Code Section Group

Elections Code - ELEC

DIVISION 0.5. PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS [1 - 362]

  ( Division 0.5 heading added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1143, Sec. 17. )

CHAPTER 4. Definitions [300 - 362]
  ( Chapter 4 enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2. )

300.
  

(a) “Vote by mail voter” means any voter casting a ballot in any way other than at the polling place.

(b) “Military or overseas voter” means an elector absent from the county in which he or she is otherwise eligible to vote who is any of the following:

(1) A member of the active or reserve components of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard; a Merchant Marine; a member of the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps; a member of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps of the United States; or a member on activated status of the National Guard or state militia.

(2) A citizen of the United States living outside of the territorial limits of the United States or the District of Columbia.

(3) A spouse or dependent of a person described in paragraph (1).

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 744, Sec. 1. (AB 1805) Effective January 1, 2013.)

300.5.
  

“Affiliated with a political party” as used in reference to a voter or to a candidate for a voter-nominated office means the party preference that the voter or candidate has disclosed on his or her affidavit of registration.

(Added by Stats. 2009, Ch. 1, Sec. 2. (SB 6) Effective January 1, 2010. Operative January 1, 2011, pursuant to Sec. 67 of Ch. 1.)

301.
  

A “ballot” means any of the following:

(a) The combination of a card with number positions that is marked by the voter and the accompanying reference page or pages containing the names of candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on with numbered positions corresponding to the numbers on the card.

(b) One or more cards upon which are printed the names of the candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on by punching or marking in the designated area.

(c) One or more sheets of paper upon which are printed the names of candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on by marking the designated area and that are tabulated manually or by optical scanning equipment.

(d) (1) An electronic touchscreen upon which appears the names of candidates and ballot titles of measures to be voted on by touching the designated area on the screen for systems that do not contain a paper ballot.

(2) An electronic touchscreen may qualify as a ballot even for systems that contain paper ballots if the votes are tabulated manually or by optical scanning equipment.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 57, Sec. 1. (AB 2835) Effective January 1, 2019.)

302.
  

“Ballot card” means a card or a number of cards upon which are printed, or identified by reference to the ballot, the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot titles of one or more measures. The ballot card shall also contain proper blank spaces to allow the voter to write in names not printed on the ballot unless a separate write-in ballot is used. The separate write-in ballot may be a paper ballot, a card, or the envelope used to enclose a ballot card. Determination of the format of a separate write-in ballot shall be within the discretion of the elections board. The separate write-in ballot shall provide a blank space followed by the word “office” and a second blank space followed by the word “name” for purposes of facilitating write-in votes for offices for which write-in votes may be cast, or may provide a space for writing in the name followed by a space for punching or slotting in order that the vote may be tabulated. All separate write-in ballots may, in the discretion of the elections board, have attached thereto two stubs that comply with Section 13261 regarding the stubs attached to a ballot card, except that the information required under subparagraphs (C) to (G), inclusive, of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 13261 and instructions to voters on how to vote for persons whose names do not appear on the ballot may be printed on the write-in ballot and not upon a stub. Any serial numbers appearing on the write-in ballot stubs need not be identical to the serial numbers appearing on the stubs attached to the ballot card or cards handed to the voter. Sections 13002 to 13006, inclusive, shall not apply to the preparation and composition of separate write-in ballots authorized by this section. Sections 14403 and 14404 shall not apply to separate write-in ballots used in an election in which a punchcard voting system is used.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 118, Sec. 1. (AB 1412) Effective January 1, 2012.)

303.
  

“Ballot label” means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. For statewide measures, the ballot label shall contain no more than 75 words and shall be a condensed version of the ballot title and summary including the fiscal impact summary prepared pursuant to Section 9087 of this code and Section 88003 of the Government Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 373, Sec. 1. (AB 753) Effective January 1, 2010.)

303.3.
  

