Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC


  ( Title 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )


  ( Division 4 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 27. PUPILS [48000 - 49704]

  ( Part 27 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 6.5. Pupil Records [49060 - 49085]

  ( Chapter 6.5 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 3. General Provisions [49062 - 49069.5]
  ( Article 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )


School districts shall establish, maintain, and destroy pupil records according to regulations adopted by the State Board of Education. Pupil records shall include a pupil’s health record. Such regulations shall establish state policy as to what items of information shall be placed into pupil records and what information is appropriate to be compiled by individual school officers or employees under the exception to pupil records provided in subdivision (b) of Section 49061. No pupil records shall be destroyed except pursuant to such regulations or as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 49070.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1347, Sec. 1.)


School districts shall notify parents in writing of their rights under this chapter upon the date of the pupil’s initial enrollment, and thereafter at the same time as notice is issued pursuant to Section 48980. The notice shall be, insofar as is practicable, in the home language of the pupil. The notice shall take a form which reasonably notifies parents of the availability of the following specific information:

(a) The types of pupil records and information contained therein which are directly related to students and maintained by the institution.

(b) The position of the official responsible for the maintenance of each type of record.

(c) The location of the log or record required to be maintained pursuant to Section 49064.

(d) The criteria to be used by the district in defining “school officials and employees” and in determining “legitimate educational interest” as used in Section 49064 and paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 49076.

(e) The policies of the institution for reviewing and expunging those records.

(f) The right of the parent to access to pupil records.

(g) The procedures for challenging the content of pupil records.

(h) The cost if any which will be charged to the parent for reproducing copies of records.

(i) The categories of information which the institution has designated as directory information pursuant to Section 49073.

(j) Any other rights and requirements set forth in this chapter, and the right of the parent to file a complaint with the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare concerning an alleged failure by the district to comply with the provisions of Section 438 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C.A. Sec. 1232g).

(k) The availability of the prospectus prepared pursuant to Section 49091.14.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 1031, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1999.)


A log or record shall be maintained for each pupil’s record which lists all persons, agencies, or organizations requesting or receiving information from the record and the legitimate interests therefor. Such listing need not include:

(a) Parents or pupils to whom access is granted pursuant to Section 49069 or paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 49076;

(b) Parties to whom directory information is released pursuant to Section 49073;

(c) Parties to whom written consent has been executed by the parent pursuant to Section 49075; or

(d) School officials or employees having a legitimate educational interest pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 49076.

The log or record shall be open to inspection only by a parent and the school official, or his designee, responsible for the maintenance of pupil records, and to the Comptroller General of the United States, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, and administrative head of an education agency as defined in Public Law 93-380, and state educational authorities as a means of auditing the operation of the system.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 861.)


Any school district may make a reasonable charge in an amount not to exceed the actual cost of furnishing copies of any pupil record; provided, however, that no charge shall be made for furnishing (1) up to two transcripts of former pupils’ records or (2) up to two verifications of various records of former pupils. No charge may be made to search for or to retrieve any pupil record.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 36.)


(a) When grades are given for any course of instruction taught in a school district, the grade given to each pupil shall be the grade determined by the teacher of the course and the determination of the pupil’s grade by the teacher, in the absence of clerical or mechanical mistake, fraud, bad faith, or incompetency, shall be final.

(b) The governing board of the school district and the superintendent of such district shall not order a pupil’s grade to be changed unless the teacher who determined such grade is, to the extent practicable, given an opportunity to state orally, in writing, or both, the reasons for which such grade was given and is, to the extent practicable, included in all discussions relating to the changing of such grade.

(c) No grade of a pupil participating in a physical education class, however, may be adversely affected due to the fact that the pupil does not wear standardized physical education apparel where the failure to wear such apparel arises from circumstances beyond the control of the pupil.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 715, Sec. 1.)


(a) The governing board of each school district shall prescribe regulations requiring the evaluation of each pupil’s achievement for each marking period and requiring a conference with, or a written report to, the parent of each pupil whenever it becomes evident to the teacher that the pupil is in danger of failing a course. The refusal of the parent to attend the conference, or to respond to the written report, shall not preclude failing the pupil at the end of the grading period.

(b) The governing board of any school district may adopt regulations authorizing a teacher to assign a failing grade to any pupil whose absences from the teacher’s class that are not excused pursuant to Section 48205 equal or exceed a maximum number which shall be specified by the board. Regulations adopted pursuant to this subdivision shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1) A reasonable opportunity for the pupil or the pupil’s parent or guardian to explain the absences.

(2) A method for identification in the pupil’s record of the failing grades assigned to the pupil on the basis of excessive unexcused absences.

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (a) of Section 49061, the provisions of this section shall apply to the parent or guardian of any pupil without regard to the age of the pupil.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 846, Sec. 20. Effective September 25, 1998.)


(a) The Legislature finds and declares that the academic record of a transferring pupil is essential to the pupil’s placement, academic success, and timely graduation. The Legislature further finds and declares that an accurate, updated pupil record enhances school safety, academic achievement, and pupil welfare when the record of a transferring pupil includes transcripts, immunization records, and, when applicable, suspension notices, expulsion records, and individualized education programs.

(b) If a pupil transfers from one public school to another or to a private school, or transfers from a private school to a public school within the state, the pupil’s permanent record or a copy of it shall be transferred by the former public school or private school no later than 10 schooldays following the date the request is received from the public school or private school where the pupil intends to enroll.

(c) As used in this section, “schoolday” means a day upon which the school is in session or nonholiday weekdays during the summer break.

(d) A public school requesting a transfer of a record pursuant to this section shall notify the parent of his or her right to receive a copy of the record and a right to a hearing to challenge the content of the record.

(e) The state board may adopt rules and regulations concerning the transfer of records.

(f) Nothing in this section shall supersede any other state or federal law governing the transfer of pupil records for specific pupil populations, including, but not limited to, Sections 49069.5 and 56043.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 369, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2013.)


Upon the initial enrollment of a pupil in a public or private elementary school, or whenever an elementary school pupil transfers from one school district to another, transfers to an elementary school within the same district, transfers from one private elementary school to another, transfers from a private elementary school to a public elementary school, or transfers from a public elementary school to a private elementary school, the principal of the school that the child enters or to which he or she transfers is urged to check to see if the child resembles a child listed as missing by the bulletins provided by the Department of Justice pursuant to Section 14204 of the Penal Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 437, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2015.)


(a) Any law enforcement agency responsible for the investigation of a missing child shall inform the school district, other local educational agency, or private school, in which the child is enrolled, that the child is missing. The notice shall be in writing, shall include a photograph of the child if a photograph is available, and shall be given within 10 days of the child’s disappearance.

(b) Every school notified pursuant to this section shall place a notice that the child has been reported missing on the front of each missing child’s school record. For public schools this shall be in addition to the posting requirements set forth in Section 38139.

(c) Local law enforcement agencies may establish a process for informing local schools about abducted children pursuant to this section.

(d) If a school receives a record inquiry or request from any person or entity for a missing child about whom the school has been notified pursuant to this section, the school shall immediately notify the law enforcement authorities who informed the school of the missing child’s status.

(Added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 832, first Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2000.)


Foster family agencies with jurisdiction over currently enrolled or former pupils may access records of grades and transcripts, and any individualized education plans (IEP) that may have been developed pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 56300) of Part 30 maintained by school districts or private schools of those pupils.

(Added by Stats. 2000, Ch. 67, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2001.)


(a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:

(1) The mobility of pupils in foster care often disrupts their educational experience.

(2) Efficient transfer procedures and transfer of pupil records is a critical factor in the swift placement of foster children in educational settings.

(3) Pupils who have had contact with the juvenile justice system are often denied credit or partial credit earned during enrollment in juvenile court schools. Delays in school enrollment and loss of earned credit can result in improper class or school placement, denial of special education services, and school dropout.

(b) The proper and timely transfer between schools of pupils in foster care is the responsibility of both the local educational agency, including the county office of education for pupils in foster care who are enrolled in juvenile court schools, and the county placing agency, which includes the county probation department.

(c) As soon as the county placing agency or county office of education becomes aware of the need to transfer a pupil in foster care out of his or her current school, the county placing agency or county office of education shall contact the appropriate person at the local educational agency of the pupil. The county placing agency shall notify the local educational agency of the date that the pupil will be leaving the school and request that the pupil be transferred out.

(d) Upon receiving a transfer request from a county placing agency or notification of enrollment from the new local educational agency, the local educational agency receiving the transfer request or notification shall, within two business days, transfer the pupil out of school and deliver the educational information and records of the pupil to the next educational placement.

(e) As part of the transfer process described under subdivisions (c) and (d), the local educational agency shall compile the complete educational record of the pupil, including a determination of seat time, full or partial credits earned, current classes and grades, immunization and other records, and, if applicable, a copy of the pupil’s plan adopted pursuant to Section 504 of the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. Sec. 794) or individualized education program adopted pursuant to the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1400 et seq.).

(f) The local educational agency shall assign the duties listed in this section to a person competent to handle the transfer procedure and who is aware of the specific educational recordkeeping needs of homeless, foster, and other transient children who transfer between schools.

(g) The local educational agency shall ensure that, if the pupil in foster care is absent from school due to a decision to change the placement of a pupil made by a court or placing agency, the grades and credits of the pupil will be calculated as of the date the pupil left school and no lowering of grades will occur as a result of the absence of the pupil under these circumstances.

(h) The local educational agency shall ensure that, if the pupil in foster care is absent from school due to a verified court appearance or related court ordered activity, no lowering of his or her grades will occur as a result of the absence of the pupil under these circumstances.

(i) (1) A complaint of noncompliance with the requirements of this section may be filed with the local educational agency under the Uniform Complaint Procedures set forth in Chapter 5.1 (commencing with Section 4600) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations.

(2) A complainant not satisfied with the decision of a local educational agency may appeal the decision to the department pursuant to Chapter 5.1 (commencing with Section 4600) of Division 1 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations and shall receive a written decision regarding the appeal within 60 days of the department’s receipt of the appeal.

(3) If a local educational agency finds merit in a complaint, or the Superintendent finds merit in an appeal, the local educational agency shall provide a remedy to the affected pupil.

(4) Information regarding the requirements of this section shall be included in the annual notification distributed to, among others, pupils, parents or guardians of pupils, employees, and other interested parties pursuant to Section 4622 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations.

(j) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:

(1) “County placing agency” means a county social services department or county probation department.

(2) “Local educational agency” means a school district, a county office of education, a charter school participating as a member of a special education local plan area, or a special education local plan area.

(3) “Pupil in foster care” means a child who has been removed from his or her home pursuant to Section 309 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, is the subject of a petition filed under Section 300 or 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or has been removed from his or her home and is the subject of a petition filed under Section 300 or 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 772, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 2016.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC3.