Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 24. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND HOUSING [33000 - 37964]

  ( Heading of Division 24 amended by Stats. 1975, Ch. 1137. )

PART 1. COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT LAW [33000 - 33855]

  ( Part 1 repealed and added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812. )

CHAPTER 4. Redevelopment Procedures and Activities [33300 - 33490]

  ( Chapter 4 added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812. )

ARTICLE 9. Relocation of Persons Displaced by Projects [33410 - 33418]
  ( Article 9 added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812. )

33410.
  

A redevelopment agency may, in order to facilitate the rehousing of families and single persons who are displaced from their homes in a project area, utilize the aids made available through federal urban renewal, redevelopment and housing legislation and may use funds derived from any public or private source to carry out the purposes of this section.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812.)

33411.
  

The agency shall prepare a feasible method or plan for relocation of all of the following:

(a)  Families and persons to be temporarily or permanently displaced from housing facilities in the project area.

(b)  Nonprofit local community institutions to be temporarily or permanently displaced from facilities actually used for institutional purposes in the project area.

(Amended by Stats. 1972, Ch. 614.)

33411.1.
  

The legislative body shall insure that such method or plan of the agency for the relocation of families or single persons to be displaced by a project shall provide that no persons or families of low and moderate income shall be displaced unless and until there is a suitable housing unit available and ready for occupancy by such displaced person or family at rents comparable to those at the time of their displacement. Such housing units shall be suitable to the needs of such displaced persons or families and must be decent, safe, sanitary, and otherwise standard dwelling. The agency shall not displace such person or family until such housing units are available and ready for occupancy.

(Added by Stats. 1969, Ch. 955.)

33411.2.
  

As used in this article:

(a)  “Affordable housing cost” has the same meaning as specified in Section 50052.5.

(b)  “Persons and families of low or moderate income” has the same meaning as specified in Section 50093.

(c)  “Replacement dwelling unit” means a dwelling unit developed or constructed pursuant to Section 33413 in replacement of a dwelling unit destroyed or removed from the low- and moderate-income housing market by an agency and which is decent, safe, and sanitary and contains at least the same number of bedrooms and other living areas as the dwelling unit destroyed or removed by the agency.

(d)  “Very low income households” has the same meaning as specified in Section 50105.

(Amended by Stats. 1979, Ch. 1191.)

33411.3.
  

Whenever all or any portion of a redevelopment project is developed with low- or moderate-income housing units and whenever any low- or moderate-income housing units are developed with any agency assistance or pursuant to Section 33413, the agency shall require by contract or other appropriate means that the housing be made available for rent or purchase to the persons and families of low or moderate income displaced by the redevelopment project. Those persons and families shall be given priority in renting or buying that housing. However, failure to give that priority shall not affect the validity of title to real property. The agency shall keep a list of persons and families of low and moderate income displaced by the redevelopment project who are to be given priority, and may establish reasonable rules for determining the order or priority on the list.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 782, Sec. 13. Effective January 1, 2003.)

33411.4.
  

If insufficient suitable housing units are available in the community for low- and moderate-income persons and families to be displaced from a redevelopment project area, the legislative body shall assure that sufficient land be made available for suitable housing for rental or purchase by low- and moderate-income persons and families. If insufficient suitable housing units are available in the community for use by such persons and families of low and moderate income displaced by the redevelopment project, the redevelopment agency may, to the extent of that deficiency, direct or cause the development, rehabilitation or construction of housing units within the community, both inside and outside of redevelopment project areas.

(Added by Stats. 1969, Ch. 955.)

33412.
  

Permanent housing facilities shall be made available within three years from the time occupants are displaced and that pending the development of such facilities there will be available to such displaced occupants adequate temporary housing facilities at rents comparable to those in the community at the time of their displacement.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812.)

33413.
  

