 percent of the package consists of precut lumber only.

(3) “Panelized construction,” such as walls or components that may become one or more rooms of a building, unless a complete housing package is provided by the builder or manufacturer, such as by providing wall panels, floors, and a roof which will form a complete housing structure.

(4) “Porches” or “awnings” which are not purchased as a part of the original housing package.

(d) If a purchaser certifies in writing to a retailer that the factory-built housing purchased will be consumed in a manner or for a purpose entitling the retailer to exclude 60 percent of the gross receipts or sales price from the measure of tax, and uses the property in some other manner or for some other purpose, the purchaser shall be liable for payment of tax measured by 60 percent of the sales price.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1246, Sec. 2. Effective September 29, 1980. Operative January 1, 1981, by Sec. 5 of Ch. 1246.)

6012.8.
  

(a) For the purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of a new mobilehome, and the “sales price” of a new mobilehome sold or stored, used, or otherwise consumed in this state shall be 75 percent of the sales price of the mobilehome to the retailer, if the mobilehome is sold by the retailer to the purchaser for installation on a foundation system pursuant to Section 18551 of the Health and Safety Code for occupancy as a residence, and is thereafter subject to property taxation. The retailer shall be considered to be the consumer for purposes of this part if the sale by the retailer would otherwise have been subject to sales tax and if the retailer is not also the manufacturer of the mobilehome. If the retailer of the mobilehome is the manufacturer, tax shall be measured by an amount equal to 75 percent of the sales price at which a similar mobilehome ready for installation would be sold by the manufacturer to a retailer-consumer in this state.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, a retailer may give a resale certificate for the purchase by the retailer of such a mobilehome and shall report the gross receipts or sales price from the purchase with the return for the period during which the mobilehome is sold to the purchaser for installation for occupancy as a residence.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, any retailer who is a licensed mobilehome dealer under Section 18002.6 of the Health and Safety Code is a retailer-consumer regardless of whether or not it installs the mobilehome on a foundation system as an improvement to realty. The licensed dealer may give a resale certificate for the purchase of such a mobilehome, and shall report the gross receipts or sales price from the purchase with the return for the period during which the mobilehome is installed by the licensed dealer for occupancy as a residence.

(b) For purposes of this section, a “mobilehome” is defined in Sections 18008 and 18211 of the Health and Safety Code.

(c) If a purchaser certifies in writing to a retailer that the mobilehome purchased will be consumed in a manner or for a purpose entitling the retailer to exclude 25 percent of the gross receipts or sales price to the retailer from the measure of tax, and uses the property in some other manner or for some other purpose which would not be subject to any other exclusion or exemption under this part, the purchaser shall be liable for payment of tax measured by the amount of the sales price to the purchaser less an amount equal to 75 percent of the gross receipts or sales price of the mobilehome to the retailer.

(d) There are exempted from the taxes imposed by this part, the gross receipts from the sale of, and the storage, use, or other consumption in this state of any used mobilehome, the initial retail sale of which qualified for the partial exemption from tax provided for by this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 608, Sec. 16.)

6012.9.
  

(a) For the purposes of this part, “gross receipts” from the sale of a new mobilehome, and the “sales price” of a new mobilehome sold or stored, used or otherwise consumed in this state shall be 75 percent of the sales price of the mobilehome to the retailer, if such mobilehome is sold by the retailer to the purchaser for installation for occupancy as a residence pursuant to the requirements of Section 18613 of the Health and Safety Code, and is thereafter subject to property taxation. The retailer shall be considered to be the consumer for purposes of this part if the sale by the retailer would otherwise have been subject to sales tax and if the retailer is not also the manufacturer of the mobilehome. If the retailer of the mobilehome is the manufacturer, tax shall be measured by an amount equal to 75 percent of the sales price at which a similar mobilehome ready for installation would be sold by the manufacturer to a retailer-consumer in this state.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, a retailer may give a resale certificate for the purchase by the retailer of such a mobilehome and shall report the gross receipts or sales price from such purchase with the return for the period during which the mobilehome is sold to the purchaser for installation for occupancy as a residence.

(b) For the purpose of this section, a “mobilehome” is defined in Sections 18008 and 18211 of the Health and Safety Code.

(c) If a purchaser certifies in writing to a retailer that the mobilehome purchased will be consumed in a manner or for a purpose entitling the retailer to exclude 25 percent of the gross receipts or sales price to the retailer from the measure of tax, and uses the property in some other manner or for some other purpose which would not be subject to any other exclusion or exemption under this part, the purchaser shall be liable for payment of tax measured by the amount of the sales price to the purchaser less an amount equal to 75 percent of the gross receipts or sales price of the mobilehome to the retailer.

(d) There are exempted from the taxes imposed by this part, the gross receipts from the sale of, and the storage, use, or other consumption in this state of any used mobilehome, the initial retail sale of which qualified for the partial exemption from tax provided for by this section.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1149, Sec. 46.)

6013.
  

“Business” includes any activity engaged in by any person or caused to be engaged in by him with the object of gain, benefit, or advantage, either direct or indirect.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6014.
  

“Seller” includes every person engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property of a kind the gross receipts from the retail sale of which are required to be included in the measure of the sales tax.

For the purposes of this section, the phrase “tangible personal property of a kind the gross receipts from the retail sale of which are required to be included in the measure of the sales tax” includes all tangible personal property of a kind the gross receipts from the retail sale of which is, or would be, required to be included in the measure of the sales tax if sold at retail, whether or not the tangible personal property is ever sold at retail or is suitable for sale at retail.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 184, Sec. 1. Effective July 11, 1983. Operative January 1, 1984, by Sec. 2 of Ch. 184.)

6015.
  

(a) “Retailer” includes:

(1) Every seller who makes any retail sale or sales of tangible personal property, and every person engaged in the business of making retail sales at auction of tangible personal property owned by the person or others.

(2) Every person engaged in the business of making sales for storage, use, or other consumption or in the business of making sales at auction of tangible personal property owned by the person or others for storage, use, or other consumption.

(3) Any person conducting a race meeting under Chapter 4 of Division 8 of the Business and Professions Code, with respect to horses which are claimed during such meeting.

(b) When the board determines that it is necessary for the efficient administration of this part to regard any salesmen, representatives, peddlers, or canvassers as the agents of the dealers, distributors, supervisors, or employers under whom they operate or from whom they obtain the tangible personal property sold by them, irrespective of whether they are making sales on their own behalf or on behalf of the dealers, distributors, supervisors, or employers the board may so regard them and may regard the dealers, distributors, supervisors, or employers as retailers for purposes of this part.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), a newspaper carrier is not a retailer and the retailer is the publisher or distributor for whom the carrier delivers the newspapers. The publisher or distributor is responsible for the tax measured by the price charged to the customer by the carrier.

(Amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 85, Sec. 1. Effective June 30, 1991. Operative July 15, 1991, by Sec. 20 of Ch. 85, as amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 88, Sec. 14.)

6016.
  

“Tangible personal property” means personal property which may be seen, weighed, measured, felt, or touched, or which is in any other manner perceptible to the senses.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6016.3.
  

“Tangible personal property,” for the purpose of this part, includes any leased fixtures if the lessor has the right to remove the fixtures upon breach or termination of the lease, unless the lessor is also the lessor of the realty.

(Amended by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1777.)

6016.5.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, “tangible personal property,” for purposes of this part, does not include telephone and telegraph lines, electrical transmission and distribution lines, and the poles, towers, or conduit by which they are supported or in which they are contained.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1960.)

6017.
  

“In this State” or “in the State” means within the exterior limits of the State of California and includes all territory within these limits owned by or ceded to the United States of America.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 36.)

6018.
  

A licensed optometrist, physician and surgeon, pharmacist, or registered dispensing optician is a consumer of and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part as follows:

(a) In the case of a licensed optometrist or physician and surgeon with respect to the ophthalmic materials used or furnished by him or her, in the performance of his or her professional services in the diagnosis, treatment or correction of conditions of the human eye, including the adaptation of lenses or frames for the aid thereof.

(b) In the case of a licensed pharmacist only with respect to replacement contact lenses dispensed pursuant to Section 4124 of the Business and Professions Code.

(c) In the case of a registered dispensing optician with respect to the dispensing of ophthalmic materials.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 184, Sec. 1. Effective August 4, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 184.)

6018.1.
  

A licensed veterinarian is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to, drugs and medicines used or furnished by him or her in the performance of his or her professional services.

