Code Section Group

Insurance Code - INS

DIVISION 1. GENERAL RULES GOVERNING INSURANCE [100 - 1879.8]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )

PART 2. THE BUSINESS OF INSURANCE [680 - 1879.8]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )

CHAPTER 1. General Regulations [680 - 1113]

  ( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )

ARTICLE 10. Financial Statements of Insurers [900 - 925.4]
  ( Article 10 enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145. )

900.
  

(a) On or before the first day of March of each year every insurer doing business in this state shall make and file with the commissioner, in the number, form, and by the methods prescribed by the commissioner, statements exhibiting its condition and affairs as of the previous December 31. If the first day of March falls on a day other than a business day, the filing is due to the commissioner by the first business day preceding the first day of March.

(b) Each year, on or before the following dates, every insurer doing business in this state shall make and file with the commissioner, in the number, form, and methods prescribed by the commissioner, statements exhibiting its condition and affairs for the period beginning on January 1 of the current calendar year through the end of each quarter of the current year as described below. These quarterly filings shall cover the period of time beginning January 1 of the current year through and including the last day of the quarter for which the report is being made. The first quarter filing shall be filed with the commissioner on or before May 15th of every year. The second quarter filing shall be filed with the commissioner on or before August 15th of every year. The third quarter filing shall be filed with the commissioner on or before November 15th of every year. If any of these dates fall on a day other than a business day, then the filing is due to the commissioner by the first business day preceding that date.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 599, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2005.)

900.2.
  

(a) All insurers doing business in this state shall have an annual audit by an independent certified public accountant. The audit, including required auditor and management reporting, the audit committee and its membership, and other aspects of the audit content and process, shall be conducted, and the audit report prepared and filed, in conformity with the standards adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

(b) The commissioner may grant 30-day extensions of the filing date upon a showing by the insurer and its independent certified public accountant of the reasons for requesting each extension and the determination by the commissioner of substantial cause for an extension. The request for an extension shall be submitted in writing not less than 10 days prior to the due date in sufficient detail to permit the commissioner to make an informed decision on the requested extension.

(c) The commissioner may promulgate regulations to further the purposes of this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 234, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 2010.)

900.5.
  

The commissioner shall charge and collect one hundred eighteen dollars ($118) in advance as a fee for the first filing each year of a statement under this article. Only one such fee shall be charged or collected from any one insurer in any one calendar year.

(Amended by Stats. 1985, Ch. 770, Sec. 3.2. Note: This text was suspended from Jan. 1, 1987, until Jan. 1, 1990, during operation of the temporary amendment by Stats. 1986, Ch. 1332.)

900.8.
  

The commissioner may decline to grant or renew or may suspend or revoke a certificate of authority of an insurer that knowingly files with the department a false financial statement.

(Added by Stats. 1957, Ch. 395.)

900.9.
  

Any officer, director, employee or agent of any insurer, who wilfully signs or files a false or untrue report or statement of the business, affairs, or condition of such insurer with intent to deceive any public officer, office, or board to which such insurer is required by law to report, or which has authority by law to examine into its affairs or transactions, is guilty of a felony.

(Added by Stats. 1957, Ch. 395.)

902.
  

Insurers engaged in the business of compensation insurance shall, at such intervals as may be prescribed by the commissioner, file statements supplemental to such annual statements and covering such matters dealt with in such annual statements as the commissioner designates. Neither such supplemental report nor any synopsis thereof need be published.

(Enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145.)

903.
  

The commissioner shall require statements and reports to be verified as follows: (a) If made by a domestic corporation, by the oaths of any two of the executive officers thereof. (b) If made by an individual or firm, by the oath of such individual or a member of the firm. (c) If made by a foreign insurer, by the oath of the principal executive officer thereof, or manager, residing within the United States.

(Enacted by Stats. 1935, Ch. 145.)

903.5.
  

In any case where an insurer is required by law to file with the commissioner statements or reports respecting its financial condition, income or disbursements, verified or signed by its designated officers, agents, or employees, the commissioner may accept and file the statement or report verified by affidavit of the president or vice president and the treasurer or secretary of such insurer, in lieu of the verification or signature otherwise prescribed by law.

(Added by Stats. 1937, Ch. 724.)

904.
  

In addition to the annual statement required to be filed pursuant to Section 900, each admitted insurer shall file an authorization for disclosure to the commissioner of financial records pertaining to such funds pursuant to Section 7473 of the Government Code, to be effective until the next such annual filing.

(Added by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1320.)

922.
  

The guarantee by the Small Business Administrator that a surety shall not suffer loss as set forth in the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended, shall for all purposes and requirements under this code be deemed a contract of reinsurance between such surety and an authorized or admitted reinsurer irrespective of whether or not such guarantee contains all the provisions required of other reinsurance contracts.

(Added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 383.)

922.1.
  

The Legislature declares its intent that:

(a) In some instances, it is appropriate for the protection of insureds, insurers, and the public generally, that assuming insurers be required to provide security for the payment of their reinsurance obligations.

(b) Where such security is provided and upon the insolvency of the assuming insurer or initiation of receivership proceedings against it, the commissioner shall have the authority to determine whether it is in the best interest of insureds, claimants, and insurers to retain such security in the United States, to allow the filing of claims against the assuming insurer in the United States, and to have such claims valued in a United States proceeding subject to United States laws.

(c) In furtherance of the protection of insureds, insurers, and the public generally, the Legislature hereby states that these matters are fundamental to the business of insurance and hereby exercises its powers and privileges available pursuant to Sections 1011 and 1012 of Title 15 of the United States Code.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 840, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997.)

922.2.
  

(a) Credit for reinsurance shall be allowed a domestic ceding insurer as either an asset or a deduction from liability in accordance with Sections 922.4 and 922.5 only if the reinsurance contract contains provisions that provide, in substance, as follows:

(1) The reinsurer shall indemnify the ceding insurer for the risk it has assumed according to the terms and conditions contained in the reinsurance contract.

(2) In the event of insolvency, or a change in the status of the ceding company as defined in this section, and the appointment of a conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor of the ceding company, the reinsurance shall be payable to the conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor on the basis of claims allowed against the insolvent company by any court of competent jurisdiction or by any conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor of the company having authority to allow those claims, without diminution because of that insolvency or change in status, or because the conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor has failed to pay all or a portion of any claims. Payments by the reinsurer as set forth in this subdivision shall be made directly to the ceding insurer or to its conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor, except where the contract of insurance or reinsurance specifically provides another payee of such reinsurance in the event of the insolvency or change in status of the ceding insurer.

The reinsurance contract may provide that the conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor of a ceding insurer shall give written notice of the pendency of a claim against the ceding insurer indicating the policy or bond reinsured, within a reasonable time after such claim is filed and the reinsurer may interpose, at its own expense, in the proceeding in which the claim is to be adjudicated, any defense or defenses which it may deem available to the ceding insurer or its conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor. The expense thus incurred by the reinsurer shall be payable subject to court approval out of the estate of the insolvent ceding insurer as part of the expense of conservation or liquidation to the extent of a proportionate share of the benefit which may accrue to the ceding insurer in conservation or liquidation, solely as a result of the defense undertaken by the reinsurer.

