Code Section Group

Public Utilities Code - PUC

DIVISION 1. REGULATION OF PUBLIC UTILITIES [201 - 3297]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

PART 2. SPECIFIC PUBLIC UTILITIES [2701 - 2897]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

CHAPTER 8. Energy Efficiency Systems [2840 - 2843]

  ( Chapter 8 added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. )

ARTICLE 1. Waste Heat and Carbon Emissions Reduction Act [2840 - 2843]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. )

2840.
  

This article shall be known and may be cited as the Waste Heat and Carbon Emissions Reduction Act.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2840.2.
  

For purposes of this article, the following terms have the following meanings:

(a) “Combined heat and power system” means a system that produces both electricity and thermal energy for heating or cooling from a single fuel input that meets all of the following:

(1) Is interconnected to, and operates in parallel with, the electric transmission and distribution grid.

(2) Is sized to meet the eligible customer-generator’s onsite thermal demand.

(3) Meets the efficiency standards of subdivisions (a) and (d), and the greenhouse gases emissions performance standard of subdivision (f) of Section 2843.

(b) “Eligible customer-generator” means a customer of an electrical corporation that meets both of the following requirements:

(1) Uses a combined heat and power system with a generating capacity of not more than 20 megawatts, that first commences operation on or after January 1, 2008.

(2) Uses a time-of-use meter capable of registering the flow of electricity in two directions. If the existing electrical meter of an eligible customer-generator is not capable of measuring the flow of electricity in two directions, the eligible customer-generator shall be responsible for all expenses involved in purchasing and installing a meter that is able to measure electricity flow in two directions. If an additional meter or meters are installed, the electricity flow calculations shall yield a result identical to that of a time-of-use meter.

(c) “Electrical corporation” has the same meaning as defined in Section 218.

(d) “Energy Commission” means the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission.

(e) “Excess electricity” means the net electricity exported to the electrical grid, generated by a combined heat and power system that is in compliance with Section 2843.

(f) “Greenhouse gas” or “greenhouse gases” includes all of the following gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2840.4.
  

The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

(a) Combined heat and power systems produce both electricity and thermal energy from a single fuel input, thus achieving much greater efficiency than the usual separate systems for producing these forms of energy, and reducing consumption of fuel.

(b) Combined heat and power systems recover heat that would otherwise be wasted in separate energy applications, and use this heat to avoid consumption of fuel that would otherwise be required to produce heat.

(c) Gigawatthours of potential useful electricity and millions of British thermal units of thermal energy could be derived from unused waste heat that is currently being vented into the atmosphere.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2840.6.
  

(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that state policies dramatically advance the efficiency of the state’s use of natural gas by capturing unused waste heat, and in so doing, help offset the growing crisis in electricity supply and transmission congestion in the state.

(b) It is the intent of the Legislature to reduce wasteful consumption of energy through improved residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, and manufacturer utilization of waste heat whenever it is cost effective, technologically feasible, and environmentally beneficial, particularly when this reduces emissions of carbon dioxide and other carbon-based greenhouse gases.

(c) It is the intent of the Legislature to support and facilitate both customer- and utility-owned combined heat and power systems.

(d) This article does not apply to, and shall not impact, combined heat and power systems in operation prior to January 1, 2008, or combined heat and power systems with a generating capacity greater than 20 megawatts.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2841.
  

(a) The commission may require an electrical corporation to purchase from an eligible customer-generator, excess electricity that is delivered to the grid that is generated by a combined heat and power system that is in compliance with Section 2843. The commission may establish a maximum kilowatthours limitation on the amount of excess electricity that an electrical corporation is required to purchase if the commission finds that the anticipated excess electricity generated has an adverse effect on long-term resource planning or reliable operation of the grid. The commission shall establish, in consultation with the Independent System Operator, tariff provisions that facilitate both the provisions of this chapter and the reliable operation of the grid.

(b) (1) Every electrical corporation shall file with the commission a standard tariff for the purchase of excess electricity from an eligible customer-generator.

(2) The tariff shall provide for payment for every kilowatthour delivered to the electrical grid by the combined heat and power system at a price determined by the commission.

(3) The tariff shall include flexible rates with options for different durations, not to exceed 10 years, and fixed or variable rates relative to the cost of natural gas.

(4) The commission shall ensure that ratepayers not utilizing combined heat and power systems are held indifferent to the existence of this tariff.

(c) The commission, in reviewing the tariff filed by an electrical corporation, shall establish time-of-delivery rates that encourage demand management and net generation of electricity during periods of peak system demand.

(d) Every electrical corporation shall make the tariff available to eligible customer-generators that own, or lease, and operate a combined heat and power system within the service territory of the electrical corporation, upon request. An electrical corporation may make the terms of the tariff available to an eligible customer in the form of a standard contract.

(e) The costs and benefits associated with any tariff or contract entered into by an electrical corporation pursuant to this section shall be allocated to all benefiting customers. For purposes of this section “benefiting customers” may, as determined by the commission, include bundled service customers of the electrical corporation, customers of the electrical corporation that receive their electric service through a direct transaction, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 331, and customers of an electrical corporation that receive their electric service from a community choice aggregator, as defined in Section 331.1.

(f) The physical generating capacity of the combined heat and power system shall count toward the resource adequacy requirements of load-serving entities for purposes of Section 380.