For the purposes of this section, “drugs and medicines” includes substances or preparations intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals and which is commonly recognized as a substance or preparation intended for this use. The term includes legend drugs, pills and capsules (other than vitamins), liquid medications, injected drugs, ointments, vaccines, intravenous fluids, and medicated soaps if those soaps are available only to veterinarians. The term does not include vitamins, shampoos, pet foods, prescription diet foods, artificial diets, flea powders, and flea sprays.

(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1585, Sec. 2. Effective October 2, 1985.)

6018.2.
  

(a) A qualified veteran may receive from the state a qualified repayment if all provisions of this section are satisfied.

(b) The procedures set forth in this section shall be the procedure and remedy for the claims for a repayment of taxes, interest, or penalties paid by a qualified veteran under the Sales and Use Tax Law (Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001)), Section 35 of Article XIII of the California Constitution, local sales tax imposed in accordance with the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law (Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 7200)), and local transactions and use taxes imposed in accordance with the Transactions and Use Tax Law (Part 1.6 (commencing with Section 7251)) during the eight-year period beginning on and after April 1, 2002, and before April 1, 2010.

(c) (1) For purposes of this section, a “qualified veteran” means a person who meets all of the following requirements:

(A) The person met the requirements of a qualified itinerant vendor as set forth in Section 6018.3 during the period in which the sales were made.

(B) The person paid to the board taxes imposed under the Sales and Use Tax Law (Part 1 (commencing with Section 6001)), Section 35 of Article XIII of the California Constitution, taxes imposed in accordance with the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law (Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 7200)), and transactions and use taxes imposed in accordance with the Transactions and Use Tax Law (Part 1.6 (commencing with Section 7251)) during the period beginning April 1, 2002, and before April 1, 2010, for which no sales tax reimbursement was collected from customers, and also paid any interest or penalties associated with those tax liabilities.

(2) “Qualified repayment” means an amount equal to the amount described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), less any amounts previously refunded, credited, or paid to a qualified veteran through any means whatsoever.

(d) (1) Before January 1, 2016, a qualified veteran may file a claim for a qualified repayment with the board.

(2) The claim shall be in writing, and shall be completed in accordance with any instructions or regulations as the board may prescribe, including, but not limited to, proof of payment of the tax, interest, or penalties described in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (c).

(3) On or before March 1, 2016, the board shall certify to the Controller the amount of qualified repayments to be made to each qualified veteran pursuant to this section. The total amount of money available to make qualified repayments shall not exceed fifty thousand dollars ($50,000). If the total amount of claims filed exceeds fifty thousand dollars ($50,000), the board shall determine the pro rata share due to each qualified veteran based on the proportion each claim bears to the total amount of claims and shall report that amount for certification.

(4) There is hereby appropriated fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) from the General Fund to the board to make the payments of qualified repayments to qualified veterans.

(5) No interest shall be paid on any qualified repayment made pursuant to this section.

(6) (A) On or before May 1, 2016, the board shall report to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee, the Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation, and the Senate Committee on Governance and Finance, the name of each qualified veteran who was issued a qualified repayment pursuant to this section and the amount of the qualified repayment.

(B) The requirement for submitting a report imposed under subparagraph (A) is inoperative on May 1, 2020, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, and the report shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

(7) Upon notification by the board, the Controller shall transfer any balance remaining from the amount appropriated in paragraph (4) back to the General Fund.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 643, Sec. 2. (AB 919) Effective January 1, 2015.)

6018.3.
  

(a) A qualified itinerant vendor is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer of, tangible personal property owned and sold by the qualified itinerant vendor, except alcoholic beverages or tangible personal property sold for more than one hundred dollars ($100).

(b) For purposes of this section, a person is a “qualified itinerant vendor” when all of the following apply:

(1) The person was a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, who received an honorable discharge or a release from active duty under honorable conditions.

(2) The person is unable to obtain a livelihood by manual labor due to a service-connected disability.

(3) For the purposes of selling tangible personal property, the person is a sole proprietor with no employees.

(4) The person has no permanent place of business in this state.

(c) For purposes of this section, “permanent place of business” means any building or other permanently affixed structure, including a residence, that is used in whole or in part for the purpose of making sales of, or taking orders and arranging for shipment of, tangible personal property. For purposes of this section, “permanent place of business” does not include any building or other permanently affixed structure, including a residence, used for any of the following:

(1) The storage of tangible personal property.

