Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN


  ( Part 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )


  ( Title 2 repealed and added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )

CHAPTER 3. Prisoners [3400 - 3409]
  ( Chapter 3 added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106. )


Upon the commitment or transfer of any woman to the institution it shall be the duty of the officer having custody of her or required to take custody of her, to deliver her to said institution, receiving therefor the fees payable for the transportation of prisoners to the state prisons. Such officer shall at the same time deliver to said institution a certified abstract of the judgment of conviction and of the order of commitment or order of transfer. Every woman so committed or transferred under this act shall be accompanied by a woman attendant from the place of commitment or transfer until delivered to said institution.

(Amended by Stats. 1951, Ch. 460.)


There shall be kept at said institution a record of the history and progress of every woman confined therein during the period of her confinement, and so far as practically possible, prior and subsequent thereto, and all judges, courts, officials and employees, district attorneys, sheriffs, chiefs of police and peace officers, shall furnish said institution with all data in their possession or knowledge relative to any inmate that said institution may request. If upon the arrest of any woman it be discovered that she was theretofore an inmate of said institution, the institution shall be promptly notified of her arrest.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106.)


Every woman upon being committed to said institution shall be examined mentally and physically, and shall be given the care, treatment and training adapted to her particular condition. Such care, treatment and training shall be along the lines best suited to develop her mentality, character and industrial capacity; provided, however, no inmate shall be confined longer than the term of her commitment.

(Added by Stats. 1941, Ch. 106.)


When there is any reasonable grounds to believe that a prisoner may be forcibly removed from the California Institution for Women, the warden shall report the fact to the Governor, who may order the removal of the prisoner to any California State prison for safekeeping, and it is hereby made the duty of the warden of the prison to accept and detain the prisoner for the further execution of her sentence. The Governor may thereafter order the prisoner returned to the California Institution for Women for the further execution of her sentence according to law.

The necessary costs and expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of this section shall be a proper charge against any fund hereafter appropriated as an emergency fund, or similar appropriation for contingencies, notwithstanding any limitations or restrictions that may be imposed upon the expenditure of any appropriation.

(Amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1420, Sec. 16.)


No condition or restriction upon the obtaining of an abortion by a prisoner, pursuant to the Therapeutic Abortion Act (Article 2 (commencing with Section 123400) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code), other than those contained in that act, shall be imposed. Prisoners found to be pregnant and desiring abortions, shall be permitted to determine their eligibility for an abortion pursuant to law, and if determined to be eligible, shall be permitted to obtain an abortion.

The rights provided for females by this section shall be posted in at least one conspicuous place to which all female prisoners have access.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1023, Sec. 394. Effective September 29, 1996.)


Any female prisoner shall have the right to summon and receive the services of any physician and surgeon of her choice in order to determine whether she is pregnant. The warden may adopt reasonable rules and regulations with regard to the conduct of examinations to effectuate this determination.

If the prisoner is found to be pregnant, she is entitled to a determination of the extent of the medical services needed by her and to the receipt of these services from the physician and surgeon of her choice. Any expenses occasioned by the services of a physician and surgeon whose services are not provided by the institution shall be borne by the prisoner.

Any physician providing services pursuant to this section shall possess a current, valid, and unrevoked certificate to engage in the practice of medicine issued pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code.

The rights provided for prisoners by this section shall be posted in at least one conspicuous place to which all female prisoners have access.

(Amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1420, Sec. 17.)


(a) An inmate known to be pregnant or in recovery after delivery shall not be restrained by the use of leg irons, waist chains, or handcuffs behind the body.

(b) A pregnant inmate in labor, during delivery, or in recovery after delivery, shall not be restrained by the wrists, ankles, or both, unless deemed necessary for the safety and security of the inmate, the staff, or the public.

(c) Restraints shall be removed when a professional who is currently responsible for the medical care of a pregnant inmate during a medical emergency, labor, delivery, or recovery after delivery determines that the removal of restraints is medically necessary.

(d) This section shall not be interpreted to require restraints in a case where restraints are not required pursuant to a statute, regulation, or correctional facility policy.

(e) Upon confirmation of an inmate’s pregnancy, she shall be advised, orally or in writing, of the standards and policies governing pregnant inmates, including, but not limited to, the provisions of this chapter, the relevant regulations, and the correctional facility policies.

(f) For purposes of this section, “inmate” means an adult or juvenile who is incarcerated in a state or local correctional facility.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 726, Sec. 1. (AB 2530) Effective January 1, 2013.)


(a) Any incarcerated person in state prison who menstruates shall, upon request, have access to, and be allowed to use, materials necessary for personal hygiene with regard to their menstrual cycle and reproductive system. Any incarcerated person in state prison who is capable of becoming pregnant shall, upon request, have access to, and be allowed to obtain, contraceptive counseling and their choice of birth control methods, subject to the provisions of subdivision (b), unless medically contraindicated.

(b) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), all birth control methods and emergency contraception approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) shall be made available to incarcerated persons who are capable of becoming pregnant, with the exception of sterilizing procedures prohibited by Section 3440.

(2) The California Correctional Health Care Services shall establish a formulary that consists of all FDA-approved birth control methods and that shall be available to persons specified in subdivision (a). If a birth control method has more than one FDA-approved therapeutic equivalent, only one version of that method shall be required to be made available, unless another version is specifically indicated by a prescribing provider and approved by the chief medical physician at the facility. Persons shall have access to nonprescription birth control methods without the requirement to see a licensed health care provider.

(c) (1) Any contraceptive service that requires a prescription, or any contraceptive counseling, provided to incarcerated persons who are capable of becoming pregnant, shall be furnished by a licensed health care provider who has been provided with training in reproductive health care and shall be nondirective, unbiased, and noncoercive. These services shall be furnished by the facility or by any other agency that contracts with the facility. Except as provided in paragraph (2), health care providers furnishing contraceptive services shall receive training in the following areas:

(A) The requirements of this section.

(B) Providing nondirective, unbiased, and noncoercive contraceptive counseling and services.

(2) Providers who attend an orientation program for the Family Planning, Access, Care, and Treatment Program shall be deemed to have met the training requirements described in paragraph (1).

(d) Any incarcerated person who is capable of becoming pregnant shall be furnished by the facility with information and education regarding the availability of family planning services and their right to receive nondirective, unbiased, and noncoercive contraceptive counseling and services. Each facility shall post this information in conspicuous places to which all incarcerated persons who are capable of becoming pregnant have access.

(e) Contraceptive counseling and family planning services shall be offered and made available to all incarcerated persons who are capable of becoming pregnant at least 60 days, but not longer than 180 days, prior to a scheduled release date.

(f) This section shall not be construed to limit an incarcerated person’s access to any method of contraception that is prescribed or recommended for any medically indicated reason.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 561, Sec. 191. (AB 1516) Effective January 1, 2018.)

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