Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 2. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION [33000 - 64100]

  ( Title 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 3. LOCAL ADMINISTRATION [35000 - 45460]

  ( Division 3 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 25. EMPLOYEES [44000 - 45460]

  ( Part 25 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 4. Employment—Certificated Employees [44800 - 45061.5]

  ( Chapter 4 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 2. Employment [44830 - 44929]
  ( Article 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

44830.
  

(a) The governing board of a school district shall employ for positions requiring certification qualifications, only persons who possess the qualifications for those positions prescribed by law. It is contrary to the public policy of this state for a person or persons charged, by the governing boards, with the responsibility of recommending persons for employment by the boards to refuse or to fail to do so for reasons of race, color, religious creed, sex, or national origin of the applicants for that employment.

(b) The governing board of a school district shall not initially hire on a permanent, temporary, or substitute basis a certificated person seeking employment in the capacity designated in his or her credential unless that person has demonstrated basic skills proficiency as provided in Section 44252.5 or is exempted from the requirement by subdivision (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), or (k).

(1) The governing board of a school district, with the authorization of the Commission on Teacher Credentialing, may administer the state basic skills proficiency test required under Sections 44252 and 44252.5.

(2) The Superintendent, in conjunction with the commission and local governing boards, shall take steps necessary to ensure the effective implementation of this subdivision.

It is the intent of the Legislature that in effectively implementing this subdivision, the governing boards of school districts shall direct superintendents of schools to prepare for emergencies by developing a pool of qualified emergency substitute teachers. This preparation shall include public notice of the test requirements and of the dates and locations of administrations of the tests. The governing board of a school district shall make special efforts to encourage individuals who are known to be qualified in other respects as substitutes to take the state basic skills proficiency test at its earliest administration.

(3) Demonstration of proficiency in reading, writing, and mathematics by a person pursuant to Section 44252 satisfies the requirements of this subdivision.

(c) A certificated person is not required to take the state basic skills proficiency examination if he or she has taken and passed it at least once, achieved a passing score on any of the tests specified in subdivision (b) of Section 44252, or possessed a credential before the enactment of the statute that made the test a requirement.

(d) This section does not require a person employed solely for purposes of teaching adults in an apprenticeship program, approved by the Apprenticeship Standards Division of the Department of Industrial Relations, to pass the state proficiency assessment instrument as a condition of employment.

(e) This section does not require the holder of a child care permit or a permit authorizing service in a development center for the handicapped to take the state basic skills proficiency test, so long as the holder of the permit is not required to have a baccalaureate degree.

(f) This section does not require the holder of a credential issued by the commission who seeks an additional credential or authorization to teach, to take the state basic skills proficiency test.

(g) This section does not require the holder of a credential to provide service in the health profession to take the state basic skills proficiency test if that person does not teach in the public schools.

(h) This section does not require the holder of a designated subjects special subjects credential to pass the state basic skills proficiency test as a condition of employment unless the requirements for the specific credential require the possession of a baccalaureate degree. The governing board of each school district, or each governing board of a consortium of school districts, or each governing board involved in a joint powers agreement, which employs the holder of a designated subjects special subjects credential shall establish its own basic skills proficiency for these credentials and shall arrange for those individuals to be assessed. The basic skills proficiency criteria established by the governing board shall be at least equivalent to the test required by the district, or in the case of a consortium or a joint powers agreement, by any of the participating districts, for graduation from high school. The governing board or boards may charge a fee to individuals being tested to cover the costs of the test, including the costs of developing, administering, and grading the test.

(i) This section does not require the holder of a preliminary or clear designated subjects career technical education teaching credential to pass the state basic skills proficiency test.

(j) This section does not require certificated personnel employed under a foreign exchange program to take the state basic skills proficiency test. The maximum period of exemption under this subdivision shall be one year.

(k) Notwithstanding any other law, a school district or county office of education may hire certificated personnel who have not taken the state basic skills proficiency test if that person has not yet been afforded the opportunity to take the test. The person shall take the test at the earliest opportunity and may remain employed by the school district pending the receipt of his or her test results.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 518, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2009.)

44830.1.
  

(a) In addition to any other prohibition or provision, no person who has been convicted of a violent or serious felony shall be hired by a school district in a position requiring certification qualifications or supervising positions requiring certification qualifications. A school district shall not retain in employment a current certificated employee who has been convicted of a violent or serious felony, and who is a temporary employee, a substitute employee, or a probationary employee serving before March 15 of the employee’s second probationary year. If any conviction is reversed and the formerly convicted person is acquitted of the offense in a new trial, or the charges are dismissed, this section does not prohibit his or her employment thereafter.

(b) This section applies to any violent or serious offense which, if committed in this state, would have been punishable as a violent or serious felony.

(c) (1) For purposes of this section, a violent felony is any felony listed in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5 of the Penal Code and a serious felony is any felony listed in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7 of the Penal Code.

(2) For purposes of this section, a plea of nolo contendere to a serious or violent felony constitutes a conviction.

(3) For purposes of this section, the term “school district” has the same meaning as defined in Section 41302.5.

(d) When the governing board of any school district requests a criminal record summary of a temporary, substitute, or probationary certificated employee, two fingerprint cards, bearing the legible rolled and flat impressions of the person’s fingerprints together with a personal description and the fee, shall be submitted, by any means authorized by the Department of Justice, to the Department of Justice.

(e) When the Department of Justice ascertains that an individual who is an applicant for employment by a school district has been convicted of a violent or serious felony, or for purposes of implementing the prohibitions set forth in Section 44836, any sex offense, as defined in Section 44010, or any controlled substance offense, as defined in Section 44011, the department shall notify the school district of the criminal information pertaining to the applicant. The notification shall be delivered by telephone or electronic mail to the school district. The notification to the school district shall cease to be made once the statewide electronic fingerprinting network is returning responses within three working days. The Department of Justice shall send by first-class mail or electronic mail a copy of the criminal information to the Commission on Teacher Credentialing. The Department of Justice may charge a reasonable fee to cover the costs associated with processing, reviewing, and supplying the criminal record summary required by this section. In no event shall the fee exceed the actual costs incurred by the department.

(f) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a person shall not be denied employment or terminated from employment solely on the basis that the person has been convicted of a violent or serious felony if the person has obtained a certificate of rehabilitation and pardon pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 4852.01) of Title 6 of Part 3 of the Penal Code.

(g) Notwithstanding subdivision (f), a person shall not be denied employment or terminated from employment solely on the basis that the person has been convicted of a serious felony that is not also a violent felony if that person can prove to the sentencing court of the offense in question, by clear and convincing evidence, that he or she has been rehabilitated for the purposes of school employment for at least one year. If the offense in question occurred outside this state, then the person may seek a finding of rehabilitation from the court in the school district in which he or she is a resident.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when the Department of Justice notifies a school district by telephone or electronic mail that a current temporary employee, substitute employee, or probationary employee serving before March 15 of the employee’s second probationary year, has been convicted of a violent or serious felony, that employee shall immediately be placed on leave without pay. When the school district receives written electronic notification of the fact of conviction from the Department of Justice, the employee shall be terminated automatically and without regard to any other procedure for termination specified in this code or school district procedures unless the employee challenges the record of the Department of Justice and the Department of Justice withdraws in writing its notification to the school district. Upon receipt of written withdrawal of notification from the Department of Justice, the employee shall immediately be reinstated with full restoration of salary and benefits for the period of time from the suspension without pay to the reinstatement.

(i) An employer shall request subsequent arrest service from the Department of Justice as provided under Section 11105.2 of the Penal Code.

(j) Notwithstanding Section 47610, this section applies to a charter school.

(k) This section shall not apply to a certificated employee who applies to renew his or her credential when both of the following conditions have been met:

(1) The employee’s original application for credential was accompanied by that person’s fingerprints.

(2) The employee has either been continuously employed in one or more public school districts since the issuance or last renewal of his or her credential or his or her credential has not expired between renewals.

(l) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a county superintendent of schools from issuing a temporary certificate to any person described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (k).

(m) This section shall not prohibit a school district from hiring a certificated employee who became a permanent employee of another school district as of October 1, 1997.

(n) All information obtained from the Department of Justice is confidential. Every agency handling Department of Justice information shall ensure the following:

(1) No recipient may disclose its contents or provide copies of information.

(2) Information received shall be stored in a locked file separate from other files, and shall only be accessible to the custodian of records.

(3) Information received shall be destroyed upon the hiring determination in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 708 of Title 11 of the California Code of Regulations.

(4) Compliance with destruction, storage, dissemination, auditing, backgrounding, and training requirements as set forth in Sections 700 through 708 inclusive, of Title 11 of the California Code of Regulations and Section 11077 of the Penal Code governing the use and security of criminal offender record information is the responsibility of the entity receiving the information from the Department of Justice.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 840, Sec. 6. Effective September 25, 1998.)

44830.2.
  