(b) Payment pursuant to a reinsurance contract shall be made within a reasonable time with reasonable provision for verification in accordance with the terms of the reinsurance agreement. However, in no event shall the payments be beyond the period required by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual.

(c) The original insured or policyholder shall not have any rights against the reinsurer which are not specifically set forth in the contract of reinsurance, or in a specific agreement between the reinsurer and the original insured or policyholder.

(d) For purposes of this section, the phrase “change in the status of the ceding company” means a finding by the commissioner that conditions set forth in subdivision (d) or (i) of Section 1011, a Regulatory Action Level Event as defined in Section 739.4, or any other event which permits the appointment of a conservator, liquidator, or statutory successor has occurred with respect to the ceding company.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.3.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, credit for reinsurance, as either an asset or a deduction, shall not be allowed in any accounting or financial statement of the ceding insurer in respect to any so-called reinsurance contract unless, in such contract, the reinsurer undertakes to indemnify the ceding insurer, not only in form but in fact, against all or a part of the loss or liability arising out of the original insurance.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 840, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1997.)

922.31.
  

(a) A ceding insurer shall take steps to manage its reinsurance recoverables proportionate to its own book of business. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the commissioner within 30 days after reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, exceeds 50 percent of the domestic ceding insurer’s last reported surplus to policyholders, or after it is determined that reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(b) A ceding insurer shall take steps to diversify its reinsurance program. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the commissioner within 30 days after ceding to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, more than 20 percent of the ceding insurer’s gross written premium in the prior calendar year, or after it has determined that the reinsurance ceded to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.4.
  

Credit for reinsurance shall be allowed a domestic ceding insurer as either an asset or a deduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded only when the reinsurer meets the requirements of subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), or (e). Credit shall be allowed under subdivision (a), (b), or (c) only for cessions of those kinds or classes of business that the assuming insurer is licensed or otherwise permitted to write or assume in its state of domicile or, in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, in the state through which it is entered and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance. The commissioner may adopt by regulation specific additional requirements relating to or setting forth the valuation of assets or reserve credits, the amount and forms of security supporting reinsurance arrangements described in subdivision (b) of Section 922.85, and the circumstances pursuant to which credit will be reduced or eliminated.

(a) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in this state unless the assuming insurer is the subject of a regulatory order or regulatory oversight by any state in which it is licensed based upon a commissioner’s determination that the assuming insurer is in a hazardous financial condition.

(b) (1) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is accredited as a reinsurer in this state unless the assuming insurer is the subject of a regulatory order or regulatory oversight by any state in which it is licensed based upon a commissioner’s determination that the assuming insurer is in a hazardous financial condition. An accredited reinsurer is one that does all of the following:

(A) Files with the commissioner evidence of its submission to this state’s jurisdiction.

(B) Submits to this state’s authority to examine its books and records.

(C) Designates the commissioner or a designated attorney in this state as its true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served any lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding insurer.

(D) Is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state, or in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, is entered through and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state.

(E) Files annually with the commissioner a copy of its annual statement filed with the insurance department of its state of domicile and a copy of its most recent audited financial statement and other financial information requested by the commissioner.

(F) Submits a statement, signed and verified by an officer of the assuming insurer to be true and correct, that discloses whether the assuming insurer or any affiliated person who owns or has a controlling interest in the assuming insurer is currently known to be the subject of any of the following:

(i) Any order or proceeding regarding conservation, liquidation, or receivership.

(ii) Any order or proceeding regarding the revocation or suspension of a license or accreditation to transact insurance or reinsurance in any jurisdiction.

(iii) Any order or proceeding brought by an insurance regulator in any jurisdiction seeking to restrict or stop the assuming insurer from transacting insurance or reinsurance based upon a hazardous financial condition.

The assuming insurer shall provide the commissioner with copies of any orders or other documents initiating proceedings subject to disclosure under this paragraph. The statement shall affirm that no actions, proceedings, or orders subject to this subparagraph are outstanding against the assuming insurer or any affiliated person who owns or has a controlling interest in the assuming insurer, except as disclosed in the statement.

(G) Demonstrates to the satisfaction of the commissioner that it has adequate financial capacity to meet its reinsurance obligations and is otherwise qualified to assume reinsurance from domestic insurers. An assuming insurer is deemed to meet this requirement if it maintains a surplus as regards policyholders in an amount that is not less than twenty million dollars ($20,000,000) and whose accreditation has not been denied by the commissioner within 90 days of its submission. An assuming insurer who is not deemed to meet this requirement shall obtain the affirmative approval of the commissioner. The approval of the commissioner shall be based upon a finding that the assuming insurer has adequate financial capacity to meet its reinsurance obligations and is otherwise qualified to assume reinsurance from domestic insurers.

(2) The commissioner may deny or revoke an assuming insurer’s accreditation if the assuming insurer does not meet all of the standards required of an accredited reinsurer, or if its accreditation would be hazardous to the policyholders of this state. In determining whether to deny or revoke accreditation, the commissioner may consider the qualifications of the assuming insurer with respect to all the following subjects:

(A) Its financial stability.

(B) The lawfulness and quality of its investments.

(C) The competency, character, and integrity of its management.

(D) The competency, character, and integrity of persons who own or have a controlling interest in the assuming insurer.

(E) Whether claims under its contracts are promptly and fairly adjusted and are promptly and fully paid in accordance with the law and the terms of the contracts.

(3) Credit shall not be allowed a domestic ceding insurer if the assuming insurer’s accreditation has been revoked by the commissioner after notice and hearing.

(c) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the commissioner pursuant to Section 922.41.

(d) (1) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that maintains a trust fund in a qualified United States financial institution as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 922.7 for the payment of the valid claims of its United States ceding insurers, their assigns, and successors in interest. To enable the commissioner to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund the assuming insurer shall report annually to the commissioner information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the NAIC Annual Statement form by licensed insurers or any other form required by the NAIC.

(2) Credit for reinsurance shall not be granted under this subdivision unless the form of the trust and any amendments to the trust have been approved by either:

(A) The commissioner of the state where the trust is domiciled.

(B) The commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.

The trust and any trust amendments shall also be filed with the commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the commissioner from disapproving the form of the trust if it is not in compliance with this state’s laws and regulations.

(3) Credit for reinsurance shall not be granted under this subdivision unless the following requirements are met:

(A) The trust instrument shall provide that contested claims shall be valid, enforceable, and payable out of funds in trust to the extent remaining unsatisfied 30 days after entry of the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction in the United States.

(B) The trust shall vest legal title to its assets in the trustees of the trust for the benefit of the grantor’s United States ceding insurers, their assigns, and successors in interest.

(C) The trust and the assuming insurer shall be subject to examination as determined by the commissioner.

(D) The trust shall remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer, or any member or former member of a group of insurers, shall have outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust.

(E) No later than February 28 of each year, the trustees of the trust shall report to the commissioner in writing setting forth the balance of the trust and listing the trust’s investments at the preceding yearend and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust shall not expire within the next 18 months.

(F) The assuming insurer shall do both of the following:

(i) Submit to the jurisdiction of any court of competent jurisdiction in any state of the United States, comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction, and abide by the final decision of the court or of any appellate court in the event of an appeal.

