Code Section Group

Government Code - GOV

TITLE 1. GENERAL [25 - 680.4]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1943, Ch. 134. )

DIVISION 7. MISCELLANEOUS [6000 - 7599.2]

  ( Division 7 enacted by Stats. 1943, Ch. 134. )

CHAPTER 26.5. Interagency Responsibilities for Providing Services to Children with Disabilities [7570 - 7587]
  ( Heading of Chapter 26.5 amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1168, Sec. 73. )

7570.
  

Ensuring maximum utilization of all state and federal resources available to provide a child with a disability, as defined in Section 1401(3) of Title 20 of the United States Code, with a free appropriate public education, the provision of related services, as defined in Section 1401(26) of Title 20 of the United States Code, and designated instruction and services, as defined in Section 56363 of the Education Code, to a child with a disability, shall be the joint responsibility of the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the Secretary of the Health and Human Services Agency. The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall ensure that this chapter is carried out through monitoring and supervision.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 56, Sec. 95. Effective January 1, 2008.)

7571.
  

The Secretary of the Health and Human Services Agency may designate a department of state government to assume the responsibilities described in Section 7570. The secretary, or his or her designee, also shall designate a single agency in each county to coordinate the service responsibilities described in Section 7572.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 56, Sec. 96. Effective January 1, 2008.)

7572.
  

(a) A child shall be assessed in all areas related to the suspected disability by those qualified to make a determination of the child’s need for the service before any action is taken with respect to the provision of related services or designated instruction and services to a child, including, but not limited to, services in the areas of occupational therapy and physical therapy. All assessments required or conducted pursuant to this section shall be governed by the assessment procedures contained in Article 2 (commencing with Section 56320) of Chapter 4 of Part 30 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education Code.

(b) Occupational therapy and physical therapy assessments shall be conducted by qualified medical personnel as specified in regulations developed by the State Department of Health Care Services in consultation with the State Department of Education.

(c) A related service or designated instruction and service shall only be added to the child’s individualized education program by the individualized education program team, as described in Part 30 (commencing with Section 56000) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education Code, if a formal assessment has been conducted pursuant to this section, and a qualified person conducting the assessment recommended the service in order for the child to benefit from special education. In no case shall the inclusion of necessary related services in a pupil’s individualized education plan be contingent upon identifying the funding source. Nothing in this section shall prevent a parent from obtaining an independent assessment in accordance with subdivision (b) of Section 56329 of the Education Code, which shall be considered by the individualized education program team.

(1) If an assessment has been conducted pursuant to subdivision (b), the recommendation of the person who conducted the assessment shall be reviewed and discussed with the parent and with appropriate members of the individualized education program team prior to the meeting of the individualized education program team. When the proposed recommendation of the person has been discussed with the parent and there is disagreement on the recommendation pertaining to the related service, the parent shall be notified in writing and may require the person who conducted the assessment to attend the individualized education program team meeting to discuss the recommendation. The person who conducted the assessment shall attend the individualized education program team meeting if requested. Following this discussion and review, the recommendation of the person who conducted the assessment shall be the recommendation of the individualized education program team members who are attending on behalf of the local educational agency.

(2) If an independent assessment for the provision of related services or designated instruction and services is submitted to the individualized education program team, review of that assessment shall be conducted by the person specified in subdivision (b). The recommendation of the person who reviewed the independent assessment shall be reviewed and discussed with the parent and with appropriate members of the individualized education program team prior to the meeting of the individualized education program team. The parent shall be notified in writing and may request the person who reviewed the independent assessment to attend the individualized education program team meeting to discuss the recommendation. The person who reviewed the independent assessment shall attend the individualized education program team meeting if requested. Following this review and discussion, the recommendation of the person who reviewed the independent assessment shall be the recommendation of the individualized education program team members who are attending on behalf of the local educational agency.

(3) Any disputes between the parent and team members representing the public agencies regarding a recommendation made in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be resolved pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 56500) of Part 30 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education Code.

(d) Whenever a related service or designated instruction and service specified in subdivision (b) is to be considered for inclusion in the child’s individualized educational program, the local educational agency shall invite the responsible public agency representative to meet with the individualized education program team to determine the need for the service and participate in developing the individualized education program. If the responsible public agency representative cannot meet with the individualized education program team, then the representative shall provide written information concerning the need for the service pursuant to subdivision (c). Conference calls, together with written recommendations, are acceptable forms of participation. If the responsible public agency representative will not be available to participate in the individualized education program team meeting, the local educational agency shall ensure that a qualified substitute is available to explain and interpret the evaluation pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 56341 of the Education Code. A copy of the information shall be provided by the responsible public agency to the parents or any adult pupil for whom no guardian or conservator has been appointed.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 162, Sec. 57. (SB 1171) Effective January 1, 2013.)