(2) The cleaning or the storage of equipment or other property used in connection with the manufacture or sale of tangible personal property.

(d) This section shall not apply to either of the following:

(1) A person engaged in the business of serving meals, food, or drinks to a customer at a location owned, rented, or otherwise supplied by the customer.

(2) A person operating a vending machine.

(e) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2022, and as of that date is repealed.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 246, Sec. 1. (SB 805) Effective September 6, 2011. Repealed as of January 1, 2022, by its own provisions.)

6018.4.
  

A licensed chiropractor is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to, vitamins, minerals, dietary supplements, and orthotic devices used or furnished by him in the performance of his professional services.

(Added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 1182.)

6018.5.
  

A licensed podiatrist is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to, the prosthetic materials and inlays used or furnished by him in the performance of his professional services in the diagnosis, treatment, or correction of conditions of the human foot, including the adaptation of arch supports or special footgear for the aid thereof.

(Added by Stats. 1961, Ch. 17.)

6018.6.
  

(a) Any person who received no more than 20 percent of his or her total gross receipts from the alteration of garments during the preceding calendar year is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to, property used or furnished by that person in altering new or used clothing, provided that both of the following apply:

(1) That person operates a location or locations as a pickup and delivery point for garment cleaning, or provides spotting and pressing services on the premises but not garment cleaning, or operates a garment cleaning or dyeing plant on the premises.

(2) Seventy-five percent or more of that person’s total gross receipts represent charges for garment cleaning or dyeing services.

(b) Sales tax shall not apply to the charges for alterations specified in subdivision (a). However, that person is a retailer of any other tangible personal property sold to consumers in the regular course of business and sales tax shall apply to the gross receipts from those sales.

(c) For the purpose of this section:

(1) “Cleaning” means wet cleaning and drycleaning.

(2) “Wet cleaning” means the process of cleaning a garment by immersion in water, or by applying manually or by any mechanical device, water, or any detergent and water, or by spraying or brushing the garment with water or water and any detergent, or water vapor, or steam, and includes self-service or coin-operated equipment in whole or in part.

(3) “Drycleaning” means the process of cleaning or renovating wearing apparel, feathers, furs, hats, fabrics, household items, or textiles by immersion and agitation, spraying, vaporization, or immersion only, in a volatile, commercially moisture-free solvent or by the use of a volatile or inflammable product, applied either manually or by means of a mechanical appliance and including self-service or coin-operated equipment in whole or in part.

(4) “Dyeing” means the process of coloring wearing apparel, feathers, furs, hats, fabrics, or textiles by the use of aniline dyes, mordants, or acids, with or without steam, excluding, however, the use of any dye or combination of dyes which is directly soluble or dispersible in water and which does not require chemical alteration of its structure for application, where that dye or combination of dyes is applied to cotton, viscose rayon, or cuprammonium rayon other than wearing apparel.

(5) “Spotting” means the process of removing spots or stains or localized areas of soil from a garment, either before or after, and with or without drycleaning or wet cleaning, by brushing, spraying, or other means of manual or mechanical application, other than immersion, with water, detergents, and volatile or inflammable solvents, chemicals, or any, or all of them.

(6) “Pressing” means the process of restoring the garment to the original shape, dimensions, or contour thereof, or to those in which the same was received from the customer, or as directed by the customer, and the removal of wrinkles, stresses, bulges, and impressions, imprint marks and shine, from a garment by the application of pressure, heat, moisture, water vapor, or steam, or all of them, whether applied manually, or by any mechanical means.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 328, Sec. 212. (SB 1330) Effective January 1, 2011.)

6018.7.
  

A licensed hearing aid dispenser is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to hearing aids sold or furnished by him or her.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1576, Sec. 1. Effective September 30, 1984. Operative January 1, 1985, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 1576.)

6018.8.
  

The Department of Transportation is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part with respect to, passenger transportation vehicles, including, but not limited to, rail passenger cars, locomotives, other rail vehicles, bus and van fleets, and ferryboats, which it sells to and leases back from any person pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 14060) of Chapter 1 of Part 5 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1510, Sec. 2. Effective September 28, 1984.)