(a) Whenever dwelling units housing persons and families of low or moderate income are destroyed or removed from the low- and moderate-income housing market as part of a redevelopment project that is subject to a written agreement with the agency or where financial assistance has been provided by the agency, the agency shall, within four years of the destruction or removal, rehabilitate, develop, or construct, or cause to be rehabilitated, developed, or constructed, for rental or sale to persons and families of low or moderate income, an equal number of replacement dwelling units that have an equal or greater number of bedrooms as those destroyed or removed units at affordable housing costs within the territorial jurisdiction of the agency. When dwelling units are destroyed or removed after September 1, 1989, 75 percent of the replacement dwelling units shall replace dwelling units available at affordable housing cost in the same or a lower income level of very low income households, lower income households, and persons and families of low and moderate income, as the persons displaced from those destroyed or removed units. When dwelling units are destroyed or removed on or after January 1, 2002, 100 percent of the replacement dwelling units shall be available at affordable housing cost to persons in the same or a lower income category (low, very low, or moderate), as the persons displaced from those destroyed or removed units.

(b) (1) Prior to the time limit on the effectiveness of the redevelopment plan established pursuant to Sections 33333.2, 33333.6, and 33333.10 at least 30 percent of all new and substantially rehabilitated dwelling units developed by an agency shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or moderate income. Not less than 50 percent of the dwelling units required to be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or moderate income shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, very low income households.

(2) (A) (i) Prior to the time limit on the effectiveness of the redevelopment plan established pursuant to Sections 33333.2, 33333.6, and 33333.10 at least 15 percent of all new and substantially rehabilitated dwelling units developed within a project area under the jurisdiction of an agency by public or private entities or persons other than the agency shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or moderate income. Not less than 40 percent of the dwelling units required to be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or moderate income shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, very low income households.

(ii) To satisfy this paragraph, in whole or in part, the agency may cause, by regulation or agreement, to be available, at affordable housing cost, to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or moderate income or to very low income households, as applicable, two units outside a project area for each unit that otherwise would have been required to be available inside a project area.

(iii) On or after January 1, 2002, as used in this paragraph and in paragraph (1), “substantially rehabilitated dwelling units” means all units substantially rehabilitated, with agency assistance. Prior to January 1, 2002, “substantially rehabilitated dwelling units” shall mean substantially rehabilitated multifamily rented dwelling units with three or more units regardless of whether there is agency assistance, or substantially rehabilitated, with agency assistance, single-family dwelling units with one or two units.

(iv) As used in this paragraph and in paragraph (1), “substantial rehabilitation” means rehabilitation, the value of which constitutes 25 percent of the after rehabilitation value of the dwelling, inclusive of the land value.

(v) To satisfy this paragraph, the agency may aggregate new or substantially rehabilitated dwelling units in one or more project areas, if the agency finds, based on substantial evidence, after a public hearing, that the aggregation will not cause or exacerbate racial, ethnic, or economic segregation.

(B) To satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) and subparagraph (A), the agency may purchase, or otherwise acquire or cause by regulation or agreement the purchase or other acquisition of, long-term affordability covenants on multifamily units that restrict the cost of renting or purchasing those units that either: (i) are not presently available at affordable housing cost to persons and families of low or very low income households, as applicable; or (ii) are units that are presently available at affordable housing cost to this same group of persons or families, but are units that the agency finds, based upon substantial evidence, after a public hearing, cannot reasonably be expected to remain affordable to this same group of persons or families.

(C) To satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) and subparagraph (A), the long-term affordability covenants purchased or otherwise acquired pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be required to be maintained on dwelling units at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low or very low income, for the longest feasible time but not less than 55 years for rental units and 45 years for owner-occupied units. Not more than 50 percent of the units made available pursuant to paragraph (1) and subparagraph (A) may be assisted through the purchase or acquisition of long-term affordability covenants pursuant to subparagraph (B). Not less than 50 percent of the units made available through the purchase or acquisition of long-term affordability covenants pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, very low income households.

(D) To satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) and subparagraph (A), each mutual self-help housing unit, as defined in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (f) of Section 33334.3, that is subject to a 15-year deed restriction shall count as one-third of a unit.

(3) The requirements of this subdivision shall apply independently of the requirements of subdivision (a). The requirements of this subdivision shall apply, in the aggregate, to housing made available pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and not to each individual case of rehabilitation, development, or construction of dwelling units, unless an agency determines otherwise.

(4) Each redevelopment agency, as part of the implementation plan required by Section 33490, shall adopt a plan to comply with the requirements of this subdivision for each project area. The plan shall be consistent with, and may be included within, the community’s housing element. The plan shall be reviewed and, if necessary, amended at least every five years in conjunction with either the housing element cycle or the plan implementation cycle. The plan shall ensure that the requirements of this subdivision are met every 10 years. If the requirements of this subdivision are not met by the end of each 10-year period, the agency shall meet these goals on an annual basis until the requirements for the 10-year period are met. If the agency has exceeded the requirements within the 10-year period, the agency may count the units that exceed the requirement in order to meet the requirements during the next 10-year period. The plan shall contain the contents required by paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 33490.

