Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC

DIVISION 1. STATE ADMINISTRATION [101 - 1501]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

PART 1. THE DEPARTMENT OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE [101 - 894]

  ( Heading of Part 1 amended by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1079. )

CHAPTER 9. False, Deceptive, or Misleading Marketing [890 - 894]
  ( Chapter 9 added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. )

890.
  

(a) It is unlawful for any person or entity, or employee or agent of that person or entity, to make any statement, representation, or assertion orally, by public statement, advertisement, signage, or by any means that relates to the sale or availability of agricultural products that is false, deceptive, or misleading regarding any of the following:

(1) The area of production of the agricultural product.

(2) The identity of the producer of the agricultural product.

(3) The manner and method of production of the agricultural product.

(b) A violation of the provisions of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by both that imprisonment and fine.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. (AB 1871) Effective January 1, 2015.)

891.
  

In lieu of prosecution, the secretary, or a county agricultural commissioner under the authority of the secretary, may levy a civil penalty against a person or entity that violates this chapter in an amount not less than five hundred dollars ($500) and not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for each violation. The amount of the penalty assessed for each violation shall be based upon the scope of the violation, the seriousness of the deception, and the impact of the penalty on the violator, including the deterrent effect on future violations. Subdivision (e) of Section 43003 shall apply to a fine or civil penalty levied pursuant to this section.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. (AB 1871) Effective January 1, 2015.)

892.
  

Any action taken against a person by the secretary or a county agricultural commissioner pursuant to Section 890 or 891 shall not preclude the secretary or a county agricultural commissioner from taking a separate action for a violation of a provision of this code that is specific to a particular license or permit.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. (AB 1871) Effective January 1, 2015.)

893.
  

(a) All civil penalties collected pursuant to this chapter by the secretary shall be deposited in the Direct Agricultural Marketing Penalty Account, which is hereby created in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund, and shall be used to conduct investigations and enforcement actions upon complaints filed or pursuant to information received that results in the investigation of a violation of Section 890. Money deposited pursuant to this chapter also may be used to contract with county agricultural commissioners for services that further the purposes of this chapter, and may be used for expenses incurred by county agricultural commissioners for investigative and enforcement actions conducted pursuant to this chapter. Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, all moneys deposited pursuant to this chapter shall be continuously appropriated to the department without regard to fiscal year for purposes of this chapter.

(b) All civil penalties collected pursuant to enforcement actions by a county agricultural commissioner pursuant to this chapter shall be paid to the county treasurer.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. (AB 1871) Effective January 1, 2015.)

894.
  

An action brought by the state or a county pursuant to Section 891 or 892 for a violation of Section 890 shall preclude a concurrent proceeding by the state or a county for the same act.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 579, Sec. 1. (AB 1871) Effective January 1, 2015.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC