Code Section Group

Public Utilities Code - PUC


  ( Division 10 repealed and added by Stats. 1955, Ch. 1036. )


  ( Heading of Part 13 amended by Stats. 1973, Ch. 590. )

CHAPTER 9. Labor Provisions [101340 - 101348]
  ( Chapter 9 added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161. )


Employees shall have the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection. It is declared to be in the public interest that the district shall not express any preference for one union over another.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


Whenever a majority of the employees employed by the district in a unit appropriate for collective bargaining indicate a desire to be represented by a labor organization, the district, upon determining as provided in Section 101344 that the labor organization represents the employees in the appropriate unit, shall enter into a written contract with the accredited representative of the employees governing wages, salaries, hours, and working conditions. In case of a dispute over wages, salaries, hours, or working conditions, which is not resolved by negotiations in good faith between the district and the labor organization, the district and the labor organization may submit the dispute to the decision of the majority of an arbitration board, and the decision of the majority of the arbitration board shall be final.

The arbitration board shall be composed of two representatives of the district, and two representatives of the labor organization, and they shall endeavor to agree upon the selection of the fifth member. If they are unable to agree, the names of five persons experienced in labor arbitration shall be obtained from the California State Mediation and Conciliation Service. The labor organization and the district shall, alternately, strike a name from the list so supplied, and the name remaining after the labor organization and the district have stricken four names, shall be designated as the arbitrator. The labor organization and the district shall determine by lot who shall first strike from the list. The decision of a majority of the arbitration board shall be final and binding upon the parties. The expenses of arbitration shall be borne equally by the parties. Each party shall bear his or her own costs.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 46, Sec. 132. (SB 1038) Effective June 27, 2012.)


In the event the board and the representatives of the employees do not agree to submit the dispute to an arbitration board as provided in Section 101341, the State Conciliation Service may be notified by either party that a dispute exists and that there is no agreement to arbitrate. The State Conciliation Service shall determine whether or not the dispute may be resolved by the parties and, if not, the issues concerning which the dispute exists. Upon such determination, the State Conciliation Service shall certify its findings to the Governor of the State of California, who shall, within 10 days of receipt of certification, appoint a factfinding commission consisting of three persons which shall immediately convene and inquire into and investigate the issues involved in the dispute. The commission shall report to the Governor within 30 days of the date of its creation.

After the creation of such commission and for 30 days after such commission has made its report to the Governor, no change, except by mutual agreement, shall be made by the parties to the controversy in the conditions out of which the dispute arose and service to the public shall be provided.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


(a) A contract or agreement shall not be made, or assumed under this part, with any labor organization, association, or group that denies membership to, or in any manner discriminates against, any employee on any basis listed in subdivision (a) of Section 12940 of the Government Code, as those bases are defined in Sections 12926 and 12926.1 of the Government Code. However, the organization may preclude from membership any individual who advocates the overthrow of the government by force or violence.

(b) The district shall not discriminate with regard to employment against any person on any basis listed in subdivision (a) of Section 12940 of the Government Code, as those bases are defined in Sections 12926 and 12926.1 of the Government Code, except as otherwise provided in Section 12940 of the Government Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 788, Sec. 27. Effective January 1, 2005.)


If there is a question whether a labor organization represents a majority of employees or whether the proposed unit is or is not appropriate, such matters shall be submitted to the State Conciliation Service for disposition. The State Conciliation Service shall promptly hold a public hearing after due notice to all interested parties and shall thereupon determine the unit appropriate for the purposes of collective bargaining. In making such determination and in establishing rules and regulations governing petitions and the conduct of hearings and elections, the State Conciliation Service shall be guided by relevant federal law and administrative practice, developed under the Labor-Management Relations Act, 1947, as presently amended.

The State Conciliation Service shall provide for an election to determine the question of representation and shall certify the results to the parties. Any certification of a labor organization to represent or act for the employees in any collective bargaining unit shall not be subject to challenge on the grounds that a new substantial question of representation within such collective bargaining unit exists until the lapse of one year from the date of certification or the expiration of any collective bargaining agreement, whichever is later. However, no collective bargaining agreement shall be construed to be a bar to representation proceedings for a period of more than two years.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


Whenever the district acquires existing facilities from a publicly or privately owned public utility, either in proceedings by eminent domain or otherwise, the district shall assume and observe all existing labor contracts. To the extent necessary for operation of facilities, all of the employees of such acquired public utility whose duties pertain to the facilities acquired shall be appointed to comparable positions in the district without examination, subject to all the rights and benefits of this part, and these employees shall be given sick leave, seniority, vacation, and pension credits in accordance with the records and labor agreements of the acquired public utility. Members and beneficiaries of any pension or retirement system or other benefits established by that public utility shall continue to have the rights, privileges, benefits, obligations, and status with respect to such established system. No employee of any acquired public utility shall suffer any worsening of his wages, seniority, pension, vacation, or other benefits by reason of the acquisition.

The district may extend the benefits of this section to officers or supervisory employees of the acquired public utility.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


The district shall not acquire any existing system or part thereof whether by purchase, lease, condemnation, or otherwise, nor shall the district dispose of or lease any transit system or part thereof, nor merge, consolidate, or coordinate any transit system or part thereof, or reduce or limit the lines or service of any existing system or of its system, or terminate any lease arrangement or management contract, unless it shall first have made adequate provision for any employees who are or may be displaced. The terms and conditions of such provision shall be a proper subject of collective bargaining.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


Notwithstanding the provisions of the Government Code, employees of the district may authorize and, upon such authorization, the district shall make deductions from wages and salaries of such employees:

(a) Pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement with a duly designated or certified labor organization for the payment of union dues, fees, or assessments.

(b) For the payment of contributions pursuant to any health and welfare plan or pension or retirement plan.

(c) For any purpose for which deductions may be authorized by employees of any private employer.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)


The obligation of the district to bargain in good faith with a duly designated or certified labor organization and to execute a written collective bargaining agreement with such labor organization covering the wages, hours, and working conditions of the employees represented by such labor organization in an appropriate unit, and to comply with the terms thereof, shall not be limited or restricted by any provision of law. The obligation of the district to bargain collectively shall extend to all subjects of collective bargaining which are or may be proper subjects of collective bargaining with a private employer, including retroactive provisions.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1161.)

PUCPublic Utilities Code - PUC