7573.
  

The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall ensure that local education agencies provide special education and those related services and designated instruction and services contained in a child’s individualized education program that are necessary for the child to benefit educationally from his or her instructional program. Local education agencies shall be responsible only for the provision of those services which are provided by qualified personnel whose employment standards are covered by the Education Code and implementing regulations.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1747, Sec. 2. Section operative July 1, 1986, pursuant to Section 7588 (later repealed).)

7575.
  

(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the State Department of Health Care Services, or any designated local agency administering the California Children’s Services, shall be responsible for the provision of medically necessary occupational therapy and physical therapy, as specified by Article 5 (commencing with Section 123800) of Chapter 3 of Part 2 of Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code, by reason of medical diagnosis and when contained in the child’s individualized education program.

(2) Related services or designated instruction and services not deemed to be medically necessary by the State Department of Health Care Services, that the individualized education program team determines are necessary in order to assist a child to benefit from special education, shall be provided by the local education agency by qualified personnel whose employment standards are covered by the Education Code and implementing regulations.

(b) The department shall determine whether a California Children’s Services eligible pupil, or a pupil with a private medical referral needs medically necessary occupational therapy or physical therapy. A medical referral shall be based on a written report from a licensed physician and surgeon who has examined the pupil. The written report shall include the following:

(1) The diagnosed neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, or physical disabling condition prompting the referral.

(2) The referring physician’s treatment goals and objectives.

(3) The basis for determining the recommended treatment goals and objectives, including how these will ameliorate or improve the pupil’s diagnosed condition.

(4) The relationship of the medical disability to the pupil’s need for special education and related services.

(5) Relevant medical records.

(c) The department shall provide the service directly or by contracting with another public agency, qualified individual, or a state-certified nonpublic nonsectarian school or agency.

(d) Local education agencies shall provide necessary space and equipment for the provision of occupational therapy and physical therapy in the most efficient and effective manner.

(e) The department shall also be responsible for providing the services of a home health aide when the local education agency considers a less restrictive placement from home to school for a pupil for whom both of the following conditions exist:

(1) The California Medical Assistance Program provides a life-supporting medical service via a home health agency during the time in which the pupil would be in school or traveling between school and home.

(2) The medical service provided requires that the pupil receive the personal assistance or attention of a nurse, home health aide, parent or guardian, or some other specially trained adult in order to be effectively delivered.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 28, Sec. 1. (AB 1494) Effective June 27, 2012.)

7577.
  

(a) The State Department of Rehabilitation and the State Department of Education shall jointly develop assessment procedures for determining client eligibility for State Department of Rehabilitation services for disabled pupils in secondary schools to help them make the transition from high school to work. The assessment procedures shall be distributed to local education agencies.

(b) The State Department of Rehabilitation shall maintain the current level of services to secondary school pupils in project work ability and shall seek ways to augment services with funds that may become available.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 759, Sec. 73. Effective September 21, 1992.)

7578.
  

The provision of special education programs and related services for disabled children and youth residing in state hospitals shall be ensured by the State Department of Developmental Services, the State Department of State Hospitals, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction in accordance with Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 56850) of Part 30 of the Education Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 440, Sec. 8. (AB 1488) Effective September 22, 2012.)

7579.
  

(a) Prior to placing a disabled child or a child suspected of being disabled in a residential facility, outside the child’s home, a court, regional center for the developmentally disabled, or public agency other than an educational agency, shall notify the administrator of the special education local plan area in which the residential facility is located. The administrator of the special education local plan area shall provide the court or other placing agency with information about the availability of an appropriate public or nonpublic, nonsectarian special education program in the special education local plan area where the residential facility is located.

(b) Notwithstanding Section 56159 of the Education Code, the involvement of the administrator of the special education local plan area in the placement discussion, pursuant to subdivision (a), shall in no way obligate a public education agency to pay for the residential costs and the cost of noneducational services for a child placed in a licensed children’s institution or foster family home.

(c) It is the intent of the Legislature that this section will encourage communication between the courts and other public agencies that engage in referring children to, or placing children in, residential facilities, and representatives of local educational agencies. It is not the intent of this section to hinder the courts or public agencies in their responsibilities for placing disabled children in residential facilities when appropriate.

