Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 2. LICENSING PROVISIONS [1200 - 1797.8]

  ( Division 2 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

CHAPTER 3. California Community Care Facilities Act [1500 - 1567.87]

  ( Chapter 3 repealed and added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 1203. )

ARTICLE 5. Suspension and Revocation [1550 - 1557.5]
  ( Article 5 added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 1203. )

1550.
  

The department may deny an application for, or suspend or revoke, any license, or any special permit, certificate of approval, or administrator certificate, issued under this chapter upon any of the following grounds and in the manner provided in this chapter, or may deny a transfer of a license pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 1524 for any of the following grounds:

(a) Violation of this chapter or of the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter by the licensee or holder of a special permit or certificate.

(b) Aiding, abetting, or permitting the violation of this chapter or of the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter.

(c) Conduct which is inimical to the health, morals, welfare, or safety of either the people of this state or an individual in, or receiving services from, the facility or certified family home.

(d) The conviction of a licensee, holder of a special permit or certificate, or other person mentioned in Section 1522, at any time before or during licensure, of a crime as defined in Section 1522.

(e) The licensee of any facility, the holder of a special permit or certificate, or the person providing direct care or supervision knowingly allows any child to have illegal drugs or alcohol.

(f) Engaging in acts of financial malfeasance concerning the operation of a facility or certified family home, including, but not limited to, improper use or embezzlement of client moneys and property or fraudulent appropriation for personal gain of facility moneys and property, or willful or negligent failure to provide services.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 29, Sec. 14. (SB 855) Effective June 20, 2014.)

1550.5.
  

The director may temporarily suspend any license prior to any hearing when, in the opinion of the director, the action is urgent to protect residents or clients of the facility from physical or mental abuse, abandonment, or any other substantial threat to health or safety. The director shall serve the licensee with the temporary suspension order, a copy of available discovery and other relevant evidence in the possession of the department, including, but not limited to, affidavits, declarations, and any other evidence upon which the director relied in issuing the temporary suspension order, the names of the department’s witnesses, and the effective date of the temporary suspension and at the same time shall serve the licensee with an accusation.

(a)  (1)  The department shall notify the licensee, upon service of an order of temporary license suspension, of the licensee’s right to an interim hearing on the order. The department shall also provide the licensee with a form and appropriate information for the licensee’s use in requesting an interim hearing. The department shall also notify the licensee, upon service, of the licensee’s independent right to seek review of the order by the superior court pursuant to Section 1085 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

(2)  (A)  The licensee may request an interim hearing by mailing or delivering a written request to the Office of Administrative Hearings. The licensee shall mail or deliver the request to the address or location specified on the request form served with the order. The licensee shall mail or deliver the request within five days after service of the order. Upon receipt of a timely request for an interim hearing, the Office of Administrative Hearings shall set a hearing date and time which shall be within 10 working days of the office’s receipt of the request. The Office of Administrative Hearings shall promptly notify the licensee of the date, time, and place of the hearing. The licensee’s request for an interim hearing shall not stay the operation of the order.

(B)  Nothing in this section precludes a licensee from proceeding directly to a full evidentiary hearing or from seeking review of the temporary suspension order by the superior court without first requesting an interim hearing. Nothing in this section requires resolution of the interim hearing prior to review of the temporary suspension order by the superior court. The relief that may be ordered is a stay of the temporary suspension order.

(3)  (A)  An interim hearing shall be held before an administrative law judge of the Office of Administrative Hearings. The interim hearing shall be held at the regional office of the Office of Administrative Hearings having jurisdiction over the location of the facility.

(B)  For purposes of the interim hearing conducted pursuant to this section, the licensee and department shall, at a minimum, have the following rights:

(i)  To be represented by counsel.

(ii)  To have a record made of the proceedings, copies of which may be obtained by the licensee upon payment of reasonable charges associated with the record.

(iii)  To present written evidence in the form of relevant declarations, affidavits, and documents. No later than five working days prior to the interim hearing, the department and the respondent shall serve the opposing party, by overnight delivery or facsimile transmission, with any additional available pertinent discovery that the department or respondent will present at the hearing and that was not provided to the licensee at the time the temporary suspension order was issued. The additional discovery shall include, but not be limited to, affidavits, declarations, and the names of witnesses who will testify at the full evidentiary hearing. The department and the respondent shall have a continuing obligation to exchange discovery as described in this section, up to and including the day of the interim hearing. There shall be no oral testimony at the interim hearing.

(iv)  In lieu of an affidavit by an alleged victim named in the accusation, the department and the respondent shall be permitted, at the discretion of the administrative law judge, to introduce at the interim hearing hearsay evidence as to any statement made by the alleged victim as if the alleged victim executed an affidavit. In deciding whether the hearsay statement should be admitted as evidence in the interim hearing, the administrative law judge shall consider the circumstances that would indicate the trustworthiness of the statement.

(v)  To present oral argument.

(C)  Consistent with the standards of proof applicable to a preliminary injunction entered under Section 527 of the Code of Civil Procedure, the administrative law judge shall vacate the temporary suspension order where, in the exercise of discretion, the administrative law judge concludes both of the following:

(i)  There is a reasonable probability that the licensee will prevail in the underlying action.

(ii)  The likelihood of physical or mental abuse, abandonment, or other substantial threat to the health or safety of residents or clients in not sustaining the order does not outweigh the likelihood of injury to the licensee in sustaining the order.

(D)  The interim hearing shall be reported or recorded pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 11512 of the Government Code.

(4)  The administrative law judge shall issue a verbal interim decision at the conclusion of the interim hearing which sustains or vacates the order. The administrative law judge shall issue a written interim decision within five working days following the conclusion of the interim hearing. The written interim decision shall include findings of fact and a conclusion articulating the connection between the evidence produced at the hearing and the decision reached.

(5)  The interim decision shall be subject to review only pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The department or the licensee may file a petition for that review. A petition for review under Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be heard by the court within 10 days of its filing and the court shall issue its judgment on the petition within 10 days of the conclusion of the hearing.

(6)  The department may proceed with the accusation as otherwise provided by this section and Section 1551 notwithstanding an interim decision by the administrative law judge that vacates the order of temporary license suspension.

(b)  Upon receipt of a notice of defense to the accusation by the licensee, the director shall, within 15 days, set the matter for a full evidentiary hearing, and the hearing shall be held as soon as possible but not later than 30 days after receipt of the notice. The temporary suspension shall remain in effect until the time the hearing is completed and the director has made a final determination on the merits, unless it is earlier vacated by interim decision of the administrative law judge or a superior court judge. However, the temporary suspension shall be deemed vacated if the director fails to make a final determination on the merits within 30 days after the original hearing has been completed.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 728, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1998.)

1550.7.
  

(a) The department shall conduct an unannounced visit to a facility within 30 days after the effective date of a temporary suspension of a license in order to ensure that the facility is nonoperational, unless the department previously has verified that the facility is nonoperational.

(b) The department shall conduct an unannounced visit to a facility within 30 days after the effective date of a revocation of a license, in order to ensure that the facility is nonoperational, unless the department previously has verified that the facility is nonoperational.

(Added by Stats. 2008, Ch. 291, Sec. 8. Effective September 25, 2008.)

1551.
  

(a)  Proceedings for the suspension, revocation, or denial of a license, registration, special permit, certificate of approval, or any administrator certificate under this chapter, or denial of transfer of a license pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 1524, shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and the department shall have all the powers granted by those provisions. In the event of conflict between this chapter and the Government Code, the Government Code shall prevail.

(b) In all proceedings conducted in accordance with this section, the standard of proof to be applied shall be by the preponderance of the evidence.

(c) If the license, special permit, certificate of approval, or administrator certificate is not temporarily suspended pursuant to Section 1550, the hearing shall be held within 90 calendar days after receipt of the notice of defense, unless a continuance of the hearing is granted by the department or the administrative law judge. When the matter has been set for hearing only the administrative law judge may grant a continuance of the hearing. The administrative law judge may, but need not, grant a continuance of the hearing only upon finding the existence of one or more of the following:

(1) The death or incapacitating illness of a party, a representative or attorney of a party, a witness to an essential fact, or of the parent, child, or member of the household of such person, when it is not feasible to substitute another representative, attorney, or witness because of the proximity of the hearing date.

(2) Lack of notice of hearing as provided in Section 11509 of the Government Code.

(3) A material change in the status of the case where a change in the parties or pleadings requires postponement, or an executed settlement or stipulated findings of fact obviate the need for hearing. A partial amendment of the pleadings shall not be good cause for continuance to the extent that the unamended portion of the pleadings is ready to be heard.

(4) A stipulation for continuance signed by all parties or their authorized representatives, including, but not limited to, a representative, which is communicated with the request for continuance to the administrative law judge no later than 25 business days before the hearing.

(5) The substitution of the representative or attorney of a party upon showing that the substitution is required.

(6) The unavailability of a party, representative, or attorney of a party, or witness to an essential fact due to a conflicting and required appearance in a judicial matter if when the hearing date was set, the person did not know and could neither anticipate nor at any time avoid the conflict, and the conflict with request for continuance is immediately communicated to the administrative law judge.

(7) The unavailability of a party, a representative or attorney of a party, or a material witness due to an unavoidable emergency.

(8) Failure by a party to comply with a timely discovery request if the continuance request is made by the party who requested the discovery.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 29, Sec. 15. (SB 855) Effective June 20, 2014.)

1551.1.
  