(a) For situations in which a person is an applicant for employment, or is employed on a part-time or substitute basis, in a position requiring certification qualifications in multiple school districts within a county or within contiguous counties, the districts may agree among themselves to designate a single district, or a county superintendent may agree to act on behalf of participating districts within the county or contiguous counties, for the purposes of performing the following functions:

(1) Sending fingerprints to the Department of Justice.

(2) Receiving reports of convictions of serious and violent felonies.

(3) Reviewing criminal history records and reports of subsequent arrests from the Department of Justice.

(4) Maintaining common lists of persons eligible for employment.

(b) The school district or county superintendent serving in the capacity authorized in subdivision (a) shall be considered the employer for purposes of subdivisions (a), (d), and (g) of Section 44830.1.

(c) Upon receipt from the Department of Justice of a report of conviction of a serious or violent felony, the designated school district or county superintendent shall communicate that fact to the participating districts and remove the affected employee from the common list of persons eligible for employment.

(d) Upon receipt from the Department of Justice of a criminal history record or report of subsequent arrest for any person on a common list of persons eligible for employment, the designated school district or county superintendent shall give notice to the superintendent of any participating district or a person designated in writing by that superintendent, that the report is available for inspection on a confidential basis by the superintendent or authorized designee, at the office of the designated school district or county superintendent, for a period of 30 days following receipt of notice, to enable the employing school district to determine whether the employee meets that district’s criteria for continued employment. The designated school district or county superintendent shall not release a copy of that information to any participating district or any other person, shall retain or dispose of the information in the manner required by law after all participating districts have had an opportunity to inspect it in accordance with this section, and shall maintain a record of all persons to whom the information has been shown that shall be available to the Department of Justice to monitor compliance with the requirements of confidentiality contained in this section.

(e) Any agency processing Department of Justice responses pursuant to this section shall submit an interagency agreement to the Department of Justice to establish authorization to submit and receive information pursuant to this section.

(f) All information obtained from the Department of Justice is confidential. Every agency handling Department of Justice information shall ensure the following:

(1) No recipient may disclose its contents or provide copies of information.

(2) Information received shall be stored in a locked file separate from other files, and shall only be accessible to the custodian of records.

(3) Information received shall be destroyed upon the hiring determination in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 708 of Title 11 of the California Code of Regulations.

(4) Compliance with destruction, storage, dissemination, auditing, backgrounding, and training requirements as set forth in Sections 700 through 708, inclusive, of Title 11 of the California Code of Regulations and Section 11077 of the Penal Code governing the use and security of criminal offender record information is the responsibility of the entity receiving the information from the Department of Justice.

(Added by Stats. 1998, Ch. 840, Sec. 7. Effective September 25, 1998.)

44830.3.
  

(a) The governing board of any school district that maintains prekindergarten, kindergarten, or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, classes in bilingual education, or special education programs, may, in consultation with an accredited institution of higher education offering an approved program of pedagogical teacher preparation, employ persons authorized by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing to provide service as district interns to provide instruction to pupils in those grades or classes as a classroom teacher. The governing board shall require that each district intern be assisted and guided by a certificated employee selected through a competitive process adopted by the governing board after consultation with the exclusive teacher representative unit or by personnel employed by institutions of higher education to supervise student teachers. These certificated employees shall possess valid certification at the same level, or of the same type of credential, as the district interns they serve.

(b) The governing board of each school district employing district interns shall develop and implement a professional development plan for district interns in consultation with an accredited institution of higher education offering an approved program of pedagogical preparation. The professional development plan shall include all of the following:

(1) Provisions for an annual evaluation of the district intern.

(2) As the governing board determines necessary, a description of courses to be completed by the district intern, if any, and a plan for the completion of preservice or other clinical training, if any, including student teaching.

(3) Mandatory preservice training for district interns tailored to the grade level or class to be taught, through either of the following options:

(A) One hundred twenty clock hours of preservice training and orientation in the aspects of child development, classroom organization and management, pedagogy, and methods of teaching the subject field or fields in which the district intern will be assigned, which training and orientation period shall be under the direct supervision of an experienced permanent teacher. In addition, persons holding district intern certificates issued by the commission pursuant to Section 44325 shall receive orientation in methods of teaching pupils with disabilities. At the conclusion of the preservice training period, the permanent teacher shall provide the district with information regarding the area that should be emphasized in the future training of the district intern.

(B) The successful completion, prior to service by the intern in any classroom, of six semester units of coursework from a regionally accredited college or university, designed in cooperation with the school district to provide instruction and orientation in the aspects of child development and the methods of teaching the subject matter or matters in which the district intern will be assigned.

(4) Instruction in child development and the methods of teaching during the first semester of service for district interns teaching in prekindergarten, kindergarten, or any of grades 1 to 6, inclusive, including bilingual education classes and special education programs.

(5) Instruction in the culture and methods of teaching bilingual pupils during the first year of service for district interns teaching pupils in bilingual classes and, for persons holding district intern certificates issued by the commission pursuant to Section 44325, instruction in the etiology and methods of teaching pupils with disabilities.

(6) Any other criteria that may be required by the governing board.

(7) In addition to the requirements set forth in paragraphs (1) to (6), inclusive, the professional development plan for district interns teaching in special education programs shall also include 120 clock hours of mandatory training and supervised fieldwork that shall include, but not be limited to, instructional practices, and the procedures and pedagogy of both general education programs and special education programs that teach pupils with disabilities.

(8) In addition to the requirements set forth in paragraphs (1) to (6), inclusive, the professional development plan for district interns teaching bilingual classes shall also include 120 clock hours of mandatory training and orientation, which shall include, but not be limited to, instruction in subject matter relating to bilingual-crosscultural language and academic development.

(9) The professional development plan for district interns teaching in special education programs shall be based on the standards adopted by the commission as provided in subdivision (a) of Section 44327.

(c) Each district intern and each district teacher assigned to supervise the district intern during the preservice period shall be compensated for the preservice period required pursuant to subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (b). The compensation shall be that which is normally provided by each district for staff development or in-service activity.

(d) Upon completion of service sufficient to meet program standards and performance assessments, the governing board may recommend to the Commission on Teacher Credentialing that the district intern be credentialed in the manner prescribed by Section 44328.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 316, Sec. 9. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44830.5.
  

The Legislature hereby declares that it is contrary to the interests of this state and the people thereof for the governing board of any school district to adhere to a strict ethnic ratio in the assignment of certificated employees of the district.

(Added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 1179.)

44830.7.
  

Every contract for employment for a position requiring certification qualifications between a school district governing board and a person who possesses certification qualifications from another state shall provide that employment shall terminate upon notice by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing to the district and the employee, that the employee does not have the necessary qualifications for the credential required by law for the position for which the service was rendered.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 53, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44831.
  

The governing board of a school district shall employ persons in public school service requiring certification qualifications as provided in this code, except that the governing board or a county office of education may contract with or employ an individual who holds a license issued by the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Board and has earned a masters degree in communication disorders to provide speech and language services if that individual meets the requirements of Section 44332.6 before employment or execution of the contract.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 518, Sec. 9. Effective January 1, 2009.)

44832.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 44842, and except for employees who are notified pursuant to Section 44955, each classroom teacher shall, by May 15 of each year, inform the employing school district whether he or she intends to return to a teaching position for the following school year.

(b) The school district and the exclusive bargaining representative may agree to include provisions regarding the requirements of subdivision (a) in any collective bargaining agreement applying to classroom teachers.

(c) This section shall apply only to teachers in school districts having an average daily attendance of less than 2,500.

(Added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 375, Sec. 1.)

44833.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 44001, 44830, 44831, or any other provision of law, a noncertificated student enrolled in any public or private college or university in California may be permitted by the governing board of a school district maintaining any of grades 1 through 8, to serve in elementary schools or child care centers as a nonteaching aide under the following conditions:

(a) Such service by the student is based upon a program for the part-time employment of students established by the college or university under those provisions of the federal statute cited as the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Public Law 452, of the 88th Congress), and acts amendatory thereof, which provide for federal financial grants for work-study programs.

(b) The compensation being received by the student for such services is provided, at least in part, by grants made to the college or university by the government of the United States for a program of the type specified in subdivision (a).

(c) The student has been determined under procedures established by the Department of Education to be free of any disability of person or character (other than in professional competency) which would prohibit the issuance to him of any credential or certification document provided for under this code if he were otherwise qualified therefor.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44834.
  

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, on and after the effective date of this section the governing board of a school district may employ an individual in any administrative or supervisory position, irrespective of whether or not that person holds any supervisory or administrative credential if he or she meets all of the following criteria:

(1) He or she holds a valid teaching credential.

(2) He or she has completed 15 years service as a teacher, as defined in Section 41011, including 10 years of teaching service in the employ of the district which appoints him or her to an administrative or supervisory position.

(3) The last 10 years of service immediately preceding his or her appointment to an administrative or supervisory position were as a teacher of the natural sciences, the social sciences (other than education or educational methodology), the humanities, mathematics, and the fine arts.