(ii) Designate the commissioner or an attorney in this state as its true and lawful agent upon whom may be served any lawful process in any action, suit, or proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding insurer.

This subparagraph is not intended to conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes, if this obligation is created in the agreement.

(G) The assuming insurer shall agree in the trust agreement that notwithstanding any other provision in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the amount required by paragraph (4), or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation, or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile:

(i) The trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the commissioner with regulatory oversight all of the assets of the trust fund.

(ii) The assets shall be distributed by, and insurance claims shall be filed with and valued by, the commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(iii) If the commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part thereof are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets or part thereof shall be returned by the commissioner with regulatory oversight to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

(iv) The grantor hereby waives any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with this provision.

(4) The following requirements apply to the following categories of assuming insurer:

(A) The trust fund for a single assuming insurer shall consist of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers, and, in addition, the assuming insurer shall maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than twenty million dollars ($20,000,000), except as provided in subparagraph (B), (C), or (D).

(B) In the case of a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:

(i) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment, or renewal date on or after January 1, 1993, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriters’ several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any underwriter of the group.

(ii) For reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before December 31, 1992, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of this article, the trust shall consist of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriters’ several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States.

(iii) In addition to the trusts required in clauses (i) and (ii), the group shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which one hundred million dollars ($100,000,000) shall be held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account.

(iv) The incorporated members of the group shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group’s domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.

(v) The group shall, within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group’s domiciliary regulator, provide to the commissioner an annual certification by the group’s domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member; or, if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants of each underwriter member of the group.

(C) In the case of a group of incorporated insurers under common administration, the group shall meet all of the following requirements:

(i) Have continuously transacted an insurance business outside the United States for at least three years immediately prior to making application for accreditation and be in good standing with its domiciliary regulator.

(ii) Demonstrate that individual insurer members maintain standards and financial conditions reasonably comparable to admitted insurers.

(iii) Maintain aggregate policyholders’ surplus of at least ten billion dollars ($10,000,000,000).

(iv) Maintain a trust fund in an amount not less than the group’s several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of such group.

(v) In addition, maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which one hundred million dollars ($100,000,000) shall be held jointly for the benefit of United States ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for these liabilities. The commissioner shall have the authority to require additional amounts to be held in the trust as a condition for initial or continued accreditation if the commissioner determines that these additional amounts are required for the protection of ceding insurers.

(vi) Within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group’s domiciliary regulator, make available to the commissioner an annual certification of each underwriter member’s solvency by the member’s domiciliary regulator, and financial statements for each underwriter member of the group prepared by its independent public accountant.

(D) At any time after the assuming insurer has permanently discontinued underwriting new business secured by the trust for at least three full years, the commissioner may authorize a reduction in the required trusteed surplus, but only after a finding, based on an assessment of the risk, that the new required surplus level is adequate for the protection of United States ceding insurers, policyholders, and claimants in light of reasonably foreseeable adverse loss development. The risk assessment may involve an actuarial review, including an independent analysis of reserves and cashflows, and shall consider all material risk factors, including, when applicable, the lines of business involved, the stability of the incurred loss estimates, and the effect of the surplus requirements on the assuming insurer’s liquidity or solvency. The minimum required trusteed surplus may not be reduced to an amount less than 50 percent of the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers covered by the trust, unless the commissioner expressly finds that appropriate circumstances justify a lower level of minimum required trusteed surplus, provided the minimum required trusteed surplus may not be reduced to an amount less than 30 percent of the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers covered by the trust.

(e) Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (d), but only as to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions where the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction. As used in this section, “jurisdiction” means state, district, or territory of the United States and any lawful national government.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 202, Sec. 2. Effective September 1, 2017.)

922.41.
  

(a) Credit shall be allowed a domestic insurer when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the commissioner as a reinsurer in this state and secures its obligations in accordance with the requirements of this section. Credit shall be allowed at all times for which statutory financial statement credit for reinsurance is claimed under this section. The credit allowed shall be based upon the security held by or on behalf of the ceding insurer in accordance with a rating assigned to the certified reinsurer by the commissioner. The security shall be in a form consistent with this section, any regulations promulgated by the commissioner, and Section 922.5.

(b) In order to be eligible for certification, the assuming insurer shall meet the following requirements:

(1) The assuming insurer shall be domiciled and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the commissioner pursuant to subdivisions (f) and (g).

(2) The assuming insurer shall maintain minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, in an amount to be determined by the commissioner, but no less than two hundred fifty million dollars ($250,000,000) calculated in accordance with paragraph (4) of subdivision (f) of this section or Section 922.5. This requirement may also be satisfied by an association including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters having minimum capital and surplus equivalents (net of liabilities) of at least two hundred fifty million dollars ($250,000,000) and a central fund containing a balance of at least two hundred fifty million dollars ($250,000,000).

(3) The assuming insurer shall maintain financial strength ratings from two or more rating agencies deemed acceptable by the commissioner. These ratings shall be based on interactive communication between the rating agency and the assuming insurer and shall not be based solely on publicly available information. These financial strength ratings will be one factor used by the commissioner in determining the rating that is assigned to the assuming insurer. Acceptable rating agencies include the following:

(A) Standard & Poor’s.

(B) Moody’s Investors Service.

(C) Fitch Ratings.

(D) A.M. Best Company.

(E) Any other nationally recognized statistical rating organization.

(4) The assuming insurer shall agree to submit to the jurisdiction of this state, appoint the commissioner or a designated attorney in this state as its agent for service of process in this state, and agree to provide security for 100 percent of the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers if it resists enforcement of a final United States judgment.

(5) The assuming insurer shall agree to meet applicable information filing requirements as determined by the commissioner, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis.

(6) The certified reinsurer shall comply with any other requirements deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(c) (1) If an applicant for certification has been certified as a reinsurer in a National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) accredited jurisdiction, the commissioner may defer to that jurisdiction’s certification, and has the discretion to defer to the rating assigned by that jurisdiction if the assuming insurer submits a properly executed Form CR-1 (as published on the department’s Internet Web site), and such additional information as the commissioner requires. The commissioner, however, may perform an independent review and determination of any applicant. The assuming insurer shall then be considered to be a certified reinsurer in this state.

(2) If the commissioner defers to a certification determination by another state, any change in the certified reinsurer’s status or rating in the other jurisdiction shall apply automatically in this state as of the date it takes effect in the other jurisdiction unless the commissioner otherwise determines. The certified reinsurer shall notify the commissioner of any change in its status or rating within 10 days after receiving notice of the change.

(3) The commissioner may withdraw recognition of the other jurisdiction’s rating at any time and assign a new rating in accordance with subdivision (h).

(4) The commissioner may withdraw recognition of the other jurisdiction’s certification at any time, with written notice to the certified reinsurer. Unless the commissioner suspends or revokes the certified reinsurer’s certification in accordance with this section and Section 922.42, the certified reinsurer’s certification shall remain in good standing in this state for a period of three months, which shall be extended if additional time is necessary to consider the assuming insurer’s application for certification in this state.