(g) The commission shall adopt or maintain standby rates or charges for combined heat and power systems that are based only upon assumptions that are supported by factual data, and shall exclude any assumptions that forced outages or other reductions in electricity generation by combined heat and power systems will occur simultaneously on multiple systems, or during periods of peak electrical system demand, or both.

(h) The commission may modify or adjust the requirements of this article for any electrical corporation with less than 100,000 service connections, as individual circumstances merit.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2841.5.
  

A local publicly owned electric utility serving retail end-use customers shall establish a program that does both of the following:

(a) Allows retail end-use customers to utilize combined heat and power systems that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by achieving improved efficiencies utilizing heat that would otherwise be wasted in separate energy applications.

(b) Provides a market for the purchase of excess electricity generated by a combined heat and power system, at a just and reasonable rate, to be determined by the governing body of the utility.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2842.
  

The commission, in approving a procurement plan for an electrical corporation pursuant to Section 454.5, shall require that the electrical corporation’s procurement plan incorporate combined heat and power solutions to the extent that it is cost effective compared to other competing forms of wholesale generation, technologically feasible, and environmentally beneficial, particularly as it pertains to reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2842.2.
  

The commission shall ensure that an electrical corporation utilizes long-term planning and a reliability assessment for upgrades to its transmission and distribution systems and that any upgrades are not inconsistent with promoting combined heat and power systems that are cost effective, technologically feasible, and environmentally beneficial, particularly as those combined heat and power systems reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

2842.4.
  

(a) The commission shall, for each electrical corporation, establish a pay-as-you-save pilot program for eligible customers.

(b) For the purposes of this section, an “eligible customer” means a customer of an electrical corporation that meets the following criteria:

(1) The customer uses a combined heat and power system with a generating capacity of not more than 20 megawatts that is in compliance with Section 2843.

(2) The customer is any of the following:

(A) A nonprofit organization described in Section 501(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. Sec. 501(c) (3)), that is exempt from taxation under Section 501(a) of that code (26 U.S.C. Sec. 501(a)).

(B) A federal, state, or local government facility.

(c) The pilot program shall enable an eligible customer to finance all of the upfront costs for the purchase and installation of a combined heat and power system by repaying those costs over time through on-bill financing at the difference between what an eligible customer would have paid for electricity and the actual savings derived for a period of up to 10 years.

(d) The commission shall ensure that the reasonable costs of the electrical corporation associated with the pilot program are recovered.

(e) All costs of the pay-as-you-save program or financing mechanisms shall be borne solely by the combined heat and power generators that use the program or financing mechanisms, and the commission shall ensure that the costs of the program are not shifted to the other customers or classes of customers of the electrical corporation.

(f) Each electric corporation shall make on-bill financing available to eligible customers until the statewide cumulative rated generating capacity from pilot program combined heat and power systems in the service territories of the three largest electrical corporations in the state reaches 100 megawatts. An electrical corporation shall only be required to participate in the pilot program until it meets its proportionate share of the 100-megawatt limitation, based on the percentage of its peak demand to the total statewide peak demand within the service territories of all electrical corporations.

(g) An approval made by the Department of Finance for a state agency to purchase, lease, or otherwise acquire a combined heat and power facility that would be financed through the pay-as-you-save pilot program, may not be made sooner than 30 days after written notification thereof is provided to the Chairperson of the Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review, the Chairperson of the Assembly Committee on Budget, and the Chairperson of the Joint Legislative Budget Committee, or not sooner than whatever lesser time the Chairperson of the Joint Legislative Budget Committee may determine.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 253, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2009.)

2843.
  

(a) The Energy Commission shall, by January 1, 2010, adopt guidelines that combined heat and power systems subject to this chapter shall meet, and shall accomplish all of the following:

(1) Reduce waste energy.

(2) Be sized to meet the eligible customer-generator’s thermal load.

(3) Operate continuously in a manner that meets the expected thermal load and optimizes the efficient use of waste heat.

(4) Are cost effective, technologically feasible, and environmentally beneficial.

(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the guidelines do not permit customers to operate as de facto wholesale generators with guaranteed purchasers for their electricity.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, the guidelines required by this section shall be exempt from the requirements of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The guidelines shall be adopted at a publicly noticed meeting offering all interested parties an opportunity to comment. At least 30 days’ public notice shall be given of the meeting required by this section, before the Energy Commission initially adopts guidelines. Substantive changes to the guidelines shall not be adopted without at least 10 days’ written notice to the public.

(d) Prior to January 1, 2010, the Energy Commission may adopt temporary guidelines for combined heat and power systems that comply with the parameters set forth in subdivision (a).

(e) (1) An eligible customer-generator’s combined heat and power system shall meet an oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions rate standard of 0.07 pounds per megawatthour and a minimum efficiency of 60 percent. A minimum efficiency of 60 percent shall be measured as useful energy output divided by fuel input. The efficiency determination shall be based on 100-percent load.

(2) An eligible customer-generator’s combined heat and power system that meets the 60-percent efficiency standard may take a credit to meet the applicable NOx emissions standard of 0.07 pounds per megawatthour. Credit shall be at the rate of one megawatthour for each 3.4 million British thermal units of heat recovered.

(f) An eligible customer-generator’s combined heat and power system shall comply with the greenhouse gases emission performance standard established by the commission pursuant to Section 8341.

(g) An eligible customer-generator shall adequately maintain and service the combined heat and power system so that during operation, the system continues to meet or exceed the efficiency and emissions standards established pursuant to subdivisions (a), (d), and (f).

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 713, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

PUCPublic Utilities Code - PUC