Code Section Group

Penal Code - PEN

PART 4. PREVENTION OF CRIMES AND APPREHENSION OF CRIMINALS [11006 - 14315]

  ( Part 4 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1385. )

TITLE 1. INVESTIGATION AND CONTROL OF CRIMES AND CRIMINALS [11006 - 11482]

  ( Title 1 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 1385. )

CHAPTER 3. Prevention and Abatement of Unlawful Activities [11200 - 11482]

  ( Chapter 3 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35. )

ARTICLE 3. Control of Gambling Ships [11300 - 11319]
  ( Article 3 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35. )

11300.
  

It is unlawful for any person, within this State, to solicit, entice, induce, persuade or procure, or to aid in soliciting, enticing, inducing, persuading or procuring any person to visit any gambling ship, whether such gambling ship be within or without the jurisdiction of the State.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11301.
  

As used in this article “craft” includes every boat, ship, vessel, craft, barge, hulk, float or other thing capable of floating.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11302.
  

It is unlawful for any person, within this State, to solicit, entice, induce, persuade or procure, or to aid in soliciting, enticing, inducing, persuading or procuring any person to visit any craft, whether such craft is within or without the jurisdiction of the State, from which craft any person is transported, conveyed or carried to any gambling ship, whether such gambling ship is within or without the jurisdiction of the State.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11303.
  

It is unlawful for any person, firm, association or corporation to transport, convey or carry, or to aid in transporting, conveying or carrying any person to any gambling ship, whether such gambling ship is within or without the jurisdiction of the State.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11304.
  

It is unlawful for any person, firm, association or corporation to transport, convey or carry, or to aid in transporting, conveying or carrying any person to any craft, whether such craft is within or without the jurisdiction of the State, from which craft any person is transported, conveyed, or carried to any gambling ship, whether such gambling ship is within or without the jurisdiction of the State.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11305.
  

Any boat, ship, vessel, watercraft, barge, airplane, seaplane or aircraft, hereinafter called “means of conveyance,” used for the purpose of transporting, conveying or carrying persons in violation of this article is a public nuisance which shall be enjoined, abated and prevented.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11306.
  

Whenever there is reason to believe that a nuisance as defined in this article is kept, maintained or exists in any county, the district attorney, in the name of the people, shall, or any citizen of the State resident in the county, in his own name, may, maintain an action to abate and prevent the nuisance and perpetually to enjoin the person or persons conducting or maintaining it, whether as principal, agent, servant, employee or otherwise, from directly or indirectly maintaining or permitting the nuisance.

Unless filed by the district attorney, the complaint in the action shall be verified.

In any such action the plaintiff, at the time of issuing the summons, or at any time afterward, may have the means of conveyance, with its tackle, apparel and furniture, seized and kept as security for the satisfaction of any judgment that may be entered in the action.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11307.
  

When any means of conveyance is seized pursuant to Section 11306, the owner thereof or any other person otherwise entitled to possession thereof may apply to the court in which the action is pending for leave to file bond and regain possession of the means of conveyance during the pendency of the proceedings. The bond shall be in an amount determined by the judge to be the actual value of the means of conveyance at the time of its release. Upon giving said bond conditioned upon compliance with the terms of any temporary writ of injunction entered in the action and upon the return of the means of conveyance to the custody of the court in the event the same is ordered forfeited, the person on whose behalf such bond is given shall be put in possession of said means of conveyance and may use it until it is finally ordered delivered up and forfeited, if such be the judgment of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11308.
  

If the existence of a nuisance as defined in this article is shown in any action brought under this article to the satisfaction of the court or judge, either by verified complaint or affidavit, the court or judge shall allow a temporary writ of injunction to abate and prevent the continuance or recurrence of the nuisance. On granting the temporary writ the court or judge shall require an undertaking on the part of the applicant to the effect that the applicant will pay to the defendant enjoined such damages, not exceeding an amount to be specified, as the defendant sustains by reason of the injunction if the court finally decides that the applicant was not entitled to it.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 517, Sec. 321.)

11309.
  

Actions brought under this article shall have precedence over all other actions, except criminal proceedings, election contests and hearings on injunctions.

If the complaint is filed by a citizen it shall not be dismissed by him or for want of prosecution except upon a sworn statement made by him and his attorney, setting forth the reasons why the action should be dismissed, and by dismissal ordered by the court.

In case of failure to prosecute the action with reasonable diligence, or at the request of the plaintiff, the court, in its discretion, may substitute any other citizen consenting thereto for the plaintiff.

If the action is brought by a citizen and the court finds there was no reasonable ground or cause therefor, the costs shall be taxed against him.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11310.
  

If the existence of a nuisance as defined in this article is established in an action brought thereunder, an order of abatement shall be entered as part of the judgment in the case, and plaintiff’s costs in the action are a lien upon the means of conveyance, and upon its tackle, apparel and furniture. The lien is enforceable and collectible by execution issued by order of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11311.
  

A violation or disobedience of an injunction or order for abatement provided for in this article is punishable as a contempt of court by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200) or more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than one nor more than six months, or by both.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11312.
  

If the existence of a nuisance as defined in this article is established in an action brought thereunder, an order of abatement shall be entered as a part of the judgment, which order shall direct the seizure and forfeiture of the means of conveyance with its tackle, apparel and furniture, and the sale thereof in the manner provided for the sale of like chattels under execution.

While the order of abatement remains in effect, the means of conveyance is in the custody of the court.

For seizing and selling the means of conveyance, the officer is entitled to charge and receive the same fees as he would for levying upon and selling like property on execution.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11313.
  

The proceeds of the sale of the means of conveyance shall be applied as follows:

First—To the fees and costs of the seizure and sale.

Second—To the payment of the plaintiff’s costs in the action.

Third—The balance, if any, shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the General Fund.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11314.
  

If the owner of the means of conveyance has not been guilty of any contempt of court in a proceeding brought under this article, and appears and pays all costs, fees, and allowances that are a lien on the means of conveyance and files a bond in the full value of the means of conveyance, to be ascertained by the court, conditioned that the owner will immediately abate the nuisance and prevent it from being established or resumed within a period of one year thereafter, the court or judge may, if satisfied of the owner’s good faith, order the means of conveyance to be delivered to the owner, and the order of abatement canceled so far as it may relate thereto. The release of such means of conveyance under the provisions of this section does not release it from any judgment, lien, penalty, or liability to which it may be subject.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 517, Sec. 322.)

11315.
  

Whenever the owner of the means of conveyance, or the owner of any interest therein, has been guilty of a contempt of court, and fined in any proceeding under this article, the fine is a lien upon the property to the extent of his interest in it. The lien is enforceable and collectible by execution issued by order of the court.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11316.
  

Any person, firm, association or corporation, either as principal, agent, servant, employee or otherwise, who violates any of the provisions of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11317.
  

The term “gambling ship” as used in this article means any boat, ship, vessel, watercraft or barge kept, operated or maintained for the purpose of gambling, whether within or without the jurisdiction of the State, and whether it is anchored, lying to, or navigating.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11318.
  

If any section, subsection, paragraph, sentence or clause of this article is for any reason held to be invalid, the Legislature hereby declares that had it known of the invalidity of that portion at the time of this enactment, it would have passed the remainder of the article without the invalid portion and that it is the intention of the Legislature that the remainder of the article operate in the event of the invalidity of any portion thereof.

(Added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 35.)

11319.
  

It is unlawful for any person to do any of the following:

(a) Violate any provision of Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 319), Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 330), or Chapter 10.5 (commencing with Section 337.1) of Title 9 of Part 1 on a craft that embarks from any point within the state, and disembarks at the same or another point within the state, during which time the person intentionally causes or knowingly permits gambling activity to be conducted, whether within or without the waters of the state.

(b) Manage, supervise, control, operate, or own any craft that embarks from any point within the state, and disembarks at the same or another point within the state, during which time the person intentionally causes or knowingly permits gambling activity which would violate any provision of Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 319), Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 330), or Chapter 10.5 (commencing with Section 337.1) of Title 9 of Part 1 to be conducted, whether within or without the waters of the state.

(c) This section shall not apply to gambling activity conducted on United States-flagged or foreign-flagged craft during travel from a foreign nation or another state or possession of the United States up to the point of first entry into California waters or during travel to a foreign nation or another state or possession of the United States from the point of departure from California waters, provided that nothing herein shall preclude prosecution for any other offense under this article.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 276, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1993.)

PENPenal Code - PEN