(d) An association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, may be a certified reinsurer. In order to be eligible for certification, in addition to satisfying requirements of subdivision (b), the reinsurer shall meet all of the following requirements:

(1) The association shall satisfy its minimum capital and surplus requirements through the capital and surplus equivalents (net of liabilities) of the association and its members, which shall include a joint central fund that may be applied to any unsatisfied obligation of the association or any of its members, in an amount determined by the commissioner to provide adequate protection.

(2) The incorporated members of the association shall not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the association and shall be subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the association’s domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.

(3) Within 90 days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the association’s domiciliary regulator, the association shall provide to the commissioner an annual certification by the association’s domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member or, if a certification is unavailable, financial statements, prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the association.

(e) (1) The commissioner shall post notice on the department’s Internet Web site promptly upon receipt of any application for certification, including instructions on how members of the public may respond to the application. The commissioner shall not take final action on the application until at least 30 days after posting the notice required by this subdivision.

(2) The commissioner shall issue written notice to an assuming insurer that has made application and has been approved as a certified reinsurer. Included in that notice shall be the rating assigned the certified reinsurer in accordance with subdivision (h). The commissioner shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.

(f) The certified reinsurer shall agree to meet applicable information filing requirements as determined by the commissioner, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis. All information submitted by certified reinsurers that is not otherwise public information subject to disclosure shall be exempted from disclosure under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, and shall be withheld from public disclosure. The applicable information filing requirements are as follows:

(1) Notification within 10 days of any regulatory actions taken against the certified reinsurer, any change in the provisions of its domiciliary license or any change in rating by an approved rating agency, including a statement describing those changes and the reasons for those changes.

(2) Annually, Form CR-F or CR-S, as applicable pursuant to the instructions published on the department’s Internet Web site.

(3) Annually, the report of the independent auditor on the financial statements of the insurance enterprise, on the basis described in paragraph (4).

(4) Annually, audited financial statements, (audited United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles basis, if available, audited International Financial Reporting Standards basis statements are allowed, but must include an audited footnote reconciling equity and net income to a United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles basis, or, with the written permission of the commissioner, audited International Financial Reporting Standards statements with reconciliation to United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles certified by an officer of the company), regulatory filings, and actuarial opinion (as filed with the certified reinsurer’s supervisor). Upon the initial certification, audited financial statements for the last three years filed with the certified reinsurer’s supervisor.

(5) At least annually, an updated list of all disputed and overdue reinsurance claims regarding reinsurance assumed from United States domestic ceding insurers.

(6) A certification from the certified reinsurer’s domestic regulator that the certified reinsurer is in good standing and maintains capital in excess of the jurisdiction’s highest regulatory action level.

(7) Any other information that the commissioner may reasonably require.

(g) If the commissioner certifies a non-United States domiciled insurer, the commissioner shall create and publish a list of qualified jurisdictions, under which an assuming insurer licensed and domiciled in that jurisdiction is eligible to be considered for certification by the commissioner as a certified reinsurer.

(1) In order to determine whether the domiciliary jurisdiction of a non-United States assuming insurer is eligible to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the commissioner shall evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the reinsurance supervisory system of the jurisdiction, both initially and on an ongoing basis, and consider the rights, benefits, and the extent of reciprocal recognition afforded by the non-United States jurisdiction to reinsurers licensed and domiciled in the United States. The commissioner shall determine the appropriate process for evaluating the qualifications of those jurisdictions. Prior to its listing, a qualified jurisdiction shall agree in writing to share information and cooperate with the commissioner with respect to all certified reinsurers domiciled within that jurisdiction. A jurisdiction may not be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction if the commissioner has determined that the jurisdiction does not adequately and promptly enforce final United States judgments and arbitration awards. Additional factors may be considered in the discretion of the commissioner, including, but not limited to, the following:

(A) The framework under which the assuming insurer is regulated.

(B) The structure and authority of the domiciliary regulator with regard to solvency regulation requirements and financial surveillance.

(C) The substance of financial and operating standards for assuming insurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction.

(D) The form and substance of financial reports required to be filed or made publicly available by reinsurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction and the accounting principles used.

(E) The domiciliary regulator’s willingness to cooperate with United States regulators in general and the commissioner in particular.

(F) The history of performance by assuming insurers in the domiciliary jurisdiction.

(G) Any documented evidence of substantial problems with the enforcement of final United States judgments in the domiciliary jurisdiction.

(H) Any relevant international standards or guidance with respect to mutual recognition of reinsurance supervision adopted by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors or a successor organization.

(I) Any other matters deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(2) The commissioner shall consider the list of qualified jurisdictions published through the NAIC committee process in determining qualified jurisdictions. The commissioner may include on the list published pursuant to this section any jurisdiction on the NAIC list of qualified jurisdictions or on any equivalent list of the United States Treasury.

(3) If the commissioner approves a jurisdiction as qualified that does not appear on either the NAIC list of qualified jurisdictions, or the United States Treasury list, the commissioner shall provide thoroughly documented justification in accordance with criteria to be developed under this section.

(4) United States jurisdictions that meet the requirements for accreditation under the NAIC financial standards and accreditation program shall be recognized as qualified jurisdictions.

(5) If a certified reinsurer’s domiciliary jurisdiction ceases to be a qualified jurisdiction, the commissioner has the discretion to suspend the reinsurer’s certification indefinitely, in lieu of revocation.

(h) The commissioner shall assign a rating to each certified reinsurer, giving due consideration to the financial strength ratings that have been assigned by rating agencies deemed acceptable to the commissioner pursuant to this section. The commissioner shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.

(1) Each certified reinsurer shall be rated on a legal entity basis, with due consideration being given to the group rating where appropriate, except that an association including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters that has been approved to do business as a single certified reinsurer may be evaluated on the basis of its group rating. Factors that may be considered as part of the evaluation process include, but are not limited to, the following:

(A) The certified reinsurer’s financial strength rating from an acceptable rating agency. The maximum rating that a certified reinsurer may be assigned shall correspond to its financial strength rating as set forth in clauses (i) to (vi), inclusive. The commissioner shall use the lowest financial strength rating received from an approved rating agency in establishing the maximum rating of a certified reinsurer. A failure to obtain or maintain at least two financial strength ratings from acceptable rating agencies shall result in loss of eligibility for certification.

(i) Ratings category “Secure - 1” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating A++; Standard & Poor’s rating AAA; Moody’s Investors Service rating Aaa; and Fitch Ratings rating AAA.

(ii) Ratings category “Secure - 2” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating A+; Standard & Poor’s rating AA+, AA, or AA-; Moody’s Investors Service rating Aa1, Aa2, or Aa3; and Fitch Ratings rating AA+, AA, or AA-.

(iii) Ratings category “Secure - 3” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating A; Standard & Poor’s rating A+ or A; Moody’s Investors Service rating A1 or A2; and Fitch Ratings rating A+ or A.

(iv) Ratings category “Secure - 4” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating A-; Standard & Poor’s rating A-; Moody’s Investors Service rating A3; and Fitch Ratings rating A-.

