Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC

DIVISION 20. PROCESSORS, STORERS, DEALERS, AND DISTRIBUTORS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS [54001 - 57700]

  ( Division 20 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

CHAPTER 1. Nonprofit Cooperative Associations [54001 - 54294]

  ( Chapter 1 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

ARTICLE 5. Bylaws [54111 - 54122]
  ( Article 5 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

54111.
  

Each association shall, within 30 days after its incorporation, adopt for its government and management, a code of bylaws, not inconsistent with this chapter. The vote or written assent of shareholders or members that hold at least a majority of the voting power is necessary to adopt such bylaws and is effectual to repeal or amend any bylaws, or to adopt additional bylaws.

The power to repeal and amend the bylaws, and adopt new bylaws, may, by a similar vote, or similar written assent, be delegated to the board of directors, which authority may, by a similar vote, or similar written assent, be revoked.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54112.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the time, place, and manner of calling and conducting its meetings. Meetings of members or stockholders shall be held at the place as provided in the bylaws; and if no provision be made, then in the city where the principal place of business is located at a place designated by the board of directors. Meetings of the board of directors may be held at any place within or without the state which is fixed by a quorum of the board of directors unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54113.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the number of stockholders or members which constitutes a quorum.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54114.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the right of members or stockholders to vote by proxy or by mail or both, and the conditions, manner, form, and effects of such votes; the right of members or stockholders to cumulate their votes and the prohibition, if desired, of cumulative voting.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54115.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the number of directors which constitutes a quorum.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54116.
  

(a) The bylaws may prescribe the qualifications, compensation, duties, and term of office of directors and officers and the time of their election.

(b) The number of directors set forth in the articles of incorporation shall be either a fixed number or a variable number. If a fixed number, it shall not be less than three, and if a variable number, the stated minimum shall not be less than three and the stated maximum shall not be greater than two times the stated minimum minus one.

(c) The number of directors may also be set forth in the bylaws either as a fixed number or as a variable number subject to the same limitations as in subdivision (b). After shares have been issued or members have been admitted, any adoption or amendment of such bylaw provision shall be approved by the outstanding shares as provided in Section 152 of the Corporations Code.

(d) In the event of an inconsistency between an article provision referred to in subdivision (b) and a bylaw provision referred to in subdivision (c), the provision more recently adopted or amended shall prevail.

(e) If a variable number of directors is set forth in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws, the exact number of directors shall be fixed, within the limits specified, by approval of the board of directors or the shareholders as provided in Section 153 of the Corporations Code in the manner designated in the bylaws.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 586.)

54117.
  

The bylaws may prescribe penalties for violations of the bylaws.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54118.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the amount of entrance, organization, and membership fees, if any; the manner and method of collection of such fees; and the purposes for which they may be used.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54119.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the amount which each member or stockholder shall be required to pay annually, or from time to time, if at all, to carry on the business of the association; the charge, if any, to be paid by each member or stockholder for services which are rendered by the association to him and the time of payment and the manner of collection; and the marketing contract between the association and its members or stockholders which every member or stockholder may be required to sign.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54120.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the amount of any dividends that may be declared on the stock or membership capital. To the extent that dividends are payable out of the excess of association income over association expenses attributable to business transacted with or for members, dividends shall not exceed 8 percent per annum. Dividends are in the nature of interest, and do not affect the nonprofit character of any association that is organized pursuant to this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 46, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1998.)

54121.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the number and qualification of members or stockholders of the association and the conditions precedent to membership or ownership of common stock; the method, time, and manner of permitting members to withdraw or the holders of common stock to transfer their stock; the manner of assignment and transfer of the interest of members, and of the shares of common stock; the conditions upon which, and time when, membership of any member shall cease; the automatic supsension of the rights of a member when he ceases to be eligible to membership in the association; and the mode, manner, and effect of the expulsion of a member.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

54122.
  

The bylaws may prescribe the manner of determining the value of a member’s interest and provision for its purchase by the association upon the death or withdrawal of a member or upon the expulsion of a member or forfeiture of his membership, or at the option of the association, the purchase at a price fixed by conclusive appraisal by the board of directors; and the conditions and terms for the repurchase by the association from its stockholders of their stock upon their disqualification as stockholders. In case of the expulsion of a member, and where the bylaws do not provide any procedure or penalty, the board of directors shall equitably and conclusively appraise his property interest in the association and shall fix the amount of his property interest in money, which shall be paid to him within one year after such expulsion.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC5