Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN

PART 6. CONTROL OF DEADLY WEAPONS [16000 - 34370]

  ( Part 6 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )

TITLE 4. FIREARMS [23500 - 34370]

  ( Title 4 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )

DIVISION 10. SPECIAL RULES RELATING TO PARTICULAR TYPES OF FIREARMS OR FIREARM EQUIPMENT [30210 - 33690]

  ( Division 10 added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 711, Sec. 6. )

CHAPTER 1.5. Firearm Precursor Parts [30400 - 30495]

  ( Chapter 1.5 added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. )

ARTICLE 2. Firearm Precursor Part Vendors [30442 - 30456]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. )

30442.
  

(a) Commencing July 1, 2024, a valid firearm precursor part vendor license shall be required for any person, firm, corporation, or other business enterprise to sell more than one firearm precursor part in any 30-day period.

(b) Subdivision (a) does not apply to the sale of a firearm precursor part to any of the following:

(1) An authorized law enforcement representative of a city, county, city and county, or state or federal government, if the sale, delivery, or transfer is for exclusive use by that governmental agency and, prior to the sale, delivery, or transfer of the firearm precursor part, written authorization from the head of the agency employing the purchaser or transferee is obtained, identifying the employee as an individual authorized to conduct the transaction, and authorizing the transaction for the exclusive use of the agency employing the individual.

(2) An importer or manufacturer of ammunition or firearms who is licensed to engage in business pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto.

(3) A person who is on the centralized list of exempted federal firearms licensees maintained by the Department of Justice pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 28450) of Chapter 6 of Division 6.

(4) A person whose licensed premises are outside this state and who is licensed as a dealer or collector of firearms pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto.

(5) An authorized representative of a city, county, city and county, or state or federal government, if the firearm precursor part is obtained as part of an authorized, voluntary program in which the governmental entity is buying or receiving firearm precursor parts from private individuals.

(c) Subdivision (a) does not apply to the sale of a firearm precursor part to a firearm precursor part vendor by any of the following:

(1) An authorized law enforcement representative of a city, county, city and county, or state or federal government, if the sale, delivery, or transfer is by that governmental agency and, prior to the sale, delivery, or transfer of the firearm precursor part, written authorization from the head of the agency employing that person is obtained, identifying the employee as an individual authorized to conduct the transaction, and authorizing the transaction.

(2) An importer or manufacturer of ammunition or firearms who is licensed to engage in business pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto.

(3) A person who is on the centralized list of exempted federal firearms licensees maintained by the Department of Justice pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 28450) of Chapter 6 of Division 6.

(4) A person whose licensed premises are outside this state and who is licensed as a dealer or collector of firearms pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code and the regulations issued pursuant thereto.

(d) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor.

(e) The provisions of this section are cumulative and do not restrict the application of any other law. However, an act or omission punishable in different ways by this section and another provision of law shall not be punished under more than one provision.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30445.
  

Commencing July 1, 2024, a vendor shall comply with all of the conditions, requirements, and prohibitions enumerated in this article.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30447.
  

(a) Commencing July 1, 2024, a firearm precursor part vendor shall require any agent or employee who handles, sells, delivers, or has in their custody or control any firearm precursor part to obtain and provide to the vendor a certificate of eligibility from the Department of Justice issued pursuant to Section 26710. On the application for the certificate, the agent or employee shall provide the name and address of the firearm precursor part vendor with whom the person is employed, or the name and California firearms dealer number of the firearm precursor part vendor, if applicable.

(b) The department shall notify the firearm precursor part vendor if the agent or employee who has a certificate of eligibility is or becomes prohibited from possessing firearms, ammunition, or firearm precursor parts under state or federal law.

(c) Commencing July 1, 2024, a firearm precursor part vendor shall not permit any agent or employee who the vendor knows or reasonably should know is a person described in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 29800) or Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 29900) of Division 9 of this code or Section 8100 or 8103 of the Welfare and Institutions Code to handle, sell, deliver, or have in their custody or control a firearm precursor part in the course and scope of employment.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30448.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), commencing July 1, 2024, the sale of firearm precursor parts by a licensed vendor shall be conducted at the location specified in the license.

(b) Commencing July 1, 2024, a licensed vendor may sell firearm precursor parts at a gun show or event if the gun show or event is not conducted from any motorized or towed vehicle.

(c) For purposes of this section, “gun show or event” means a function sponsored by any national, state, or local organization, devoted to the collection, competitive use, or other sporting use of firearms, or an organization or association that sponsors functions devoted to the collection, competitive use, or other sporting use of firearms in the community.

(d) Sales of firearm precursor parts at a gun show or event shall comply with all applicable laws.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30450.
  

Commencing July 1, 2024, a firearm precursor part vendor shall not sell or otherwise transfer ownership of, offer for sale or otherwise offer to transfer ownership of, or display for sale or display for transfer of ownership of any firearm precursor part in a manner that allows a firearm precursor part to be accessible to a purchaser or transferee without the assistance of the vendor or an employee of the vendor.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30452.
  

