Code Section Group

Public Utilities Code - PUC


  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )


  ( Part 4 added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1. )

CHAPTER 1. Gas Producers’ Cooperative Associations [3001 - 3224]

  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1. )

ARTICLE 10. Marketing Contracts [3201 - 3206]
  ( Article 10 added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1. )


The association and its members may make and execute marketing contracts which require the members to sell, for any period of time not to exceed the productive life of the gas facilities or supplies, all or any specified part of any gas produced by the members exclusively to or through the association or any facilities of the association. If the members contract a sale to the association, title to the gas passes absolutely and unreservedly, except for recorded liens, to the association upon delivery or at any other specified time which is expressly and definitely agreed in the contract.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)


The contract may provide that the association may sell or resell any gas which is delivered by its members, with or without taking title to the gas, and pay over to its members the resale price, after deducting all of the following:

(a) Necessary selling, overhead, and other costs and expenses, including interest on preferred stock, not exceeding 8 percent per annum, and reserves for retiring the stock, if any.

(b) Other proper reserves.

(c) Interest not exceeding 8 percent per annum upon common stock.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)


Notwithstanding any provision of the Civil Code, a contract which is entered into by a member of an association which provides for the delivery to the association of any gas produced by the member may be specifically enforced by the association to secure the delivery to it of that gas.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)


The bylaws or the marketing contract may fix, as liquidated damages, specific sums to be paid by the member to the association for the breach of any provision of the marketing contract regarding the sale or delivery or withholding of gas and may provide that the member will pay all costs, premiums for bonds, expenses, and fees, if any action is brought upon the contract by the association. These provisions are valid and enforceable in the courts of this state. Provisions for liquidated damages are enforceable as such and shall not be regarded as penalties.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)


If there is a breach or threatened breach of a marketing contract by a member, the association may file an action for an injunction to prevent the further breach of the contract and for a decree of specific performance of the contract. Pending the adjudication of that action and upon filing a verified complaint which shows the breach or threatened breach, and upon filing a sufficient bond, the association shall be issued a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction against the member.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)


In any action upon a marketing agreement, it is conclusively presumed that a landowner, landlord, or lessor is able to control the delivery of any gas which is produced on his or her land by the tenants or others, whose tenancy or possession on the land, or the terms of whose tenancy or possession on the land were created or changed after execution by the landowner, landlord, or lessor of the marketing agreement. In that action, the remedies for nondelivery or breach which are provided by this article are enforceable against the landowner, landlord, or lessor.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 680, Sec. 1.)

PUCPublic Utilities Code - PUC10.