(c) (1) The agency shall require that the aggregate number of replacement dwelling units and other dwelling units rehabilitated, developed, constructed, or price restricted pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) remain available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of low-income, moderate-income, and very low income households, respectively, for the longest feasible time, but for not less than 55 years for rental units, 45 years for home ownership units, and 15 years for mutual self-help housing units, as defined in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (f) of Section 33334.3, except as set forth in paragraph (2). Nothing in this paragraph precludes the agency and the developer of the mutual self-help housing units from agreeing to 45-year deed restrictions.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the agency may permit sales of owner-occupied units prior to the expiration of the 45-year period, and mutual self-help housing units prior to the expiration of the 15-year period, established by the agency for a price in excess of that otherwise permitted under this subdivision pursuant to an adopted program that protects the agency’s investment of moneys from the Low and Moderate Income Housing Fund, including, but not limited to, an equity sharing program that establishes a schedule of equity sharing that permits retention by the seller of a portion of those excess proceeds, based on the length of occupancy. The remainder of the excess proceeds of the sale shall be allocated to the agency, and deposited into the Low and Moderate Income Housing Fund. The agency shall, within three years from the date of sale pursuant to this paragraph of each home ownership or mutual self-help housing unit subject to a 45-year deed restriction, and every third mutual self-help housing unit subject to a 15-year deed restriction, expend funds to make affordable an equal number of units at the same or lowest income level as the unit or units sold pursuant to this paragraph, for a period not less than the duration of the original deed restrictions. Only the units originally assisted by the agency shall be counted towards the agency’s obligations under Section 33413.

(3) The requirements of this section shall be made enforceable in the same manner as provided in paragraph (7) of subdivision (f) of Section 33334.3.

(4) If land on which the dwelling units required by this section are located is deleted from the project area, the agency shall continue to require that those units remain affordable as specified in this subdivision.

(5) For each unit counted towards the requirements of subdivisions (a) and (b), the agency shall require the recording in the office of the county recorder of covenants or restrictions that ensure compliance with this subdivision. With respect to covenants or restrictions that are recorded on or after January 1, 2008, the agency shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (3) and (4) of subdivision (f) of Section 33334.3.

(d) (1) This section applies only to redevelopment projects for which a final redevelopment plan is adopted pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 33360) on or after January 1, 1976, and to areas that are added to a project area by amendment to a final redevelopment plan adopted on or after January 1, 1976. In addition, subdivision (a) shall apply to any other redevelopment project with respect to dwelling units destroyed or removed from the low- and moderate-income housing market on or after January 1, 1996, irrespective of the date of adoption of a final redevelopment plan or an amendment to a final redevelopment plan adding areas to a project area. Additionally, any agency may, by resolution, elect to make all or part of the requirements of this section applicable to any redevelopment project of the agency for which the final redevelopment plan was adopted prior to January 1, 1976. In addition, subdivision (b) shall apply to redevelopment plans adopted prior to January 1, 1976, for which an amendment is adopted pursuant to Section 33333.10, except that subdivision (b) shall apply to those redevelopment plans prospectively only so that the requirements of subdivision (b) shall apply only to new and substantially rehabilitated dwelling units for which the building permits are issued on or after the date that the ordinance adopting the amendment pursuant to Section 33333.10 becomes effective.

(2) An agency may, by resolution, elect to require that whenever dwelling units housing persons or families of low or moderate income are destroyed or removed from the low- and moderate-income housing market as part of a redevelopment project, the agency shall replace each dwelling unit with up to three replacement dwelling units pursuant to subdivision (a).

(e) Except as otherwise authorized by law, this section does not authorize an agency to operate a rental housing development beyond the period reasonably necessary to sell or lease the housing development.

(f) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the agency may replace destroyed or removed dwelling units with a fewer number of replacement dwelling units if the replacement dwelling units meet both of the following criteria:

(1) The total number of bedrooms in the replacement dwelling units equals or exceeds the number of bedrooms in the destroyed or removed units. Destroyed or removed units having one or no bedroom are deemed for this purpose to have one bedroom.

