Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN

PART 3. OF IMPRISONMENT AND THE DEATH PENALTY [2000 - 10007]

  ( Part 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )

TITLE 1. IMPRISONMENT OF MALE PRISONERS IN STATE PRISONS [2000 - 3105]

  ( Title 1 repealed and added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )

CHAPTER 2. Administration of State Prisons [2051 - 2541]

  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )

ARTICLE 1. Miscellaneous Powers and Duties of Department and Director of Corrections [2051 - 2067]
  ( Heading of Article 1 amended by Stats. 1957, Ch. 2256. )

2051.
  

The department is hereby authorized to contract for provisions, clothing, medicines, forage, fuel, and all other staple supplies needed for the support of the prisons for any period of time, not exceeding one year, and such contracts shall be limited to bona fide dealers in the several classes of articles contracted for. Contracts for such articles as the department may desire to contract for, shall be given to the lowest bidder at a public letting thereof, if the price bid is a fair and reasonable one, and not greater than the usual value and prices.

Each bid shall be accompanied by such security as the department may require, conditional upon the bidder entering into a contract upon the terms of his bid, on notice of the acceptance thereof, and furnishing a penal bond with good and sufficient sureties in such sum as the department may require, and to its satisfaction that he will faithfully perform his contract.

If the proper officer of the prison reject any article, as not complying with the contract, or if a bidder fail to furnish the articles awarded to him when required, the proper officer of the prison may buy other articles of the kind rejected or called for, in the open market, and deduct the price thereof, over the contract price, from the amount due to the bidder, or charge the same up against him.

Notice of the time, place, and conditions of the letting of contracts shall be given for at least two consecutive weeks in two newspapers printed and published in the City and County of San Francisco, and in one newspaper printed and published in the County of Sacramento, and in the county where the prison to be supplied is situated.

If all the bids made at such letting are deemed unreasonably high, the department may, in its discretion, decline to contract and may again advertise for such time and in such papers as it sees proper for proposals, and may so continue to renew the advertisement until satisfactory contracts are made; and in the meantime the department may contract with anyone whose offer is regarded as just and equitable, or may purchase in the open market.

No bids shall be accepted, nor a contract entered into in pursuance thereof, when such bid is higher than any other bid at the same letting for the same class or schedule of articles, quality considered, and when a contract can be had at such lower bid.

When two or more bids for the same article or articles are equal in amount, the department may select the one which, all things considered, may by it be thought best for the interest of the State, or it may divide the contract between the bidders as in its judgment may seem proper and right.

The department shall have power to let a contract in the aggregate or they may segregate the items, and enter into a contract with the bidder or bidders who may bid lowest on the several articles.

The department shall have the power to reject the bid of any person who had a prior contract and who had not, in the opinion of the department, faithfully complied therewith.

(Amended by Stats. 1957, Ch. 2256.)

2052.
  

(a) The department shall have power to contract for the supply of electricity, gas and water for said prisons, upon such terms as the department shall deem to be for the best interests of the state, or to manufacture gas or electricity, or furnish water itself, at its option. It shall also have power to erect and construct or cause to be erected and constructed, electrical apparatus or other illuminating works in its discretion with or without contracting therefor, on such terms as it may deem just. The department shall have full power to erect any building or structure deemed necessary by it, or to alter or improve the same, and to pay for the same from the fund appropriated for the use or support of the prisons, or from the earnings thereof, without advertising or contracting therefor.

(b) With respect to any facility under the jurisdiction of the Prison Industry Authority, the Prison Industry Authority shall have the same powers which are vested in the department pursuant to subdivision (a).

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 669, Sec. 1.)

2053.
  

(a) The Legislature finds and declares that there is a correlation between prisoners who are functionally literate and those who successfully reintegrate into society upon release. It is therefore the intent of the Legislature, in enacting “The Prisoner Literacy Act,” to raise the percentage of prisoners who are functionally literate, in order to provide for a corresponding reduction in the recidivism rate.

(b) The Department of Corrections shall determine the reading level of each prisoner upon commitment.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 193, Sec. 144. Effective January 1, 2005.)

2053.1.
  

(a) The Secretary of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall implement in every state prison literacy programs that are designed to ensure that upon parole inmates are able to achieve the goals contained in this section. The department shall prepare an implementation plan for this program, and shall request the necessary funds to implement this program as follows:

(1) The department shall offer academic programming throughout an inmate’s incarceration that shall focus on increasing the reading ability of an inmate to at least a 9th grade level.

(2) For an inmate reading at a 9th grade level or higher, the department shall focus on helping the inmate obtain a general education development certificate, or its equivalent, or a high school diploma.

(3) The department shall offer college programs through voluntary education programs or their equivalent.

(4) While the department shall offer education to target populations, priority shall be given to those with a criminogenic need for education, those who have a need based on their educational achievement level, or other factors as determined by the department.

(b) In complying with the requirements of this section, the department shall give strong consideration to the use of libraries and librarians, computer-assisted training, and other innovations that have proven to be effective in reducing illiteracy among disadvantaged adults.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 798, Sec. 1. (SB 343) Effective January 1, 2016.)

2053.4.
  

The Secretary of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall appoint a Superintendent of Correctional Education, who shall oversee and administer all prison education programs. The Superintendent of Correctional Education shall set both short- and long-term goals for inmate literacy and testing and career technical education programs, and shall establish priorities for prison academic and career technical education programs.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 789, Sec. 2. (AB 1019) Effective January 1, 2014.)

2053.5.
  

Consistent with the goals and priorities of the department, a career technical education program shall consider all of the following factors:

(a) Whether the program aligns with the workforce needs of high-demand sectors of the state and regional economies.

(b) Whether there is an active job market for the skills being developed where the inmate will likely be released.

(c) Whether the program increases the number of inmates who obtain a marketable and industry or apprenticeship board-recognized certification, credential, or degree.

(d) Whether there are formal or informal networks in the field that support finding employment upon release from prison.

(e) Whether the program will lead to employment in occupations with a livable wage.

(Added by Stats. 2013, Ch. 789, Sec. 3. (AB 1019) Effective January 1, 2014.)

2054.
  

(a) The Secretary of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation may establish and maintain classes for inmates by utilizing personnel of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, or by entering into an agreement with the governing board of a school district or private school or the governing boards of school districts under which the district shall maintain classes for such inmates. The governing board of a school district or private school may enter into such an agreement regardless of whether the institution or facility at which the classes are to be established and maintained is within or without the boundaries of the school district.

(b) Any agreement entered into between the Secretary of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and a school district or private school pursuant to this section may require the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to reimburse the school district or private school for the cost to the district or private school of maintaining such classes. “Cost” as used in this section includes contributions required of any school district to the State Teachers’ Retirement System, but such cost shall not include an amount in excess of the amount expended by the district for salaries of the teachers for such classes, increased by one-fifth. Salaries of such teachers for the purposes of this section shall not exceed the salaries as set by the governing board for teachers in other classes for adults maintained by the district, or private schools.

(c) Attendance or average daily attendance in classes established pursuant to this section or in classes in trade and industrial education or vocational training for adult inmates of institutions or facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall not be reported to the State Department of Education for apportionment and no apportionment from the State School Fund shall be made on account of average daily attendance in such classes.

(d) No school district or private school shall provide for the academic education of adult inmates of state institutions or facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation except in accordance with this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 798, Sec. 2. (SB 343) Effective January 1, 2016.)

2054.2.
  

The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall determine and implement a system of incentives to increase inmate participation in, and completion of, academic and vocational education, consistent with the inmate’s educational needs as identified in the assessment performed pursuant to Section 3020, including, but not limited to, a literacy level specified in Section 2053.1, a high school diploma or equivalent, completion of a community college or four-year academic degree, or a particular vocational job skill. These incentives may be consistent with other incentives provided to inmates who participate in work programs.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 798, Sec. 4. (SB 343) Effective January 1, 2016.)

2055.
  

The Director of Corrections may, in his discretion, from time to time insure any or all products produced at any prison or institution under the jurisdiction of the Director of Corrections, whether the products are finished or unfinished, the materials from which such products are made or to be made, and the equipment necessary for the production thereof, against any or all risks of loss, wherever such products, materials, or equipment are located, while in the possession of the Department of Corrections and while in transit thereto or therefrom or in storage, in such amounts as the director deems proper. The cost of such insurance shall be paid from the Correctional Industries Revolving Fund.

(Amended by Stats. 1949, Ch. 887.)

2056.
  

If any of the shops or buildings in which convicts are employed require rebuilding or repair for any reason, they may be rebuilt or repaired immediately, under the direction of the Prison Industry Authority.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 669, Sec. 2.)

2057.
  

Counties are authorized to contract with the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation for the commitment to the department, of persons who have suffered a felony conviction. An offender sentenced to a county jail that serves his or her sentence in the state prison pursuant to this section shall be required to comply with the rules and regulations of the department consistent with Division 3 of Title 15 of the California Code of Regulations.

(Amended (as added by Stats. 2011, Ch. 15) by Stats. 2011, Ch. 39, Sec. 34. (AB 117) Effective June 30, 2011. Addition and amendment operative October 1, 2011, pursuant to Secs. 68 and 69 of Ch. 39.)

2059.
  

The department shall fix the compensation of its officers and employees, other than those of wardens and clerks, at a gross rate which shall include a cash allowance for board and lodging, but in no case shall the money compensation, exclusive of the cash allowance for board and lodging, be less than one hundred ten dollars ($110) per month. There shall be deducted from the gross salaries of the officers and employees of the prison the value of any board, lodging, services or supplies rendered or sold to each such officer or employee. The deduction for board and lodging shall not exceed the cash allowance therefor.

(Amended by Stats. 1957, Ch. 2256.)

2060.
  

For the purposes of Sections 11009 and 11030 of the Government Code, the following constitute, among other proper purposes, state business for officers and employees of the department for which such officers and employees shall be allowed actual and necessary traveling expenses when the state travel and expense have been approved by the Governor and the Director of Finance as provided in that section.

Attending meetings of any national association or organization, having as its principal purpose the study of matters relating to penology, including prison management and paroles, or to a particular field thereof, conferring with officers or employees of the United States relative to problems relating to penology, including prison management and paroles, in California, conferring with officers or employees of other states engaged in the performance of similar duties, and obtaining information useful to the department in the conduct of its work.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 828, Sec. 116.)

2061.
  

(a) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall develop and implement, by January 15, 2008, a plan to address management deficiencies within the department. The plan should, at a minimum, address all of the following:

(1) Filling vacancies in management positions within the department.

(2) Improving lines of accountability within the department.

(3) Standardizing processes to improve management.

(4) Improving communication within headquarters, between headquarters, institutions and parole offices, and between institutions and parole offices.

(5) Developing and implementing more comprehensive plans for management of the prison inmate and parole populations.

(b) The department may contract with an outside entity that has expertise in management of complex public and law enforcement organizations to assist in identifying and addressing deficiencies.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 7, Sec. 7. Effective May 3, 2007.)

2062.
  

(a) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall develop and implement a plan to obtain additional rehabilitation and treatment services for prison inmates and parolees. The plan shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following:

(1) Plans to fill vacant state staff positions that provide direct and indirect rehabilitation and treatment services to inmates and parolees.

(2) Plans to fill vacant staff positions that provide custody and supervision services for inmates and parolees.

(3) Plans to obtain from local governments and contractors services for parolees needing treatment while in the community and services that can be brought to inmates within prisons.

(4) Plans to enter into agreements with community colleges to accelerate training and education of rehabilitation and treatment personnel, and modifications to the licensing and certification requirements of state licensing agencies that can accelerate the availability and hiring of rehabilitation and treatment personnel.

(b) The department shall submit the plan and a schedule for implementation of its provisions to the Legislature by January 15, 2008.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 7, Sec. 8. Effective May 3, 2007.)

2063.
  

(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall regularly provide operational and fiscal information to the Legislature to allow it to better assess the performance of the department in critical areas of operations, including to both evaluate the effectiveness of department programs and activities, as well as assess how efficiently the department is using state resources.

(b) No later than January 10 of each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall provide to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee operational and fiscal information to be displayed in the Governor’s proposed budget. This information shall include data for the three most recently ended fiscal years, and shall include, but is not limited to, the following:

(1) Per capita costs, average daily population, and offender to staff ratios for each of the following:

(A) Adult inmates housed in state prisons.

(B) Adult inmates housed in Community Correctional Facilities and out-of-state facilities.

(C) Adult parolees supervised in the community.

(D) Juvenile wards housed in state facilities.

(E) Juvenile parolees supervised in the community.

(2) Total expenditures and average daily population for each adult and juvenile institution.

(3) Number of established positions and percent of those positions vacant on June 30 for each of the following classifications within the department:

(A) Correctional officer.

(B) Correctional sergeant.

(C) Correctional lieutenant.

(D) Parole agent.

(E) Youth correctional counselor.

(F) Youth correctional officer.

(G) Physician.

(H) Registered nurse.

(I) Psychiatrist.

(J) Psychologist.

(K) Dentist.

(L) Teacher.

(M) Vocational instructor.

(N) Licensed vocational nurse.

(4) Average population of juvenile wards classified by board category.

(5) Average population of adult inmates classified by security level.

(6) Average population of adult parolees classified by supervision level.

(7) Number of new admissions from courts, parole violators with new terms, and parole violators returned to custody.

(8) Number of probable cause hearings, revocation hearings, and parole suitability hearings conducted.

(9) For both adult and juvenile facilities, the number of budgeted slots, actual enrollment, and average daily attendance for institutional academic and vocational education and substance abuse programs.

(10) Average population of mentally ill offenders classified by Correctional Clinical Case Management System or Enhanced Outpatient Program status, as well as information about mentally ill offenders in more acute levels of care.

(c) No later than January 10 of each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall provide to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee a supplemental report containing operational and fiscal information in addition to data provided in subdivision (b). To the extent possible and relevant, the department shall seek to keep the categories of information provided the same each year so as to provide consistency. This report shall contain information for the three most recently ended fiscal years, and shall include, but is not limited to, data on the operational level and outcomes associated with the following categories:

(1) Adult prison security operations, including use of disciplinary measures and special housing assignments such as placements in administrative segregation, Security Housing Units, and sensitive needs yards, identifying these placements by offender categories such as security level and mental health classification.

(2) Adult prison education and treatment programs, including academic education, vocational training, prison industries, substance abuse treatment, and sex offender treatment.

(3) Adult prison health care operations, including medical, mental, and dental health.

(4) Adult parole operations, including number of discharges from parole supervision and provision of various treatment and sanction programs.

(5) Board of Parole Hearings, including the total number of parole suitability hearings scheduled for inmates serving life sentences each year, the number of parole suitability hearings postponed each year and the reasons for postponement, and the backlog of parole suitability hearings.

(5.1) Board of Parole Hearings, including the total number of adult parole revocation cases with probable cause hearings scheduled each year, the percent of parole revocation cases with probable cause hearings held within 10 business days, as well as the percent of adult parole revocation cases completed within 35 calendar days.

(6) Juvenile institution security operations, including use of disciplinary measures and special housing assignments such as special management programs, as well as the impact of time that adds or cuts the length of confinement.

(7) Juvenile institutional education and treatment programs, including academic education, vocational training, substance abuse treatment, and sex offender treatment.

(8) Juvenile institutional health care operations, including medical, mental, and dental health.

(9) Juvenile parole operations, including the number of juvenile parolees returned to state institutions and provision of various treatment and sanction programs.

(9.1) Juvenile Parole Board, including juvenile parole revocation hearings.

(d) To the extent any of the information in subdivision (b) or (c) falls under the purview of the federally appointed receiver over medical care services, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall, to the best of its ability, coordinate with the receiver in obtaining this information.

(Added by Stats. 2007, Ch. 175, Sec. 7. Effective August 24, 2007.)

2064.
  

(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall regularly provide to the Legislature information on the outcomes of department operations and activities to allow the Legislature to better assess the performance of the department, including both to evaluate the effectiveness of department programs and activities, as well as to assess how efficiently the department is using state resources.

(b) No later than January 10 each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall provide to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee an annual report on the outcomes of department operations and activities specified in the supplemental report of the annual Budget Act for the current fiscal year. At a minimum, for each performance measurement included in the supplemental report of the annual Budget Act for the current fiscal year, the department’s report shall include data for the three most recently ended fiscal years, as well as establish target performance goals for each performance measurement for the current fiscal year identified in the supplemental report of the annual Budget Act and in the department’s long-term strategic plan, if included in the strategic plan. If target performance goals stated in the prior department report have not been achieved, the annual department report for the current fiscal year shall include an explanation of why the target performance goals were not achieved. The supplemental report of the annual Budget Act may identify changes in the department’s reporting requirements; however, if no changes are identified in the supplemental report of the annual Budget Act, the reporting requirements shall be the same as those for the prior fiscal year.

(c) The department shall also post the full annual report required by this section on its Internet Web site.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 729, Sec. 3. (AB 1628) Effective October 19, 2010.)

2064.1.
  

(a) On or before October 1 of each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall submit to the Legislature a report on the department’s efforts to respond to and prevent suicides and attempted suicides among inmates. The information contained in the report shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:

(1) A description of progress toward meeting the department’s goals related to the completion of suicide risk evaluations in a sufficient manner.

(2) A description of progress toward meeting the department’s goals related to the completion of 72 hour treatment plans in a sufficient manner.

(3) A description of the department’s efforts to ensure that all required staff receive training related to suicide prevention and response.

(4) A description of the department’s progress in implementing the recommendations made by the special master regarding inmate suicides and attempts, to include the results of any audits the department conducts, at the headquarters or regional level, as part of its planned audit process to measure the success of changes the department implements as a result of these recommendations.

(5) A description of the department’s progress in identifying and implementing initiatives that are designed to reduce risk factors associated with suicide.

(6) A description of the department’s efforts and progress to expand upon its process of notification pursuant to Section 5022, including expansion of those notifications in cases of suicide attempts when deemed appropriate by the department, and when inmates have consented to allow release of that information.

(b) The report shall be submitted to the Legislature pursuant to Section 9795 of the Government Code.

(c) The report shall also be posted on the department’s Internet Web site in an easily accessible format.

(Added by Stats. 2018, Ch. 782, Sec. 1. (SB 960) Effective January 1, 2019.)

2065.
  

(a) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall complete all of the tasks associated with inmates granted medical parole pursuant to Section 3550 that are specified in this section. Subdivisions (c) and (d) shall apply only to the period of time that inmates are on medical parole.

(b) The department shall seek to enter into memoranda of understanding with federal, state, or county entities necessary to facilitate prerelease agreements to help inmates initiate benefits claims.

(c) This subdivision shall be implemented in a manner that is consistent with federal Medicaid law and regulations. The Director of Health Care Services shall seek any necessary federal approvals for the implementation of this subdivision. Claiming of federal Medicaid funds shall be implemented only to the extent that federal approval, if necessary, is obtained. If an inmate is granted medical parole and found to be eligible for Medi-Cal, all of the following shall apply:

(1) Hospitals, nursing facilities, and other providers providing services to medical parolees shall invoice the department in accordance with contracted rates of reimbursement or, if no contract is in place, pursuant to Section 5023.5.

(2) Upon receipt of an acceptable claim, the department shall reimburse hospitals, nursing facilities, and other providers for services provided to medical parolees in accordance with contracted rates of reimbursement or, if no contract is in place, pursuant to Section 5023.5.

(3) The department shall submit a quarterly invoice to the State Department of Health Care Services for medical parolees who are eligible for Medi-Cal for federal claiming and reimbursement of allowable federal Medicaid funds.

(4) The State Department of Health Care Services shall remit funds received for federal financial participation to the department.

(5) The department and the State Department of Health Care Services shall work together to do all of the following:

(A) Maximize federal financial participation for service costs, administrative costs, and targeted case management costs incurred pursuant to this section.

(B) Determine whether medical parolees shall be exempt from mandatory enrollment in managed health care, including county organized health plans, and determine the proper prior authorization process for individuals who have been granted medical parole.

(6) The department may submit retroactive Medi-Cal claims, in accordance with state and federal law and regulations to the State Department of Health Care Services for allowable certified public expenditures that have been reimbursed by the department. The department shall work with the Director of Health Care Services to ensure that any process established regarding the submission of retroactive claims shall be in compliance with state and federal law and regulations.

(d) If an inmate is granted medical parole and found to be ineligible for Medi-Cal, all of the following shall apply:

(1) The department shall consider the income and assets of a medical parolee to determine whether the individual has the ability to pay for the cost of his or her medical care.

(2) If the individual is unable to pay the cost of their medical care, the department shall establish contracts with appropriate medical providers and pay costs that are allowable pursuant to Section 5023.5.

(3) The department shall retain the responsibility to perform utilization review and cost management functions that it currently performs under existing contracts with health care facilities.

(4) The department shall directly provide, or provide reimbursement for, services associated with conservatorship or public guardianship.

(e) Notwithstanding the rulemaking provisions of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Government Code, the department and the State Department of Health Care Services may implement this section by means of all-facility letters, all-county letters, or similar instructions, in addition to adopting regulations, as necessary.

(f) Notwithstanding any other state law, and only to the extent that federal law allows and federal financial participation is available, for the limited purpose of implementing this section, the department or its designees are authorized to act on behalf of an inmate for purposes of applying for redetermination of Medi-Cal eligibility and sharing and maintaining records with the State Department of Health Care Services.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 69. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

2066.
  

(a) Pursuant to Section 715 of the Military and Veterans Code, the Department of Veterans Affairs shall provide one employee, trained and accredited by the Department of Veterans Affairs, for every five state prisons to assist incarcerated veterans in applying for and receiving any federal or other veterans’ benefits for which they or their families may be eligible.

(b) The department shall give a Department of Veterans Affairs’ employee described in subdivision (a) access to the hardware, software, and those computer networks as are reasonably necessary to perform his or her duties while at the prison, while taking all necessary safety precautions.

(c) The department shall cooperate and collaborate with the Department of Veterans Affairs to ensure that a Department of Veterans Affairs’ employee described in subdivision (a) has the greatest access and effectiveness practicable, while taking all necessary safety precautions, in order to assist veterans incarcerated within the state prisons.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 599, Sec. 2. (SB 776) Effective January 1, 2018.)

2067.
  

(a) As outlined in the Budget Act of 2018, it is anticipated that all California inmates will be returned from out-of-state contract correctional facilities by February 2019. To the extent that the adult offender population continues to decline, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall begin reducing private in-state male contract correctional facilities in a manner that maintains sufficient flexibility to comply with the federal court order to maintain the prison population at or below 137.5 percent of design capacity. The private in-state male contract correctional facilities that are primarily staffed by non-Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation personnel shall be prioritized for reduction over other in-state contract correctional facilities.

(b) As the population of offenders in private in-state male contract correctional facilities identified in subdivision (a) is reduced, and to the extent that the adult offender population continues to decline, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall accommodate the projected population decline by reducing the capacity of state-owned and operated prisons or in-state leased or contract correctional facilities, in a manner that maximizes long-term state facility savings, leverages long-term investments, and maintains sufficient flexibility to comply with the federal court order to maintain the prison population at or below 137.5 percent of design capacity. In reducing this additional capacity, the department shall take into consideration the following factors, including, but not limited to:

(1) The cost to operate at the capacity.

(2) Workforce impacts.

(3) Subpopulation and gender-specific housing needs.

(4) Long-term investment in state-owned and operated correctional facilities, including previous investments.

(5) Public safety and rehabilitation.

(6) The durability of the state’s solution to prison overcrowding.

(Added by Stats. 2018, Ch. 36, Sec. 19. (AB 1812) Effective June 27, 2018.)

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