Code Section Group

Public Utilities Code - PUC

DIVISION 1. REGULATION OF PUBLIC UTILITIES [201 - 3260]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

PART 1. PUBLIC UTILITIES ACT [201 - 2120]

  ( Part 1 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

CHAPTER 9. Hearings and Judicial Review [1701 - 1822]

  ( Chapter 9 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

ARTICLE 3. Judicial Review [1756 - 1770]
  ( Article 3 enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764. )

1756.
  

(a) Within 30 days after the commission issues its decision denying the application for a rehearing, or, if the application was granted, then within 30 days after the commission issues its decision on rehearing, or at least 120 days after the application is granted if no decision on rehearing has been issued, any aggrieved party may petition for a writ of review in the court of appeal or the Supreme Court for the purpose of having the lawfulness of the original order or decision or of the order or decision on rehearing inquired into and determined. If the writ issues, it shall be made returnable at a time and place specified by court order and shall direct the commission to certify its record in the case to the court within the time specified.

(b) The petition for review shall be served upon the executive director and the general counsel of the commission either personally or by service at the office of the commission.

(c) For purposes of this section, the issuance of a decision or the granting of an application shall be construed to have occurred on the date of issuance, as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 1731.

(d) The venue of a petition filed in the court of appeal pursuant to this section shall be in the judicial district in which the petitioner resides. If the petitioner is a business, venue shall be in the judicial district in which the petitioner has its principal place of business in California.

(e) Any party may seek from the Supreme Court, pursuant to California Rules of Court, an order transferring related actions to a single appellate district.

(f) For purposes of this section, review of decisions pertaining solely to water corporations shall only be by petition for writ of review in the Supreme Court, except that review of complaint or enforcement proceedings may be in the court of appeal or the Supreme Court.

(g) No order or decision arising out of a commission proceeding under Section 854 shall be reviewable in the court of appeal pursuant to subdivision (a) if the application for commission authority to complete the merger or acquisition was filed on or before December 31, 1998, by two telecommunications-related corporations including at least one which provides local telecommunications service to over one million California customers. These orders or decisions shall be reviewed pursuant to the Public Utilities Code in existence on December 31, 1998.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 217, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2007.)

1756.2.
  

In any proceeding reviewing an order or decision of the commission in the Supreme Court or court of appeal, the commission may appear and be heard as a party.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1757.
  

(a) No new or additional evidence shall be introduced upon review by the court. In a complaint or enforcement proceeding, or in a ratemaking or licensing decision of specific application that is addressed to particular parties, the review by the court shall not extend further than to determine, on the basis of the entire record which shall be certified by the commission, whether any of the following occurred:

(1) The commission acted without, or in excess of, its powers or jurisdiction.

(2) The commission has not proceeded in the manner required by law.

(3) The decision of the commission is not supported by the findings.

(4) The findings in the decision of the commission are not supported by substantial evidence in light of the whole record.

(5) The order or decision of the commission was procured by fraud or was an abuse of discretion.

(6) The order or decision of the commission violates any right of the petitioner under the Constitution of the United States or the California Constitution.

(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit the court to hold a trial de novo, to take evidence other than as specified by the California Rules of Court, or to exercise its independent judgment on the evidence.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the standard of review in this section shall not apply to ratemaking or licensing decisions of specific application addressed solely to water corporations.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 953, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2001.)

1757.1.
  

(a) In any proceeding other than a proceeding subject to the standard of review under Section 1757, review by the court shall not extend further than to determine, on the basis of the entire record which shall be certified by the commission, whether any of the following occurred:

(1) The order or decision of the commission was an abuse of discretion.

(2) The commission has not proceeded in the manner required by law.

(3) The commission acted without, or in excess of, its powers or jurisdiction.

(4) The decision of the commission is not supported by the findings.

(5) The order or decision was procured by fraud.

(6) The order or decision of the commission violates any right of the petitioner under the Constitution of the United States or the California Constitution.

(b) In reviewing decisions pertaining solely to water corporations, the review shall not be extended further than to determine whether the commission has regularly pursued its authority, including a determination whether the order or decision under review violates any right of the petitioner under the Constitution of the United States or this state.