“Remote accessible vote by mail system” means a mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software that is used for the sole purpose of marking an electronic vote by mail ballot for a voter with disabilities or a military or overseas voter who shall print the paper cast vote record to be submitted to the elections official. A remote accessible vote by mail system shall not be connected to a voting system at any time.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 75, Sec. 2. (AB 2252) Effective January 1, 2017.)

303.4.
  

“Ballot on demand system” means a self-contained system that allows users to do both of the following on an as-needed basis:

(a) Manufacture and finish card stock.

(b) Finish unfinished ballot cards into ballot cards.

(Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 734, Sec. 1. (SB 439) Effective January 1, 2016.)

303.5.
  

(a) “Ballot title” is the name of a statewide measure included in the ballot label and the ballot title and summary.

(b) “Ballot title and summary” means the summary of the chief purpose and points including the fiscal impact summary of any measure that appears in the state voter information guide. The ballot title and summary shall include a statement of the measure’s fiscal impact. The ballot title and summary shall not exceed 100 words, not including the fiscal impact statement.

(c) (1) “Circulating title and summary” means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

(A) The summary of the chief purpose and points of a proposed initiative measure that affects the Constitution or laws of the state, and the fiscal impact of the proposed initiative measure.

(B) The summary of the chief purpose and points of a referendum measure that affects a law or laws of the state.

(2) The circulating title and summary shall not exceed 100 words, not including the fiscal impact summary.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 422, Sec. 1. (AB 2911) Effective January 1, 2017.)

304.
  

“Campaign advertising or communication” means a communication authorized by a candidate or a candidate’s controlled committee, as defined in Section 82016 of the Government Code, or by a committee making independent expenditures, as defined in Section 82031 of the Government Code, or by a committee formed primarily to support or oppose a ballot measure, as defined in Section 82047.5 of the Government Code, for the purpose of advocating the election or defeat of a qualified candidate or ballot measure through any broadcasting station, newspaper, magazine, outdoor advertising facility, direct mailing, or any other type of general, public, political advertising.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

305.
  

(a)“Candidate,” for purposes of Section 2184, includes any person who declares in writing, under penalty of perjury that he or she is a candidate, naming the office.

(b) “Candidate,” as used in Article 1 (commencing with Section 20200) of Chapter 3 of Division 20, means an individual listed on the ballot, or who has qualified to have write-in votes on his or her behalf counted by election officials, for nomination or for election to any elective state or local office, or who receives a contribution or makes an expenditure or gives his or her consent for any other person to receive a contribution or makes an expenditure with a view to bringing about his or her nomination or election to any elective state or local office, whether or not the specific elective office for which he or she will seek nomination or election is known at the time the contribution is received or the expenditure is made. The term “candidate” includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election.

(c) “Candidate for public office,” as used in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 20400) of Division 20, means an individual who has qualified to have his or her name listed on the ballot of any election, or who has qualified to have written votes on his or her behalf counted by election officials, for nomination for, or election to, any state, regional, county, municipal, or district office which is filled at an election.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

305.5.
  

(a) “Paper cast vote record” means an auditable document that corresponds to the selection made on the voter’s ballot and lists the contests on the ballot and the voter’s selections for those contests.

(b) A paper cast vote record is a ballot only if the paper cast vote record is generated on a voting device or machine that complies with ballot layout requirements and is tabulated by a separate device from the device that created the paper cast vote record.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 57, Sec. 2. (AB 2835) Effective January 1, 2019.)

306.
  

“City measure” includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

307.
  

“Clerk” means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 221, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2003.)

308.
  

“District elections official,” for the purposes of initiative and referendum under Article 1 (commencing with Section 9300) of Chapter 4 of Division 9, includes the county elections official or other officer or board charged with performing the duties required of the clerk of the district by that chapter.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 221, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2003.)

309.
  

