Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN

PART 4. PREVENTION OF CRIMES AND APPREHENSION OF CRIMINALS [11006 - 14315]

  ( Part 4 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1385. )

TITLE 6. CALIFORNIA COUNCIL ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE [13800 - 13899.1]

  ( Title 6 repealed and added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 1047. )

CHAPTER 6. California Career Criminal Apprehension Program [13850 - 13854]
  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 1292, Sec. 1. )

13850.
  

The Legislature hereby finds that a substantial and disproportionate amount of serious crime is committed against the people of California by a relatively small number of multiple and repeat felony offenders, commonly known as career criminals. In enacting this chapter, the Legislature intends to support increased efforts by local law enforcement agencies to investigate and apprehend career criminals through management, organization and operational techniques that have been demonstrated to be effective in selected cities and counties in this and other states, and through advanced state-of-the-art techniques that focus law enforcement efforts and resources on identifying persons subject to career criminal apprehension efforts.

(Amended by Stats. 1985, Ch. 477, Sec. 1.)

13851.
  

(a) There is hereby established in the Office of Emergency Services a program of financial, training, and technical assistance for local law enforcement, called the California Career Criminal Apprehension Program. All funds made available to the Office of Emergency Services for the purposes of this chapter shall be administered and disbursed by the Director of Emergency Services.

(b) The Director of Emergency Services is authorized to allocate and award funds to those local units of government or combinations thereof, in which a special program is established in law enforcement agencies that meets the criteria set forth in Sections 13852 and 13853.

(c) The allocation and award of funds shall be made upon application executed by the chief law enforcement officer of the applicant unit of government and approved by the legislative body. Funds disbursed under this chapter shall not supplant local funds that would, in the absence of the California Career Criminal Apprehension Program, be made available to support the apprehension of multiple or repeat felony criminal offenders.

(d) The Director of Emergency Services shall prepare and issue administrative guidelines and procedures for the California Career Criminal Apprehension Program consistent with this chapter.

(e) These guidelines shall set forth the terms and conditions upon which the Office of Emergency Services is prepared to offer grants of funds pursuant to statutory authority. The guidelines do not constitute rules, regulations, orders, or standards of general application.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 352, Sec. 456. (AB 1317) Effective September 26, 2013. Operative July 1, 2013, by Sec. 543 of Ch. 352.)

13852.
  

Law enforcement agencies receiving funds under this chapter shall employ enhanced law enforcement management efforts and resources. Enhanced law enforcement efforts and resources shall include, but not be limited to:

(a) Crime analysis, which is the timely collection and study of local crime data to perform all of the following:

(1) Identify evolving or existing crime patterns, particularly those involving career felony criminals.

(2) Provide investigative leads.

(3) Identify geographical areas or population groups experiencing relatively severe crime victimization, in order to improve effectiveness of crime prevention efforts.

(4) Provide supporting data for improved allocation of overall law enforcement agency resources.

(b) Improved management of patrol and investigative operations involving use of information resulting from crime analysis, which may include participation in multijurisdictional investigative units and measures to increase continuity of investigative efforts from the initial patrol response through the arrest and prosecution of the offender. Such measures may include:

(1) Innovative personnel deployment techniques.

(2) Innovative techniques of case screening.

(3) Management of continuing investigations.

(4) Monitoring of investigation operations.

(c) (1) Each career criminal apprehension program, supported under this chapter, shall concentrate on the identification and arrest of career criminals and the support of their subsequent prosecution. The determination of which suspected felony offenders shall be the subject of career criminal apprehension efforts shall be in accordance with written criteria developed by the applicant law enforcement agency, consistent with Section 13853 and approved by the head district attorney. Highly qualified and experienced personnel shall be assigned to staff career criminal apprehension programs.

(2) Each career criminal apprehension program as one of its ongoing functions, shall maintain coordination with the prosecutor assigned to each case resulting from its efforts. This coordination should include, but not be limited to, case preparation, processing, and adjudication.

(Amended by Stats. 1985, Ch. 477, Sec. 3.)

13853.
  

An individual who is under investigation for the commission or attempted commission of one or more of the felonies listed in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 999e and who is determined to have committed three or more separate felony offenses not arising out of the same transaction, or has been convicted during the preceding 10 years for the commission or attempted commission of any felony listed in subdivision (a), or at least two convictions during the preceding 10 years for the commission or attempted commission of any felony listed in subdivision (b) may be the subject of career criminal apprehension efforts.

(a) Robbery of the first degree, carjacking, burglary of the first degree, arson as defined in Section 451 or 452, forcible rape, sodomy or oral copulation committed with force, lewd or lascivious conduct committed upon a child, kidnapping as defined in Section 209 or 209.5, murder, or manslaughter.

(b) Grand theft, grand theft auto, receiving stolen property, robbery of the second degree, burglary of the second degree, kidnapping as defined in Section 207, assault with a deadly weapon or instrument, or any unlawful act relating to controlled substances in violation of Section 11351 or 11352 of the Health and Safety Code.

For purposes of this chapter, the 10-year periods specified in this section shall be exclusive of any time which the arrested person has served in state prison.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 646, Sec. 2. Effective September 19, 1996.)

13854.
  

(a) The Director of Emergency Services shall develop specific guidelines, and administrative procedures, for the selection of the California Career Criminal Apprehension Program.

(b) Administration of the overall program and the evaluation and monitoring of all grants made under this chapter shall be performed by the Office of Emergency Services, provided that funds expended for those functions shall not exceed 7.5 percent of the total annual amount made available for the purpose of this chapter.

(c) Local assistance grants made pursuant to this chapter shall not be subject to review pursuant to Section 10290 of the Public Contract Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 352, Sec. 457. (AB 1317) Effective September 26, 2013. Operative July 1, 2013, by Sec. 543 of Ch. 352.)

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