6018.10.
  

(a) An all volunteer fire department is a consumer of, and shall not be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part of all tangible personal property sold by it, including, but not limited to, hot prepared food products and clothing, if the profits are used solely and exclusively in furtherance of the purposes of the all volunteer fire department.

(b) For purposes of this section, an “all volunteer fire department” means an organization that meets all of the following requirements:

(1) No member shall be paid a regular salary, but a member may be compensated on an hourly or per incident basis.

(2) The purpose of the organization is to protect the lives, property, and environment within a designated geographical area from fires, disasters, and emergency incidents through education, prevention, training, and emergency response.

(3) The organization is regularly organized for volunteer fire department purposes and qualifies as an exempt organization, either under Section 23701d or 23701f of this code or under Section 501(c)(3) or 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, having official recognition and full or partial support of the government of the county, city, or district in which the volunteer fire department is located, and that has functions having an exclusive connection with the prevention and extinguishing of fires within the area of the county, city, or district extending official recognition for the benefit of the public generally and to lessen the burdens of the entity of government that would otherwise be obligated to furnish that fire protection.

(c) This section shall not apply if an all volunteer fire department, in each of the two preceding calendar years, has gross receipts from the sale of tangible personal property of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) or more.

(d) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed.

(Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 248, Sec. 1. (SB 598) Effective September 2, 2015. Operative January 1, 2016, by Sec. 3 of Stats. 2015, Ch. 248. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, by its own provisions.)

6019.
  

Every individual, firm, copartnership, joint venture, trust, business trust, syndicate, association or corporation making more than two retail sales of tangible personal property during any 12-month period, including sales made in the capacity of assignee for the benefit of creditors, or receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, shall be considered a retailer within the provisions of this part in his or its individual, firm, copartnership, joint venture, trust, business trust, syndicate, associate or corporate capacity.

(Added by Stats. 1951, Ch. 870.)

6020.
  

Producers of X-ray films or photographs for the purpose of diagnosing medical or dental conditions of human beings, excluding use of those products for purely cosmetic purposes, are the consumers of materials and supplies used in the production thereof.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 301, Sec. 1. Effective June 22, 1982. Operative October 1, 1982, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 301.)

6021.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the sales tax applies to the receipts of operators of vending machines located on Army, Navy or Air Force installations and dispensing tangible personal property of a kind the gross receipts from the retail sale of which are subject to tax. This section shall not be deemed to require payment of sales tax measured by receipts of such operators who lease the machines to exchanges of the Army, Air Force, Navy or Marine Corps which acquire title to and sell the merchandise through the machines to authorized purchasers from such exchanges.

The term “operator,” as used herein, means any person who owns or possesses vending machines and who controls the operations of the machines, as by placing the merchandise therein or removing the coins therefrom, and who has access thereto for any purpose connected with the sale of merchandise through the machines, and whose compensation is based, in whole or in part, upon receipts from sales made through such machines.

(Added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 416.)

6022.
  

“Vehicle” and “motor vehicle,” as used in this part, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Sections 415 and 670 of the Vehicle Code.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1858.)

6023.
  

“Mobile transportation equipment” includes equipment such as railroad cars and locomotives, buses, trucks (except “one-way rental trucks”), truck tractors, truck trailers, dollies, bogies, chassis, reusable cargo shipping containers, aircraft and ships, and tangible personal property which is or becomes a component part of such equipment. “Mobile transportation equipment” does not include passenger vehicles as defined in Section 465 of the Vehicle Code, trailers and baggage containers designed for hauling by passenger vehicles, or “one-way rental trucks” as defined and identified pursuant to Section 6024.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1777.)

6024.
  

“One-way rental trucks” are motortrucks of a kind required to be registered under the Vehicle Code, not exceeding the manufacturer’s gross vehicle weight rating of 24,000 pounds, which are principally employed by a person in the rental business in being leased out for short-term periods of not more than 31 days to individual customers for one-way or local hauling of personal property of the customers, and which upon acquisition or being employed in this state by the person are identified to the board, in such manner as the board may prescribe, for employment in such one-way or local hauling. Upon the leasing of such a truck to a customer, the person shall make known to the customer the fact that the vehicle is designated as a one-way rental truck and any taxes imposed by this part which are payable measured by the rentals.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1777.)

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