“Committee,” as used in Article 1 (commencing with Section 20200) of Chapter 3 of Division 20, means any person or combination of persons who, directly or indirectly, receive contributions or make expenditures or contributions for the purpose of influencing or attempting to influence the action of voters for or against the nomination or election of one or more candidates, or the passage, or defeat of any measure, and who is required to file campaign reports or statements under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 84100) of Title 9 of the Government Code.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

310.
  

“County” and “city” both include “city and county.”

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

312.
  

“County measure” includes any proposed county charter, any proposed amendment to a county charter, any proposition for the issuance of funding or refunding bonds of the county, any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a county at any election held throughout an entire single county, any advisory question, or any bond proposal or any advisory question submitted to the voters of any public district although the boundaries of the district may be coterminous with those of the county.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

313.
  

“County office” means the office filled by any county officer.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

314.
  

“County officer” means any elected officer enumerated in Division 2 (commencing with Section 24000) of Title 3 of the Government Code.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

316.
  

(a) “Direct primary” is the primary election held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March in each even-numbered year.

(b) This section shall become operative January 1, 2019.

(Repealed (in Sec. 1) and added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 335, Sec. 2. (SB 568) Effective January 1, 2018. Section operative January 1, 2019, by its own provisions.)

317.
  

“District,” for purposes of initiative and referendum under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 9300) of Division 9, includes any regional agency that has the power to tax, to regulate land use, or to condemn and purchase land.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

318.
  

“Election” means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

319.
  

“Election board” means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

319.5.
  

“Electioneering” means the visible display or audible dissemination of information that advocates for or against any candidate or measure on the ballot within 100 feet of a polling place, a vote center, an elections official’s office, or a satellite location under Section 3018. Prohibited electioneering information includes, but is not limited to, any of the following:

(a) A display of a candidate’s name, likeness, or logo.

(b) A display of a ballot measure’s number, title, subject, or logo.

(c) Buttons, hats, pencils, pens, shirts, signs, or stickers containing electioneering information.

(d) Dissemination of audible electioneering information.

(e) At vote by mail ballot drop boxes, loitering near or disseminating visible or audible electioneering information.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 1. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

320.
  

“Elections official” means any of the following:

(a) A clerk or any person who is charged with the duty of conducting an election.

(b) A county clerk, city clerk, registrar of voters, or elections supervisor having jurisdiction over elections within any county, city, or district within the state.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 125, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

321.
  

(a) “Elector” means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election.

(b) “Elector” also means a person described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 300, who, except for the residence requirement specified in subdivision (a), is eligible to vote in this state and meets either of the following conditions:

(1) He or she was a resident of this state when he or she was last living within the territorial limits of the United States or the District of Columbia.

(2) He or she was born outside of the United States or the District of Columbia, his or her parent or legal guardian was a resident of this state when the parent or legal guardian was last living within the territorial limits of the United States or the District of Columbia, and he or she has not previously registered to vote in any other state.

(c) Each person qualifying as an elector under subdivision (b) shall be deemed to be a resident of this state for purposes of this code and Section 2 of Article II of the California Constitution.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 113, Sec. 1. (SB 1171) Effective January 1, 2019.)

322.
  

“Electoral jurisdiction,” as used in Division 11 (commencing with Section 11000), means the area within which the voters reside who are qualified to vote for the officer sought to be recalled.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

323.
  

“Federal election” means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

324.
  

(a) “General election” means either of the following:

(1) The election held throughout the state on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November in each even-numbered year.

(2) Any statewide election held on a regular election date as specified in Section 1000.

(b) At each general election there shall be elected to the Congress of the United States:

(1) One Representative for each congressional district.

(2) One Senator, when the general election immediately precedes the commencement of a full term.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

325.
  

“Inspector” means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 2. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

326.
  

“Judicial office” means the office filled by any judicial officer.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

327.
  

“Judicial officer” means any Justice of the Supreme Court, justice of a court of appeal, or judge of the superior court.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 784, Sec. 94. Effective January 1, 2003.)

328.
  