(d) Any public agency other than an educational agency that places a disabled child or a child suspected of being disabled in a facility out of state without the involvement of the school district, special education local plan area, or county office of education in which the parent or guardian resides, shall assume all financial responsibility for the child’s residential placement, special education program, and related services in the other state unless the other state or its local agencies assume responsibility.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 585, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2003.)

7579.1.
  

(a) Prior to the discharge of any disabled child or youth who has an active individualized education program from a public hospital, proprietary hospital, or residential medical facility pursuant to Article 5.5 (commencing with Section 56167) of Chapter 2 of Part 30 of the Education Code, a licensed children’s institution or foster family home pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 56155) of Chapter 2 of Part 30 of the Education Code, or a state hospital or developmental center, the following shall occur:

(1) The operator of the hospital or medical facility, or the agency that placed the child in the licensed children’s institution or foster family home, shall, at least 10 days prior to the discharge of a disabled child or youth, notify in writing the local educational agency in which the special education program for the child is being provided, and the receiving special education local plan area where the child is being transferred, of the impending discharge.

(2) The operator or placing agency, as part of the written notification, shall provide the receiving special education local plan area with a copy of the child’s individualized education program, the identity of the individual responsible for representing the interests of the child for educational and related services for the impending placement, and other relevant information about the child that will be useful in implementing the child’s individualized education program in the receiving special education local plan area.

(b) Once the disabled child or youth has been discharged, it shall be the responsibility of the receiving local educational agency to ensure that the disabled child or youth receives an appropriate educational placement that commences without delay upon his or her discharge from the hospital, institution, facility, or foster family home in accordance with Section 56325 of the Education Code. Responsibility for the provision of special education rests with the school district of residence of the parent or guardian of the child unless the child is placed in another hospital, institution, facility, or foster family home in which case the responsibility of special education rests with the school district in which the child resides pursuant to Sections 56156.4, 56156.6, and 56167 of the Education Code.

(c) Special education local plan area directors shall document instances where the procedures in subdivision (a) are not being adhered to and report these instances to the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 144, Sec. 20. (AB 1847) Effective January 1, 2015.)

7579.2.
  

It is the intent of the Legislature that any disabled individual who has an active individualized education program and is being discharged from a state developmental center or state hospital be discharged to the community as close as possible to the home of the individual’s parent, guardian, or conservator in keeping with the individual’s right to receive special education and related services in the least restrictive environment.

(Added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 939, Sec. 18. Effective October 8, 1993.)

7579.5.
  

(a) In accordance with Section 1415(b)(2)(B) of Title 20 of the United States Code, a local educational agency shall make reasonable efforts to ensure the appointment of a surrogate parent not more than 30 days after there is a determination by the local educational agency that a child needs a surrogate parent. A local educational agency shall appoint a surrogate parent for a child in accordance with Section 300.519 of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations under one or more of the following circumstances:

(1) (A) The child is adjudicated a dependent or ward of the court pursuant to Section 300, 601, or 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code upon referral of the child to the local educational agency for special education and related services, or if the child already has a valid individualized education program, (B) the court specifically has limited the right of the parent or guardian to make educational decisions for the child, and (C) the child has no responsible adult to represent him or her pursuant to Section 361 or 726 of the Welfare and Institutions Code or Section 56055 of the Education Code.

(2) No parent for the child can be identified.

(3) The local educational agency, after reasonable efforts, cannot discover the location of a parent.

(b) When appointing a surrogate parent, the local educational agency, as a first preference, shall select a relative caretaker, foster parent, or court-appointed special advocate, if any of these individuals exists and is willing and able to serve. If none of these individuals is willing or able to act as a surrogate parent, the local educational agency shall select the surrogate parent of its choice. If the child is moved from the home of the relative caretaker or foster parent who has been appointed as a surrogate parent, the local educational agency shall appoint another surrogate parent if a new appointment is necessary to ensure adequate representation of the child.

(c) For purposes of this section, the surrogate parent shall serve as the child’s parent and shall have the rights relative to the child’s education that a parent has under Title 20 (commencing with Section 1400) of the United States Code and pursuant to Part 300 of Title 34 (commencing with Section 300.1) of the Code of Federal Regulations. The surrogate parent may represent the child in matters relating to special education and related services, including the identification, assessment, instructional planning and development, educational placement, reviewing and revising the individualized education program, and in all other matters relating to the provision of a free appropriate public education of the child. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this representation shall include the provision of written consent to the individualized education program including nonemergency medical services, mental health treatment services, and occupational or physical therapy services pursuant to this chapter.

(d) The surrogate parent is required to meet with the child at least one time. He or she may also meet with the child on additional occasions, attend the child’s individualized education program team meetings, review the child’s educational records, consult with persons involved in the child’s education, and sign any consent relating to individualized education program purposes.

(e) As far as practical, a surrogate parent should be culturally sensitive to his or her assigned child.

(f) The surrogate parent shall comply with federal and state law pertaining to the confidentiality of student records and information and shall use discretion in the necessary sharing of the information with appropriate persons for the purpose of furthering the interests of the child.

(g) The surrogate parent may resign from his or her appointment only after he or she gives notice to the local educational agency.

(h) The local educational agency shall terminate the appointment of a surrogate parent if (1) the person is not properly performing the duties of a surrogate parent or (2) the person has an interest that conflicts with the interests of the child entrusted to his or her care.

(i) Individuals who would have a conflict of interest in representing the child, as specified in Section 300.519(d) of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations, shall not be appointed as a surrogate parent. “An individual who would have a conflict of interest,” for purposes of this section, means a person having any interests that might restrict or bias his or her ability to advocate for all of the services required to ensure that the child has a free appropriate public education.

(j) Except for individuals who have a conflict of interest in representing the child, and notwithstanding any other law or regulation, individuals who may serve as surrogate parents include, but are not limited to, foster care providers, retired teachers, social workers, and probation officers who are not employees of the State Department of Education, the local educational agency, or any other agency that is involved in the education or care of the child.

(1) A public agency authorized to appoint a surrogate parent under this section may select a person who is an employee of a nonpublic agency that only provides noneducational care for the child and who meets the other standards of this section.

(2) A person who otherwise qualifies to be a surrogate parent under this section is not an employee of the local educational agency solely because he or she is paid by the local educational agency to serve as a surrogate parent.

(k) The surrogate parent may represent the child until (1) the child is no longer in need of special education, (2) the minor reaches 18 years of age, unless the child chooses not to make educational decisions for himself or herself, or is deemed by a court to be incompetent, (3) another responsible adult is appointed to make educational decisions for the minor, or (4) the right of the parent or guardian to make educational decisions for the minor is fully restored.

(l) The surrogate parent and the local educational agency appointing the surrogate parent shall be held harmless by the State of California when acting in their official capacity except for acts or omissions that are found to have been wanton, reckless, or malicious.

(m) The State Department of Education shall develop a model surrogate parent training module and manual that shall be made available to local educational agencies.

(n) Nothing in this section may be interpreted to prevent a parent or guardian of an individual with exceptional needs from designating another adult individual to represent the interests of the child for educational and related services.

(o) If funding for implementation of this section is provided, it may only be provided from Item 6110-161-0890 of Section 2.00 of the annual Budget Act.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 56, Sec. 99. Effective January 1, 2008.)

7579.6.
  

(a) In accordance with Section 1415(b)(2)(A) of Title 20 of the United States Code, in the case of a child who is a ward of the state, the surrogate parent described in Section 7579.5 may alternatively be appointed by the judge overseeing the child’s care provided that the surrogate meets the requirements of Section 7579.5.

(b) In the case of an unaccompanied homeless youth as defined in Section 725(6) of the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 11434a(6)), the local educational agency shall appoint a surrogate parent in accordance with Section 7579.5 and Section 300.519(f) of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 56, Sec. 100. Effective January 1, 2008.)

7580.
  

Prior to licensing a community care facility, as defined in Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, in which a disabled child or youth may be placed, or prior to a modification of a community care facility’s license to permit expansion of the facility, the State Department of Social Services shall consult with the administrator of the special education local plan area in order to consider the impact of licensure upon local education agencies.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 759, Sec. 77. Effective September 21, 1992.)

7581.
  

The residential and noneducational costs of a child placed in a medical or residential facility by a public agency, other than a local education agency, or independently placed in a facility by the parent of the child, shall not be the responsibility of the state or local education agency, but shall be the responsibility of the placing agency or parent.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1747, Sec. 2. Section operative July 1, 1986, pursuant to Section 7588 (later repealed).)

7582.
  

Assessments and therapy treatment services provided under programs of the State Department of Health Care Services, or its designated local agencies, rendered to a child referred by a local education agency for an assessment or a disabled child or youth with an individualized education program, shall be exempt from financial eligibility standards and family repayment requirements for these services when rendered pursuant to this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 28, Sec. 2. (AB 1494) Effective June 27, 2012. Note: A previous Section 7582 was repealed by Stats. 2012, Ch. 23, effective June 27, 2012.)

7584.
  

As used in this chapter, “disabled youth,” “child,” or “pupil” means individuals with exceptional needs as defined in Section 56026 of the Education Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 759, Sec. 79. Effective September 21, 1992.)

7585.
  

(a) Whenever a department or local agency designated by that department fails to provide a related service or designated instruction and service required pursuant to Section 7575, and specified in the pupil’s individualized education program, the parent, adult pupil, if applicable, or a local educational agency referred to in this chapter, shall submit a written notification of the failure to provide the service to the Superintendent of Public Instruction or the Secretary of California Health and Human Services.

(b) When either the Superintendent or the secretary receives a written notification of the failure to provide a service as specified in subdivision (a), a copy shall immediately be transmitted to the other party. The Superintendent, or his or her designee, and the secretary, or his or her designee, shall meet to resolve the issue within 15 calendar days of receipt of the notification. A written copy of the meeting resolution shall be mailed to the parent, the local educational agency, and affected departments, within 10 days of the meeting.

(c) If the issue cannot be resolved within 15 calendar days to the satisfaction of the Superintendent and the secretary, they shall jointly submit the issue in writing to the Director of the Office of Administrative Hearings, or his or her designee, in the Department of General Services.

(d) The Director of the Office of Administrative Hearings, or his or her designee, shall review the issue and submit his or her findings in the case to the Superintendent and the secretary within 30 calendar days of receipt of the case. The decision of the director, or his or her designee, shall be binding on the departments and their designated agencies who are parties to the dispute.

(e) If the meeting, conducted pursuant to subdivision (b), fails to resolve the issue to the satisfaction of the parent or local educational agency, either party may appeal to the director, whose decision shall be the final administrative determination and binding on all parties.

(f) Whenever notification is filed pursuant to subdivision (a), the pupil affected by the dispute shall be provided with the appropriate related service or designated instruction and service pending resolution of the dispute, if the pupil had been receiving the service. The Superintendent and the secretary shall ensure that funds are available for the provision of the service pending resolution of the issue pursuant to subdivision (e).

(g) This section does not prevent a parent or adult pupil from filing for a due process hearing under Section 7586.

(h) The contract between the State Department of Education and the Office of Administrative Hearings for conducting due process hearings shall include payment for services rendered by the Office of Administrative Hearings which are required by this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 43, Sec. 40. (AB 114) Effective June 30, 2011.)

7586.
  

(a) All state departments, and their designated local agencies, shall be governed by the procedural safeguards required in Section 1415 of Title 20 of the United States Code. A due process hearing arising over a related service or designated instruction and service shall be filed with the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Resolution of all issues shall be through the due process hearing process established in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 56500) of Part 30 of Division 4 of the Education Code. The decision issued in the due process hearing shall be binding on the department having responsibility for the services in issue as prescribed by this chapter.

(b) Upon receipt of a request for a due process hearing involving an agency other than an educational agency, the Superintendent of Public Instruction shall immediately notify the state and local agencies involved by sending a copy of the request to the agencies.

(c) All hearing requests that involve multiple services that are the responsibility of more than one state department shall give rise to one hearing with all responsible state or local agencies joined as parties.

(d) No public agency, state or local, may request a due process hearing pursuant to Section 56501 of the Education Code against another public agency.

(Added by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1747, Sec. 2. Section operative July 1, 1986, pursuant to Section 7588 (later repealed).)

7587.
  

By January 1, 1986, each state department named in this chapter shall develop regulations, as necessary, for the department or designated local agency to implement this act. All regulations shall be reviewed by the Superintendent of Public Instruction prior to filing with the Office of Administrative Law, in order to ensure consistency with federal and state laws and regulations governing the education of disabled children. The directors of each department shall adopt all regulations pursuant to this section as emergency regulations in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2. For the purpose of the Administrative Procedure Act, the adoption of the regulations shall be deemed to be an emergency and necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or general welfare. These regulations shall not be subject to the review and approval of the Office of Administrative Law and shall not be subject to automatic repeal until the final regulations take effect on or before June 30, 1997, and the final regulations shall become effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State. Regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall be developed with the maximum feasible opportunity for public participation and comments.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 654, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1997.)

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