(2) The replacement units are affordable to and occupied by the same income level of households as the destroyed or removed units.

(g) “Longest feasible time,” as used in this section, includes, but is not limited to, unlimited duration.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 690, Sec. 2.5. Effective January 1, 2008.)

33413.1.
  

(a) For only the Mt. Eden Sub-Area of the Eden Redevelopment Project Area, the Redevelopment Agency of the County of Alameda may count, towards satisfaction of the housing production requirements of subdivision (b) of Section 33413, the construction of units outside the project area but within the City of Hayward if all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The units shall be available at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of very low or low income.

(2) The units shall comply with subdivision (c) of Section 33413, except that the requirements of that subdivision shall be deemed satisfied if the recorded covenants or restrictions are enforceable by the City of Hayward.

(3) The units shall be located on a parcel or parcels immediately contiguous to the Mt. Eden Sub-Area of the Eden Redevelopment Project Area.

(4) The Redevelopment Agency of the City of Hayward shall provide to the Redevelopment Agency of the County of Alameda written consent to the measures taken pursuant to this section and shall not count any units credited to the Redevelopment Agency of Alameda County pursuant to this section towards its own production or replacement requirements under Section 33413.

(b) The Redevelopment Agency of the County of Alameda shall cause to be made available, at affordable housing cost to, and occupied by, persons and families of very low, low-, or moderate-income households, as applicable, two units outside the project area for each unit that otherwise would have been required to be available inside the project area as required by clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 33413.

(c) This section does not apply to a housing unit for which construction commences on or after January 1, 2012.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 596, Sec. 9.6. Effective January 1, 2008.)

33413.5.
  

Not less than 30 days prior to the execution of an agreement for acquisition of real property, or the execution of an agreement for the disposition and development of property, or the execution of an owner participation agreement, which agreement would lead to the destruction or removal of dwelling units from the low- and moderate-income housing market, the agency shall adopt by resolution a replacement housing plan. For a reasonable time prior to adopting a replacement housing plan by resolution, the agency shall make available a draft of the proposed replacement housing plan for review and comment by the project area committee, other public agencies, and the general public.

The replacement housing plan shall include (1) the general location of housing to be rehabilitated, developed, or constructed pursuant to Section 33413, (2) an adequate means of financing such rehabilitation, development, or construction, (3) a finding that the replacement housing does not require the approval of the voters pursuant to Article XXXIV of the California Constitution, or that such approval has been obtained, (4) the number of dwelling units housing persons and families of low or moderate income planned for construction or rehabilitation, and (5) the timetable for meeting the plan’s relocation, rehabilitation, and replacement housing objectives. A dwelling unit whose replacement is required by Section 33413 but for which no replacement housing plan has been prepared, shall not be destroyed or removed from the low- and moderate-income housing market until the agency has by resolution adopted a replacement housing plan.

Nothing in this section shall prevent an agency from destroying or removing from the low- and moderate-income housing market a dwelling unit which the agency owns and which is an immediate danger to health and safety. The agency shall, as soon as practicable, adopt by resolution a replacement housing plan with respect to such dwelling unit.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 854.)

33413.7.
  

An agency causing the rehabilitation, development, or construction of replacement dwelling units, other than single-family residences, pursuant to Section 33413 or Section 33464, or pursuant to a replacement housing plan as required by Section 33413.5, or pursuant to provisions of a redevelopment plan required by Section 33334.5, primarily for persons of low income, as defined in Section 50093, shall give preference to those developments that are proposed to be organized as limited-equity housing cooperatives, when so requested by a project area committee established pursuant to Section 33385, provided the project is achievable in an efficient and timely manner.

The limited-equity housing cooperatives shall, in addition to the provisions of Section 817 of the Civil Code, be organized so that the consideration paid for memberships or shares by the first occupants following construction or acquisition by the corporation, including the principal amount of obligations incurred to finance the share or membership purchase, does not exceed 3 percent of the development cost or acquisition cost, or of the fair market value appraisal by the permanent lender, whichever is greater.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 520, Sec. 5. (AB 1246) Effective January 1, 2010.)

33414.
  

An agency may operate a rehousing bureau to assist site occupants in obtaining adequate temporary or permanent housing. It may incur any necessary expenses for this purpose.

