Code Section Group

Government Code - GOV

TITLE 8. THE ORGANIZATION AND GOVERNMENT OF COURTS [68070 - 77655]

  ( Title 8 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 206. )

CHAPTER 5. The Superior Courts [69504 - 70141.11]

  ( Chapter 5 added by Stats. 1953, Ch. 206. )

ARTICLE 8.5. Superior Court Security [69920 - 69927]
  ( Article 8.5 added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1010, Sec. 1. )

69920.
  

This article shall be known and may be cited as the Superior Court Security Act of 2012. This article implements the statutory changes necessary as a result of the realignment of superior court security funding enacted in Assembly Bill 118 (Chapter 40 of the Statutes of 2011), in which the Trial Court Security Account was established in Section 30025 to fund court security. As such, this article supersedes and replaces Function 8 of Rule 10.810 of the California Rules of Court. Although realignment changed the source of funding for court security, this article is not intended to, nor should it, result in reduced court security service delivery, increased obligations on sheriffs or counties, or other significant programmatic changes that would not otherwise have occurred absent realignment.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 27. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69921.
  

For purposes of this article:

(a) “Court attendant” means a nonarmed, nonlaw enforcement employee of the superior court who performs those functions specified by the court, except those functions that may only be performed by armed and sworn personnel. A court attendant is not a peace officer or a public safety officer.

(b) “Court security plan” means a plan that is provided by the superior court to the Administrative Office of the Courts that includes a law enforcement security plan and all other court security matters.

(c) “Law enforcement security plan” means a plan that is provided by a sheriff or marshal that includes policies and procedures for providing public safety and law enforcement services to the court.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 28. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69921.5.
  

Except for court security services provided by the marshal in the Counties of Shasta and Trinity, the sheriff is responsible for the necessary level of court security services, as established by the memorandum of understanding described in subdivision (b) of Section 69926.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 30. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69922.
  

(a) Except as otherwise provided by law, whenever required, the sheriff shall attend all superior court sessions held within his or her county. A sheriff shall attend a noncriminal, nondelinquency action, however, only if the presiding judge or his or her designee makes a determination that the attendance of the sheriff at that action is necessary for reasons of public safety. The court may use court attendants in courtrooms hearing those noncriminal, nondelinquency actions. Notwithstanding any other law, the presiding judge or his or her designee may provide that a court attendant take charge of a jury, as provided in Sections 613 and 614 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The sheriff shall obey all lawful orders and directions of all courts held within his or her county.

(b) Subject to the memorandum of understanding described in subdivision (b) of Section 69926, the court security services provided by the sheriff may include, but shall not be limited to, all of the following:

(1) Bailiff functions, as defined in Sections 830.1 and 830.36 of the Penal Code, in criminal and noncriminal actions, including, but not limited to, attending court.

(2) Taking charge of a jury, as provided in Sections 613 and 614 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

(3) Patrolling hallways and other areas within court facilities.

(4) Overseeing and escorting prisoners in holding cells within court facilities.

(5) Providing security screening within court facilities.

(6) Providing enhanced security for judicial officers and court personnel.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 31. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69923.
  

(a) A superior court shall not pay a sheriff for court security services and equipment, except as provided in this article.

(b) Subject to the memorandum of understanding described in subdivision (b) of Section 69926, the court may pay for court security service delivery or other significant programmatic changes that would not otherwise have been required absent the realignment of superior court security funding enacted in Assembly Bill 118 (Chapter 40 of the Statutes of 2011), in which the Trial Court Security Account was established in Section 30025 to fund court security.

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 32. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69925.
  

The presiding judge, in conjunction with the sheriff or marshal, shall develop an annual or multiyear comprehensive court security plan that includes the mutually agreed upon law enforcement security plan to be utilized by the court. The Judicial Council shall provide for the subject areas to be addressed in the plan and specify the most efficient practices for providing court security services. The Judicial Council shall establish a process for the review of court security plans by the Judicial Council in the California Rules of Court.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 33. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69926.
  

(a) This section applies to the superior court and the sheriff in those counties in which the sheriff’s department provides court security services.

(b) The sheriff, with the approval and authorization of the board of supervisors, shall, on behalf of the county, enter into an annual or multiyear memorandum of understanding with the superior court specifying an agreed-upon level of court security services and any other agreed-upon governing or operating procedures. The memorandum of understanding and the court security plan may be included in a single document.

(c) If the superior court and the sheriff are unwilling or unable to enter into an agreement pursuant to this section at least 30 days before the expiration date of an existing memorandum of understanding, or if there is a dispute regarding the administration or level of services and equipment being provided under this article, the superior court, sheriff, and county shall meet and confer. The superior court shall designate a representative with authority to resolve the dispute, who shall meet and confer with representatives designated by the sheriff and county who have the authority to negotiate a resolution and recommend the resolution to the board of supervisors. The meeting shall occur within five business days of any party requesting that meeting.

(d) If the meeting described in subdivision (c) does not result in a recommended resolution to the dispute, the presiding judge of the court, the sheriff, or the chair of the board of supervisors may request the assistance of the Administrative Director of the Courts, the President of the California State Sheriffs’ Association, and the President of the California State Association of Counties. Within 10 business days of the request, the representatives of the superior court, the sheriff, and the county involved in the dispute shall meet to discuss the dispute with the Administrative Office of the Courts, the California State Sheriffs’ Association, and the California State Association of Counties. The representatives of the superior court, the sheriff, and the county attending the meeting shall have the authority to negotiate a resolution on behalf of their respective principals. Any recommended resolution shall be approved by the board of supervisors, consistent with subdivision (b).

(e) The Judicial Council shall, by rule of court, establish a process that, notwithstanding any other law, expeditiously and finally resolves disputes that are not settled in the meeting process described in subdivision (d). The rule of court shall do all of the following:

(1) Provide a process for parties to submit disputes.

(2) Provide for the assignment of a justice who is not from the court of appeal district in which the county, the superior court, and the sheriff are located.

(3) Provide an expedited process for hearing these matters in a venue convenient to the parties and assigned justice.

(4) Provide that the justice shall hear the petition and issue a decision on an expedited basis.

(5) Provide a process for an appeal of the decision issued under paragraph (4). The appeal shall be heard in a court of appeal district other than the one in which the county, the superior court, and the sheriff are located.

(f) The terms of a memorandum of understanding shall remain in effect, to the extent consistent with this article, and the sheriff shall continue to provide court security as required by this article, until the parties enter into a new memorandum of understanding.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 41, Sec. 35. (SB 1021) Effective June 27, 2012.)

69927.
  

It is the intent of the Legislature to establish a process and funding mechanism for sheriffs that overall incur increased trial court security costs as a result of court construction projects that had an occupancy date on or after October 9, 2011.

(a) Funding for increased trial court security costs pursuant to this section shall be funded by the General Fund, subject to an annual appropriation by the Legislature.

(b) Counties that demonstrate increased trial court security costs incurred by the sheriff as a result of court construction projects that had an occupancy date on or after October 9, 2011, may request funding pursuant to this section.

(1) Requests shall be submitted to the Department of Finance, and shall include, but not be limited to, information described in subdivision (d).

(c) Counties shall assess and identify key, quantifiable differences between the previous court facility or facilities and the new or replacement facility that impose a measurable and higher level of court security costs incurred by the sheriff.

(d) In evaluating requests, the Department of Finance shall consider on a case-by-case basis relevant factors, including, but not limited to:

(1) Changes in court security due to the consolidation of court facilities.

(2) Changes in overall court security costs due to the consolidation of court facilities.

(3) The square footage of the facility that is accessible to the public.

(4) Other design considerations, such as multiple floors or the distance between entry points and courtrooms.

(5) The number of courtrooms compared to previous courtrooms.

(6) The case types and time spent on various case types being heard in the new facility as compared to the previous facility or facilities.

(7) The addition of holding cells and the escorting of inmates within the court facility.

(8) The number of public entrances and security screening stations.

(9) The presence of a security monitor or control panel.

(10) The presence, location, and expected utilization of jury assembly rooms and juries.

(11) Historical court security staffing and the use of deputies or court attendants.

(12) Personnel costs for sheriff deputies and court attendant staff within the county.

(13) The population of the county.

(e) In evaluating the number of courtrooms under paragraph (5) of subdivision (d), the addition of courtrooms for new judgeships that have not been both authorized and funded may be excluded.

(f) The Director of Finance, in his or her discretion, may limit the amount of funding provided within the annual appropriation.

(g) Funds authorized pursuant to this section shall be used exclusively to fund trial court security provided by county sheriffs. No general county administrative costs may be paid with the funds provided, including, but not limited to, the costs of administering the funds received pursuant to this section.

(h) Requests received by the Department of Finance shall be evaluated as expeditiously as possible.

(i) Requests approved by the Department of Finance shall be considered ongoing, subject to an annual appropriation by the Legislature. The appropriation shall be adjusted annually by a rate commensurate with the growth in the Trial Court Security Growth Subaccount in the prior fiscal year.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 26, Sec. 9. (AB 1468) Effective June 20, 2014.)

GOVGovernment Code - GOV8.5