Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 31. HOUSING AND HOME FINANCE [50000 - 54034]

  ( Division 31 repealed and added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 610. )

PART 5. LOCAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCIES [52000 - 52106]

  ( Part 5 added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069. )

CHAPTER 1. Legislative Findings and Declarations [52000 - 52009]
  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069. )

52000.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the subject of housing is of vital importance to the health, safety, and welfare of the residents of this state, for the following reasons:

(a)  Decent housing is an essential motivating force in helping people achieve self-fulfillment in a free and democratic society.

(b)  Unsanitary, unsafe, overcrowded, or congested dwelling accommodations constitute conditions which cause an increase in and spread of, disease and crime.

(c)  A healthy housing market is one in which residents of this state have a choice of housing opportunities and one in which the housing consumer may effectively choose within the free marketplace.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52001.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that there exists within the state a serious shortage of decent, safe, and sanitary housing which is affordable to many persons in the state. This shortage is exacerbated during periods of rising interest rates, particularly as high interest rates have the effect of diminishing the number of otherwise creditworthy buyers from qualifying for private sector mortgage capital sources. In order to remedy this adverse effect on potential home buyers on the lower end of the purchasing spectrum, it is necessary to implement a public program to reduce the cost of mortgage financing for single-family purchases for those persons unable to compete for mortgage financing in the conventional mortgage market.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52002.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that it is necessary and essential that counties and cities be authorized to directly or indirectly make long-term, low-interest loans to persons not presently eligible for financing through private sector lending institutions to finance construction, rehabilitation, and acquisition of homes in order to encourage investment and upgrade local areas.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52003.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that in order to preserve a healthy housing market and avoid a two-tier market where publicly subsidized mortgage capital supplants mortgage capital supplied by private financial institutions, it is necessary for the lending programs of cities and counties to be sufficiently targeted to avoid competition with private sector mortgage lenders, and further that revenue bond financing of mortgage lending by cities and counties be reasonably constrained to avoid disruption of bond markets and the credit standing of the state and its political subdivisions.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52004.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the present shortage of decent, safe, and sanitary housing available to potential purchasers in the lower end of the buying spectrum is particularly inimical to the health of the housing economy and, with few exceptions, beyond the capability of private enterprise acting alone to cure, and a public purpose is served by public-private efforts to reduce cost of financing single-family homes for this class of purchasers.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52005.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the revenue bonds provided for in this part are to be used to complement and not compete with home loans made from private sector sources, so as to substantially lower the cost of single-family home financing and meet a demand for housing financing which cannot otherwise be met.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52006.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the authority to issue revenue bonds to aid in the financing of home purchase is needed in the cities and the counties of the state and that it is in the public interest and serves a public purpose by providing financing for decent, safe, and sanitary housing that people in the lower end of the purchasing spectrum can afford and is a function pertaining to the government and affairs of the cities and the counties of the state.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52007.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the establishment of basic procedures for the issuance of revenue bonds to finance the purchase of residential housing and the costs of home ownership is necessary and desirable to provide clarity in law and direction for subsequent actions.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52008.
  

The Legislature finds and declares that the construction of federally assisted housing for persons and families of low or moderate income is not a primary purpose of this part. However, nothing in this part shall be deemed to prohibit financing of federally assisted housing for persons and families of low or moderate income.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1069.)

52009.
  

The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

(a)  The ownership and occupancy of a home is a fundamental element in the fabric of the American way of life.

(b)  The rapid appreciation in the value of homes in California which has occurred and is accelerating in recent years has made it impossible for many young persons and families who have never owned their own home to obtain the necessary financing to purchase their own home.

(c)  Rising costs and resulting inability of first-time homebuyers to purchase their first home is inimical to the welfare of a substantial segment of the population and, with few exceptions, beyond the capability of private enterprise acting alone to cure, and a public purpose is served by facilitating the entry into the housing market of first-time homebuyers who would be unable to finance the purchase of their first home without the kind of financial assistance provided by this part.

(d)  Authorization for the making of home mortgages to first-time homebuyers by cities and counties under this part will enable many persons and families who are otherwise unable to do so to take out a loan for the purpose of becoming a homeowner for the first time.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1297, Sec. 1.)

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