Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC

DIVISION 12. POULTRY, RABBITS, EGGS, AND EGG PRODUCTS [24501 - 27690]

  ( Division 12 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

PART 2. CLASSIFICATION OF POULTRY AND RABBIT MEAT [25401 - 26151]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

CHAPTER 2. General Provisions [25551 - 25566]
  ( Chapter 2 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

25551.
  

The director shall adopt regulations for carrying out this part.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25552.
  

The director shall enforce this part where any poultry meat is packed, repacked, cut up, or recut.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25553.
  

The director and the commissioners of each county, under the supervision of the director, shall enforce this part where any poultry meat is offered for sale or sold.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25554.
  

An enforcing officer may do all of the following:

(a) Enter and inspect any place or conveyance where any poultry or poultry meat is produced, prepared, packed, repacked, cut up, recut, stored, delivered for shipment, loaded, shipped, transported, or sold.

(b) Inspect all poultry and poultry meat and any container of poultry or poultry meat which is found at the place or conveyance which is entered and inspected.

(c) Take for inspection such representative samples of the poultry, poultry meat, or containers as may be necessary to determine whether or not this part has been violated.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25555.
  

Any enforcing officer may, while enforcing this part, seize or hold as evidence all or any part of any lot of poultry meat which is found to be in violation of this part as may in his judgment be necessary to obtain the conviction of the party he knows or believes has violated or is violating any provision of this part.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25556.
  

Any lot of poultry meat which does not comply in all respects with the provisions of this part and the regulations which are adopted pursuant to it is a public nuisance.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25557.
  

Any enforcing officer who has reason to believe that any lot of poultry meat does not comply in all respects with this part, may hold the lot pending proceedings to condemn and abate it as a public nuisance pursuant to this chapter.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25558.
  

The officer may affix to any lot which is held pursuant to Section 25557 a tag or notice which warns that the lot is held and states the reasons for which it is held. It is unlawful for any person, except an authorized enforcing officer, to detach, alter, deface, or destroy any such tag or notice which is affixed to any such lot, or remove or dispose of such lot in any manner or under conditions other than as prescribed by such tag or notice, except upon written permission of an authorized enforcing officer or by the order of a court.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25559.
  

The officer by whom any lot of poultry meat is held shall cause a notice of noncompliance to be served upon the person in possession of the lot. The notice of noncompliance shall include a description of the lot, the place where and the reasons for which it is held, and shall give notice that the lot is a public nuisance and subject to disposal pursuant to this chapter, unless within a specified time the lot is reconditioned or the deficiency otherwise corrected so as to bring it into compliance.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25560.
  

If the person served is not the sole owner of the lot of poultry meat, or does not have authority as agent for the owner to bring the lot into compliance, such person shall notify the officer by whom such lot is held, in writing, of the names and addresses of the owner and every other person that is known to him to claim an interest in the lot. Any person served is liable for any loss sustained by such owner or other person whose name and address he has knowingly concealed from such officer.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25561.
  

If the lot of poultry meat is not reconditioned or the deficiency otherwise corrected so as to bring it into compliance within the time which is specified in the notice, the enforcing officer shall cause a copy of the notice of noncompliance to be served upon every person that is designated in writing by the person in possession of the lot to be the owner or to claim an interest in it.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25562.
  

Any notice which is required by this chapter may be served personally or by mail addressed to the person to be served at his last known address.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25563.
  

The enforcing officer, with the written consent of every person that is served, may destroy the lot of poultry meat or otherwise abate the nuisance. If any such person fails or refuses to give such consent, the enforcing officer shall proceed as provided in Sections 25564 and 25565.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25564.
  

If the lot of poultry meat that is held is perishable or subject to rapid deterioration, the enforcing officer may file a verified petition in superior court to destroy the lot or otherwise abate the nuisance. The petition shall show the condition of the lot, that the lot is situated within the county, that the lot is held, and that notice of noncompliance has been served pursuant to this chapter. The court may thereupon order that the lot be forthwith destroyed or the nuisance otherwise abated as set forth in the order. A proceeding under this section is a limited civil case if the value of the property in controversy is less than or equal to the maximum amount in controversy for a limited civil case under Section 85 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 43, Sec. 12. Effective January 1, 2008.)

25565.
  

If the lot of poultry meat which is held is not perishable or subject to rapid deterioration, the enforcing officer shall immediately report the condition of the lot to the director. Within five days from the receipt of such report, the director may file a petition in the superior court in the county where the lot is situated for an order to show cause, returnable in five days, why the lot should not be abated.

The owner or person in possession of the lot of poultry meat, on his own motion within five days from the expiration of the time specified in the notice of noncompliance may file a petition in such court for an order to show cause, returnable in five days, why the lot should not be released to petitioner and any warning tags previously affixed removed from it.

Final determination by court in either case shall be within a period of not to exceed 20 days from the date the petition is filed.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

25566.
  

The court may enter judgment ordering that the lot of poultry meat be condemned and destroyed in the manner directed by the court or relabeled, denatured, or otherwise processed, or sold or released upon such conditions as the court in its discretion may impose to insure that the nuisance will be abated. If the poultry meat is sold by order of court, the costs of storage, handling, and reconditioning or disposal shall be deducted from the proceeds of sale and the balance, if any, paid into court for the owner.

(Enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC