Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 20. MISCELLANEOUS HEALTH AND SAFETY PROVISIONS [24000 - 26217]

  ( Division 20 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

CHAPTER 6.8. Hazardous Substance Account [25300 - 25395.45]

  ( Chapter 6.8 repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 2. Definitions [25310 - 25327]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. )

25310.
  

The definitions set forth in this article shall govern the interpretation of this chapter. Unless the context requires otherwise and except as provided in this article, the definitions contained in Section 101 of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601) shall apply to the terms used in this chapter.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25310.5.
  

“Agency” means the California Environmental Protection Agency.

(Added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 6. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25311.
  

“Contract competitor” means any person competing for a state contract pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 25358.3.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25312.
  

“Department” means the Department of Toxic Substances Control.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25313.
  

“Director” means the Director of Toxic Substances Control.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25314.
  

“Feasibility study” means the identification and evaluation of technically feasible and effective remedial action alternatives to protect public health and the environment, at a hazardous substance release site, or other activities deemed necessary by the department for the development of a remedial action plan.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25315.
  

“Federal act” means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601 et seq.).

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25316.
  

“Hazardous substance” means:

(a)  Any substance designated pursuant to Section 1321  (b)(2)(A) of Title 33 of the United States Code.

(b)  Any element, compound, mixture, solution, or substance designated pursuant to Section 102 of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9602).

(c)  Any hazardous waste having the characteristics identified under or listed pursuant to Section 6921 of Title 42 of the United States Code, but not including any waste the regulation of which under the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 6901 et seq.) has been suspended by act of Congress.

(d)  Any toxic pollutant listed under Section 1317  (a) of Title 33 of the United States Code.

(e)  Any hazardous air pollutant listed under Section 7412 of Title 42 of the United States Code.

(f)  Any imminently hazardous chemical substance or mixture with respect to which the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency has taken action pursuant to Section 2606 of Title 15 of the United States Code.

(g)  Any hazardous waste or extremely hazardous waste as defined by Sections 25117 and 25115, respectively, unless expressly excluded.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25317.
  

“Hazardous substance” does not include:

(a)  Petroleum, including crude oil or any fraction thereof which is not otherwise specifically listed or designated as a hazardous substance in subdivisions (a) to (f), inclusive, of Section 25316, and natural gas, natural gas liquids, liquefied natural gas, or synthetic gas usable for fuel (or mixtures of natural gas and such synthetic gas), or the ash produced by a resource recovery facility utilizing a municipal solid waste stream.

(b)  Nontoxic, nonflammable, noncorrosive stormwater runoff drained from underground vaults, chambers, or manholes into gutters or storm sewers.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25318.5.
  

“Operation and maintenance” means those activities initiated or continued at a hazardous substance release site following completion of a response action that are deemed necessary by the department or regional board in order to protect public health or safety or the environment, to maintain the effectiveness of the response action at the site, or to achieve or maintain the response action standards and objectives established by the final remedial action plan or final removal action work plan applicable to the site.

(Amended by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 7. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25319.
  

“Person” means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, business concern, corporation, including, but not limited to, a government corporation, partnership, limited liability company, and association. “Person” also includes any city, county, city and county, district, commission, the state or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, any interstate body, and the United States and its agencies and instrumentalities, to the extent permitted by law.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25319.1.
  

“Phase I environmental assessment” means a preliminary assessment of a property to determine whether there has been, or may have been, a release of a hazardous substance based on reasonably available information about the property and general vicinity. A phase I environmental assessment may include, but is not limited to, a review of public and private records, current and historical land uses, prior releases of a hazardous material, data base searches, reviews of relevant files of federal, state, and local agencies, visual and other surveys of the property and general vicinity, interviews with current and previous owners and operators, and review of regulatory correspondence and environmental reports. Sampling or testing is not required as part of a phase I environmental assessment.

(Added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 8. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25319.5.
  

“Preliminary endangerment assessment” means an activity that is performed to determine whether current or past hazardous substance management practices have resulted in a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance that poses a threat to the public health or the environment and is conducted in a manner that complies with the guidelines published by the department entitled “Preliminary Endangerment Assessment: Guidance Manual,” or as those guidelines may be amended by the department. A preliminary endangerment assessment includes all of the following activities:

(a)  Sampling and analysis of a site.

(b)  A preliminary determination of the type and extent of hazardous material contamination of a site.

(c)  A preliminary evaluation of the risks the hazardous materials contamination of a site may pose to public health or the environment.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 10. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25319.6.
  

“Regional board” means a California regional water quality control board.

(Added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25320.
  

“Release” means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25321.
  

“Release” does not include any of the following:

(a)  Any release that results in exposure to persons solely within a workplace, with respect to a claim those exposed persons may assert against their employer.

(b)  Emissions from the engine exhaust of a motor vehicle, rolling stock, aircraft, vessel, or pipeline pumping station engine.

(c)  Release of source, byproduct, or special nuclear material from a nuclear incident, as those terms are defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 2011, et seq.), if such release is subject to requirements with respect to financial protection established by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission under Section 2210 of Title 42 of the United States Code or, for the purposes of Section 104 of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9604) or any other response action, any release of source byproduct, or special nuclear material from any processing site designated under Section 7912(a)(1) or 7942(a) of Title 42 of the United States Code, which sections are a part of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978.

(d)  The normal application of fertilizer, plant growth regulants, and pesticides.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25322.
  

“Remedy” or “remedial action” includes all of the following:

(a)  Those actions that are consistent with a permanent remedy, that are taken instead of, or in addition to, removal actions in the event of a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance into the environment, as further defined by Section 101(24) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601(24)), except that any reference in Section 101(24) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601(24)) to the President, relating to determinations regarding the relocation of residents, businesses, and community facilities shall, for the purposes of this chapter, be deemed to be a reference to the Governor and any other reference in that section to the President shall, for the purposes of this chapter, be deemed a reference to the Governor, or the director, if designated by the Governor.

(b)  Those actions that are necessary to monitor, assess, and evaluate a release or a threatened release of a hazardous substance.

(c)  Site operation and maintenance.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25322.1.
  

“Remedial design” means the detailed engineering plan to implement the remedial action alternative or initial remedial measure approved by the department.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25322.2.
  

“Remedial investigation” means those actions deemed necessary by the department to determine the full extent of a hazardous substance release at a site, identify the public health and environment threat posed by the release, collect data on possible remedies, and otherwise evaluate the site for purposes of developing a remedial action plan.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25323.
  

“Remove” or “removal” includes the cleanup or removal of released hazardous substances from the environment or the taking of other actions as may be necessary to prevent, minimize, or mitigate damage which may otherwise result from a release or threatened release, as further defined by Section 101(23) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601(23)).

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25323.1.
  

“Removal action work plan” means a work plan prepared or approved by the department or a California regional water quality control board that is developed to carry out a removal action, in an effective manner, that is protective of the public health and safety and the environment. The removal action work plan shall include a detailed engineering plan for conducting the removal action, a description of the onsite contamination, the goals to be achieved by the removal action, and any alternative removal options that were considered and rejected and the basis for that rejection.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25323.3.
  

“Response,” “respond,” or “response action” have the same meanings as defined in Section 9601(25) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601(25)). The enforcement and oversight activities of the department and regional board are included within the meaning of “response,” “respond,” or “response action.”

(Amended by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 11. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25323.5.
  

(a)  (1)  “Responsible party” or “liable person,” for the purposes of this chapter, means those persons described in Section 107(a) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9607(a)).

(2)  (A)  Notwithstanding paragraph (1), but except as provided in subparagraph (B), a person is not a responsible party or liable person, for purposes of this chapter, for the reason that the person has developed or implemented innovative investigative or innovative remedial technology with regard to a release site, if the use of the technology has been approved by the department for the release site and the person would not otherwise be a responsible party or liable person. Upon approval of the use of the technology, the director shall acknowledge, in writing, that, upon proper completion of the innovative investigative or innovative remedial action at the release site, the immunity provided by this subparagraph shall apply to the person.

(B)  Subparagraph (A) does not apply in any of the following cases:

(i)  Conditions at the release site have deteriorated as a result of the negligence of the person who developed or implemented the innovative investigative or innovative remedial technology.

(ii)  The person who developed or implemented the innovative investigative or innovative remedial technology withheld or misrepresented information that was relevant to the potential risks or harms of the technology.

(iii)  The person who implemented the innovative investigative or innovative remedial technology did not follow the implementation process approved by the department.

(b)  For the purposes of this chapter, the defenses available to a responsible party or liable person shall be those defenses specified in Sections 101(35) and 107(b) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Secs. 9601(35) and 9607(b)).

(c)  Any person who unknowingly transports hazardous waste to a solid waste facility pursuant to the exemption provided in subdivision (e) of Section 25163 shall not be considered a responsible party for purposes of this chapter solely because of the act of transporting the waste. Nothing in this subdivision shall affect the liability of this person for his or her negligent acts.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25323.9.
  

“Site” has the same meaning as the term “facility” is defined by Section 101(9) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601(9)).

(Added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25324.
  

(a) “State account” means the Toxic Substances Control Account established pursuant to Section 25173.6.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any costs incurred and payable from the Hazardous Substance Account, the Hazardous Waste Control Account, or the Site Remediation Account prior to July 1, 2006, to implement this chapter, shall be recoverable from the liable person or persons pursuant to Section 25360 as if the costs were incurred and payable from the state account.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 77, Sec. 16. Effective July 18, 2006.)

25325.
  

“Federally permitted release” has the same meaning as defined in Section 101  (10) of the federal act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 9601  (10)).

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25326.
  

“A release authorized or permitted pursuant to state law” means any release into the environment which is authorized by statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule of any state, regional, or local agency or government or by any specific permit, license, or similar authorization from such an agency, including one of the foregoing, that recognizes a standard industry practice, including variances obtained from the agency which allow operations for facilities during a period of time when releases from the facilities do not conform with relevant statutes, ordinances, regulations, or rules. The term includes a federally permitted release, as defined by Section 25325, and releases that are in accordance with any court order or consent decree.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25326.3.
  

“Secretary” means the Secretary for Environmental Protection.

(Added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 912, Sec. 13. Effective September 29, 2000.)

25326.5.
  

“Site cleanup evaluation” means an evaluation by the department of the effectiveness of a removal or remedial action conducted by a responsible party, to reduce or eliminate actual or potential public health and environmental threats posed by a hazardous substance release site if the action itself is not the subject of oversight by the department.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

25327.
  

“Tier” means a grouping of hazardous substance release sites that require removal and remedial actions, that are listed alphabetically, and that are of a roughly equivalent priority for removal and remedial action.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective May 26, 1999.)

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