Code Section Group

Public Resources Code - PRC

DIVISION 4. FORESTS, FORESTRY AND RANGE AND FORAGE LANDS [4001 - 4958]

  ( Division 4 repealed and added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144. )

PART 2. PROTECTION OF FOREST, RANGE AND FORAGE LANDS [4101 - 4789.7]

  ( Part 2 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144. )

CHAPTER 1. Prevention and Control of Forest Fires [4101 - 4205]

  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144. )

ARTICLE 3. Responsibility for Fire Protection [4125 - 4137]
  ( Article 3 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144. )

4125.
  

(a) The board shall classify all lands within the state, without regard to any classification of lands made by or for any federal agency or purpose, for the purpose of determining areas in which the financial responsibility of preventing and suppressing fires is primarily the responsibility of the state. The prevention and suppression of fires in all areas that are not so classified is primarily the responsibility of local or federal agencies, as the case may be.

(b) On or before July 1, 1991, and every 5th year thereafter, the department shall provide copies of maps identifying the boundaries of lands classified as state responsibility pursuant to subdivision (a) to the county assessor for every county containing any of those lands. The department shall also notify county assessors of any changes to state responsibility areas within the county resulting from periodic boundary modifications approved by the board.

(c) A notice shall be posted at the offices of the county recorder, county assessor, and county planning agency that identifies the location of the map, and of any information received by the county subsequent to the receipt of the map regarding changes to state responsibility areas within the county.

(Amended (as amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 380) by Stats. 1998, Ch. 65, Sec. 15. Effective June 9, 1998. Applicable from June 1, 1998, by Sec. 18 of Ch. 65. Note: Ch. 65 (pursuant to Sec. 20) supersedes, and precludes operation of, Stats. 1997, 1st Ex. Sess., Ch. 7.)

4126.
  

The board shall include within state responsibility areas all of the following lands:

(a) Lands covered wholly or in part by forests or by trees producing or capable of producing forest products.

(b) Lands covered wholly or in part by timber, brush, undergrowth, or grass, whether of commercial value or not, which protect the soil from excessive erosion, retard runoff of water or accelerate water percolation, if such lands are sources of water which is available for irrigation or for domestic or industrial use.

(c) Lands in areas which are principally used or useful for range or forage purposes, which are contiguous to the lands described in subdivisions (a) and (b).

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4127.
  

The board shall not include within state responsibility areas any of the following lands:

(a) Lands owned or controlled by the federal government or any agency of the federal government.

(b) Lands within the exterior boundaries of any city, except a city and county with a population of less than 25,000 if, at the time the city and county government is established, the county contains no municipal corporations.

(c) Any other lands within the state which do not come within any of the classes which are described in Section 4126.

(Amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 653, Sec. 1.)

4128.
  

In establishing boundaries of state responsibility areas, the board may, for purposes of administrative convenience, designate roads, pipelines, streams, or other recognizable landmarks as arbitrary boundaries.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4129.
  

The board of supervisors of any county may provide by ordinance that the county elects to assume responsibility for the prevention and suppression of all fires on all land in the county, including lands within state responsibility areas when the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection concurs in accordance with criteria adopted by the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection, but not including lands owned or controlled by the federal government or any agency of the federal government or lands within the exterior boundaries of any city. After the effective date of the contract referred to in Section 4133, the county shall exercise for the duration of the contract all the duty, power, authority, and responsibility for the prevention and suppression of all fires on all land in the county for which the county is authorized by this section to elect to assume responsibility.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 972, Sec. 17. Effective January 1, 1999.)

4129.1.
  

When the incorporation of a city removes land from a state responsibility area and the county continues to provide residential fire service for the newly incorporated city and remains under contract to provide fire service for the state responsibility area, the county shall, during the three years subsequent to incorporation, contract with the city to continue to provide fire service to the area removed from the state responsibility area under the same terms and conditions as under the state contract. The county may bill the newly incorporated city for actual revenue lost under the state contract because of removal of land from the state responsibility area during that period, but may not, during the three-year period, require the city to pay an amount greater than that apportioned for the affected area under the state contract.

If the budget of the department is revised to reflect the removal of the affected lands from a state responsibility area and payments to the county are accordingly reduced, the county may bill the newly incorporated city for the allocable decrease, or if the amount cannot be readily ascertained, the county may, after the effective date of the new budget, charge the city an amount equal to the total payment to the county divided by the total acres of the state responsibility area times the removed acres which are annexed to the city.

This section does not change any power, duty, or responsibility of the department. This section does not require the department to base its budget on per acre costs and does not impose any requirement that the department implement or design any formula or budget.

This section applies only in counties with a population greater than 8,000,000.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 340, Sec. 1.)

4130.
  

The board shall classify all lands within state responsibility areas into types of land based on cover, beneficial use of water from watersheds, probable damage from erosion, and fire risks and hazards, and shall determine the intensity of protection to be given to each such type of land. A plan for adequate statewide fire protection of state responsibility areas shall be prepared by the board in which all land of each type shall be assigned the same intensity of protection, and the estimated cost of such intensity of protection shall be determined.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4131.
  

In the preparation of budgets for fire protection, the total funds available or estimated to be available shall be allocated to the areas to be protected in conformance to such fire protection plan. If the funds available are less than the estimated adequate cost of such plan the board shall determine whether the intensities of fire protection shall be reduced or withdrawn, maintaining uniform consideration for all lands in each type.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4132.
  

In those counties assuming responsibility pursuant to Section 4129 for fire protection and suppression in the lands thus classified within the respective counties, there shall be budgeted sums to be allocated to those counties at least equal to the direct cost of fire protection which is determined pursuant to Section 4130 and which shall include the salaries and wages of suppression crews and lookouts and maintenance of firefighting facilities.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4133.
  