(Added by Stats. 1963, Ch. 1812.)

33415.
  

An agency shall provide relocation assistance and shall make all of the payments required by Chapter 16 (commencing with Section 7260) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, including the making of such payments financed by the federal government.

This section shall not be construed to limit any other authority which an agency may have to make other relocation assistance payments, or to make any relocation assistance payment in an amount which exceeds the maximum amount for such payment authorized by Chapter 16 (commencing with Section 7260) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1574.)

33416.
  

In order to facilitate the rehousing of families and single persons displaced by any governmental action, an agency, at the request of the legislative body of the community, may dispose of the real property acquired under the provisions of Section 33396, by sale or long-term lease, for use as, or development of, housing for such displaced persons.

(Amended by Stats. 1969, Ch. 1561.)

33417.
  

Plans prepared pursuant to Section 33411 shall be provided to the Department of Housing and Community Development upon request to be reviewed by the department.

(Amended by Stats. 1975, Ch. 1137.)

33417.5.
  

There is in each city, county, or city and county having an agency a relocation appeals board composed of five members appointed by the mayor of the city or by the chairman of the board of supervisors of the county, subject to the approval of the legislative body. Each board shall promptly hear all complaints brought by residents of the various project areas relating to relocation and shall determine if the redevelopment agency has complied with the provisions of this chapter and, where applicable, federal regulations. The board shall, after a public hearing, transmit its findings and recommendations to the agency. The members of the relocation appeals board shall serve without compensation, but each of the members shall be reimbursed for his necessary expenses incurred in performance of his duties, as determined by the legislative body.

(Added by Stats. 1971, Ch. 1757.)

33418.
  

(a) An agency shall monitor, on an ongoing basis, any housing affordable to persons and families of low or moderate income developed or otherwise made available pursuant to any provisions of this part. As part of this monitoring, an agency shall require owners or managers of the housing to submit an annual report to the agency. The annual reports shall include for each rental unit the rental rate and the income and family size of the occupants, and for each owner-occupied unit whether there was a change in ownership from the prior year and, if so, the income and family size of the new owners. The income information required by this section shall be supplied by the tenant in a certified statement on a form provided by the agency.

(b) The data specified in subdivision (a) shall be obtained by the agency from owners and managers of the housing specified therein and current data shall be included in any reports required by law to be submitted to the Department of Housing and Community Development or the Controller. The information on income and family size that is required to be reported by the owner or manager shall be supplied by the tenant and shall be the only information on income or family size that the owner or manager shall be required to submit on his or her annual report to the agency.

(c) (1) The agency shall compile and maintain a database of existing, new and substantially rehabilitated, housing units developed or otherwise assisted with moneys from the Low and Moderate Income Housing Fund, or otherwise counted towards the requirements of subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 33413. The database shall be made available to the public on the Internet and updated on an annual basis and shall include the date the database was last updated. The database shall require all of the following information for each owner-occupied unit or rental unit, or for each group of units, if more than one unit is subject to the same covenant:

(A) The street address and assessor’s parcel number of the property.

(B) The size of each unit, measured by the number of bedrooms.

(C) The year in which the construction or substantial rehabilitation of the unit was completed.

(D) The date of recordation and document number of the affordability covenants or restrictions required under subdivision (f) of Section 33334.3.

(E) The date on which the covenants or restrictions expire.

(F) For owner-occupied units that have changed ownership during the reporting year, as described in subdivision (a), the date and document number of the new affordability covenants or other documents recorded to assure that the affordability restriction is enforceable and continues to run with the land.

(G) Whether occupancy in the unit or units is restricted to any special population, including senior citizens.

(2) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (D) of paragraph (1), the database shall omit any property used to confidentially house victims of domestic violence.

(3) Upon establishment of a database under this section, the agency shall provide reasonable notice to the community regarding the existence of the database.

(d) The agency shall adequately fund its monitoring activities as needed to insure compliance of applicable laws and agreements in relation to affordable units. For purposes of defraying the cost of complying with the requirements of this section and the changes in reporting requirements of Section 33080.4 enacted by the act enacting this section, an agency may establish and impose fees upon owners of properties monitored pursuant to this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 610, Sec. 3.5. (AB 2762) Effective January 1, 2011.)

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