(a)  The administrative law judge conducting a hearing under this article may permit the testimony of a child witness, or a similarly vulnerable witness, including a witness who is developmentally disabled, to be taken outside the presence of the respondent or respondents if all of the following conditions exist:

(1)  The administrative law judge determines that taking the witness’s testimony outside the presence of the respondent or respondents is necessary to ensure truthful testimony.

(2)  The witness is likely to be intimidated by the presence of the respondent or respondents.

(3)  The witness is afraid to testify in front of the respondent or respondents.

(b)  If the testimony of the witness is taken outside of the presence of the respondent or respondents, the department shall provide for the use of one-way closed-circuit television so the respondent or respondents can observe the testimony of the witness. Nothing in this section shall limit a respondent’s right of cross-examination.

(c)  The administrative law judge conducting a hearing under this section may clear the hearing room of any persons who are not a party to the action in order to protect any witness from intimidation or other harm, taking into account the rights of all persons.

(Added by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1267, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1995.)

1551.15.
  

(a) In any administrative proceeding conducted pursuant to this article in which a child or other minor is the victim in an allegation of inappropriate sexual conduct, evidence of specific instances of the victim’s sexual conduct with individuals other than the alleged perpetrator is subject to all of the following limitations:

(1) The evidence is not discoverable unless it is to be offered at an administrative proceeding to attack the credibility of the victim, as provided for in subdivision (b). This paragraph is intended only to limit the scope of discovery and is not intended to affect the methods of discovery authorized by statute.

(2) The evidence is not admissible at the administrative proceeding unless offered to attack the credibility of the victim, as provided for in subdivision (b).

(3) Reputation or opinion evidence regarding the sexual behavior of the victim is not admissible for any purpose.

(b) Evidence of specific instances of a victim’s sexual conduct with individuals other than the alleged perpetrator is presumed inadmissible absent an offer of proof establishing its relevance and reliability and that its probative value is not substantially outweighed by the probability that its admission will create substantial danger of undue prejudice or confuse the issues.

(c) As used in this section, “victim” means a person who claims to have been subjected to inappropriate sexual conduct by an alleged perpetrator, including, but not limited to, a person who is an adult at the time of hearing, but was under 18 years of age at the time of the alleged inappropriate sexual conduct.

(Added by Stats. 2018, Ch. 910, Sec. 17. (AB 1930) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1551.2.
  

(a)  (1)  An out-of-court statement made by a minor under 12 years of age who is the subject or victim of an allegation at issue is admissible evidence at an administrative hearing conducted pursuant to this article. The out-of-court statement may be used to support a finding of fact unless an objection is timely made and the objecting party establishes that the statement is unreliable because it was the product of fraud, deceit, or undue influence. However, the out-of-court statement may not be the sole basis for the finding of fact, unless the adjudicator finds that the time, content, and circumstances of the statement provide sufficient indicia of reliability.

(2)  The proponent of the statement shall give reasonable notice to all parties of the intended introduction of the statement at the hearing.

(3)  For purposes of this subdivision, an objection is timely if it identifies with reasonable specificity the disputed out-of-court statement and it gives the proponent of the evidence a reasonable period of time to prepare a response to the objection prior to the hearing.

(b)  This section shall not be construed to limit the right of any party to the administrative hearing to subpoena a witness whose statement is admitted as evidence or to introduce admissible evidence relevant to the weight of the hearsay evidence or the credibility of the hearsay declarant.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 707, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)

1551.3.
  

Notwithstanding Sections 11425.10 and 11425.20 of the Government Code, a proceeding conducted pursuant to Section 1534, 1551, or 1558 against a foster family home, certified family home, or resource family of a foster family agency shall be confidential and not open to the public in order to preserve the confidential information of a child or foster parent consistent with the confidentiality requirements in Section 1536 of this code, Section 11167.5 of the Penal Code, and Sections 827, 10850, and 16519.55 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. Notwithstanding this requirement, an administrative law judge may admit those persons deemed to have a direct and legitimate interest in a particular case or the work of the court on a case-by-case basis and with any admonishments, limitations, or protective orders that may be necessary to preserve the confidential nature of the proceedings.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 910, Sec. 18. (AB 1930) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1551.5.
  

In addition to the witness fees and mileage provided by Section 11450.40 of the Government Code, the department may pay actual, necessary, and reasonable expenses in an amount not to exceed the per diem allowance payable to a nonrepresented state employee on travel status. The department may pay witness expenses in advance of the hearing.

(Amended by Stats. 1995, Ch. 938, Sec. 60. Effective January 1, 1996. Operative July 1, 1997, by Sec. 98 of Ch. 938.)

1553.
  

The withdrawal of an application for a license or a special permit after it has been filed with the state department shall not, unless the state department consents in writing to such withdrawal, deprive the state department of its authority to institute or continue a proceeding against the applicant for the denial of the license or a special permit upon any ground provided by law or to enter an order denying the license or special permit upon any such ground.

The suspension, expiration, or forfeiture by operation of law of a license or a special permit issued by the state department, or its suspension, forfeiture, or cancellation by order of the state department or by order of a court of law, or its surrender without the written consent of the state department, shall not deprive the state department of its authority to institute or continue a disciplinary proceeding against the licensee or holder of a special permit upon any ground provided by law or to enter an order suspending or revoking the license or special permit or otherwise taking disciplinary action against the licensee or holder of a special permit on any such ground.

(Added by Stats. 1973, Ch. 1203.)

1554.
  

Any license, registration, or special permit suspended pursuant to this chapter, and any special permit revoked pursuant to this chapter, may be reinstated pursuant to the provisions of Section 11522 of the Government Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1285.)

1555.
  

Whenever a license, registration, or special permit issued under this chapter for a community care facility is suspended, revoked, temporarily suspended, forfeited, canceled, or expires, the department shall provide written notice of that occurrence within 10 days to the local director of social services and the probation officer of the county in which the community care facility is located.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 821, Sec. 1.)

1556.
  

(a) If the director determines that it is necessary to temporarily suspend any license or special permit of a community care facility in order to protect the residents or clients of the facility from physical or mental abuse, abandonment, or any other substantial threat to health or safety, the department shall make every effort to minimize transfer trauma for the residents or clients.

(b) The department shall contact any local agency that may have assessment, placement, protective, or advocacy responsibility for the residents or clients of a facility after a decision is made to temporarily suspend the license or special permit of the facility and prior to its implementation. The department shall work together with these agencies and the licensee, if the director determines it to be appropriate, to locate alternative placement sites, and to contact relatives or other persons responsible for the care of these residents or clients, provide onsite evaluation of the residents or clients, and assist in the transfer of the residents or clients.

(c) In any case where the department alleges that a client or resident has a health condition or health conditions which cannot be cared for within the limits of the license or special permit, or requires inpatient care in a health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250), the department shall do all of the following:

(1) Consult with appropriate medical personnel about when the client or resident should be removed from the facility and how transfer trauma can be minimized.

(2) If the department temporarily suspends the license or special permit of a facility, use medical personnel deemed appropriate by the department to provide onsite evaluation of the clients or residents.

(3) If the department does not suspend the license or special permit of a facility, order the licensee to remove only those clients or residents who have health conditions which cannot be cared for within the limits of the license or special permit or require inpatient care in a health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250), as determined by the department, if the department determines that other clients or residents are not in physical danger.

(d) In any case where the department orders the temporary suspension of a licensee or orders the licensee, or holder of a special permit, to remove a client or resident who has a health condition or health conditions which cannot be cared for within the limits of the license or special permit or requires inpatient care in a health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250), the department may require the licensee or holder of a special permit to do all of the following:

(1) Prepare and submit to the department a written plan for the safe and orderly relocation of the client or resident, in a form acceptable to the department.

(2) Comply with all terms and conditions of the approved relocation plan.

(3) Provide any other information as may be required by the department for the proper administration and enforcement of this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 29, Sec. 16. (SB 855) Effective June 20, 2014.)

1556.5.
  

(a) If the department, as a condition of licensure, requires the chief executive officer or other authorized member of the board of directors and the administrator of a foster family agency to attend an orientation given by the licensing agency that outlines the applicable rules and regulations for operation of a foster family agency, that orientation shall include, but not be limited to, a description of policies, procedures, or practices that violate paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (i) of Section 11166 of the Penal Code.

(b) If the department requires, as part of an application for licensure for a foster family agency, a written plan of operation, that plan of operation shall include a written plan establishing policies, procedures, or practices to ensure that the foster family agency does not violate paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (i) of Section 11166 of the Penal Code.

(c) For purposes of this section, a foster family agency is defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502.

(Added by Stats. 2016, Ch. 850, Sec. 2. (AB 1001) Effective January 1, 2017.)

1557.5.
  

Each facility required to be licensed pursuant to this chapter shall keep a current record of clients in the facility, including the client’s name and ambulatory status, and the name, address, and telephone number of the client’s physician and of any person or agency responsible for the care of the client. The facility shall protect the privacy and confidentiality of this information.

(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 869, Sec. 3. See similar Section 1557.5 added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1096.)

1557.5.
  

Each facility required to be licensed shall keep a current record of all of the following:

(a)  Clients in the facility, including each client’s name and ambulatory status.

(b)  The name, address, and telephone number of each client’s physician.

(c)  The name, address, and telephone number of any person or agency responsible for the care of a client.

The facility shall respect the privacy and confidentiality of this information.

(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1096, Sec. 2.)

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