The department shall, with the approval of the Department of General Services, for periods not to exceed three years, enter into a contract with any county which enacts an ordinance as provided in Section 4129. The budgeted sums in Section 4132 are subject to annual review in the budget process.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 194, Sec. 2. Effective July 23, 1987.)

4134.
  

Any such contract shall provide for payment to such county, as compensation for the assumption of the duty, power, authority and responsibility for fire protection and suppression as provided in Section 4129 of such sum as may be specifically allocated in the appropriation made by the Legislature for that purpose or, if no specific appropriation is made for it, the sum allocated for expenditure in such county pursuant to Sections 4131 and 4132.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4135.
  

Sections 4129 to 4135, inclusive, do not deprive the department of the power and duty to require that the money paid by the department under the contract to a county shall be expended by the county for fire prevention and suppression in that area the protection of which is assumed by the county pursuant to Section 4129.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1144.)

4136.
  

(a) A transferor of real property that is located within a state responsibility area determined by the board, pursuant to Section 4125, shall disclose to any prospective transferee the fact that the property is located within a wildland area that may contain substantial forest fire risks and hazards and is subject to the requirements of Section 4291.

(b) Except for property located within a county that has assumed responsibility for prevention and suppression of all fires pursuant to Section 4129, the transferor shall also disclose to any prospective transferee that it is not the state’s responsibility to provide fire protection services to any building or structure located within the wildlands unless the department has entered into a cooperative agreement with a local agency for those purposes pursuant to Section 4142.

(c) Disclosure is required pursuant to this section only when one of the following conditions is met:

(1) The transferor, or the transferor’s agent, has actual knowledge that the property is within a wildland fire zone.

(2) A map that includes the property has been provided to the city or county pursuant to Section 4125, and a notice has been posted at the offices of the county recorder, county assessor, and county planning agency that identifies the location of the map and any information regarding changes to the map received by the county.

(d) In all transactions that are subject to Section 1103 of the Civil Code, the disclosures required by this section shall be provided by either of the following means:

(1) The Local Option Real Estate Disclosure Statement as provided in Section 1102.6a of the Civil Code.

(2) The Natural Hazard Disclosure Statement as provided in Section 1103.2 of the Civil Code.

(e) If the map or accompanying information is not of sufficient accuracy or scale that a reasonable person can determine if the subject real property is included in a wildland fire zone, the agent shall mark “Yes” on the Natural Hazard Disclosure Statement. The agent may mark “No” on the Natural Hazard Disclosure Statement if he or she attaches a report prepared pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 1103.4 of the Civil Code that verifies the property is not in the hazard zone. Nothing in this subdivision is intended to limit or abridge any existing duty of the transferor or the transferor’s agents to exercise reasonable care in making a determination under this subdivision.

(f) For purposes of this section, Section 1103.13 of the Civil Code applies.

(g) The specification of items for disclosure in this section does not limit or abridge any obligation for disclosure created by any other provision of law or that may exist in order to avoid fraud, misrepresentation, or deceit in the transfer transaction.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 876, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 2000.)

4137.
  

(a) For purposes of this section, “fire prevention activities” include, but are not limited to, all of the following:

(1) Fire prevention education.

(2) Hazardous fuel reduction and vegetation management.

(3) Fire investigation.

(4) Civil cost recovery.

(5) Forest and fire law enforcement.

(6) Fire prevention engineering.

(7) Prefire planning.

(8) Risk analysis.

(9) Volunteer programs and partnerships.

(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the year-round staffing and the extension of the workweek that has been provided to the department pursuant to memorandums of understanding with the state will result in significant increases in the department’s current level of fire prevention activities. It is also the intent of the Legislature that the budgetary augmentations for year-round staffing not reduce the reimbursements that the department receives from contracts with local governments for the department to provide local fire protection and emergency services pursuant to Section 4144, commonly referred to as “Amador agreements.”

(c) On or before January 10 of each year, the department shall provide a report to the Legislature, including to the budget, fiscal, and appropriate policy committees of the Assembly and the Senate, in accordance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, detailing the department’s fire prevention activities, including the increased activities described in subdivision (b). The report shall display the fire prevention activities of the previous fiscal year, as well as the information from previous reports for purposes of a comparison of data. The report shall include all of the following:

(1) Fire prevention activities performed by the department on lands designated as state responsibility areas, and by counties, where, pursuant to a contract with the department, a county has agreed to provide fire protection services in state responsibility areas within county boundaries on behalf of the department. The fire prevention activities included in the report pursuant to this paragraph shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(A) The number of hours of fire prevention education performed.

(B) The number of defensible space inspections conducted, including statewide totals and totals for each region.

(C) The number of citations issued for noncompliance with Section 4291.

(D) The number of acres treated by mechanical fuel reduction.

(E) The number of acres treated by prescribed burns.

(F) The funding sources and estimated amounts for the fire prevention activities described in this paragraph, itemized by the activity categories described in subparagraphs (A) to (E), inclusive.

(G) Any other data or qualitative information deemed necessary by the department in order to provide the Legislature with a clear and accurate accounting of fire prevention activities, particularly with regard to variations from one year to the next.

(2) The fire prevention performance measures described in paragraph (1) shall be reported for each region annually, including activities performed from December 15 to April 15, inclusive.

(3) Projected fire prevention activities for the following fiscal year.

(4) Information on each of the “Amador contracts” described in subdivision (b), including an annual update on the number of those contracts and reimbursements received from the contracts that are in effect.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 497, Sec. 216. (AB 991) Effective January 1, 2020.)

PRCPublic Resources Code - PRC3.