Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 31. HOUSING AND HOME FINANCE [50000 - 54034]

  ( Division 31 repealed and added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 610. )

PART 6. CALIFORNIA FIRST-TIME HOME BUYERS [52500 - 52533.6]

  ( Part 6 added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. )

CHAPTER 2. Buy-Down Mortgage Plan [52510 - 52519]
  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. )

52510.
  

The agency may contract with qualified mortgage lenders with respect to mortgage loans qualified under this part to pay to such lenders, subject to the provisions of Section 52513, a sum of money as consideration for a reduction of the effective interest cost to the purchaser of an owner-occupied housing unit below market interest rates.

The buy-down mortgage program conducted under this part may be applicable to and include mortgage revenue bond financed programs. With respect to mortgage revenue bond financed programs, “market interest rate” means the effective mortgage interest rate to the borrower without the buy-down authorized by this part.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52511.
  

The agency may make commitments to qualified mortgage lenders to make contracts for buy-down mortgage plans which conform to this part.

The agency may require the payment to the agency of a commitment fee to cover agency costs in extending such commitments and associated administrative costs, except that the total of commitment fees pursuant to this section and the projected recovery of administrative costs pursuant to Sections 52512 and 52514 shall not exceed the costs reasonably expected, in a prudent manner, to be incurred by the agency in the implementation of this part.

Commitments shall be made by the agency, acting through the policy committee, in a manner to best serve the purposes of this part and the interests of the first-time home buyer in the various geographical areas of this state, in varying forms of ownership where feasible, and including purchase of previously occupied housing, existing but not previously occupied housing, and housing to be constructed (with preference to housing which can be marketable within three months of the date of the commitment).

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52512.
  

The mortgage loan by a qualified mortgage lender for which a buy-down contract may be executed by the agency shall be in such form as determined by the regulations of the agency adopted by the policy committee. Such a loan shall be for a term of not less than six years or more than 30 years, but the repayments of principal and interest on such loan may be scheduled to provide for amortization in 30 years subject to a balloon payment at the end of the loan term. Such loan shall bear a fixed interest rate yield to the qualified mortgage lender which shall not exceed market interest as determined under Section 50080, except that the interest charged to the borrower may be on a graduated payment schedule as authorized in Section 52513. A qualified mortgage lender may charge to the borrower such initiation fees, points, or other charges approved by the agency, by regulation adopted by the policy committee, or otherwise, which may include administrative costs for the agency.

Any such loan by a qualified mortgage lender shall not exceed 90 percent of the appraised value of the property under standards applicable to that lender. A qualified mortgage lender shall agree to notify the agency of any default on the loan. The agency assumes no responsibility to the qualified mortgage lender, except for the contracted payment for the buy-down.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52513.
  

The terms of the contract with a qualified mortgage lender for the buy-down mortgage plan shall be established by regulations of the agency adopted by the policy committee. Payments to a qualified mortgage lender under such contract shall not exceed the capitalized cost to the lender of the difference between market interest and the effective interest rate to the borrower under the buy-down program, plus any reasonable and demonstrated administrative costs, and provision shall be made for return by that lender to the agency, for credit against the borrower’s note obtained by the agency pursuant to Section 52514, of any sums used to purchase a buy-down of the effective interest to the borrower on the mortgage loan and which have been unearned by the lender by virtue of prepayment of the mortgage loan for any reason, prior to the termination of the buy-down period. The buy-down program shall not result in an effective interest rate to the borrower which is more than 5 percent below market interest and such effective rate to the borrower, or monthly payment by the borrower, shall be adjusted annually in equal increments until, at the end of the sixth year, it is equal to market interest as determined at the initiation of the loan, and may, as determined by regulations of the agency adopted by the policy committee, exceed market interest in ensuing years in such amount as is necessary to amortize the security interest of the agency as provided in Section 52514, if the agency determines pursuant to Section 52514 that the term of the note and security interest securing the agency’s participation is extended beyond the sixth year.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52513.5.
  

(a)  If: (1) a loan executed pursuant to Section 52512 is for a term of less than 30 years or provides for a balloon payment; (2) the loan has not been prepaid in full or the property has not been sold or transferred prior to the maturity of the loan; and (3) the borrower is not in default; the lender shall offer or arrange for refinancing of the unpaid balance of the loan upon maturity and the balance of any note due the agency pursuant to Section 52514.

The refinancing may be provided directly by the lender or another mortgage lender, or the lender may arrange at the time of making the loan pursuant to Section 52512 for the refinancing to be provided by a federally or state-chartered bank or savings and loan association doing business in this state or by a qualified mortgage banker. As used in this section “qualified mortgage banker” means a lender (1) meeting the criteria established by the Government National Mortgage Association for lenders selling over ten million dollars ($10,000,000) in mortgage loans to that organization annually, and (2) which either has conducted an ongoing business of mortgage lending in this state for not less than five years immediately preceding the making of the loan pursuant to Section 52512, or made over fifty million dollars ($50,000,000) in mortgage loans in this state during the 12 months immediately preceding the making of the loan pursuant to Section 52512. If a refinancing commitment is arranged by the lender upon the origination of the loan pursuant to Section 52512, this fact shall be fully and fairly disclosed to the borrower, a copy of the lender’s contract with the bank, savings and loan association, or qualified mortgage banker making the commitment shall be supplied to the borrower at that time, and the contract shall be fully enforceable by the borrower as a third-party beneficiary thereto, but the lender shall not be a guarantor of the obligation of the bank, savings and loan association, or qualified mortgage banker to provide refinancing.

If the original lender is a federally or state-chartered bank or savings and loan association doing business in this state or a qualified mortgage banker, it may provide the refinancing commitment to the borrower required by this section. In this event, any loan executed pursuant to Section 53512 shall contain a provision, which is fully and fairly disclosed to the borrower, which provides that any assignees or successors in interest of the original lender shall not be guarantors of the refinancing obligation, in which event the original lender’s refinancing commitment shall be fully enforceable by the borrower.

(b)  The term of the loan for refinancing shall be established so that the borrower’s repayment schedule provides for the final installment payment not less than 30 years from the date of origination of the loan pursuant to Section 52512. However, if loans at that duration are generally not available, within the meaning of subdivision (d), the lender or other obligor shall give the borrower a choice of any form of loan and maturity for that type of loan which is available at the time of refinancing, within the meaning of subdivision (d). The lender or other obligor shall inform the borrower of the types of loans and maturities available for refinancing under this section not less than 60 days prior to maturity of the loan executed pursuant to Section 52512.

(c)  The interest rate for the refinancing loan shall not exceed rates generally available in the market for the type of loan instrument provided under subdivision (d) at the time of maturity of the loan pursuant to Section 52512. No loan origination fees shall be required of the borrower, either as prepaid interest or for processing services, as a condition of obtaining a refinancing loan pursuant to this section, but the borrower may be required to pay the costs of obtaining a policy of title insurance in accordance with the lender’s requirements. The refinancing loan need not be a fixed interest rate loan, unless that is the type of loan generally offered to, and utilized by, the public pursuant to subdivision (d).

(d)  The refinancing loan may be any form of loan which, at the time of refinancing, is generally offered to, and utilized by the public, for financing housing similar to the borrower’s by banks or savings and loan associations doing business in this state.

(e)  The lender may require as a condition of the refinancing loan that it be secured by a deed of trust having a lien of first priority, and may require the borrower to submit a loan application, at least 60 days prior to the maturity of the loan made pursuant to Section 52512, including such information about the borrower and the security property as is ordinarily required of borrowers with respect to similar loans made by the lender and may impose qualifications on the borrower or property which are conventionally applied on similar loans on similar properties at that point in time.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52514.
  

In consideration for the agency’s contract, and performance of contract, to purchase a buy-down of the effective interest to the borrower on the mortgage loan, the agency shall obtain a note and deed of trust from the borrower under terms prescribed by regulations of the agency adopted by the policy committee. Such note and deed of trust shall be subordinate to the mortgage loan by a qualified mortgage lender executed pursuant to this part. The subordinate mortgage or deed of trust obtained by the agency under this section may, at the option of the agency exercised upon the initiation of such note and mortgage, provide that all amounts due and payable shall be paid at the end of the sixth year or shall be repaid on an amortized basis commencing with the seventh year and extending through the 30th year, or some term selected by the agency and provided in the initiating loan documents between the end of the sixth year and the end of the 30th year. The amount of the subordinate note and mortgage shall be equal to the contract amount advanced by the agency to the qualified mortgage lender to effect the buy-down, plus interest on those amounts at a rate calculated to cover the cost of funds to the agency for this program and administrative costs, less any amounts returned to the agency by the lender for the credit of the borrower pursuant to Section 52513, and shall be specified in the note and mortgage upon the initiation of that note and mortgage.