(v) Ratings category “Secure - 5” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating B++ or B+; Standard & Poor’s rating BBB+, BBB, or BBB-; Moody’s Investors Service rating Baa1, Baa2, or Baa3; and Fitch Ratings rating BBB+, BBB, or BBB-.

(vi) Ratings category “Vulnerable - 6” corresponds to A.M. Best Company rating B, B-, C++, C+, C, C-, D, E, or F; Standard & Poor’s rating BB+, BB, BB-, B+, B, B-, CCC, CC, C, D, or R; Moody’s Investors Service rating Ba1, Ba2, Ba3, B1, B2, B3, Caa, Ca, or C; and Fitch Ratings rating BB+, BB, BB-, B+, B, B-, CCC+, CC, CCC-, or DD.

(B) The business practices of the certified reinsurer in dealing with its ceding insurers, including its record of compliance with reinsurance contractual terms and obligations.

(C) For certified reinsurers domiciled in the United States, a review of the most recent applicable NAIC Annual Statement Blank, either Schedule F (for property/casualty reinsurers) or Schedule S (for life and health reinsurers).

(D) For certified reinsurers not domiciled in the United States, a review annually of Form CR-F (for property/casualty reinsurers) or Form CR-S (for life and health reinsurers) (as published on the department’s Internet Web site).

(E) The reputation of the certified reinsurer for prompt payment of claims under reinsurance agreements, based on an analysis of ceding insurers’ Schedule F reporting of overdue reinsurance recoverables, including the proportion of obligations that are more than 90 days past due or are in dispute, with specific attention given to obligations payable to companies that are in administrative supervision or receivership.

(F) Regulatory actions against the certified reinsurer.

(G) The report of the independent auditor on the financial statements of the insurance enterprise, on the basis described in subparagraph (H).

(H) For certified reinsurers not domiciled in the United States, audited financial statements, (audited United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles basis, if available, audited International Financial Reporting Standards basis statements are allowed, but must include an audited footnote reconciling equity and net income to a United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles basis, or, with the written permission of the commissioner, audited International Financial Reporting Standards statements with reconciliation to United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles certified by an officer of the company), regulatory filings, and actuarial opinion (as filed with the non-United States jurisdiction supervisor). Upon the initial application for certification, the commissioner shall consider audited financial statements for the last three years filed with its non-United States jurisdiction supervisor.

(I) The liquidation priority of obligations to a ceding insurer in the certified reinsurer’s domiciliary jurisdiction in the context of an insolvency proceeding.

(J) A certified reinsurer’s participation in any solvent scheme of arrangement, or similar procedure, which involves United States ceding insurers. The commissioner shall receive prior notice from a certified reinsurer that proposes participation by the certified reinsurer in a solvent scheme of arrangement.

(K) Any other information deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(2) Based on the analysis conducted under subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) of a certified reinsurer’s reputation for prompt payment of claims, the commissioner may make appropriate adjustments in the security the certified reinsurer is required to post to protect its liabilities to United States ceding insurers, provided that the commissioner shall, at a minimum, increase the security the certified reinsurer is required to post by one rating level under regulations promulgated by the commissioner, if the commissioner finds either of the following:

(A) More than 15 percent of the certified reinsurer’s ceding insurance clients have overdue reinsurance recoverables on paid losses of 90 days or more that are not in dispute and that exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) for each ceding insurer.

(B) The aggregate amount of reinsurance recoverables on paid losses that are not in dispute and that are overdue by 90 days or more exceeds fifty million dollars ($50,000,000).

(3) The assuming insurer shall submit a properly executed Form CR-1 (as published on the department’s Internet Web site) as evidence of its submission to the jurisdiction of this state, appointment of the commissioner as an agent for service of process in this state, and agreement to provide security for 100 percent of the assuming insurer’s liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers if it resists enforcement of a final United States judgment. The commissioner shall not certify any assuming insurer that is domiciled in a jurisdiction that the commissioner has determined does not adequately and promptly enforce final United States judgments or arbitration awards.

(4) (A) In the case of a downgrade by a rating agency or other disqualifying circumstance, the commissioner shall, upon written notice, assign a new rating to the certified reinsurer in accordance with the requirements of this subdivision.

(B) The commissioner shall have the authority to suspend, revoke, or otherwise modify a certified reinsurer’s certification at any time if the certified reinsurer fails to meet its obligations or security requirements under this section, or if other financial or operating results of the certified reinsurer, or documented significant delays in payment by the certified reinsurer, lead the commissioner to reconsider the certified reinsurer’s ability or willingness to meet its contractual obligations.

(C) If the rating of a certified reinsurer is upgraded by the commissioner, the certified reinsurer may meet the security requirements applicable to its new rating on a prospective basis, but the commissioner shall require the certified reinsurer to post security under the previously applicable security requirements as to all contracts in force on or before the effective date of the upgraded rating. If the rating of a certified reinsurer is downgraded by the commissioner, the commissioner shall require the certified reinsurer to meet the security requirements applicable to its new rating for all business it has assumed as a certified reinsurer.

(D) Upon revocation of the certification of a certified reinsurer by the commissioner, the assuming insurer shall be required to post security in accordance with Section 922.5 in order for the ceding insurer to continue to take credit for reinsurance ceded to the assuming insurer. If funds continue to be held in trust in accordance with subdivision (d) of Section 922.4, the commissioner may allow additional credit equal to the ceding insurer’s pro rata share of those funds, discounted to reflect the risk of uncollectibility and anticipated expenses of trust administration. Notwithstanding the change of a certified reinsurer’s rating or revocation of its certification, a domestic insurer that has ceded reinsurance to that certified reinsurer shall not be denied credit for reinsurance for a period of three months for all reinsurance ceded to that certified reinsurer, unless the reinsurance is found by the commissioner to be at high risk of uncollectibility.

(i) A certified reinsurer shall secure obligations assumed from United States ceding insurers under this subdivision at a level consistent with its rating. The amount of security required in order for full credit to be allowed shall correspond with the following requirements:

Ratings security required

Secure - 1: 0 percent

Secure - 2: 10 percent

Secure - 3: 20 percent

Secure - 4: 50 percent

Secure - 5: 75 percent

Vulnerable - 6: 100 percent

(1) In order for a domestic ceding insurer to qualify for full financial statement credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer, the certified reinsurer shall maintain security in a form acceptable to the commissioner and consistent with Section 922.5, or in a multibeneficiary trust in accordance with subdivision (d) of Section 922.4, except as otherwise provided in this subdivision. In order for a domestic insurer to qualify for full financial statement credit, reinsurance contracts entered into or renewed under this section shall include a proper funding clause that requires the certified reinsurer to provide and maintain security in an amount sufficient to avoid the imposition of any financial statement penalty on the ceding insurer under this section for reinsurance ceded to the certified reinsurer.

(2) If a certified reinsurer maintains a trust to fully secure its obligations subject to subdivision (d) of Section 922.4, and chooses to secure its obligations incurred as a certified reinsurer in the form of a multibeneficiary trust, the certified reinsurer shall maintain separate trust accounts for its obligations incurred under reinsurance agreements issued or renewed as a certified reinsurer with reduced security as permitted by this subdivision or comparable laws of other United States jurisdictions and for its obligations subject to subdivision (d) of Section 922.4. It shall be a condition to the grant of certification under this section that the certified reinsurer shall have bound itself, by the language of the trust and agreement with the commissioner with principal regulatory oversight of each of those trust accounts, to fund, upon termination of any of those trust accounts, out of the remaining surplus of those trusts any deficiency of any other of those trust accounts.

(3) The minimum trusteed surplus requirements provided in subdivision (d) of Section 922.4 are not applicable with respect to a multibeneficiary trust maintained by a certified reinsurer for the purpose of securing obligations incurred under this subdivision, except that the trust shall maintain a minimum trusteed surplus of ten million dollars ($10,000,000).

(4) With respect to obligations incurred by a certified reinsurer under this subdivision, if the security is insufficient, the commissioner shall reduce the allowable credit by an amount proportionate to the deficiency, and have the discretion to impose further reductions in allowable credit upon finding that there is a material risk that the certified reinsurer’s obligations will not be paid in full when due.

(5) For purposes of this subdivision, a certified reinsurer whose certification has been terminated for any reason shall be treated as a certified reinsurer required to secure 100 percent of its obligations.

(A) As used in this subdivision, the term “terminated” means revocation, suspension, voluntary surrender, and inactive status.

(B) If the commissioner continues to assign a higher rating as permitted by other provisions of this section, this requirement shall not apply to a certified reinsurer in inactive status or to a reinsurer whose certification has been suspended.

(6) The commissioner shall require the certified reinsurer to post 100-percent security in accordance with Section 922.5, for the benefit of the ceding insurer or its estate, upon the entry of an order of rehabilitation, liquidation, or conservation against the ceding insurer.

(7) Affiliated reinsurance transactions shall receive the same opportunity for reduced security requirements as all other reinsurance transactions.

(8) In order to facilitate the prompt payment of claims, a certified reinsurer shall not be required to post security for catastrophe recoverables for a period of one year from the date of the first instance of a liability reserve entry by the ceding company as a result of a loss from a catastrophic occurrence that is likely to result in significant insured losses, as recognized by the commissioner. The one-year deferral period is contingent upon the certified reinsurer continuing to pay claims in a timely manner, as determined by the commissioner, in writing. Reinsurance recoverables for only the following lines of business as reported on the NAIC annual financial statement related specifically to the catastrophic occurrence shall be included in the deferral:

(A) Line 1: Fire.

(B) Line 2: Allied lines.

(C) Line 3: Farmowners’ multiple peril.

(D) Line 4: Homeowners’ multiple peril.

(E) Line 5: Commercial multiple peril.

(F) Line 9: Inland marine.

(G) Line 12: Earthquake.

(H) Line 21: Auto physical damage.

(9) Credit for reinsurance under this section shall apply only to reinsurance contracts entered into or renewed on or after the effective date of the certification of the assuming insurer. Any reinsurance contract entered into prior to the effective date of the certification of the assuming insurer that is subsequently amended by mutual agreement of the parties to the reinsurance contract after the effective date of the certification of the assuming insurer, or a new reinsurance contract, covering any risk for which collateral was provided previously, shall only be subject to this section with respect to losses incurred and reserves reported from and after the effective date of the amendment or new contract.

(10) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the parties to a reinsurance agreement from agreeing to provisions establishing security requirements that exceed the minimum security requirements established for certified reinsurers under this section.

(j) A certified reinsurer that ceases to assume new business in this state may request to maintain its certification in inactive status in order to continue to qualify for a reduction in security for its in-force business. An inactive certified reinsurer shall continue to comply with all applicable requirements of this section, and the commissioner shall assign a rating that takes into account, if relevant, the reasons why the reinsurer is not assuming new business.

(k) Notwithstanding this section, credit for reinsurance or deduction from liability by a domestic ceding insurer for cessions to a certified reinsurer may be disallowed upon a finding by the commissioner that the application of the literal provisions of this section does not accomplish its intent, or either the financial condition of the reinsurer or the collateral or other security provided by the reinsurer does not, in substance, satisfy the credit for reinsurance requirements in Section 922.4.

(l) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2021, deletes or extends that date.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 348, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2016. Repealed as of January 1, 2021, by its own provisions.)

922.42.
  

(a) If an accredited or certified reinsurer ceases to meet the requirements for accreditation or certification, the commissioner may suspend or revoke the reinsurer’s accreditation or certification.

(b) The commissioner shall give the reinsurer notice and opportunity for hearing. The suspension or revocation shall not take effect until after the commissioner’s order on hearing, unless any of the following applies:

(1) The reinsurer waives its right to hearing.

(2) The commissioner’s order is based on regulatory action by the reinsurer’s domiciliary jurisdiction or the voluntary surrender or termination of the reinsurer’s eligibility to transact insurance or reinsurance business in its domiciliary jurisdiction or in the primary certifying state of the reinsurer under subdivision (b) of Section 922.41.

(3) The commissioner finds that an emergency requires immediate action and a court of competent jurisdiction has not stayed the commissioner’s action.

(c) While a reinsurer’s accreditation or certification is suspended, no reinsurance contract issued or renewed after the effective date of the suspension qualifies for credit except to the extent that the reinsurer’s obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with Section 922.5. If a reinsurer’s accreditation or certification is revoked, no credit for reinsurance may be granted after the effective date of the revocation except to the extent that the reinsurer’s obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with subdivision (i) of Section 922.41 or Section 922.5.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.43.
  

The actual costs and expenses incurred by the department in reviewing requests for accreditation or certification, trusts, and subsequent amendments established or maintained pursuant to Sections 922.1 to 922.7, inclusive, and subsequent reviews, shall be charged to and collected from the requesting reinsurer. If the reinsurer fails to pay the actual costs and expenses promptly when due, then the commissioner may deny the requests, may refuse to allow credit for reinsurance ceded to that reinsurer or group, or may revoke the reinsurer’s accreditation or certification.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.5.
  

(a) An asset or a deduction from liability for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of Section 922.4 shall be allowed in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer to the extent of either of the following:

(1) The asset or deduction is not greater than the amount of funds held by the ceding insurer under a reinsurance contract with that assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations thereunder and those funds are held in the United States under the exclusive control of the ceding insurer.

(2) The asset or deduction is not greater than the amount of funds held in a trust, satisfactory to the commissioner, on behalf of the ceding insurer under a reinsurance contract with the assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations thereunder and is held in a qualified United States financial institution, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 922.7, subject to withdrawal solely by the ceding insurer.

The security under this subdivision may be in the form of cash or securities authorized as general investments under Article 3 (commencing with Section 1170) of Chapter 2, or securities listed by the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC, including those deemed exempt from filing, as defined by the Purposes and Procedures Manual of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners Securities Valuation Office, qualifying as admitted assets under this code and with liquidity meeting the requirements of Section 706.5, and not otherwise disallowed in the commissioner’s discretion.

(b) An asset or a deduction from liability for reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of Section 922.4 shall be allowed in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer to the extent that security is provided in the form of letters of credit, satisfactory to the commissioner, which shall be:

(1) Clean, irrevocable, unconditional letters of credit, issued or confirmed by qualified United States financial institutions, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 922.7, effective no later than December 31st in respect of the year for which filing is being made, and in the possession of the ceding insurer on or before the filing date of its annual statement.

(2) Letters of credit meeting applicable standards of issuer acceptability as of the dates of their issuance or confirmation and shall, notwithstanding the issuing or confirming institutions’ subsequent failure to meet applicable standards of issuer acceptability, continue to be acceptable as security until their expiration, extension, renewal, modification, or amendment, whichever first occurs.

(c) For purposes of this section, the phrase “deemed exempt from filing as defined by the Purposes and Procedures Manual of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners Securities Valuation Office” shall mean all United States government securities, and all other securities or bonds with a rating of SVO 1 or FE 1 listed by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners Securities Valuation Office as exempt.

(d) The commissioner may adopt, by regulation pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 922.85, specific additional requirements relating to or setting forth the valuation of assets or reserve credits, the amount and forms of security supporting reinsurance arrangements described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 922.85, and the circumstances pursuant to which credit will be reduced or eliminated.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 202, Sec. 3. Effective September 1, 2017.)

922.6.
  

Credit for reinsurance shall not be denied a foreign ceding insurer to the extent that credit is recognized by the ceding insurer’s domestic state regulator, provided that the domestic state is accredited by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), or the domestic state regulator has financial solvency requirements substantially similar to the requirements necessary for NAIC accreditation.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.7.
  

(a) For purposes of subdivision (b) of Section 922.5, a “qualified United States financial institution” means an institution that complies with all of the following:

(1) Is organized or in the case of a United States office of a foreign banking organization, licensed, under the laws of the United States or any state thereof.

(2) Is regulated, supervised, and examined by United States federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.

(3) Has been determined by the commissioner, or, in the discretion of the commissioner, the Securities Valuation Office of the NAIC, to meet such standards of financial condition and standing as are considered necessary and appropriate to regulate the quality of financial institutions whose letters of credit will be acceptable to the commissioner.

(b) A “qualified United States financial institution” means, for purposes of those provisions of this law specifying those institutions that are eligible to act as a fiduciary of a trust, an institution that is both:

(1) Organized, or in the case of a United States branch or agency office of a foreign banking organization, licensed, under the laws of the United States or any state thereof and has been granted authority to operate with fiduciary powers.

(2) Regulated, supervised, and examined by federal or state authorities having regulatory authority over banks and trust companies.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 840, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 1997.)

922.8.
  

(a) The commissioner, after notice, comment period, and a hearing if requested by more than 10 affected insurers, may issue a bulletin setting forth reasonable requirements for the allowance of reinsurance as an asset or deduction from liability consistent with Sections 922.4 to 922.6, inclusive, including the following:

(1) Filing requirements for an accredited assuming insurer.

(2) Accreditation requirements for an assuming insurer with less than a twenty million dollar ($20,000,000) surplus as regards policyholders.

(3) The definition of “liabilities” as used in Sections 922.4 and 922.5.

(4) Investment guidelines for trust funds established and maintained pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 922.4.

(5) Definitions and required or permitted conditions for trust funds established and maintained pursuant to Section 922.5.

(6) Requirements of letters of credit established and maintained pursuant to Section 922.5.

(b) On or before January 1, 1998, the commissioner shall notify the Legislature that the bulletin has been promulgated so that the Legislature is able to ensure the commissioner’s compliance with the requirements of this subdivision.

(c) The bulletin authorized by this section shall have the same force and effect, and may be enforced by the commissioner to the same extent and degree, as regulations issued by the commissioner until the time that the commissioner issues additional or amended regulations pursuant to subdivision (d).

(d) The commissioner shall adopt regulations implementing the provisions of this law, that shall supersede the bulletin authorized by this section, no later than December 31, 2001.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 277, Sec. 11. Effective January 1, 2013.)

922.85.
  

(a) The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with the procedures provided in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code or otherwise prescribe requirements consistent with Sections 922.4, 922.41, 922.42, 922.43, and 922.5, provided the commissioner may update subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (h) and subdivision (i) of Section 922.41 to add other nationally recognized statistical rating agencies, or to modify the rating categories, the corresponding financial ratings, or the percentage of security required to conform to changes in these factors adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).

(b) (1) The commissioner may adopt regulations applicable to reinsurance arrangements described in paragraph (2).

(2) A regulation adopted pursuant to this subdivision may apply only to reinsurance relating to the following:

(A) Life insurance policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits.

(B) Universal life insurance policies with a provision resulting in the ability of a policyholder to keep a policy in force over a secondary guarantee period.

(C) Variable annuities with guaranteed death or living benefits.

(D) Long-term care insurance policies.

(E) Other life and health insurance and annuity products as to which the NAIC adopts model regulatory requirements with respect to credit for reinsurance.

(3) A regulation adopted pursuant to subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2) may apply to any treaty containing the following:

(A) Policies issued on or after January 1, 2015.

(B) Policies issued prior to January 1, 2015, if risk pertaining to those policies is ceded in connection with the treaty, in whole or in part, on or after January 1, 2015.

(4) A regulation adopted pursuant to this subdivision may require the ceding insurer, in calculating the amounts or forms of security required to be held under regulations promulgated under this authority, to use the Valuation Manual adopted pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 10489.96, including all amendments in effect on the date as of which the calculation is made, to the extent applicable.

(5) A regulation adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall not apply to cessions to an assuming insurer that satisfies either of the following:

(A) The insurer is certified in this state, or certified in a minimum of five other states.

(B) The insurer maintains at least two hundred fifty million dollars ($250,000,000) in capital and surplus when determined in accordance with the NAIC Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, including all amendments thereto adopted by the NAIC, excluding the impact of any permitted or prescribed practices, and satisfies either of the following:

(i) The insurer is licensed in at least 26 states.

(ii) The insurer is licensed in at least 10 states, and licensed or accredited in a total of at least 35 states.

(6) The authority to adopt regulations pursuant to this subdivision does not limit the commissioner’s general authority to adopt regulations pursuant to subdivision (a).

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 202, Sec. 4. Effective September 1, 2017.)

922.9.
  

Sections 922.4 and 922.5 shall apply to all cessions on and after January 1, 1997, under reinsurance contracts that have had an inception, anniversary, or renewal date not less than six months after that date.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 840, Sec. 17. Effective January 1, 1997.)

923.
  

The commissioner shall require every insurer which is required to file an annual or quarterly statement to use the statement blanks and instructions thereto for the appropriate year adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. The statements shall be completed in conformity with the Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, to the extent that the practices and procedures contained in the manual do not conflict with any other provision of this code. The commissioner may make changes from time to time in the form of the statements and the number and method of filing reports as seem to him or her best adapted to elicit from the insurers a true exhibit of their condition. The commissioner shall notify each insurer of any changes from the National Association of Insurance Commissioners’ statement blanks which the commissioner has determined pursuant to this section to be appropriate.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 599, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2005.)

923.5.
  

Each insurer transacting business in this state shall at all times maintain reserves in an amount estimated in the aggregate to provide for the payment of all losses and claims for which the insurer may be liable, and to provide for the expense of adjustment or settlement of losses and claims.

