Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 2. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION [33000 - 64100]

  ( Title 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 4. INSTRUCTION AND SERVICES [46000 - 64100]

  ( Division 4 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 27. PUPILS [48000 - 49704]

  ( Part 27 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 4. Attendance at Adjustment Schools [48600 - 48667]

  ( Chapter 4 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 1. Twenty-four Hour Elementary Schools [48600 - 48618]
  ( Article 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

48600.
  

The purpose of this article is to provide for the operation of 24-hour elementary schools, established pursuant to Article 27 (commencing with Section 940) of Chapter 2 of Part 1 of Division 1 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, for minors between the ages of 8 and 16 years and to provide for the attendance, maintenance, care, home supervision, guidance, observation, and education of minors attending the schools, and to provide the minors with that vocational, homemaking, mental, moral, physical, and other training which will tend to strengthen and develop them and enable them to become good and useful citizens. The staff of every 24-hour school shall make adjustment as rapidly as possible in order that the period of time the child is away from ordinary community life may be as brief as possible. They shall place the minors in properly licensed children’s institutions where they will be assured of suitable educational opportunities, and shall cooperate with child placement agencies to this end and to stimulate proper care of the minors by their parents.

For purposes of this article, the county superintendent of schools has the primary authority to provide for the education and training of minors in 24-hour schools within his or her county.

(Amended by Stats. 1981, Ch. 714, Sec. 91.)

48601.
  

This article shall be construed in conformity with the intent as well as the express provisions thereof and shall confer upon the county probation officer, and the county superintendent or governing board, as the case may be, of any 24-hour school that may be created authority to do all those lawful acts which it may deem necessary to promote the prosperity of the school, or to promote the well-being and education of all minors entrusted to its charge.

(Enacted to Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48602.
  

The county superintendent of schools or the governing board of the district, as the case may be, which shall have, in reference to 24-hour schools, the same powers and duties which are now or may hereafter be assigned by law for the management of other schools. A 24-hour school established by a school district maintaining elementary schools shall be one of the public elementary schools of the district. The average daily attendance of each such school shall be reported to the Superintendent of Public Instruction for purposes of allowances and apportionments from the State School Fund in the manner otherwise prescribed by and pursuant to law.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48603.
  

The cost of securing sites or constructing and equipping buildings and in general the cost of housing and equipping any 24-hour school, including the necessary dormitories, dining halls, and other living quarters for pupils and employees of the county or the district shall be a charge against the funds of the county or school district maintaining it. The county superintendent or governing board of any district, as the case may be, may employ such principals, assistants, teachers, and employees as it deems necessary for the proper conduct of the 24-hour school and may pay them from available funds. The expenses of lodging and boarding pupils residing within the buildings of any 24-hour school shall be paid from the sums received from contracts with the parents or guardians of the pupils, or from the funds of the county within which the school is located paid to the school district, if applicable, in pursuance of court orders for the maintenance of pupils.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48604.
  

The superintendent appointed pursuant to Section 942 of the Welfare and Institutions Code may reside in the 24-hour school and may be furnished suitable quarters, furniture, food, supplies, and laundry for himself and his family. The county superintendent or governing board of the district, as the case may be, may make provision for the employment of such certificated personnel, including a principal, and such classified personnel at such school as may be necessary for the education and training of the minors enrolled.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48605.
  

Admission and discharge of minors with behavioral disorders to programs provided under the provisions of this article shall be made only on the basis of an individual evaluation according to standards established by the State Board of Education and upon the recommendation of an admissions committee which shall include a teacher, a psychologist, a school nurse or social worker, a principal or supervisor, an attendance supervisor, a licensed physician, a representative of the probation department and a representative of the social welfare department of the county in which the 24-hour school is located.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48606.
  

The board of admission, or some person or persons designated by it, shall investigate the case of any child whose name is submitted in writing accompanied by a signed statement for consideration for admission to the school and shall make recommendations in each case. The board of admission shall observe the progress of each child, and shall advise and recommend his release as soon as sufficient progress is indicated.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48607.
  

The county superintendent or governing board, as the case may be, maintaining a 24-hour school may accept in the school any minor between the ages of 8 and 16 years who is a resident of the county or the school district, as the case may be, whose parent or guardian does not exercise proper care, supervision, and guidance over him, or who is, by reason of insubordinate conduct, or refusal to obey the rules and regulations of the school authorities, in need of special educational training and discipline to prevent him from becoming subject to the provisions of the juvenile court law. The pupil may be assigned to the school by order of the county superintendent or the superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, approved in writing by the parent, or guardian in compliance with the recommendation of the board of admission. If the parent or guardian of the pupil enters into a contract with the county or school district, as the case may be, for the support of the pupil, he may be maintained in the school for the period of the assignment.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010 (1st text).)

48608.
  

If the parent or guardian of the pupil refuses to enter into a contract providing for the payment to the county or school district, as the case may be, of a sum sufficient to meet the average cost of maintaining a pupil within the school, including meals and a reasonable sum for lodging, and if the presence of the child within another school of the county or district, as the case may be, or within its home is a menace to the future welfare of other children or of the child itself, the county superintendent or superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, shall cause to be filed in the superior court of the county, acting in the department of the court performing the functions of the juvenile court or in any other court of competent jurisdiction, a complaint asking for an order of the court, committing the child to the 24-hour school and fixing the amount the parent or guardian shall pay for his maintenance until such time as the county superintendent or superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, reports to the court that the best interests of the minor will be served by his discharge from the school. A copy of the complaint shall at the same time be furnished the parent or guardian. If the parent or guardian is unable to pay the amount, the court may in the order provide for the payment by the county of a sum sufficient to cover the costs of maintenance of the child during the period of his commitment to the school.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48609.
  

The principal of any school in the county or district, as the case may be, in which there has been established a 24-hour school shall report to the county superintendent or superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, after conference held with the parent or guardian, any pupil in his school who he believes comes within the provisions and intent of this article. This report shall be in writing and shall set forth the facts upon which he believes that the child comes within the provisions of this article.

(Added by renumbering Section 48607 (2nd text in Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010) by Stats. 1977, Ch. 242.)

48610.
  

Any minor who has been placed in the care and control of the 24-hour school without the consent of the parent or guardian, shall remain therein, if placed by order of the court, for the duration of the period provided by the order, or until recommendation is made by the admissions and discharge committee to the court requesting that consideration be given the minor’s release.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48611.
  

If the minor has been placed in the 24-hour school by order of the county superintendent or superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, the parent or guardian with whose consent the minor was placed in the school, upon application to the county superintendent or superintendent of schools, as the case may be, who placed him therein, may secure the release of the minor and his restoration to the care, custody, and control of the parent or guardian. The county superintendent or superintendent of the district, as the case may be, shall require a written report from the principal of the 24-hour school, giving the progress of the child and the advisability of the release of the child from the 24-hour school. If the report indicates that the minor is in need of further care and treatment and that his release would be detrimental to his own welfare or the welfare of others, the county superintendent or superintendent of the district, as the case may be, may report the minor to the juvenile court or other proper court for action.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48612.
  

If, in the opinion of the principal of any 24-hour school, the further detention of any minor is detrimental to the minor, the minor may upon order of the principal be returned to the county superintendent or superintendent of schools of the district, as the case may be, in which the school is located or to the court which committed him, as may seem necessary for the best interest of the child.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48613.
  

Any pupil who absents himself from any 24-hour elementary school without permission being first obtained from the principal shall be deemed an habitual truant within the meaning of Section 601 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and dealt with as such.

Any person who contributes to the absence of any pupil from the school without permission first having been obtained from the principal, or advises, connives at, or aids or assists in such absence or conceals any pupil after such absence is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48614.
  

The course of study for the pupils and the methods used in enforcing the course of study shall be approved by the county superintendent or the governing board of the district, as the case may be. There shall also be provided in the schools the proper facilities and equipment for vocational and trade training.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48615.
  

Each 24-hour school may conduct clinics for the diagnosis and observation of children and may advise parents and school authorities regarding courses of study or treatment in the interests of the normal development of any child and to prevent waywardness and delinquency.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48616.
  

The funding of the educational vocational program conducted in a 24-hour school shall be in the manner described by Section 41703 when maintained by the county superintendent of schools. Twenty-four-hour schools maintained by the county superintendent shall be considered a necessary small school as defined by Section 41702.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48617.
  

The county probation officer having management and control of a 24-hour school may enter into a contract with any other county or state agency to provide for the supervision, care and treatment of the minors placed in the 24-hour school.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

48618.
  

The enrollment in each 24-hour school shall be limited to the standards established under Section 56615.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC1.