Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 13. HOUSING [17000 - 19997]

  ( Division 13 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

PART 3. MISCELLANEOUS [19000 - 19892]

  ( Part 3 enacted by Stats. 1939, Ch. 60. )

CHAPTER 8. Inflammable or Explosive Materials [19810 - 19818]
  ( Chapter 8 added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 20. )


(a)  “Article” as used in this chapter means and includes any article of wearing apparel, cloth, drapery or other fabric or material made from or containing any natural or synthetic fiber.

(b)  “Vendor” as used in this chapter means any individual, firm or corporation engaged in the manufacture for sale or the sale of articles as herein defined.

(c)  “Inflammable article” as used in this chapter is any article made from or containing natural or synthetic fiber and determined by the Fire Marshal to be so highly inflammable as to constitute a dangerous risk of fire and hazard of injury to persons and property, taking into consideration the use or uses for which the article is made and designed to serve.

(d)  It has recently come to notice that of the various natural or synthetic fibers adapted and adaptable for use in the making of articles, as herein defined, some are so inflammable as to constitute a dangerous risk of fire and hazard of injury to persons and property. Provision should be made for the avoidance of such risks and hazards by preventing the use of such highly inflammable fibers. It is not feasible by statute to prescribe more specific tests than those herein prescribed, for it would appear that none such have yet been fully developed. It is necessary, therefore, to commit to the State Fire Marshal the conduct of research in these matters, the development of tests for these materials, and the administration of the provisions of this chapter for the prevention of the risks and the avoidance of the hazards described.

(Amended by Stats. 1947, Ch. 793.)


The Fire Marshal of the State of California or any Deputy State Fire Marshal has right of access to the premises of any vendor during business hours for the purpose of determining whether inflammable articles are being manufactured or offered for sale therein and may take either an entire article or samples thereof in such quantities as may be necessary for analysis.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


Any article or samples taken under the provisions of Section 19811 hereof shall be subjected to tests by the Fire Marshal and determination made by him as to whether or not the article or samples are inflammable articles as defined in Section 19810.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


The State Fire Marshal may make such rules and regulations relating to inflammable articles as defined in Section 19810 as may reasonably be necessary to effectuate the purposes of this act and prevent the risk of fire and avoid the hazards of injury to life and property in this chapter described. He shall mail copies of all rules and regulations and amendments thereto to all vendors and trade associations filing a written request for such notification with him.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


Any inflammable article in the possession of any vendor in violation of the rules or regulations of the State Fire Marshal shall be subject to seizure by the State Fire Marshal or any Deputy State Fire Marshal. Any inflammable article seized under this section may be disposed of by the State Fire Marshal by summary destruction at any time subsequent to 30 days from such seizure or 10 days from the final termination of proceedings under the provision of Section 19815, whichever is the later.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


Any vendor whose property is seized under the provisions of Section 19814 may within 10 days after such seizure petition the State Fire Marshal to return the property seized upon the ground that such property was illegally or erroneously seized. Any petition filed hereunder shall be considered by the State Fire Marshal within 60 days after filing and an oral hearing granted the petitioner if requested. Notice of the decision of the Fire Marshal shall be served upon the petitioner. The Fire Marshal may order the property seized under this act disposed of or returned to the petitioner if illegally or erroneously seized. The determination of the Fire Marshal is final unless within 60 days an action is commenced in a court of competent jurisdiction in the State of California for the recovery of the property seized by the Fire Marshal.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


Any vendor who knowingly and wilfully violates any rule or regulation of the Fire Marshal relating to inflammable articles shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

(Added by Stats. 1945, Ch. 728.)


No person may manufacture, sell, or exchange, possess with intent to sell or exchange, or expose or offer for sale or exchange any eyeglass or sunglass frame made of cellulose nitrate or any other material whose flammability characteristics approximate those of cellulose nitrate. Any such frame is an inflammable article.

(Added by Stats. 1970, Ch. 317.)


The State Fire Marshal, with the advice of the State Board of Fire Services, shall prepare and adopt such flammability standards and promulgate such regulations, relating to the use of fabric and fabric-like materials in items including, but not limited to, examination gowns, sleepwear, sheets, and pillowcases, used in acute general hospitals and acute psychiatric hospitals, other than in hospital operating rooms, or in skilled nursing facilities and intermediate care facilities in the state as he deems necessary for the protection of the public interest.

Such regulations shall become operative January 1, 1976.

Any violation of the regulations promulgated by the State Fire Marshal pursuant to this section shall be a misdemeanor.

(Added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1211.)

HSCHealth and Safety Code - HSC