(c) No new or additional evidence shall be introduced upon review by the court. The findings and conclusions of the commission on findings of fact shall be final and shall not be subject to review except as provided in this article. The questions of fact shall include ultimate facts and findings and conclusions of the commission on reasonableness and discrimination.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 953, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 2001.)

1758.
  

(a) The commission and each party to the action or proceeding before the commission may appear in the review proceeding.

Upon the hearing the Supreme Court or court of appeal shall enter judgment either affirming or setting aside the order or decision of the commission.

(b) The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure relating to writs of review shall, so far as applicable and not in conflict with this part, apply to proceedings instituted in the Supreme Court or court of appeal under this article.

(c) Under this article, the Supreme Court may review decisions of the court of appeal in the manner provided for other civil actions.

(d) The Supreme Court shall grant expedited consideration to any party or commission petition alleging that the court of appeal has assumed jurisdiction to review a commission decision pertaining solely to water corporations over which the court of appeal has no jurisdiction.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 953, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2001.)

1759.
  

(a) No court of this state, except the Supreme Court and the court of appeal, to the extent specified in this article, shall have jurisdiction to review, reverse, correct, or annul any order or decision of the commission or to suspend or delay the execution or operation thereof, or to enjoin, restrain, or interfere with the commission in the performance of its official duties, as provided by law and the rules of court.

(b) The writ of mandamus shall lie from the Supreme Court and from the court of appeal to the commission in all proper cases as prescribed in Section 1085 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 886, Sec. 16. Effective January 1, 1999.)

1760.
  

Notwithstanding Sections 1757 and 1757.1, in any proceeding wherein the validity of any order or decision is challenged on the ground that it violates any right of petitioner under the United States Constitution or the California Constitution, the Supreme Court or court of appeal shall exercise independent judgment on the law and the facts, and the findings or conclusions of the commission material to the determination of the constitutional question shall not be final.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 886, Sec. 17. Effective January 1, 1999.)

1761.
  

(a) Any stay or suspension of an order or decision of the commission shall be granted only in accordance with this article and the rules of court.

(b) A stay may be issued against any order or decision of the commission, other than an order or decision increasing or decreasing rates or changing a rate classification.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 13. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1762.
  

(a) Except as provided in this section, no order staying or suspending an order or decision of the commission shall be made by the Supreme Court or court of appeal except upon five days’ notice and after hearing. If the order or decision of the commission is stayed or suspended, the order suspending it shall contain a specific finding, based upon evidence submitted to the court and identified by reference thereto.

(b) The specific finding made pursuant to subdivision (a) shall certify that great or irreparable damage would otherwise result to the petitioner and specify the nature of the damage.

(c) The Supreme Court or court of appeal may grant a temporary stay restraining the operation of the commission order or decision, other than an order or decision authorizing an increase or decrease in rates or changing a rate classification, at any time before the required hearing and determination of the application for a stay when, in the opinion of the court, irreparable loss or damage would result to petitioner unless the temporary stay is granted. The temporary stay shall remain in force only until the hearing determination of the application for a stay upon notice. The hearing of the application for a stay shall be given precedence and assigned for hearing at the earliest practicable day after the expiration of the notice.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1763.
  

(a) No temporary stay shall be granted by the Supreme Court or court of appeal unless it clearly appears from specific facts shown by the verified petition that immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the applicant before notice can be served and hearing had on a motion for a stay as provided in this article.

(b) Every temporary stay shall be endorsed with the date and hour of issuance, shall be forthwith filed in the clerk’s office and entered of record, shall define the injury and state why it appears to be irreparable and why the order was granted without notice, and shall by its terms expire within a time after entry not to exceed 10 days as the court may fix, unless within the time so fixed the order is extended for a like period for good cause shown and the reasons for the extension entered of record.

(c) In case a temporary stay is granted without notice, the matter of the issuance of a stay shall be set down for hearing at the earliest possible time, and when it comes up for hearing the party obtaining the temporary stay shall proceed with the application for a stay. If the party does not so proceed, the court shall dissolve the temporary stay.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1764.
  

In case the order or decision of the commission is stayed or a temporary stay granted, the order of the Supreme Court or court of appeal shall not become effective until a suspending bond is executed and filed with and approved by the court, payable to the people of the State of California and sufficient in amount and security to insure the prompt payment by the party petitioning for the review, of all damages caused by the delay in the enforcement of the order or decision of the commission and of all money which any person or corporation may be compelled to pay pending the review of the proceedings for transportation, transmission, product, commodity, or service in excess of the charges fixed by the order or decision of the commission, in case the order or decision is sustained.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 16. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1766.
  

(a) Under no circumstance shall the Supreme Court or court of appeal stay or suspend any order or decision by the commission authorizing an increase or decrease in rates or changing any rate classification.

(b) If a commission order or decision authorizing any increase or decrease in rates, or changing any rate classification, is set aside by the Supreme Court or court of appeal, the matter shall be referred back to the commission for further action consistent with the order of the court. The commission, in taking this further action, shall not authorize refunds, and any relief ordered by the commission that shall have the effect of increasing or decreasing rates shall be prospective only.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 855, Sec. 18. Effective January 1, 1997.)

1767.
  

All actions and proceedings under this part and all actions or proceedings to which the commission or the people of the State of California are parties in which any question arises under this part, or under or concerning any order or decision of the commission, shall be preferred over, and shall be heard and determined in preference to, all other civil business except election causes, irrespective of position on the calendar. The same preference shall be granted upon application of the attorney of the commission in any action or proceeding in which he is allowed to intervene.

(Enacted by Stats. 1951, Ch. 764.)

1768.
  

The following procedures shall apply to judicial review of an order or decision of the commission interpreting, implementing, or applying the provisions of Chapter 4 of the Statutes of the 2001–02 First Extraordinary Session that (1) relates to the determination or implementation of the revenue requirements of the Department of Water Resources or the establishment or implementation of bond or power charges necessary to recover those revenue requirements, or (2) in the sole determination of the department, the expedited review of an order or decision of the commission is necessary or desirable, for the maintenance of any credit ratings on any bonds or notes of the department issued pursuant to Division 27 (commencing with Section 80000) of the Water Code or for the department to meet its obligations with respect to any bonds or notes pursuant to that division:

(a) Within 30 days after the commission issues its order or decision denying the application for a rehearing, or, if the application is granted, then within 30 days after the commission issues its decision on rehearing, any aggrieved party may petition for a writ of review in the California Supreme Court for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the original order or decision or of the order or decision on rehearing. If the writ issues, it shall be made returnable at a time and place specified by court order and shall direct the commission to certify its record in the case to the court within the time specified. No order of the commission interpreting, implementing, or applying the provisions of Chapter 4 of the Statutes of the 2001–02 First Extraordinary Session shall be subject to review in the courts of appeal.

(b) The petition for review shall be served upon the executive director and the general counsel of the commission either personally or by service at the office of the commission.

(c) For purposes of this section, the issuance of a decision or the granting of an application shall be construed to have occurred on the date of issuance, as defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 1731.

(d) All actions and proceedings under this section and all actions or proceedings to which the commission or the people of the State of California are parties in which any question arises under this section, or under or concerning any order or decision of the commission under this section, shall be preferred over, and shall be heard and determined in preference to, all other civil business except election causes, irrespective of position on the calendar.

(e) The provisions of this article apply to actions under this section to the extent that those provisions are not in conflict with this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 217, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2007.)

1770.
  

The following procedures shall apply to the judicial review of an order or decision of the commission in interpreting, implementing, or applying the provisions of Article 5.7 (commencing with Section 849) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 1:

(a) Within 30 days after the commission issues its order or decision denying the application for a rehearing or, if the application is granted, within 30 days after the commission issues its decision on rehearing, an aggrieved party may petition for a writ of review in the California Supreme Court for the purpose of determining the lawfulness of the original order or decision or of the order or decision on the rehearing. If the writ is issued, it shall be made returnable at a time and place specified by court order and shall direct the commission to certify its record in the case to the court within the time specified. No order of the commission interpreting, implementing, or applying the provisions of Article 5.7 (commencing with Section 849) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 1 shall be subject to review in a court of appeals.

(b) The petition for review shall be served upon the executive director of the commission either personally or by service at the office of the commission.

(c) For purposes of this section, the issuance of a decision or the granting of an application shall be construed to have occurred on the date when the commission mails the decision or grant to the parties of the action or proceeding.

(d) To the extent that the provisions do not conflict, provisions in this article shall apply to actions under this section.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 482, Sec. 8. (SB 936) Effective January 1, 2015.)

PUCPublic Utilities Code - PUC