Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC


  ( Division 16 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

CHAPTER 5. Standards for Garlic and Onions forDehydration [41701 - 41867]

  ( Chapter 5 added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 887. )

ARTICLE 5. Weighing, Inspection, and Certification [41751 - 41758]
  ( Article 5 added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 887. )


By mutual agreement between the grower and the dehydrator, deliveries of garlic or onion for dehydration purposes may be weighed by a certified weighmaster and issued a valid weight certificate in the area of production. Cost of weighing and transportation involved in moving such deliveries to and from the weigh station shall be shared equally by the grower and dehydrator. The weight shall be for the grower’s information and shall not be in lieu of any contractual provision between grower and dehydrator concerning delivered weights at the dehydrator’s plant or receiving station.

(Added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 887.)


The secretary shall inspect all sale or contract deliveries of garlic or onions for dehydration purposes, except garlic or onions grown and dehydrated by a common principal owner, and garlic or onions specifically exempted by regulation.

The secretary, by regulation, shall exempt from inspection and certification any type of delivery of garlic or onions to a dehydrator, if the secretary finds that inspection of the delivery would not serve the purposes of this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 1999.)


Upon inspection of each load or lot, the secretary shall issue a certificate that shows the weight or percentage of garlic or onions by defect in the sample that does not conform to the standards established pursuant to this chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 1999.)


The secretary may adopt regulations concerning the place of inspection and location of inspection stations after notice and public hearing. In adopting regulations, the secretary shall consider all of the following:

(a) The proximity to the area of production.

(b) The distance to alternative inspection facilities or dehydrators.

(c) Any burden imposed upon growers, dehydrators, or the inspection service.

(d) Any equity that may be advanced between growers and dehydrators.

Until the secretary adopts regulations concerning the location of inspection stations, except as otherwise provided in Sections 41754, 41755, and 41756, inspection shall be performed at the dehydrator or at a receiving station that is established or designated by the operator of the dehydrator.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 1999.)


The secretary may review the operation of any inspection station that is not located at a dehydrator during a period beginning November 1st of any year and ending not less than 30 days before the date inspection began at that station in the preceding year and, if the secretary determines that the interest and economy and efficient operation of the inspection service would be served, the secretary, with the consent of each operator of a dehydrator that is involved, may terminate inspection at that place.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 9. Effective January 1, 1999.)


If the operators of dehydrators do not consent to termination prior to the date that is set forth in Section 41754, the secretary may hold a hearing to consider the termination of inspection at that place. At the hearing testimony of the operators of dehydrators and growers that use the station shall be heard.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 1999.)


The secretary may announce to all of the parties of record who will be affected by the action that inspection is terminated for the ensuing season at an inspection station that is not located at a dehydrator if the secretary makes all of the following findings:

(a) Termination of inspection at the station will satisfactorily accomplish the objectives of the inspection service and tend to provide economical and efficient operation.

(b) No unreasonable burden will be imposed upon dehydrators or growers.

(c) Garlic or onions that are normally inspected at the station will not have to be hauled an unreasonable distance to be inspected at another point.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 11. Effective January 1, 1999.)


The secretary is not required to perform inspection at any place where adequate inspection facilities are not provided.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 674, Sec. 12. Effective January 1, 1999.)


The inspection certificate which is issued pursuant to this chapter is prima facie evidence of the percentage of defects according to the definition of such defects in this chapter or in the regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter. The presumption established by this section is a presumption affecting the burden of proof, but it does not apply in a criminal action.

(Added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 887.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC5.