Code Section Group

Probate Code - PROB

DIVISION 8. DISPOSITION OF ESTATE WITHOUT ADMINISTRATION [13000 - 13660]

  ( Division 8 enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79. )

PART 2. PASSAGE OF PROPERTY TO SURVIVING SPOUSE WITHOUT ADMINISTRATION [13500 - 13660]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79. )

CHAPTER 1. General Provisions [13500 - 13506]
  ( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79. )

13500.
  

Except as provided in this chapter, when a spouse dies intestate leaving property that passes to the surviving spouse under Section 6401, or dies testate and by his or her will devises all or a part of his or her property to the surviving spouse, the property passes to the survivor subject to the provisions of Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 13540) and Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 13550), and no administration is necessary.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 50, Sec. 89. (SB 1005) Effective January 1, 2017.)

13501.
  

Except as provided in Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 6600) of Division 6 and in Part 1 (commencing with Section 13000) of this division, the following property of the decedent is subject to administration under this code:

(a) Property passing to someone other than the surviving spouse under the decedent’s will or by intestate succession.

(b) Property disposed of in trust under the decedent’s will.

(c) Property in which the decedent’s will limits the surviving spouse to a qualified ownership. For the purposes of this subdivision, a devise to the surviving spouse that is conditioned on the spouse surviving the decedent by a specified period of time is not a “qualified ownership” interest if the specified period of time has expired.

(Enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79.)

13502.
  

(a) Upon the election of the surviving spouse or the personal representative, guardian of the estate, or conservator of the estate of the surviving spouse, all or a portion of the following property may be administered under this code:

(1) The one-half of the community property that belongs to the decedent under Section 100, the one-half of the quasi-community property that belongs to the decedent under Section 101, and the separate property of the decedent.

(2) The one-half of the community property that belongs to the surviving spouse under Section 100 and the one-half of the quasi-community property that belongs to the surviving spouse under Section 101.

(b) The election shall be made by a writing specifically evidencing the election filed in the proceedings for the administration of the estate of the deceased spouse within four months after the issuance of letters, or within any further time that the court may allow upon a showing of good cause, and before entry of an order under Section 13656.

(Enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79.)

13502.5.
  

(a) Upon a petition by the personal representative of a decedent and a showing of good cause, the court may order that a pecuniary devise to the surviving spouse, or a fractional interest passing to the surviving spouse in any property in which the remaining fraction is subject to the administration, may be administered under this code, except to the extent that it has passed by inheritance as determined by an order pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 13650).

(b) Notice of this petition shall be given as provided in Section 1220 to the person designated in that section and to the surviving spouse.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 871, Sec. 16. Effective January 1, 1993.)

13503.
  

(a) The surviving spouse or the personal representative, guardian of the estate, or conservator of the estate of the surviving spouse may file an election and agreement to have all or part of the one-half of the community property that belongs to the surviving spouse under Section 100 and the one-half of the quasi-community property that belongs to the surviving spouse under Section 101 transferred by the surviving spouse or the surviving spouse’s personal representative, guardian, or conservator to the trustee under the will of the deceased spouse or the trustee of an existing trust identified by the will of the deceased spouse, to be administered and distributed by the trustee.

(b) The election and agreement shall be filed in the proceedings for the administration of the estate of the deceased spouse and before the entry of the order for final distribution in the proceedings.

(Enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79.)

13504.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of this part, community property held in a revocable trust described in Section 761 of the Family Code is governed by the provisions, if any, in the trust for disposition in the event of death.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1269, Sec. 61.6. Effective January 1, 1995.)

13505.
  

This part applies whether the deceased spouse died before, on, or after July 1, 1987.

(Enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79.)

13506.
  

A reference in any statute of this state or in a written instrument, including a will or trust, to a provision of former Sections 202 to 206, inclusive, of the Probate Code (as repealed by Chapter 527 of the Statutes of 1984) or former Sections 649.1 to 649.5, inclusive, or Sections 650 to 658, inclusive, of the Probate Code (as repealed by Chapter 783 of the Statutes of 1986) shall be deemed to be a reference to the comparable provision of this part.

(Enacted by Stats. 1990, Ch. 79.)

PROBProbate Code - PROB