“Local election” is a municipal, county, or district election.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

329.
  

“Measure” means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

330.
  

“Municipal election” means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

331.
  

“New citizen” means any person who meets all requirements of an elector of, and has established residency in, the state, except that he or she will become a United States citizen after the 15th day prior to an election.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 186, Sec. 1. (AB 84) Effective January 1, 2012.)

332.
  

“New resident” means a person who meets all requirements of an elector of the State of California except that his or her residency was established subsequent to the 15th day prior to the election.

The new resident is eligible to vote for President and Vice President and for no other office.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 592, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2005.)

332.5.
  

“Nominate” means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 296, Sec. 78. (AB 1023) Effective January 1, 2012.)

333.
  

“Nomination documents” means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers.

(Added by renumbering Section 6489 by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1143, Sec. 43. Effective September 30, 1996.)

334.
  

“Nonpartisan office” means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. Judicial, school, county, and municipal offices, including the Superintendent of Public Instruction, are nonpartisan offices.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 3, Sec. 3. (AB 1413) Effective February 10, 2012.)

335.
  

“Oath” includes affirmation.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

335.5.
  

The “official canvass” is the public process of processing and tallying all ballots received in an election, including, but not limited to, provisional ballots and vote by mail ballots not included in the semifinal official canvass. The official canvass also includes the process of reconciling ballots, attempting to prohibit duplicate voting by vote by mail and provisional voters, and performance of the manual tally of 1 percent of all precincts.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 508, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2008.)

336.
  

The “official summary date” is the date a circulating title and summary of a proposed initiative measure is delivered or mailed by the Attorney General to the proponents of the proposed measure.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 373, Sec. 3. (AB 753) Effective January 1, 2010.)

336.5.
  

(a) “One percent manual tally” is the public process of manually tallying votes in 1 percent of the precincts, selected at random by the elections official, and in one precinct for each race not included in the randomly selected precincts. This procedure is conducted during the official canvass to verify the accuracy of the automated count.

(b) In an election conducted using vote centers, a 1 percent manual tally can be conducted using the batch process set forth in Section 15360.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 3. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

336.7.
  

“Out-of-state emergency worker” means a voter who is officially engaged in responding to the proclamation of an out-of-state emergency and whose vocation has been identified in an executive order relating to the state of emergency.

(Added by Stats. 2013, Ch. 566, Sec. 2. (SB 362) Effective January 1, 2014.)

337.
  

“Partisan office” or “party-nominated office” means any of the following offices:

(a) President of the United States, Vice President of the United States, and the delegates therefor.

(b) Elected member of a party committee.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 296, Sec. 79. (AB 1023) Effective January 1, 2012.)

338.
  

“Party” means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 511, Sec. 2. (AB 1419) Effective January 1, 2014.)

338.5.
  

“Polling place” means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. A polling place can serve more than one precinct.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 4. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

338.6.
  

“Precinct” means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. All voters from the same precinct are assigned to a specific polling place for an election. In an election conducted using vote centers, eligible voters from any precinct within the county can use any vote center located within the county.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 5. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

339.
  

(a) “Precinct board” is the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a single precinct or a consolidated precinct. In an election conducted using vote centers, “precinct board” means the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a vote center.

(b) “Precinct board,” when used in relation to proceedings taking place after the polls have closed, likewise includes any substitutive canvassing and counting board that may have been appointed to take the place of the board theretofore serving.

(c) “Precinct board member” is a member of the precinct board and includes an election officer.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 6. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

340.
  

(a) “Presidential primary” is the primary election that is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of any year that is evenly divisible by four.

(b) This section shall become operative January 1, 2019.

(Repealed (in Sec. 3) and added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 335, Sec. 4. (SB 568) Effective January 1, 2018. Section operative January 1, 2019, by its own provisions.)

341.
  

“Primary election” includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

342.
  

“Proponent or proponents of an initiative or referendum measure” means, for statewide initiative and referendum measures, the elector or electors who submit the text of a proposed initiative or referendum to the Attorney General with a request that he or she prepare a circulating title and summary of the chief purpose and points of the proposed measure; or for other initiative and referendum measures, the person or persons who publish a notice or intention to circulate petitions, or, where publication is not required, who file petitions with the elections official or legislative body.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 373, Sec. 4. (AB 753) Effective January 1, 2010.)

343.
  

“Proponent or proponents of a recall petition” means the person or persons who have charge or control of the circulation of, or obtaining signatures, to such petitions.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

344.
  

“Punchcard” means a tabulating card on which the voter may record his or her vote by punching, marking, or slotting.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

345.
  

“Punching” includes marking a ballot card to record a vote.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

346.
  

“Rebuttable presumption” shall be deemed a presumption which affects the burden of producing evidence.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

348.
  

“Regular election” is an election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

349.
  

(a) “Residence” for voting purposes means a person’s domicile.

(b) The domicile of a person is that place in which his or her habitation is fixed, wherein the person has the intention of remaining, and to which, whenever he or she is absent, the person has the intention of returning. At a given time, a person may have only one domicile.

(c) The residence of a person is that place in which the person’s habitation is fixed for some period of time, but wherein he or she does not have the intention of remaining. At a given time, a person may have more than one residence.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

349.5.
  

“Roster” means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. The roster becomes the official list of voters who have voted in the election once signed by the voter or marked by the elections official.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 7. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

350.
  

“School measure” means any proposition, including but not limited to, a proposal for the issuance of bonds by a school district or community college district, an increase in the maximum tax rate of a school district or community college district, or the acceptance, expenditure, and repayment of state funds by a school district or community college district to enable the district to construct buildings and other facilities, submitted to the voters of the district at any election held in the district.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

351.
  

“School office” means the office filled by any school officer.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

352.
  

“School officer” means the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the superintendent of schools of a county.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

353.
  

“Section” means a section of this code unless some other statute is specifically mentioned.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

353.5.
  

The “semifinal official canvass” is the public process of collecting, processing, and tallying ballots and, for state or statewide elections, reporting results to the Secretary of State on election night. The semifinal official canvass may include some or all of the vote by mail and provisional vote totals.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 508, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2008.)

354.
  

“Shall” is mandatory and “may” is permissive.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

354.5.
  

(a) “Signature” includes either of the following:

(1) A person’s mark if the name of the person affixing the mark is written near the mark by a witness over 18 years of age designated by the person and the designee subscribes his or her own name as a witness thereto. For purposes of this paragraph, a signature stamp may be used as a mark, provided that the authorized user complies with the provisions of this paragraph.

(2) An impression made by the use of a signature stamp pursuant to the requirements specified in subdivision (c).

(b) A mark attested as provided in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), or an impression made by a signature stamp as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), may serve as a signature for any purpose specified in this code, including a sworn statement.

(c) An authorized user of a signature stamp may use it to affix a signature to a document or writing any time that a signature is required by this code, provided that all of the following conditions, as applicable, are met:

(1) A signature stamp used to obtain a ballot or vote by mail ballot in any local, state, or federal election shall be used only by the authorized user of that signature stamp.

(2) A signature stamp shall be affixed by the authorized user in the presence of the Secretary of State, his or her designee, the local elections official, or his or her designee, to obtain a ballot, in any local, state, or federal election unless the authorized user of the signature stamp votes by vote by mail ballot. If the owner of a signature stamp votes by vote by mail ballot, he or she shall affix the signature stamp on the identification envelope in accordance with Section 3019.

(d) A signature affixed with a signature stamp by an authorized user in accordance with this section shall be treated in the same manner as a signature made in writing.

(e) A registered voter or any person who is eligible to vote, who qualifies as an authorized user pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (f), may use a signature stamp only after he or she first submits his or her affidavit of registration or a new affidavit of registration by one of the following means:

(1) Using the signature stamp to sign the affidavit in the presence of a county elections official.

(2) Submitting an affidavit pursuant to Section 2196 that utilizes a signature stamp that has been approved by the Department of Motor Vehicles and transmitted to the Secretary of State.

(f) The following definitions apply for purposes of this section:

(1) “Authorized user” means either of the following:

(A) A person with a disability who, by reason of that disability, is unable to write and who owns a signature stamp.

(B) A person using the signature stamp on behalf of the owner of the stamp with the owner’s express consent and in the presence of the owner.

(2) “Disability” means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of Section 12926 of the Government Code.

(3) “Signature stamp” means a stamp that contains the impression of any of the following:

(A) The actual signature of a person with a disability.

(B) A mark or symbol that is adopted by the person with the disability.

(C) A signature of the name of a person with a disability that is made by another person and is adopted by the person with the disability.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 151, Sec. 1. (SB 111) Effective January 1, 2014.)

355.
  

“Software” includes all programs, voting devices, cards, ballot cards or papers, operating manuals or instructions, test procedures, printouts, and other nonmechanical or nonelectrical items necessary to the operation of a voting system.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

356.
  

“Special election” is an election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

356.5.
  

“Spouse” includes “registered domestic partner,” as required by Section 297.5 of the Family Code.

(Added by Stats. 2016, Ch. 50, Sec. 31. (SB 1005) Effective January 1, 2017.)

357.
  

“Statewide election” is an election held throughout the state.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

357.5.
  

“Vote center” means a location established for holding elections that offers the services described in Sections 2170, 4005, and 4007.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 8. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

358.
  

“Vote tabulating device” means any piece of equipment, other than a voting machine, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of ballot card sorting, ballot card reading, paper ballot scanning, electronic data processing, or a combination of that type of equipment.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

359.
  

“Voter” means any elector who is registered under this code.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

359.2.
  

“Voter list” means the list of registered voters in a single or consolidated precinct or in an entire county. The voter list may be in the form of a walking list, street index list, or other format, as provided by the elections official. The voter list is updated by the elections official with public information related to who has voted in an election.

(Added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 806, Sec. 9. (SB 286) Effective January 1, 2018.)

359.5.
  

(a)  “Voter-nominated office” means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. A political party or party central committee shall not nominate a candidate at a state-conducted primary election for a voter-nominated office. The primary conducted for a voter-nominated office does not serve to determine the nominees of a political party but serves to winnow the candidates for the general election to the candidates receiving the highest or second highest number of votes cast at the primary election. The following offices are voter-nominated offices:

(1) Governor.

(2) Lieutenant Governor.

(3) Secretary of State.

(4) Controller.

(5) Treasurer.

(6) Attorney General.

(7) Insurance Commissioner.

(8) Member of the State Board of Equalization.

(9) United States Senator.

(10) Member of the United States House of Representatives.

(11) State Senator.

(12) Member of the Assembly.

(b) This section does not prohibit a political party or party central committee from endorsing, supporting, or opposing a candidate for an office listed in subdivision (a).

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 3, Sec. 4. (AB 1413) Effective February 10, 2012.)

360.
  

“Voting device” means any device used in conjunction with a ballot card or cards to indicate the choice of the voter by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card.

(Enacted by Stats. 1994, Ch. 920, Sec. 2.)

361.
  

“Voting machine” means any electronic device, including, but not limited to, a precinct optical scanner and a direct recording voting system, into which a voter may enter his or her votes, and which, by means of electronic tabulation and generation of printouts or other tangible, human-readable records, furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate and for or against each measure.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 911, Sec. 1. (AB 2631) Effective January 1, 2015.)

362.
  

“Voting system” means a mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software, or any combination of these used for casting a ballot, tabulating votes, or both. “Voting system” does not include a remote accessible vote by mail system.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 75, Sec. 4. (AB 2252) Effective January 1, 2017.)

ELECElections Code - ELEC