Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 104. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH [106500 - 119405]

  ( Division 104 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

PART 9. RADIATION [114650 - 115342]

  ( Part 9 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

CHAPTER 8. Radiation Control Law [114960 - 115273]

  ( Chapter 8 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

ARTICLE 13. Impounding of Materials [115175 - 115210]
  ( Article 13 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

115175.
  

The department shall have the authority in the event of an emergency to impound or order the impounding of sources of ionizing radiation in the possession of any person who is not equipped to observe or fails to observe this chapter or any rules or regulations issued thereunder.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115180.
  

The term “decontamination,” as used in this chapter, means the reduction of the level of contamination from radioactive material to the level that the department determines is reasonably necessary to eliminate the hazard to public health that is caused by the contamination of any object, building, structure, or premises. Any order by the department pursuant to Section 115185 shall prescribe the level to which the contamination is required to be reduced in order to eliminate the hazard to the public health.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115185.
  

If the department determines that any object, building, structure, or premises is contaminated by radioactive material and constitutes a hazard to the public health, it shall order the person who has control of the object, building, structure, or premises to cease to use or occupy and to exercise due caution to prevent others from using or occupying the object, building, structure, or premises, except to the extent necessary to accomplish the decontamination, or to the extent necessary to accomplish the disposal of the object, building, or structure as radioactive waste. The normal use or occupancy of the object, building, structure, or premises may not be resumed until decontamination has been accomplished and a release obtained from the department.

If the person who has control of the object, building, structure, or premises fails to comply with the department’s order to decontaminate, the department may impound or seize the object, building, structure, or premises. The department after impounding or seizure of an object, building, structure, or premises, may decontaminate the object, building, structure, or premises.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115190.
  

If the department determines that the object, building, structure, or premises does not warrant decontamination because of its low value, it shall so notify in writing the person who had control of the object, building, structure, or premises. The person so notified may decontaminate the object, building, structure, or premises, but if he or she fails to do so within 15 days after the notice, the department may cause the object, building, structure, or premises to be disposed of as radioactive waste.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115195.
  

If the department causes the object, building, structure or premises to be decontaminated, the department shall, upon the completion of the decontamination, return the impounded article or seized building, structure, or premises to the person who had control of the article, building, structure, or premises prior to the impounding or seizure. The person who has control of the object, building, structure, or premises and was responsible for its contamination shall pay the department for the reasonable and necessary costs incurred by the department in seizing and decontaminating or in seizing and disposing of the object, building, structure, or premises.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115200.
  

If the contamination of the object, building, structure, or premises resulted from the negligence of another person, then the department may require that person to pay all reasonable and necessary costs incurred by the department in seizing and decontaminating or disposing of the object, building, structure, or premises and may maintain any action necessary to recover those costs.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115205.
  

(a)  A lien in favor of the people of California shall be imposed upon any object, building, structure, or premises for the reasonable amount of expenses and costs incurred by the department in carrying out the provisions of Section 115185, 115190, 115195, or 115200 if the owner of the property or of any interest therein is the person responsible for the contamination, and to the extent of the interest of that person. Notice of lien or notice of intent to impose a lien shall be posted by the department upon any object, building, structure, or premises impounded or seized by the department and notice of lien or notice of intent to impose a lien shall be filed with the county recorder of the county in which they are located.

The lien shall not become effective until the notice of lien, particularly identifying the property, the interest subject to the lien and the name of the owner of record of the property, and the amount of the lien, is recorded in the office of the county recorder in the county where the property is located. Upon the recordation, the lien shall have the same force, effect and priority as if it had been a judgment lien imposed upon real property that was not exempt from execution, except that it shall attach only to the property described in the notice and impounded or seized by the department, and shall continue for 10 years from the time of the recording of the notice unless sooner released or otherwise discharged.

(b)  The department may at any time release all or any portion of the property subject to a lien imposed pursuant to subdivision (a) from the lien or subordinate the lien to other liens and encumbrances if it determines that the amount owed is sufficiently secured by a lien on other property or that the release or subordination of the lien will not jeopardize the collection of the amount owed. A certificate by the department to the effect that any property has been released from the lien or that the lien has been subordinated to other liens and encumbrances shall be conclusive evidence that the property has been released or that the lien has been subordinated as provided in the certificate.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

115210.
  

(a)  The city attorney of the city or the district attorney of the county in which any violations of this chapter occur, occurred, or will occur, or the Attorney General, at the request of the department, may institute on behalf of the people of California any civil action necessary to carry out this chapter, including, but not restricted to, the enforcement of liens, the obtaining of injunctions, or the imposition of civil penalties.

(b)  If the civil penalties are awarded and the action is brought by a city attorney or district attorney, the penalty shall be paid directly to the city or county. If no penalty is awarded or paid, or both, the state shall have no obligation to make any payment to the city or county.

If the civil penalty is awarded and the action is brought by the Attorney General, the penalty shall be deposited in the General Fund.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1996.)

HSCHealth and Safety Code - HSC13.