(a) (1) Commencing July 1, 2025, a firearm precursor part vendor shall not sell or otherwise transfer ownership of a firearm precursor part without, at the time of delivery, legibly recording the following information on a form to be prescribed by the Department of Justice:

(A) The date of the sale or other transfer.

(B) The purchaser’s or transferee’s driver’s license or other identification number and the state in which it was issued.

(C) The brand, type, and amount of firearm precursor parts sold or otherwise transferred.

(D) The purchaser’s or transferee’s full name and signature.

(E) The name of the salesperson who processed the sale or other transaction.

(F) The purchaser’s or transferee’s full residential address and telephone number.

(G) The purchaser’s or transferee’s date of birth.

(2) A firearm precursor part vendor is not required to report to the department any firearm precursor part that is attached or affixed to a firearm involved in a successful dealer record of sale transaction.

(b) Commencing July 1, 2025, a firearm precursor part vendor shall electronically submit to the department the information required by subdivision (a) for all sales and transfers of ownership of a firearm precursor part. The department shall retain this information in a database to be known as the Firearm Precursor Part Purchase Records File. This information shall remain confidential and may be used by the department and those entities specified in, and pursuant to, subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 11105, through the California Law Enforcement Telecommunications System, only for law enforcement purposes. The firearm precursor part vendor shall not use, sell, disclose, or share the information for any other purpose other than the submission required by this subdivision without the express written consent of the purchaser or transferee.

(c) Commencing on July 1, 2025, only those persons listed in this subdivision, or those persons or entities listed in subdivision (e), shall be authorized to purchase firearm precursor parts. Prior to delivering any firearm precursor part, a firearm precursor part vendor shall require bona fide evidence of identity to verify that the person who is receiving delivery of the firearm precursor part is a person or entity listed in subdivision (e) or one of the following:

(1) A person authorized to purchase firearm precursor parts pursuant to Section 30470.

(2) A person who was approved by the department to receive a firearm from the firearm precursor part vendor, pursuant to Section 28220, if that vendor is a licensed firearms dealer, and the firearm precursor part is delivered to the person in the same transaction as the firearm.

(d) Commencing July 1, 2025, the firearm precursor part vendor shall verify with the department, in a manner prescribed by the department, that the person is authorized to purchase firearm precursor parts. If the person is not listed as an authorized firearm precursor part purchaser, the vendor shall deny the sale or transfer.

(e) Subdivisions (a) and (d) shall not apply to sales or other transfers of ownership of firearm precursor parts by firearm precursor part vendors to any of the following, if properly identified:

(1) A firearm precursor part vendor.

(2) A person who is on the centralized list of exempted federal firearms licensees maintained by the department pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 28450) of Chapter 6 of Division 6.

(3) A gunsmith.

(4) A wholesaler.

(5) A manufacturer or importer of firearms or ammunition licensed pursuant to Chapter 44 (commencing with Section 921) of Title 18 of the United States Code, and the regulations issued pursuant thereto.

(6) An authorized law enforcement representative of a city, county, city and county, or state or federal government, if the sale or other transfer of ownership is for exclusive use by that governmental agency, and, prior to the sale, delivery, or transfer of the firearm precursor part, written authorization from the head of the agency authorizing the transaction is presented to the person from whom the purchase, delivery, or transfer is being made. Proper written authorization is defined as verifiable written certification from the head of the agency by which the purchaser, transferee, or person otherwise acquiring ownership is employed, identifying the employee as an individual authorized to conduct the transaction, and authorizing the transaction for the exclusive use of the agency by which that individual is employed.

(7) (A) A properly identified sworn peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, or properly identified sworn federal law enforcement officer who is authorized to carry a firearm in the course and scope of the officer’s duties.

(B) (i) Proper identification is defined as verifiable written certification from the head of the agency by which the purchaser or transferee is employed, identifying the purchaser or transferee as a full-time paid peace officer who is authorized to carry a firearm in the course and scope of the officer’s duties.

(ii) The certification shall be delivered to the vendor at the time of purchase or transfer and the purchaser or transferee shall provide bona fide evidence of identity to verify that they are the person authorized in the certification.

(iii) The vendor shall keep the certification with the record of sale and submit the certification to the department.

(f) The department is authorized to adopt regulations to implement the provisions of this section.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30454.
  

Commencing July 1, 2025, the records required by this article shall be maintained on the premises of the firearm precursor part vendor for a period of not less than five years from the date of the recorded transfer.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

30456.
  

Commencing July 1, 2024, a firearm precursor parts vendor shall, within 48 hours of discovery, report the loss or theft of any firearm precursor parts to the appropriate law enforcement agency in the city, county, or city and county where the vendor’s business premises are located.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 730, Sec. 6. (AB 879) Effective January 1, 2020.)

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