The reserves shall be computed in accordance with regulations made from time to time by the commissioner. The promulgation of the regulations by the commissioner, or any changes thereto or amendments thereof, shall be in accordance with the procedure provided in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The commissioner shall make the regulations upon reasonable consideration of the ascertained experience and the character of such kinds of business for the purpose of adequately protecting the insured and securing the solvency of the insurer.

The commissioner may prescribe the manner and form of reporting pertinent information concerning the reserves provided for in this section.

This section shall not apply to life insurance, title insurance, disability insurance, mortgage insurance, or mortgage guaranty insurance.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 61, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2011.)

923.6.
  

(a) Every admitted property and casualty insurer, unless otherwise exempted by the domiciliary commissioner, shall annually submit the opinion of an Appointed Actuary entitled “Statement of Actuarial Opinion.” This opinion shall be filed in accordance with the appropriate Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).

(1) For purposes of this section, the term, “property and casualty insurer” means any admitted insurer writing insurance as described in Section 102, 103, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 119.6, 120, 124, or 124.5.

(2) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the same meaning as used in the Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions of the NAIC:

(A) Actuarial Opinion.

(B) Actuarial Opinion Summary.

(C) Actuarial Report.

(D) Appointed Actuary.

(E) Statement of Actuarial Opinion.

(F) Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions.

(3) The commissioner may adopt regulations related to the terms and conditions required by the Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions of the NAIC.

(b) Every property and casualty insurer domiciled in this state that is required to submit a Statement of Actuarial Opinion shall annually submit an Actuarial Opinion Summary, written by the insurer’s Appointed Actuary. This Actuarial Opinion Summary shall be filed in accordance with the appropriate Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions of the NAIC and shall be considered as a document supporting the Actuarial Opinion required in subdivision (a).

(c) An admitted insurer not domiciled in this state shall provide the Actuarial Opinion Summary upon request of the commissioner.

(d) An Actuarial Report and underlying workpapers as required by the appropriate Property and Casualty Annual Statement Instructions of the NAIC shall be prepared to support each Actuarial Opinion. If an insurer fails to provide either a supporting Actuarial Report or workpapers at the request of the commissioner, or if the commissioner determines that the supporting Actuarial Report or workpapers provided by the insurer are otherwise unacceptable to the commissioner, the commissioner may engage a qualified actuary at the expense of the insurer to review the opinion and the basis for the opinion and prepare the supporting Actuarial Report or workpapers.

(e) Notwithstanding subdivision (d) of Section 6254 of the Government Code, subdivision (f), or any other provision of law, the Statement of Actuarial Opinion required by subdivision (a) shall be a public record and open to inspection.

(f) (1) Documents, materials, or other information in the possession or control of the commissioner that are considered an Actuarial Report, workpapers, or Actuarial Opinion Summary provided in support of the Statement of Actuarial Opinion, and any other material provided by the insurer to the commissioner in connection with the Actuarial Report, workpapers, or Actuarial Opinion Summary shall be confidential by law and privileged, shall not be made public by the commissioner or any other person and are exempt from the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code), shall not be subject to subpoena, and shall not be subject to discovery or admissible in evidence in any civil action brought by a private party.

(2) This subdivision shall not limit the commissioner’s authority to release the documents, materials, and other information described in paragraph (1) to the American Academy of Actuaries’ Actuarial Board for Counseling and Discipline (ABCD), or its successor, so long as those documents, materials, and other information are required for the purpose of professional disciplinary proceedings, and the ABCD establishes procedures satisfactory to the commissioner for preserving the confidentiality of the documents, nor shall this subdivision limit the commissioner’s authority to use those documents, materials, or other information in furtherance of any regulatory or legal action brought as part of the commissioner’s official duties.

(3) The commissioner may also exercise, with respect to the documents, materials, or other information described in paragraph (1), all the authority specified in subdivision (b) of Section 735.5, or any successor provision.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 786, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2013.)

924.
  

The commissioner shall collect a late filing fee of three hundred thirty-six dollars ($336) from any admitted insurer that fails to make and file in the commissioner’s office within the time prescribed by law any statements or stipulations required by this code. After the first month, the commissioner shall also collect a late filing fee of four hundred four dollars ($404) for each and every month or fractional part of a month thereafter that the insurer continues to transact the business of insurance until those statements and stipulations are filed.

(Amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 540, Sec. 1.)

925.
  

Upon request of the commissioner, and at intervals as prescribed by him or her, any insurer that appears to the commissioner to require immediate regulatory attention shall provide to the commissioner supplemental accounting, financial, and actuarial information. The commissioner may request that an insurer select and retain an independent certified public accountant, certified public accountant corporation, an actuary corporation, or an independent actuary satisfactory to the commissioner, if that person has not already been retained by the insurer, whenever the information supplied or likely to be supplied is not satisfactory or acceptable to the commissioner, or, whenever the person who would be responsible for that preparation of that information has previously provided information that was not satisfactory or acceptable to the commissioner. The commissioner may select or retain an independent certified public accountant, a certified public accountant corporation, an actuary corporation, or an independent actuary, if the insurer does not within a reasonable time make the selection as requested by the commissioner. If the information is prepared by an independent certified public accountant or independent actuary, or other independent professional financial corporation or person, the corporation or person shall examine and render an opinion upon that supplemental information.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 948, Sec. 1.)

925.1.
  

(a) All supplemental information, work papers and other relevant documents of the independent certified public accountant, or independent actuary, or other independent professional financial person and the insurer relevant to information provided to the commissioner pursuant to Sections 925 to 925.2, inclusive, shall be made available by the insurer for review by the commissioner upon request at the insurer’s office, at the commissioner’s office, or any other reasonable place designated by the commissioner.

(b) All supplemental information, relevant work papers and other relevant documents of the certified public accountant or actuary shall be retained for a period of not less than five years from the date of the report. The certified public accountant or the actuary shall make that information available to the insurer upon the reasonable request of the commissioner made to the insurer, except when that information is subject to the right against self-incrimination or other relevant privileges.

(c) Every insurer shall authorize, in writing, the independent certified public accountant, independent actuary, or other independent professional financial person retained or engaged by it to provide to the commissioner all information subject to Section 925 to 925.2, inclusive.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 1328, Sec. 2.)

925.2.
  

The commissioner may prescribe the subject matter and form of reporting supplemental information and the subject matter of opinions.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 1328, Sec. 3.)

925.3.
  

All supplemental information provided or made available to the commissioner pursuant to Sections 925 to 925.2, inclusive, including work papers and other relevant documents of the independent certified public accountants or, independent actuary or other independent professional financial person and the insurer relevant to that information, shall be received in confidence within the meaning of subdivision (d) of Section 6254 of the Government Code and exempt from the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code). Additionally, that information shall not be subject to subpoena or subpoena duces tecum.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 1328, Sec. 4.)

925.4.
  

Nothing contained herein shall be deemed in any manner to limit, restrict or abridge the powers of the commissioner to examine insurers, to inquire into their financial condition or to obtain supplemental information in accordance with any other provision of this code.

(Added by Stats. 1986, Ch. 1328, Sec. 5.)

INSInsurance Code - INS10