The agency may make and execute contracts with the qualified mortgage lender for the initiation or servicing of the subordinate mortgage loan. The agency may pay the reasonable value of services rendered to the agency pursuant to such contracts.

The notes and mortgages may be held or sold by the agency, or the agency may create pools of such loans, obligations, and participations held by the agency and may sell securities backed by such pools.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52514.5.
  

All payments to the agency by the borrower on any note executed pursuant to Section 52514 shall be considered payments of interest for the purposes of Section 17230 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 987, Sec. 1. Effective October 10, 1999.)

52515.
  

The real property to be purchased by the borrower on a mortgage loan pursuant to this part shall be an owner-occupied housing unit, the acquisition price of which does not exceed 90 percent of the average purchase price in the statistical area, except that such acquisition cost shall not exceed 110 percent of the average purchase price in a targeted area. The average purchase price means the purchase price determined by the agency, through action of the policy committee, for similar owner-occupied units. Such determinations shall be made not less often than annually for each statistical area and targeted area.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52516.
  

The agency shall establish by regulation, adopted by the policy committee, standards for the eligibility of purchasers of housing subject to this part. Such individuals shall be first-time home buyers. Mortgages pursuant to this part cannot be used to acquire or replace an existing mortgage, except a mortgage which is security for a construction loan or a bridge loan or similar temporary initial financing. The purchaser shall be a resident of California. The qualified mortgage lender shall certify to the agency, in good faith, after prudent qualification of the purchaser that the purchaser is qualified under the provisions of this part. Section 51067 is not applicable to mortgage loans under this part.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52517.
  

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this part, only mortgage loans are eligible for buy-down under the provisions of this part which are presently, or are expected to be, insured in whole or part by the Federal Housing Administration or guaranteed in whole or part by the United States Veterans Administration, the Farmers Home Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture, an agency of the state, by a private insuring entity authorized to engage in such business, or by any combination of the above, in percentages determined by the agency by regulation adopted by the policy committee, except that such insurance or guarantee need not be required, in the discretion of the policy committee, if the amount of the mortgage loan is less than 80 percent of the appraised value of the property (under standards applicable to that lender) which is the security for the loan.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 260, Sec. 1. Effective July 15, 1983.)

52518.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 711 of the Civil Code, the agency shall not permit the assumption of the obligation under any note or mortgage securing the interest of the agency pursuant to Section 52514, by a subsequent ineligible purchaser or transferee of the prior borrower. If the subsequent purchaser or transferee does not meet the eligibility requirements of this part, the agency shall require acceleration of repayment of the principal balance of the loan to be all due and payable upon the sale or transfer of the property. For purposes of determining eligibility, the limits on acquisition price, as specified in Section 52515, shall be determined at the time of the proposed assumption.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

52519.
  

The agency may renegotiate, refinance, foreclose, or contract for the foreclosure of any mortgage executed pursuant to Section 52514 which is in default, and may waive any default or consent to the modification of the terms of any mortgage. With respect to mortgage loans made pursuant to this part, the agency shall require that mortgage servicing and foreclosure practices, including forebearance and recasting of mortgages in default, conform to agency regulations.

The agency may commence any action to protect or enforce any right conferred upon it by any law, mortgage, contract, or other agreement, and may bid for and purchase property sold in satisfaction thereof at any foreclosure or other sale or may otherwise acquire and take possession of such property. In connection with any such proceeding, the agency may assume any underlying mortgage held by a qualified mortgage lender or may, as necessary to acquire and take possession of such property, pay any note in order to remove any prior encumbrance. Subject to any agreement with bondholders, the agency may operate, manage, lease, dispose of, and otherwise deal with such property in such manner as may be necessary to protect the interest of the agency and the holders of its bonds.

(Added by Stats. 1982, Ch. 320, Sec. 12. Effective June 29, 1982.)

HSCHealth and Safety Code - HSC