Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 3. POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION [66000 - 101060]

  ( Title 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 7. COMMUNITY COLLEGES [70900 - 88922]

  ( Division 7 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 47. STUDENTS [76000 - 76407]

  ( Part 47 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 1.5. Student Records [76200 - 76246]

  ( Chapter 1.5 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 5. Privacy of Student Records [76240 - 76246]
  ( Article 5 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

76240.
  

(a) (1) Community college districts shall adopt a policy identifying those categories of directory information, as defined under Section 1232g of Title 20 of the United States Code as it exists on January 1, 2006, that may be released. The names and addresses of students may be provided to a private school or college operating under Sections 8080 to 8093, inclusive, Sections 33190 and 33191, or Sections 94000 to 94409, inclusive, or its authorized representative. However, no private school or college shall use this information for other than purposes directly related to the academic or professional goals of the institution.

(2) Any violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not to exceed two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), and, in addition, the privilege of the school or college to receive this information shall be suspended for a period of two years from the time of discovery of the misuse of the information.

(b) Any community college district may limit or deny the release of specific categories of directory information based upon a determination of the best interests of students.

(c) Directory information may be released according to local policy as to any former student or any student currently attending the community college. However, public notice shall be given at least annually of the categories of information that the district plans to release and of the recipients. No directory information shall be released regarding any student or former student when the student or former student has notified the institution that the information shall not be released.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 654, Sec. 12. Effective October 7, 2005.)

76241.
  

Nothing in this chapter shall preclude a community college from providing, in its discretion, statistical data from which no student may be identified to any public agency or entity or private nonprofit college, university, or educational research and development organization when such actions would be in the best educational interests of students.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

76242.
  

A community college district may permit access to student records to any person for whom the student has executed written consent specifying the records to be released and identifying the party or class of parties to whom the records may be released. The recipient must be notified that the transmission of the information to others without the written consent of the student is prohibited. The consent notice shall be permanently kept with the record file.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 36.)

76243.
  

(a) A community college or community college district is not authorized to permit access to student records to any person without the written consent of the student or unless pursuant to judicial order, except that access may be permitted to the following:

(1) Officials and employees of the community college, if they have a legitimate educational interest to inspect a record.

(2) Authorized representatives of the Comptroller General of the United States, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, an administrative head of an education agency, state education officials, or their respective designees or the United States Office of Civil Rights, where that information is necessary to audit or evaluate a state or federally supported education program or pursuant to a federal or state law, except that when the collection of personally identifiable information is specifically authorized by federal law, any data collected by those officials shall be protected in a manner that will not permit the personal identification of students or their parents by other than those officials, and any personally identifiable data shall be destroyed when no longer needed for that audit, evaluation, and enforcement of federal legal requirements.

(3) Other state and local officials or authorities to the extent that information is specifically required to be reported pursuant to state law adopted prior to November 19, 1974.

(4) Officials of other public or private schools or school systems, including local, county, or state correctional facilities where educational programs are provided, where the student seeks or intends to enroll, or is directed to enroll, subject to the rights of students as provided in Section 76225.

(5) Agencies or organizations in connection with a student’s application for, or receipt of, financial aid, provided that information permitting the personal identification of students may be disclosed only as may be necessary for those purposes as to determine the eligibility of the student for financial aid, to determine the amount of the financial aid, to determine the conditions that will be imposed regarding the financial aid, or to enforce the terms or conditions of the financial aid.

(6) Accrediting organizations in order to carry out their accrediting functions.

(7) Organizations conducting studies for, or on behalf of, educational agencies or institutions for the purpose of developing, validating, or administering predictive tests, administering student aid programs, and improving instruction, if those studies are conducted in such a manner as will not permit the personal identification of students or their parents by persons other than representatives of those organizations and the information will be destroyed when no longer needed for the purpose for which it is conducted.

(8) (A) Appropriate persons in connection with an emergency if the knowledge of that information is necessary to protect the health or safety of a student or other persons, or subject to any regulations issued by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

(B) A person, persons, agency, or organization permitted access to student records pursuant to this section shall not permit access to any information obtained from those records by any other person, persons, agency, or organization, except to the extent permitted under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1232g) and state law, without the written consent of the student, provided that this subparagraph shall not require prior student consent when information obtained pursuant to this section is shared with other persons within the educational institution, agency or organization obtaining access, so long as those persons have a legitimate educational interest in the information.

(b) The alleged victim of any sexual assault or physical abuse, including rape, forced sodomy, forced oral copulation, rape by a foreign object, sexual battery, or threat or assault, or any conduct that threatens the health and safety of the alleged victim, which is the basis of any disciplinary action taken by a community college, shall be permitted access to that information. For the purposes of this subdivision, access to student record information shall be in the form of notice of the results of any disciplinary action by the community college and the results of any appeal, which shall be provided to the alleged victim within three days following that disciplinary action or appeal. The alleged victim shall keep the results of that disciplinary action and appeal confidential.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 7, Sec. 38. Effective March 24, 2011.)

76244.
  

Information concerning a student shall be furnished in compliance with a court order or a lawfully issued subpoena. The community college district shall make a reasonable effort to notify the student in advance of compliance with a lawfully issued subpoena and, in the case of compliance with a court order, if lawfully possible within the requirements of the order.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 879, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1997.)

76245.
  

The service of a lawfully issued subpoena or a court order upon a community college employee solely for the purpose of causing the employee to produce a school record pertaining to any student may be complied with by that employee, in lieu of the personal appearance as a witness in the proceeding, by submitting to the court, or other agency or person designated in the subpoena, at the time and place required by the subpoena or court order, a copy of that record, accompanied by an affidavit certifying that the copy is a true copy of the original record on file in the community college or community college office. The copy of the record shall be in the form of a photostat, microfilm, microcard, or miniature photograph or other photographic copy or reproduction, or an enlargement thereof.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 879, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 1997.)

76246.
  

The Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges shall adopt appropriate rules and regulations to insure the orderly implementation of this chapter. A community college district governing board may adopt rules and regulations which are not inconsistent with this chapter or with those adopted by the board of governors in order to ensure the orderly implementation of this chapter.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC5.