Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 5. SANITATION [4600 - 6127]

  ( Division 5 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

PART 3. COMMUNITY FACILITIES [4600 - 6127]

  ( Heading of Part 3 amended by Stats. 1970, Ch. 420. )

CHAPTER 1. Community Facilities Law of 1911 [4600 - 4650]

  ( Heading of Chapter 1 amended by Stats. 1970, Ch. 420. )

ARTICLE 2. Formation [4605 - 4613]
  ( Article 2 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

4605.
  

The governing body of any city may create an improvement district within the city pursuant to this chapter whenever in its judgment the district is necessary or convenient for any improvement authorized by this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1970, Ch. 420.)

4606.
  

A district may be formed to make any improvement and to provide for the incurring of indebtedness to pay for the costs and expenses of such improvement.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 828.)

4607.
  

Whenever the governing body of a city determines that the public interest or convenience requires the making of any improvement in any part of the territory of the city, it may pass a resolution to that effect. The resolution shall be passed by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members of the governing body. It shall describe the improvement in general terms. For the purpose of such description, reference may be made to maps, plats, plans, or other documents on file in the office of the clerk of the city. Any improvements may be combined into a single project, the indebtedness for which is to be submitted to the electors as a single proposition.

The resolution shall also contain the total dollar amount of a general estimate of the costs and expenses of the proposed improvement. In arriving at such estimate, the governing body may include the estimated amounts of any or all of the items which are set forth in Section 4625. The resolution need not, however, itemize or separately state any of the items included in the costs and expenses.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 828.)

4609.
  

The resolution shall do all of the following:

(a)  Describe the boundaries of the proposed district. The district may consist of two or more noncontiguous parcels.

(b)  Designate the district by a distinctive name and number.

(c)  Declare the district to be the district benefited by the proposed improvement.

(d)  Name a time and place for the hearing of objections by any person interested in the formation of the district, in the inclusion within the district of any land within the boundaries described in the resolution or in the making of the proposed improvement.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 828.)

4610.
  

The resolution, together with the names of the members of the governing body voting for and against it shall be published once a week for at least two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation printed and published in the city. The first publication shall not be more than 60 nor less than 30 days prior to the date fixed for the hearing. If there is no newspaper of general circulation printed and published in the city, the resolution shall be so published in a newspaper of general circulation printed and published in the county in which the city is located.

(Amended by Stats. 1963, Ch. 756.)

4610.5.
  

Copies of the resolution shall also be posted in three public places within the proposed district not earlier than the 60th day or later than the 30th day prior to the hearing. Not earlier than 60 nor later than 30 days prior to the hearing, a copy of the resolution shall also be mailed, postage prepaid, to each person to whom land in the proposed district is assessed as such owner is shown on the last equalized county assessment roll, at his address as shown upon the roll, and to each person who has any interest in any land within the proposed district whose name and address and a designation of the land in which he is interested is on file in the office of the city clerk. Any error, omission, or mistake in such mailing, or any failure of any person to receive such copy shall not invalidate the proceedings pursuant to this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 756.)

4611.
  

On the day fixed for the hearing, or any day to which the hearing is continued, the governing body shall hear and consider all written and oral objections presented to the formation of the district, the inclusion of any lands in the district, or the making of the improvement which is proposed.

At the hearing, the governing body may make changes in the improvement but the estimated costs and expenses of the improvement as changed, as determined by the governing body at the time of the change, shall not exceed by more than 10 percent the amount determined under Section 4607.

At the hearing, the governing body may exclude from the district any territory that in its opinion would not be benefited by the improvement as finally determined. The governing body shall not, however, modify the boundaries of the proposed district so as to exclude from it any land which would in the judgment of the governing body be benefited by the improvement as finally determined nor shall the governing body include in the proposed district any lands which will not in its judgment be so benefited.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 828.)

4611.5.
  

At the hearing, the governing body may add territory to the district if the owners of all of the land in the territory which is proposed to be added to the district have requested such addition in writing, or the governing body has first adopted a resolution of intention to do so. The resolution shall describe the boundaries of the territory which is proposed to be added to the district and shall state the time and place to which the hearing will be continued for the purpose of hearing objections to the proposed addition. Not later than 20 days before the time of such continued hearing, a copy of such resolution shall be mailed, postage prepaid, to each person to whom land in the territory which is proposed to be added to the district is assessed, as such owner is shown on the last equalized county assessment roll, at his address as shown upon the roll. A copy of such resolution shall also be mailed to each person who has any interest in any land within such territory whose name and address and a designation of the land in which he is interested is on file in the office of the city clerk. Any error, omission, or mistake in such mailing, or any failure of any person to receive such copy shall not invalidate the proceedings pursuant to this chapter.

At the continued hearing, the governing body shall hear all objections to the proposed addition and may then take action adding to the district all or part of the territory which is described in the resolution of intention.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 756.)

4612.
  

After making all necessary and proper changes in the boundaries, or in the improvement, the governing body may, by a resolution which is passed by a vote of two-thirds of all of its members, establish the district, fix and determine its boundaries, and generally describe the improvement as finally determined. This resolution, together with the names of the members of the governing body voting for and against it shall be spread upon the minutes of the governing body.

(Amended by Stats. 1965, Ch. 828.)

4613.
  

A certified copy of the resolution which establishes the district shall be recorded in the office of the county recorder. Certified copies of such resolution, together with a map or plat which shows such boundaries, shall also be filed with the county assessor, the county clerk, and the State Board of Equalization. Upon such recordation in the office of the county recorder, the district is organized. No action or proceeding which contests the validity of the district or its organization shall be had or taken in any court, state or federal, unless it is commenced within 60 days from the date of the recordation of the resolution establishing the district in the office of the county recorder.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 756.)

HSCHealth and Safety Code - HSC2