Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC


  ( Title 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )


  ( Division 9 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )


  ( Part 57 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 6. Miscellaneous Provisions [92600 - 92680]

  ( Chapter 6 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 3.5. Cardcheck Agreements [92625 - 92625.9]
  ( Article 3.5 added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. )


The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

(a) In the course of fulfilling its educational mission, the University of California is required to participate in the marketplace, both as a purchaser of goods and services and as a provider of services to its customers, such as students who contract with the university for room and board and medical consumers who utilize the university’s hospitals and clinics. In that role, the university also functions as a proprietor of real property and other physical assets located at its campuses and medical facilities.

(b) In the marketplace, the university must make prudent business decisions, as does any private business entity, to ensure efficient and cost-effective management of its business concerns, and to maximize benefit and minimize risk. One of those risks is the possibility of labor-management conflict arising out of labor union organizing campaigns. This conflict can adversely affect the university’s operation of facilities in which it has a proprietary business interest by causing an interruption in service.

(c) A major potential source of labor-management conflict that threatens the economic interests of the university as a participant in the marketplace is the possibility of economic action taken by labor unions against employers when labor unions seek to organize their workers over employer opposition to unionization. Experience has demonstrated that organizing drives pursuant to formal and adversarial union certification processes often deteriorate into protracted and acrimonious labor-management conflicts.

(d) One way to reduce risk where the university has a proprietary interest in the operation of its facilities is to require, as a condition of the university’s entering into a lease or service contract, that employers operating in the facility agree to a lawful, nonconfrontational alternative process for resolving a union organizing campaign. That alternative process is a so-called “cardcheck,” wherein employee preference regarding whether or not to be represented by a labor union to act as their exclusive collective bargaining representative is determined based on signed authorization cards. Private employers are authorized under existing federal law to agree voluntarily to use this procedure in lieu of election procedures under the supervision of the National Labor Relations Board.

(e) The sole purpose of this article is to protect the university’s proprietary interest in the operation of its facilities and to assume the university’s ability to procure and provide uninterrupted services in the marketplace. This article is not enacted to favor any particular outcome in the determination of employee preference regarding union representation, nor to skew the procedures in that determination to favor or hinder any party to the determination. Likewise, this article is not intended to enact or express any generally applicable policy regarding labor-management relations, or to regulate those relations in any way, but is intended only to protect the university’s proprietary interest as a participant in the marketplace.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)


As used in this article:

(a) “Cardcheck agreement” means a written agreement between an employer and a labor organization providing a procedure for determining employee preference on the subject of whether to be represented by a labor organization for collective bargaining, and if so, by which labor organization to be represented, that provides, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The determination of employee preference regarding union representation shall be by a cardcheck procedure conducted by a neutral third party in lieu of a formal election.

(2) All disputes over interpretation or application of the parties’ cardcheck agreement, and over issues regarding how to carry out the cardcheck process or specific cardcheck procedures shall be submitted to binding arbitration.

(3) The forbearance by any labor organization from economic action against the employer at the worksite of an organizing drive covered by this section, and in relation to an organizing campaign only (not to the terms of a collective bargaining agreement), so long as the employer complies with the terms of the cardcheck agreement.

(4) Language and procedures prohibiting the labor organization or the employer from coercing or intimidating employees, explicitly or implicitly, in selecting or not selecting a bargaining representative.

(b) “Collective bargaining agreement” means an agreement between an employer and a labor organization regarding wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment of the employer’s employees. For purposes of this article, a collective bargaining agreement does not include a cardcheck agreement as defined in subdivision (a).

(c) “Facility” means any campus, school, cafeteria, store, hospital, clinic, institute, laboratory, or office owned or operated by the university, or at which the normal educational or administrative functions of the university are conducted.

(d) “Labor organization” means any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions or work.

(e) “Proprietary interest” means any nonregulatory arrangement or circumstances in which the financial or other nonregulatory interests of the university in a service contract could be adversely affected by labor-management conflict or consumer boycotts potentially resulting from a union organizing campaign.

(f) “Service contract” means a lease, management agreement, service agreement, loan bond, guarantee, or other similar agreement to which the university is a party and in which the university has a proprietary interest.

(g) “Service contractor” means an individual, corporation, unincorporated association, partnership, or other entity, other than a collection agency retained by the university to enforce a financial obligation owed to the university, that, pursuant to a service contract, provides goods or services to the university.

(h) “University” means the University of California and its governing body, the Regents of the University of California.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)


(a) A service contractor shall enter into and comply with a cardcheck agreement, as defined in Section 92625.1, with any labor organization that requests the agreement for the purpose of seeking to represent the service contractor’s employees performing services covered by the service contract. If a service contractor enters into a cardcheck agreement with a labor organization, it shall offer that same agreement to any other labor organization seeking to represent the service contractor’s employees. Any labor organization that was not a party to the initial cardcheck agreement may, in its discretion, reject the terms negotiated by the first union, and negotiate for a different cardcheck agreement. In the event that a labor organization and the service contractor are unable to negotiate an agreement within the 30-day period, this section shall apply.

(b) The university shall include in any service contract a provision requiring any service contractor to abide by the requirements imposed under subdivision (a) as essential consideration for the university entering into the service contract.

(c) All requests for proposals or invitations to bid or similar documents regarding service contracts shall include a summary description of, and reference to, the policy and requirements of this article. Failure to include the description or reference to this article in a document may not exempt any service contractor otherwise subject to the requirements of this article.

(d) This article may not apply to any service contractor signatory to a valid and binding collective bargaining agreement covering the terms and conditions of employment for its employees performing services subject to the service contract, which includes a no-strike provision, and which extends at least through the term of the service contract.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)


The university or any other interested party may bring an action for an injunction or specific performance in order to secure compliance with the requirements of this article. The university shall also have the right to terminate the service contract, upon 30 days’ written notice to the service contractor, to cure its breach, where the service contractor has failed to comply with the requirements of this article.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)


If any provision of this article is declared illegal, invalid, or inoperative, in whole or in part, by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining provisions and portions thereof and applications not declared illegal, invalid, or inoperative shall remain in full force or effect. Nothing in this article may be construed to impair any contractual obligations of the university. This article may not be applied to the extent it will cause the loss of any federal or state funding of university activities.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)


This article shall apply to the University of California only to the extent that the Regents of the University of California act, by resolution, to make it applicable.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 1040, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2003.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC3.5.