(b) Commencing January 1, 1991, subdivision (a) shall apply only to persons who were employed by the governing board of a school district in a supervisory or administrative position on or before January 1, 1991, pursuant to the requirements of this section as it read on December 31, 1990.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 979, Sec. 2.)

44834.1.
  

On or before June 30, 1991, the Commission on Teacher Credentialing shall adopt criteria to exempt from the requirement of obtaining an administrative services credential those certificated employees who participate in innovative programs of school organization that may be developed by the certificated personnel, including, but not limited to, administrators and teachers of a school district. Any exemption granted by the commission under this section shall be valid only in the school district for which the exemption has been approved.

It is the intent of the Legislature that institutions of higher education be encouraged to actively participate in partnerships with the local governing boards of school districts, school district administrators, teachers, and other certificated personnel in the development and implementation of innovative programs of school organization.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 979, Sec. 3.)

44834.2.
  

It is the intent of the Legislature that the minimum requirements for the administrative services credential prescribed by Sections 44270 and 44270.1 include an integration of theoretical knowledge and the demonstration of skills. It is further the intent of the Legislature that the minimum requirements for the administrative services credential reflect an appropriate balance of coursework, supervised fieldwork, and related experiences designed to contribute to the development and improvement of the educational leadership skills necessary to perform the duties of a school administrator.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 922, Sec. 91. Effective January 1, 1995.)

44835.
  

A student providing services in elementary schools or child development facilities as a nonteaching aide shall perform no instructional work; but shall, under the immediate supervision and direction of a certificated employee, perform noninstructional work which serves to assist certificated personnel in performance of teaching and administrative responsibilities.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44836.
  

(a) (1) The governing board of a school district shall not employ or retain in employment persons in public school service who have been convicted, or who have been convicted following a plea of nolo contendere to charges, of any sex offense as defined in Section 44010.

(2) If a person’s conviction of a sex offense as defined in Section 44010 is reversed and the person is acquitted of the offense in a new trial or the charges against him or her are dismissed, this section does not prohibit his or her employment thereafter. If the dismissal was pursuant to Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code and the victim of the sex offense was a minor, this section does prohibit the person’s employment.

(b) (1) The governing board of a school district also shall not employ or retain in employment persons in public school service who have been convicted of any controlled substance offense as defined in Section 44011.

(2) If a person’s conviction for a controlled substance offense as defined in Section 44011 is reversed and the person is acquitted of the offense in a new trial or the charges against him or her are dismissed, this section does not prohibit his or her employment thereafter.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), the governing board of a school district may employ a person convicted of a controlled substance offense in a position requiring certification qualifications if that person holds an appropriate credential issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 840, Sec. 8. Effective September 25, 1998.)

44837.
  

Governing boards of school districts shall not employ or retain in employment any person in public school service who has been determined to be a sexual psychopath under the provisions of Article 1 (commencing with Section 6300), Chapter 2, Part 2, Division 6 of the Welfare and Institutions Code or under similar provisions of law of any other state. If, however, such determination is reversed and the person is determined not to be a sexual psychopath in a new proceeding or the proceeding to determine whether he is a sexual psychopath is dismissed, this section does not prohibit his employment thereafter.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44838.
  

The governing board of a school district shall, as a condition to employment, require an applicant for a position requiring certification qualification to furnish a statement of the military service of the applicant and, if any was rendered, a copy of the discharge or release from service. If no such document is available, the governing board may accept other suitable evidence of the conditions under which the military service of the applicant was terminated.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44839.
  

(a) When a school district or a county superintendent of schools wishes to employ a person in a position requiring certification qualifications and that person has not previously been employed in a position requiring certification qualifications in this state, the district or county superintendent shall require a medical certificate in such form as shall be prescribed by the state board showing that the applicant is free from any disabling disease unfitting the applicant to instruct or associate with children. The medical certificate shall be submitted directly to the governing board or county superintendent by a physician and surgeon licensed under the Business and Professions Code, a physician assistant practicing in compliance with Chapter 7.7 (commencing with Section 3500) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, a licensed advanced practice registered nurse acting pursuant to standardized procedures and protocols in compliance with Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 2700) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a commissioned medical officer exempted from licensure pursuant to federal law. The medical examination shall have been conducted not more than six months before the submission of the certificate and shall be at the expense of the applicant. A governing board or county superintendent may offer a contract of employment to an applicant subject to the submission of the required medical certificate. Notwithstanding Section 44031, the medical certificate shall become a part of the personnel record of the employee and shall be open to the employee or his or her designee.

(b) The governing board of a school district or a county superintendent of schools may require certificated employees to undergo a periodic medical examination by a physician and surgeon licensed under the Business and Professions Code, a physician assistant practicing in compliance with Chapter 7.7 (commencing with Section 3500) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, a licensed advanced practice registered nurse acting pursuant to standardized procedures and protocols in compliance with Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 2700) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a commissioned medical officer exempted from licensure pursuant to federal law, to determine that the employee is free from any communicable disease unfitting the applicant to instruct or associate with children. The periodic medical examination shall be at the expense of the school district or county superintendent. The medical certificate shall become a part of the personnel record of the employee and shall be open to the employee or his or her designee.

(c) The state board shall adopt rules and regulations relating to the implementation and administration of this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 34, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44839.5.
  

(a) When a school district or county superintendent of schools wishes to employ a retirant who is retired for service, and such person has not been previously employed as a retirant, such district or county superintendent shall require, as a condition of initial employment as a retirant, a medical certificate in such form as shall be prescribed by the state board showing that the retirant is free from any disabling disease unfitting him or her to instruct or associate with children. The medical certificate shall be completed and submitted directly to the school district or county superintendent by a physician and surgeon licensed under the Business and Professions Code, a physician assistant practicing in compliance with Chapter 7.7 (commencing with Section 3500) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, a licensed advanced practice registered nurse acting pursuant to standardized procedures and protocols in compliance with Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 2700) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a commissioned medical officer exempted from licensure pursuant to federal law. A medical examination as prescribed by the State Board of Education shall be required for the completion of the medical certificate. Such examination shall be conducted not more than six months before the completion and submission of the certificate and shall be at the expense of the retirant. Notwithstanding Section 44031, the medical certificate shall become a part of the personnel record of the employee and shall be open to the employee or his or her designee.

(b) The school district or county superintendent of schools which initially employed the retirant, or any school district or county superintendent which subsequently employs the retirant, may require a periodic medical examination by a physician and surgeon licensed under the Business and Professions Code, a physician assistant practicing in compliance with Chapter 7.7 (commencing with Section 3500) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, a licensed advanced practice registered nurse acting pursuant to standardized procedures and protocols in compliance with Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 2700) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a commissioned medical officer exempted from licensure pursuant to federal law, to determine that the retirant is free from any communicable disease unfitting him or her to instruct or associate with children. The periodic medical examination shall be at the expense of the school district or county superintendent. The medical certificate shall become a part of the personnel record of the retirant and shall be open to the retirant or his or her designee.

(c) The state board shall adopt rules and regulations relating to the implementation and administration of this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 34, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44840.
  

Persons in positions requiring certification qualifications may be elected for the next ensuing school year on and after the 15th day of March, and each person so elected shall be deemed reelected from year to year except as provided in Section 35043, Sections 44221 to 44227, inclusive, Sections 44831 to 44891, inclusive, Sections 44893 to 44900, inclusive, Sections 44901 to 44906, inclusive, and Sections 44908 to 44919, inclusive.

At any time after the 31st day of December, any person not then employed in the school district may be elected for the next ensuing school year to a position requiring certification qualifications.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44842.
  

(a) Except as set forth in subdivision (b), if, without good cause, a probationary or permanent employee of a school district fails prior to July 1 of any school year to notify the governing board of the district of his or her intention to remain or not to remain in the service of the district, as the case may be, during the ensuing school year if a request to give such notice, including a copy of this section, shall have been personally served upon the employee, or mailed to him or her by United States certified mail with return receipt requested to his or her last known place of address, by the clerk or secretary of the governing board of the school district, not later than the preceding May 30, the employee may be deemed to have declined employment and his or her services as an employee of the district may be terminated on June 30 of that year.

(b) (1) In the case of an employee of a year-round school serving in a track that starts within 14 days of July 1, and serves in a position requiring certification qualifications, if the school district has, by April 30, requested that the employee notify the school district by June 1, of that year of his or her intention to remain or not to remain in the service of the school district for the following school year, and the employee, without good cause, fails to provide that notice, the school district may deem the employee to have declined employment and may terminate his or her services as an employee of the school district on June 30 of that year. An employee who gives notice of resignation pursuant to this paragraph after May 31, but before June 30, shall be released from his or her contract within 30 days of the employee’s notice, or as soon as a replacement employee is obtained, whichever occurs first.

(2) The request for notice sent to the employee by the school district pursuant to this subdivision shall be in writing and shall, along with a copy of this section, be either personally served upon the employee, or mailed to him or her by United States certified mail with return receipt requested to his or her last known address, by the clerk or secretary of the governing board of the school district.

(c) If, without good cause, a probationary or permanent employee of a school district fails to report for duty at the beginning of the ensuing school year after having notified the governing board of the district of his or her intention to remain in the service of the district in accordance with the procedures specified above, the employee may be deemed to have declined employment and his or her services as an employee of the district may be terminated on the day following the 20th consecutive day of absence. No school district may terminate any employee pursuant to this subdivision unless the district has specifically notified the employee, at least five days in advance, of the time and place at which the employee was to report to work, and the employee did not request or was not granted a leave of absence authorized by the governing board of the district.

This subdivision is applicable only to employees who were on leave of absence for 20 or more consecutive working days after April 30 of the previous school year.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 533, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1999.)

44843.
  

The county superintendent of schools shall be given immediate notice in writing by the governing board of the district of the employment of persons for positions requiring certification qualifications. The notice shall include but not be limited to such data as may be prescribed by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, in regulations he is herewith authorized to adopt.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44844.
  

Except as otherwise provided in Sections 44831 to 44855, inclusive, every probationary or permanent employee employed before July 1, 1947, shall be deemed to have been employed on the date upon which he first accepted employment in a probationary position.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 433.)

44845.
  

Every probationary or permanent employee employed after June 30, 1947, shall be deemed to have been employed on the date upon which he first rendered paid service in a probationary position.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 433.)

44846.
  

The following general provisions shall apply regardless of date of employment:

As between two or more employees who first rendered paid service to the district on the same date, and who, following the termination of services, have a statutory preference to reappointment in the order of original employment, the governing board shall determine the order of reemployment solely on the basis of the needs of the district and the students thereof. Any terminated employee subject to the conditions of this section shall, upon request, be furnished in writing, no later than 15 days following such request, the reasons and basis of the needs of the district and the students thereof utilized by the governing board in determining which employee or employees shall be reappointed. This requirement that the governing board provide, on request, a written statement of reasons for determining the order of reappointment shall not be interpreted to give affected employees any legal right or interest that would not exist without such a requirement.

Records showing date of employment, whether kept by the district or by the county, shall be accessible, on demand, to any certificated employee of the district or to his designated representative.

In the absence of records as to any of the matters referred to in the two preceding sections, the governing board, in accordance with evidence presented, shall determine the order of employment after giving employees a reasonable opportunity to present such evidence.

The order of employment in all districts, when required, shall be determined as prescribed by Sections 44830 to 44855, inclusive.

The governing board shall have power and it shall be its duty to correct any errors discovered from time to time in its records showing the order of employment.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 898.)

44847.
  

When any school or part thereof shall have been transferred from one district to another, employment for any employees who transfer with said school or part thereof shall date from the time said employees first accepted employment (if before July 1, 1947) or rendered paid service (if after June 30, 1947) as probationary employees in the district from which the school or part thereof and the said employees were transferred.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44848.
  

When any certificated employee shall have resigned or been dismissed for cause and shall thereafter have been reemployed by the board, his date of employment shall be deemed to be the date on which he first accepted reemployment (if reemployed before July 1, 1947) or rendered paid service (if reemployed after June 30, 1947) after his reemployment.

When an employee’s services are terminated for lack of enrollment or discontinuance of service or are otherwise interrupted in a manner declared by law not to constitute a break in service, his original order of employment shall stand.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44849.
  

Nothing in Sections 35029, 35161, 35162, Sections 44030 to 44034, inclusive, Sections 44036 to 44048, inclusive, Sections 44800 to 44802, inclusive, Sections 44804 to 44824, inclusive, Sections 45021 to 45060, inclusive, Sections 48913, 87462, 87463, 87469, 88021, 88071, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7000) of Chapter 1, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7100) of Chapter 2 of Part 5, Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 10300) of Part 7, Article 1 (commencing with Section 12500) of Chapter 5 of Part 8, Article 5 (commencing with Section 32340) of Chapter 3 of Part 19, Article 1 (commencing with Section 44000), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44060) of Chapter 1, Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 44200), Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 44400), Article 2 (commencing with Section 44830), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44930) of Chapter 4, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 45100), Article 2 (commencing with Section 87600), Article 4 (commencing with Section 87660) of Chapter 3 of Part 51, shall be construed in a manner as to deprive any person of his or her rights and remedies in a court of competent jurisdiction on a question of law and fact.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1372, Sec. 196.)

44850.
  

Nothing in Sections 35029, 35161, 35162, Sections 44030 to 44034, inclusive, Sections 44036 to 44048, inclusive, Sections 44800 to 44802, inclusive, Sections 44804 to 44824, inclusive, Sections 45021 to 45060, inclusive, Sections 48913, 87462, 87463, 87469, 88021, 88071, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7000) of Chapter 1, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7100) of Chapter 2 of Part 5, Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 10300) of Part 7, Article 1 (commencing with Section 12500) of Chapter 5 of Part 8, Article 5 (commencing with Section 32340) of Chapter 3 of Part 19, Article 1 (commencing with Section 44000), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44060) of Chapter 1, Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 44200), Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 44400), Article 2 (commencing with Section 44830), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44930) of Chapter 4, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 45100), Article 2 (commencing with Section 87600), Article 4 (commencing with Section 87660) of Chapter 3 of Part 51, shall be construed so as to repeal or negate any provisions concerning employees of school districts contained in the charter of any city, county, or city and county, adopted and approved in conformity with Article XI of the Constitution of this state.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1372, Sec. 197.)

44850.1.
  

Notwithstanding Section 44850, and notwithstanding provisions of the charter of any city or city and county to the contrary, on and after July 1, 1978, the certificated employees of any school district governed by such a charter who serve as the head of a department of the district or in an administrative or supervisory position shall neither acquire nor retain permanent status in such position unless the employee is or becomes eligible for permanent status in accordance with provisions of this code.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 315.)

44851.
  

All employments under the provisions of Section 35161, Sections 44221 to 44227, inclusive, Sections 44831 to 44887, inclusive, Sections 44889 to 44891, inclusive, Sections 44893 to 44906, inclusive, Sections 44908 to 44919, inclusive, Sections 87462 and 87469, shall be subordinate to the right of the Legislature to amend or repeal Section 35161, Sections 44221 to 44227, inclusive, Sections 44831 to 44887, inclusive, Sections 44889 to 44891, inclusive, Sections 44893 to 44906, inclusive, Sections 44908 to 44919, inclusive, Sections 87462 and 87469, or any provision or provisions thereof at any time, and nothing herein contained shall be construed to confer upon any person employed pursuant to the provisions hereof a contract which will be impaired by the amendment or repeal of Section 35161, Sections 44221 to 44227, inclusive, Sections 44831 to 44887, inclusive, Sections 44889 to 44891, inclusive, Sections 44893 to 44906, inclusive, Sections 44908 to 44919, inclusive, Sections 87462 and 87469, or of any provision or provisions thereof.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44852.
  

Nothing in this code shall be construed as prohibiting the employment of persons in positions requiring certification qualifications for less than a full school year in temporary schools or classes.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44853.
  

The governing board of any school district, subject to the rules and regulations prescribed by the state board, may enter into an agreement with the proper authorities of any foreign country, or of any state, territory, or possession of the United States, or other district within the state, for the exchange and employment of regularly credentialed employees and employees of public schools of any foreign country, state, territory, or possession, or other district within this state. Any certificated person employed as provided in this section shall be known as an “exchange certificated employee.” No exchange shall be made without the consent of the employee to be exchanged.

Due consideration shall be given to the general qualifications and professional status of the exchange employee as compared to the general qualifications and professional status of the employee for whom exchanged. However, it shall not be a requirement that an exchange certificated employee be a teacher of the same subject or grade, or both, as the employee for whom exchanged. If the service authorized is other than teaching, it shall not be a requirement that the service be at the same grade level or that the service be exactly the same as the employee for whom exchanged.

A person shall not be employed as an exchange employee by a school district in the state unless he or she holds the necessary valid credential or credentials issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing authorizing the person to serve in a position requiring certification qualifications in the school district proposing to employ the person. The commission may establish minimum standards for the credentials for exchange certificated employees, provided that no exchange certificated employee shall be required to pay a fee or other charge for the issuance of any necessary valid credential or credentials authorizing him or her to serve in a position requiring certification qualifications in any school district in this state.

An exchange agreement may be made for a period not to exceed three years.

At the end of the assignment period, the exchange, with the consent of all parties, may be made complete and permanent.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 53, Sec. 11. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44854.
  

Acceptance of any exchange position by an employee of any school district in the state shall not affect his or her right to the permanent classification to which he or she is entitled, at the time of the acceptance, or any of his or her rights under the state teachers retirement salary provisions of this code, or under any local or district retirement plan, or system, and the time served in the exchange position shall be counted as time served in the service of the district in which he or she is employed immediately prior to acceptance of the exchange position in determining his or her status under Sections 35029, 35161, 35162, Sections 44030 to 44034, inclusive, Sections 44036 to 44048, inclusive, Sections 44800 to 44802, inclusive, Sections 44804 to 44824, inclusive, Sections 45021 to 45060, inclusive, Sections 48913, 87462, 87463, 87469, 88021, 88071, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7000) of Chapter 1, Article 1 (commencing with Section 7100) of Chapter 2 of Part 5, Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 10300) of Part 7, Article 1 (commencing with Section 12500) of Chapter 5 of Part 8, Article 5 (commencing with Section 32340) of Chapter 3 of Part 19, Article 1 (commencing with Section 44000), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44060) of Chapter 1, Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 44200), Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 44400), Article 2 (commencing with Section 44830), Article 3 (commencing with Section 44930) of Chapter 4, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 45100), Article 2 (commencing with Section 87600), Article 4 (commencing with Section 87660) of Chapter 3 of Part 51, and under the provisions of this code relating to state retirement salary, and under any local or district retirement plan.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1372, Sec. 198.)

44855.
  

If the teacher from the district within the state who serves as an exchange teacher without the state and the governing board regularly employing him so agree, the district may pay his regular salary, making all deductions provided by law for retirement purposes, during the period of the exchange teaching. In such case the district shall not pay the salary of the exchange teacher from without the state, serving the district in exchange for its regular teacher.

In the event a teacher from a district within this state serving as an exchange teacher without the state and to whom the governing board of such district is paying the regular salary of such teacher as herein provided, is compelled to absent herself from her duties because of injury, illness or quarantine, the governing board of the district within this state may pay the substitute employed to take the place of such teacher and shall deduct the amount so paid the substitute from the compensation of the teacher.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44856.
  

The governing board of a school district, for the purposes of providing bilingual instruction, foreign language instruction, or cultural enrichment, in the schools of the district, subject to the rules and regulations of the state board, may conclude arrangements with the proper authorities of a foreign country, or of a state, territory, or possession of the United States, for the hiring of bilingual teachers employed in public or private schools of a foreign country, state, territory, or possession. To be eligible for employment, the teacher must speak English fluently. Any persons employed pursuant to this section shall be known as a “sojourn certificated employee.”

A person shall not be hired as a sojourn certificated employee by a school district unless he or she holds the necessary valid credential or credentials issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing authorizing the person to serve in a position requiring certification qualifications in the school district proposing to employ him or her. The person may be employed for a period not to exceed two years, except that thereafter the period of employment may be extended from year to year for a total period of not more than five years upon verification by the employing district that termination of the employment would adversely affect an existing bilingual or foreign language program or program of cultural enrichment, and that attempts to secure the employment of a certificated California teacher qualified to fill the position have been unsuccessful. The commission shall establish minimum standards for the credentials for sojourn certificated employees.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 328, Sec. 42. Effective January 1, 2011.)

44857.
  

Each person employed by the governing board of a school district for a position requiring certification qualifications shall, not later than 60 days after the date fixed by the governing board of the district for the commencement of the person’s service, register, in the manner prescribed by Section 44330, a valid certification document issued on or before that date, authorizing the person to serve in the position for which he or she was employed, and shall, not later than 60 days after the renewal thereof, register the renewed certification document in the manner prescribed by Section 44330. If any person so employed is the holder of a California State University, or state teachers college, diploma accompanied by the certificate of the State Board of Education, or of an educational or life diploma of this state, and has presented the diploma to, and has had his or her name recorded by, the county superintendent of schools of the county, the person shall be deemed to have registered the diploma under Section 44330.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 248, Sec. 28.)

44858.
  

The Legislature hereby declares that it is contrary to the interest of this state and of the people of the state for any governing board or any person charged by the governing board of any school district with the responsibility of interviewing and recommending persons for employment in positions requiring certification, to fail or refuse to interview or recommend a person applying for employment in a position requiring certification on any basis listed in subdivision (a) of Section 12940 of the Government Code, as those bases are defined in Sections 12926 and 12926.1 of the Government Code, except as otherwise provided in this code and in Section 12940 of the Government Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 788, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2005.)

44859.
  

No school district may adopt or maintain any rule or regulation which requires a candidate for a position requiring certification qualifications to be a resident of the district or to become a resident of the district, or which requires that an employee maintain residency within the district; nor may a district grant any preferential treatment to candidates or employees because they are residents of the district.

The Legislature in enacting this section recognizes that the public school system of this state is the property of all its citizens, and that all qualified candidates for positions of employment with school districts, regardless of residence, should be granted the opportunity to compete for and obtain such positions based solely on merit and fitness.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44860.
  

No person shall be employed as principal of a school of six or more certificated employees unless he or she holds a valid school administration credential and at least one of the following: a teaching credential, or a services credential with a specialization in pupil personnel, health, clinical or rehabilitative, or librarian services.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 341, Sec. 4.)

44861.
  

A substitute principal holding a valid teacher’s credential of the same grade as the school to be administered may be employed without meeting the requirements of Section 44860 to meet an emergency for not more than five months of any school year.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44862.
  

No person is eligible to teach in any public school in the state, or to receive a certificate to teach who has not attained the age of 18 years.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44863.
  

No teacher holding a special certificate shall be employed to teach any subject not authorized in the certificate.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44864.
  

Each teacher in a joint elementary district shall hold a valid certificate in the county in which the schoolhouse is located.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44865.
  

A valid teaching credential issued by the State Board or the Commission on Teacher Credentialing, based on a bachelor’s degree, student teaching, and special fitness to perform, shall be deemed qualifying for assignment as a teacher in the following assignments, provided that the assignment of a teacher to a position for which qualifications are prescribed by this section shall be made only with the consent of the teacher:

(a) Home teacher.

(b) Classes organized primarily for adults.

(c) Hospital classes.

(d) Necessary small high schools.

(e) Continuation schools.

(f) Alternative schools.

(g) Opportunity schools.

(h) Juvenile court schools.

(i) County community schools.

(j) District community day schools.

(k) Independent study.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 223, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2009.)

44866.
  

The qualifications of a home instructor of pupils with physical disabilities shall be a valid teaching credential or a credential authorizing the teaching of exceptional children in an area of specialized preparation issued by the state board, or the Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 569, Sec. 25. Effective January 1, 2008.)

44867.
  

Except as provided in Section 44865, teachers in opportunity schools, classes, or programs shall have the same qualifications and shall be employed in the same manner as in other elementary and secondary schools of the school district in which the opportunity schools, classes, or programs are situated.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 260, Sec. 2.)

44868.
  

No person shall be employed as a teacher librarian in an elementary or secondary school, unless he or she holds a valid credential of proper grade authorizing service as a teacher librarian or a valid teaching credential issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing if he or she has completed the specialized area of librarianship.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 730, Sec. 23. Effective January 1, 2008.)

44869.
  

A teacher librarian, when employed full time as a teacher librarian or serving full time, partly as a teacher librarian and partly as a teacher, shall rank as a teacher.

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 730, Sec. 24. Effective January 1, 2008.)

44870.
  

No one shall be employed to supervise the work of teachers for more than half time during any school week unless he is the holder of a valid teacher’s certificate authorizing him to teach in the schools and classes in which he is to supervise instruction and a valid supervision certificate.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44871.
  

The qualifications of supervisors of health shall be as provided in Sections 44873 to 44878, inclusive.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44872.
  

For the purposes of Sections 44873 to 44878, inclusive, “standard designated services credential with a specialization in health” and “services credential with a specialization in health” includes a community college health services credential when the service is provided in grades 13 and 14.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44873.
  

The qualifications for a physician and surgeon employed to serve on a half-time or greater than half-time basis shall be a valid certificate to practice medicine and surgery issued by the Medical Board of California or Osteopathic Medical Board of California and either a services credential with a specialization in health or a valid credential issued prior to November 23, 1970. The qualifications for a physician and surgeon employed for less than half time shall be a valid certificate to practice medicine and surgery issued by the Medical Board of California. Any school district may employ and compensate physicians and surgeons meeting the foregoing qualifications for the performance of medical services for that district and shall provide liability insurance coverage for the period of his or her employment.

As used in this section “medical services” includes, but is not limited to, any medical services required to be performed while required to be in attendance at high school athletic contests or meets.

(Amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 359, Sec. 32.)

44874.
  

The qualifications for a psychologist or social worker are a valid certificate issued by the appropriate California agency authorized by law to certify such persons and a services credential with a specialization in health. Any school district may employ and compensate psychologists and social workers meeting the foregoing qualifications.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44875.
  

The qualifications for a dentist are a valid certificate issued by the Board of Dental Examiners and a services credential with a specialization in health or a valid credential issued prior to November 23, 1970. Any school district may employ and compensate dentists meeting the foregoing qualifications.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44876.
  

The qualifications for a dental hygienist, dental hygienist in alternative practice, or dental hygienist in extended functions shall be a valid license issued by the Dental Hygiene Committee of California or by the Dental Board of California and either a health and development credential, a standard designated services credential with a specialization in health, or a services credential with a specialization in health.

(Amended by Stats. 2008, Ch. 31, Sec. 50. Effective January 1, 2009. Operative July 1, 2009, by Sec. 55 of Ch. 31.)

44877.
  

The qualifications for a nurse shall be a valid certificate of registration issued by the Board of Nurse Examiners of the State of California or the California Board of Nursing Education and Nurse Registration and a health and development credential, a standard designated services credential with a specialization in health, or a services credential with a specialization in health.

The services credential with a specialization in health authorizing service as a school nurse shall not authorize teaching services unless the holder also completes the requirements for a special class authorization in health in a program that is approved by the commission.

On and after January 1, 1981, the qualifications for a nurse shall also include proof satisfactory to the school district that the nurse has acquired training in child abuse and neglect detection. This requirement may be satisfied through participation by the nurse in continuing education activities relating to child abuse and neglect detection and treatment.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 172, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1995.)

44878.
  

The qualifications for an optometrist are a valid certificate issued by the State Board of Optometry and a services credential with a specialization in health or a credential issued prior to November 23, 1970. Any school district may employ and compensate optometrists meeting the foregoing qualifications.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44879.
  

The qualifications for an audiometrist working under the direction of health services personnel pursuant to Section 49420 shall be a valid certificate or license issued by, or valid registration with, the California state agency authorized by law to issue the certificate or license, or to effect the registration, required for performance of the service.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44885.5.
  

(a) Any school district shall classify as a probationary employee of the district any person who is employed as a district intern pursuant to Section 44830.3 and any person who has completed service in the district as a district intern pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 44325 and Section 44830.3 and is reelected for the next succeeding school year to a position requiring certification qualifications.

The governing board may dismiss or suspend employees classified as probationary employees pursuant to this subdivision in accordance with the procedures specified in Section 44948 or 44948.3 as applicable.

(b) Every certificated employee, who has completed service as a district intern pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 44325 and pursuant to Section 44830.3 and who is further reelected and employed during the succeeding school year as described in subdivision (a) shall, upon reelection for the next succeeding school year, to a position requiring certification qualifications, be classified as and become a permanent employee of the district.

The governing board shall notify the employee, on or before March 15 of the employee’s last complete consecutive school year of probationary employment in a position requiring certification qualification as described in this subdivision, of the decision to reelect or not reelect the employee for the next succeeding school year to this type of a position. In the event the governing board does not give notice pursuant to this section on or before March 15, the employee shall be deemed reelected for the next succeeding school year.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1468, Sec. 9.)

44893.
  

A permanent employee when advanced from a teaching position to an administrative or supervisory position, or assigned any special or other type of work, or given special classification or designation requiring certification qualifications, shall retain his permanent classification as a classroom teacher.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44894.
  

(a) A permanent employee not qualified to render service as a classroom teacher, when advanced to an administrative or supervisory position, or assigned any special or other type of work, or given special classification or designation requiring certification qualifications, shall retain his permanent classification for the performance of the type of service for which he was qualified prior to such advancement, assignment, or special classification or designation.

(b) If an employee is authorized to render service in more than one type of position for which certification qualifications are required, either by virtue of his possession of one certification document authorizing service in two or more of such positions, or by virtue of his possession of separate certification documents authorizing service in two or more such positions, or any combination thereof, he shall, upon satisfying all other requirements prescribed by law, acquire permanent status as follows:

(1) If he is authorized to render service as a classroom teacher, he shall acquire permanent status as a classroom teacher.

(2) If he is not authorized to render service as a classroom teacher, he shall acquire permanent status below the administrative or supervisory level as a staff employee with multiple qualifications. His right to serve in one or more of the positions for which he is qualified to serve shall be subject to the power of assignment of the school district governing board.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44895.
  

A permanent employee, as specified in Section 44894, when advanced to an administrative or supervisory position requiring certification qualifications, or assigned any special or other type of work requiring certification qualifications, or given special classification or designation requiring certification qualifications, shall retain his permanent classification as specified in Section 44894.

If such a person is advanced to an administrative or supervisory position not requiring certification qualifications, is assigned any special or other type of work not requiring certification qualifications, or is given special classification or designation not requiring certification qualifications, his right to retain permanent classification shall be governed by the provisions of Article 3 (commencing with Section 44060) of Chapter 1 of this part.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 909.)

44896.
  

Whenever a person employed in an administrative or supervisory position requiring certification qualifications is transferred to a teaching position, the governing board of the school district shall give such employee, when requested by him, a written statement of the reasons for such transfer. If the reasons include incompetency, an evaluation of the person pursuant to Article 11 (commencing with Section 44660) of Chapter 3 of this part shall have been completed not more than 60 days prior to the giving of the notice of the transfer.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 973.)

44897.
  

(a) A person employed in an administrative or supervisory position requiring certification qualifications upon completing a probationary period, including any time served as a classroom teacher, in the same district, shall, in a district having an average daily attendance of 250 or more pupils, be classified as and become a permanent employee as a classroom teacher. In a district having an average daily attendance of less than 250 pupils, he or she may be so classified.

(b) Persons classified pursuant to this section are subject to the limitations contained in Section 44956.5.

(Amended by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1452, Sec. 377.)

44898.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 44897 to the contrary, the governing board of any school district shall, with respect to each person who is employed in an administrative or supervisory position requiring certification qualifications under a contract of employment providing a four-year term of employment and who either has not been previously employed by the district in such position or has been employed in such position but not under such a four-year contract, determine prior to May 15 of the third year under such four-year contract of employment whether to grant or deny the person permanent classification as a classroom teacher. If it grants such classification, the person shall be classified as and become a permanent employee as a classroom teacher.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44899.
  

A person employed in an administrative or supervisory position by more than one district shall be given permanent classification in whichever district he may select for the permanent classification. Other permanent classification shall be given to such an employee in a district situated wholly or partly within a city or city and county where the charter of the city or city and county provides for other classification.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44900.
  

Any certificated employee having permanent classification in a district, who is granted a leave of absence and transfers to another district which is under the supervision of the same chief administrative officer or district superintendent as the district from which the employee is on leave, may acquire permanent classification in the district to which he transferred if he is employed for a second year in that district, at which time his permanent classification in the district from which he transferred shall expire.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44901.
  

(a) A certificated employee who has served in a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in two or more districts, each having an average daily attendance of 250 or more and governed by governing boards of identical personnel, for a total of three complete consecutive school years, upon being elected for the fourth consecutive school year to a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in any of the districts, shall at the commencement of the fourth consecutive school year be classified as a permanent employee of the last district in which he or she was employed prior to his or her election for the fourth consecutive school year.

Where there are two or more districts, each having an average daily attendance of 250 or more and governed by governing boards of identical personnel, a certificated employee who has served in one of the districts for three complete consecutive school years, upon being elected for the fourth consecutive school year to a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in any of the districts, shall at the commencement of the fourth consecutive school year be classified as and become a permanent employee of the last district in which he or she was employed prior to his or her election for the fourth consecutive school year.

This subdivision shall apply only to probationary employees whose probationary period commenced prior to the 1983–84 fiscal year.

(b) A certificated employee who has served in a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in two or more districts, each having an average daily attendance of 250 or more and governed by governing boards of identical personnel, for a total of two complete consecutive school years, upon being elected for the third consecutive school year to a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in any of the districts, shall at the commencement of the third consecutive school year be classified as a permanent employee of the last district in which he or she was employed prior to his or her election for the third consecutive school year.

Where there are two or more districts, each having an average daily attendance of 250 or more and governed by governing boards of identical personnel, a certificated employee who has served in one of the districts for two complete consecutive school years, upon being elected for the third consecutive school year to a position or positions requiring certification qualifications in any of the districts, shall at the commencement of the third consecutive school year be classified as and become a permanent employee of the last district in which he or she was employed prior to his or her election for the third consecutive school year.

The governing board shall notify the employee, on or before March 15 of the employee’s second complete consecutive school year of employment by the districts in a position or positions requiring certification qualifications, of the decision to reelect or not reelect the employee for the next succeeding school year to such a position. In the event that the governing board does not give notice pursuant to this section on or before March 15, the employee shall be deemed reelected for the next succeeding school year.

This subdivision shall apply only to probationary employees whose probationary period commenced during the 1983–84 fiscal year or any fiscal year thereafter.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 498, Sec. 49. Effective July 28, 1983.)

44902.1.
  

In a district which becomes unified, effective for all purposes on July 1, 1980, certificated employees employed for the school year 1980–81, who were employed for the school year 1979–80 by a union high school district included in the territory within the newly organized unified school district, may be placed on the salary schedule of the unified school district and be given credit for all service as an employee of the union high school district for years of experience as an employee of the union high school district. Their date of first paid service as a probationary employee may be the date established by the union high school district.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 326, Sec. 1. Effective July 5, 1980.)

44902.2.
  

In a school district which becomes unified, effective for all purposes, on July 1, 1980, certificated employees who are employed for the school year 1979–80 by a union high school district included in part in the territory within the newly organized unified school district shall be entitled to be employed by the unified district for the school year 1980–81 only if such employees were employed within the schools being acquired by the unified district. However, the unified school district may, but is not required to, employ additional employees of the union high school district to the extent the unified school district agrees to employ such employees.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 326, Sec. 2. Effective July 5, 1980.)

44903.
  

On the unionization, unification, uniting, or consolidation of one or more school districts in which the average daily attendance for the preceding school year was less than 250 pupils, with a district or districts in which the average daily attendance was or, as a result of the unionization, uniting, consolidation, or unification, becomes 250 or more pupils, the regular three-year probationary period required of certificated employees for permanent status by Section 44882 shall be deemed to have commenced at the beginning of the employee’s first complete year of consecutive employment by the school district having an average daily attendance of less than 250 pupils. Every certificated employee who has been employed for three or more complete consecutive school years by a district having an average daily attendance of less than 250 pupils shall, immediately upon his employment in a certificated position following such unionization, unification, uniting, or consolidation, be a permanent employee. The amendments to this section enacted by the Legislature at the 1977–78 Regular Session shall apply only to the unionization, unification, uniting, or consolidation of school districts which becomes effective for all purposes on or after January 1, 1979.

(Amended by Stats. 1978, Ch. 1171.)

44903.7.
  

When a local plan for the education of individuals with exceptional needs is developed or revised pursuant to Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 56195) of Part 30, the following provisions shall apply:

(a) Whenever any certificated employee, who is performing service for one employer, is terminated, reassigned, or transferred, or becomes an employee of another employer because of the reorganization of special education programs pursuant to Chapter 797 of the Statutes of 1980, the employee shall be entitled to the following:

(1) The employee shall retain the seniority date of his or her employment with the district or county office from which he or she was terminated, reassigned, or transferred, in accordance with Section 44847. In the case of termination, permanent employees shall retain the rights specified in Section 44956 or, in the case of probationary employees, Sections 44957 and 44958, with the district or county office initiating the termination pursuant to Section 44955.

(2) The reassignment, transfer, or new employment caused by the reorganization of special education programs pursuant to Chapter 797 of the Statutes of 1980, shall not affect the seniority or classification of certificated employees already attained in any school district that undergoes the reorganization. These employees shall have the same status with respect to their seniority or classification, with the new employer, including time served as probationary employees. The total number of years served as a certificated employee with the former district or county office shall be credited, year for year, for placement on the salary schedule of the new district or county office.

(b) All certificated employees providing service to individuals with exceptional needs shall be employed by a county office of education or an individual school district. Special education local plan areas or responsible local agencies resulting from local plans for the education of individuals with exceptional needs formulated in accordance with Part 30 (commencing with Section 56000) shall not be considered employers of certificated personnel for purposes of this section.

(c) Subsequent to the reassignment or transfer of any certificated employee as a result of the reorganization of special education programs, pursuant to Chapter 797 of the Statutes of 1980, that employee shall have priority, except as provided in subdivision (d), in being informed of and in filling certificated positions in special education in the areas in which the employee is certificated within the district or county office by which the certificated employee is then currently employed. This priority shall expire 24 months after the date of reassignment or transfer, and may be waived by the employee during that time period.

(d) A certificated employee who has served as a special education teacher in a district or county office and has been terminated from his or her employment by that district or county office pursuant to Section 44955, shall have first priority in being informed of and in filling vacant certificated positions in special education, for which the employee is certificated and was employed, in any other county office or school district that provides the same type of special education programs and services for the pupils previously served by the terminated employee. For a period of 39 months for permanent employees and 24 months for probationary employees from the date of termination, the employee shall have the first priority right to reappointment as provided in this section, if the employee has not attained the age of 65 years before reappointment.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 854, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1998.)

44907.
  

The retirement of any employee of a school district under the provisions of any retirement law, except for employees retiring for disability under the Teachers’ Retirement Law, shall automatically effect the dismissal of the employee from the employ of the district at the end of the current school year.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 1165, Sec. 8. Effective September 30, 1992.)

44908.
  

A probationary employee who, in any one school year, has served for at least 75 percent of the number of days the regular schools of the district in which he is employed are maintained shall be deemed to have served a complete school year. In case of evening schools, 75 percent of the number of days the evening schools of the district are in session shall be deemed a complete school year.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44909.
  

The governing board of any school district may employ persons possessing an appropriate credential as certificated employees in programs and projects to perform services conducted under contract with public or private agencies, or categorically funded projects which are not required by federal or state statutes. The terms and conditions under which such persons are employed shall be mutually agreed upon by the employee and the governing board and such agreement shall be reduced to writing. Service pursuant to this section shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee unless (1) such person has served pursuant to this section for at least 75 percent of the number of days the regular schools of the district by which he is employed are maintained and (2) such person is subsequently employed as a probationary employee in a position requiring certification qualifications. Such persons may be employed for periods which are less than a full school year and may be terminated at the expiration of the contract or specially funded project without regard to other requirements of this code respecting the termination of probationary or permanent employees other than Section 44918.

Whenever any certificated employee in the regular educational program is assigned to a categorically funded project not required by federal or state statute and the district employs an additional credentialed person to replace that certificated employee, the replacement certificated employee shall be subject to the provisions of Section 44918.

This section shall not be construed to apply to any regularly credentialed employee who has been employed in the regular educational programs of the school district as a probationary employee before being subsequently assigned to any one of these programs.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 1003, Sec. 1.)

44910.
  

Service by a person as an instructor in classes conducted at regional occupational centers or programs, as authorized pursuant to Section 52301, shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district.

This section shall not be construed to apply to any regularly credentialed teacher who has been employed to teach in the regular educational programs of the school district and subsequently assigned as an instructor in regional occupational centers or programs, nor shall it affect the status of regional occupational center teachers classified as permanent or probationary at the time this section becomes effective.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44911.
  

Service by a person under a provisional credential shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district.

This section shall not be applicable to teachers granted a one-year emergency credential under the conditions specified in subdivision (b) of Section 44252 and subdivision (h) of Section 44830.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 1388, Sec. 6. Effective September 24, 1982.)

44912.
  

Service under a credential authorizing service only as a teacher of basic military drill in high school cadet companies established under Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Division 2 of the Military and Veterans Code shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44913.
  

Nothing in Sections 44882 to 44887, inclusive, Sections 44890, 44891, Sections 44893 to 44906, inclusive, and Sections 44908 to 44919, inclusive, shall be construed as permitting a certificated employee to acquire permanent classification with respect to employment in a summer school maintained by a school district, and service in connection with any such employment shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of the district. The provisions of this section do not constitute a change in, but are declaratory of, the preexisting law.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44914.
  

If an employee of a school district has served as a probationary employee of the district in a position requiring certification qualifications, for one complete school year, and in the year immediately preceding the service as probationary employee has served as a substitute employee, or as a substitute and probationary employee, serving in both capacities during the same school year in the schools of the district, at least 75 percent of the number of days the regular schools of the district were maintained, the governing board of the district may count the year of employment as a substitute or as a substitute and probationary employee as one year of the probationary period which he is required by law to serve as a condition to being classified as a permanent employee of the district.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44915.
  

Governing boards of school districts shall classify as probationary employees, those persons employed in positions requiring certification qualifications for the school year, who have not been classified as permanent employees or as substitute employees.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44916.
  

The classification shall be made at the time of employment and thereafter in the month of July of each school year. At the time of initial employment during each academic year, each new certificated employee of the school district shall receive a written statement indicating his employment status and the salary that he is to be paid. If a school district hires a certificated person as a temporary employee, the written statement shall clearly indicate the temporary nature of the employment and the length of time for which the person is being employed. If a written statement does not indicate the temporary nature of the employment, the certificated employee shall be deemed to be a probationary employee of the school district, unless employed with permanent status.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44917.
  

Except as provided in Sections 44888 and 44920, governing boards of school districts shall classify as substitute employees those persons employed in positions requiring certification qualifications, to fill positions of regularly employed persons absent from service.

After September 1 of any school year, the governing board of any school district may employ, for the remainder of the school year, in substitute status any otherwise qualified person who consents to be employed in a position for which no regular employee is available, including persons retired for service under the State Teachers’ Retirement System. Inability to acquire the services of a qualified regular employee shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Commission on Teacher Credentialing.

Any person employed for one complete school year as a temporary employee shall, if reemployed for the following school year in a position requiring certification qualifications, be classified by the governing board as a probationary employee and the previous year’s employment as a temporary employee shall be deemed one year’s employment as a probationary employee for purposes of acquiring permanent status.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 53, Sec. 13. Effective January 1, 2010.)

44918.
  

(a) Any employee classified as a substitute or temporary employee, who serves during one school year for at least 75 percent of the number of days the regular schools of the district were maintained in that school year and has performed the duties normally required of a certificated employee of the school district, shall be deemed to have served a complete school year as a probationary employee if employed as a probationary employee for the following school year.

(b) Any such employee shall be reemployed for the following school year to fill any vacant positions in the school district unless the employee has been released pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 44954.

(c) If an employee was released pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 44954 and has nevertheless been retained as a temporary or substitute employee by the district for two consecutive years and that employee has served for at least 75 percent of the number of days the regular schools of the district were maintained in each school year and has performed the duties normally required of a certificated employee of the school district, that employee shall receive first priority if the district fills a vacant position, at the grade level at which the employee served during either of the two years, for the subsequent school year. In the case of a departmentalized program, the employee shall have taught in the subject matter in which the vacant position occurs.

(d) Those employees classified as substitutes, and who are employed to serve in an on-call status to replace absent regular employees on a day-to-day basis shall not be entitled to the benefits of this section.

(e) Permanent and probationary employees subjected to a reduction in force pursuant to Section 44955 shall, during the period of preferred right to reappointment, have prior rights to any vacant position in which they are qualified to serve superior to those rights hereunder afforded to temporary and substitute personnel who have become probationary employees pursuant to this section.

(f) This section shall not apply to any school district in which the average daily attendance is in excess of 400,000.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 336, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1993.)

44919.
  

(a) Governing boards of school districts shall classify as temporary employees those persons requiring certification qualifications, other than substitute employees, who are employed to serve from day to day during the first three school months of any school term to teach temporary classes not to exist after the first three school months of any school term or to perform any other duties which do not last longer than the first three school months of any school term, or to teach in special day and evening classes for adults or in schools of migratory population for not more than four school months of any school term. If the classes or duties continue beyond the first three school months of any school term or four school months for special day and evening classes for adults, or schools for migratory population, the certificated employee, unless a permanent employee, shall be classified as a probationary employee. The school year may be divided into not more than two school terms for the purposes of this section.

(b) Governing boards shall classify as temporary employees persons, other than substitute employees, who are employed to serve in a limited assignment supervising athletic activities of pupils; provided, such assignment shall first be made available to teachers presently employed by the district. Service pursuant to this subdivision shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district.

(c) In any district, the governing board may, to prevent the stoppage of school district business when an actual emergency arises and persons are not immediately available for probationary classification, make an appointment to a position on a temporary basis for a period not to exceed 20 working days. The person so appointed shall be deemed to be a temporary employee who is employed to serve from day to day. Service by a person in such an appointment on a temporary basis shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district.

(Amended by Stats. 1977, Ch. 565.)

44920.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 44917 and 44919, the governing board of a school district may employ as a teacher, for a complete school year, but not less than one semester during a school year unless the date of rendering first paid service begins during the second semester and prior to March 15th, any person holding appropriate certification documents, and may classify such person as a temporary employee. The employment of such persons shall be based upon the need for additional certificated employees during a particular semester or year because a certificated employee has been granted leave for a semester or year, or is experiencing long-term illness, and shall be limited, in number of persons so employed, to that need, as determined by the governing board.

Any person employed for one complete school year as a temporary employee shall, if reemployed for the following school year in a vacant position requiring certification qualifications, be classified by the governing board as a probationary employee and the previous year’s employment as a temporary employee shall be deemed one year’s employment as a probationary employee for purposes of acquiring permanent status.

For purposes of this section “vacant position” means a position in which the employee is qualified to serve and which is not filled by a permanent or probationary employee. It shall not include a position which would be filled by a permanent or probationary employee except for the fact that such employee is on leave.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44921.
  

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 44919, the governing board of a unified or high school district may employ persons requiring certification qualifications for the first semester only, and classify such persons as temporary employees, whenever the district expects a reduction in student enrollment during the second semester due to students completing graduation requirements at midyear. The number of persons so employed shall be limited to requirements based on the anticipated reduced enrollment as determined by the governing board. Persons so employed who are continued in employment beyond the first semester shall be deemed probationary employees for the entire school year.

Any such employee shall be reemployed for the following semester or school year to fill any vacant positions in the school district for which the employee is certified. Preference for available positions shall be determined by the governing board using the method prescribed in Sections 44845 and 44846.

For purposes of this section “vacant position” means a position in which the employee is qualified to serve and which is not filled by a permanent or probationary employee. It shall not include a position which would be filled by a permanent or probationary employee except for the fact that such employee is on leave.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44922.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision, the governing board of a school district or a county superintendent of schools may establish regulations which allow their certificated employees to reduce their workload from full-time to part-time duties.

The regulations shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following, if the employees wish to reduce their workload and maintain retirement benefits pursuant to Section 22713 of this code or Section 20815 of the Government Code:

(a) The employee shall have reached the age of 55 prior to reduction in workload.

(b) The employee shall have been employed full time in a position requiring certification for at least 10 years of which the immediately preceding five years were full-time employment.

(c) During the period immediately preceding a request for a reduction in workload, the employee shall have been employed full time in a position requiring certification for a total of at least five years without a break in service. For purposes of this subdivision, sabbaticals and other approved leaves of absence shall not constitute a break in service.

(d) The option of part-time employment shall be exercised at the request of the employee and can be revoked only with the mutual consent of the employer and the employee.

(e) (1) The employee shall be paid a salary that is the pro rata share of the salary he or she would be earning had he or she not elected to exercise the option of part-time employment but shall retain all other rights and benefits for which he or she makes the payments that would be required if he or she remained in full-time employment.

(2) The employee shall receive health benefits as provided in Section 53201 of the Government Code in the same manner as a full-time employee.

(f) The minimum part-time employment shall be the equivalent of one-half of the number of days of service required by the employee’s contract of employment during his or her final year of service in a full-time position.

(g) This option is limited in prekindergarten through grade 12 to certificated employees who do not hold positions with salaries above that of a school principal.

(h) The period of this part-time employment shall include a period of time, as specified in the regulations, which shall be up to and include five years for employees subject to Section 20815 of the Government Code or 10 years for employees subject to Section 22713 of this code.

(i) The period of part-time employment of employees subject to Section 20815 of the Government Code shall not extend beyond the end of the school year during which the employee reaches his or her 70th birthday. This subdivision shall not apply to any employee subject to Section 22713 of this code.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 655, Sec. 84. Effective January 1, 2007.)

44923.
  

In the event a permanent employee of a school district has tenure as a full-time employee of the district, any assignment or employment of such employee in addition to his full-time assignment may be terminated by the governing board of the district at any time.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44924.
  

Except as provided in Sections 44937 and 44956, any contract or agreement, express or implied, made by any employee to waive the benefits of this chapter or any part thereof is null and void.

Notwithstanding provisions of this or any other section of this code, governing boards of school districts may employ persons in positions requiring certification qualifications on less than a full-time basis.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44925.
  

The governing board of any school district may employ or engage as an independent contractor a qualified person to serve as limited-term or part-time reader assistant in connection with instruction in composition and writing, and in mathematics, to teachers. Any person employed as a reader shall not be deemed to be employed in a position requiring certification qualifications, and, unless otherwise determined by the governing board, shall not be subject to the provisions of Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 45100) of this part. The governing board may pay such hourly or unit compensation rates as it deems proper for the services rendered. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this section not to authorize an increase in the number of pupils who may be assigned to any class, but to provide an opportunity for improvement in the quality of student writing and mathematics abilities through more frequent assignments of compositions and more work in mathematics made possible by the employment of suitably trained persons to assist the instructor in the careful marking and analysis of the pupils’ work. Furthermore, the means adopted for employing persons as reader assistants is not intended as an encroachment upon the merit system of public employment, but is adopted as the most practical arrangement, since most work of such nature will be done as part-time work and in the home.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44926.
  

The governing board of any school district may employ any qualified person who possesses a temporary certificate to serve as a teacher-assistant in a program conducted in cooperation with a California teacher training institution. No person shall be so employed unless he is enrolled as a student in a cooperating California teacher training institution at the time the service is rendered. Service by a person under a teacher-assistant certificate shall not be included in computing the service required as a prerequisite to the attainment of, or eligibility to, classification as a permanent employee of a school district. The governing board may make such payments as it deems proper for the services rendered.

Any person employed under this section shall not be subject to the provisions of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 22000) to Chapter 27 (commencing with Section 24600), inclusive, of Part 13 of Division 1 of Title 1.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44927.
  

The governing board of any school district, a county board of education, or the Department of Education may execute a contract with any California teacher-training institution whereby certificated personnel of the school district, county, or the Department of Education may be assigned to the teacher-training institution for full-time or part-time duty for a period not to exceed one year.

Any teacher-training institution in California may execute a contract with the governing board of any school district, a county board of education, or the Board of Education whereby certificated personnel of the institution may be assigned to school districts, county boards of education, or the Department of Education for full-time or part-time duty for a period not to exceed one year.

Any such contract shall provide for the payment, by the entity to which a person is assigned to the employer, of a sum equivalent to the salary and other employment costs of any such employee. In place of such payment, the contract may provide for the exchange of certificated personnel between the district, county, or Department of Education and the teacher-training institution. Any such employee shall retain his status as an employee of the school district, county, Department of Education, or teacher-training institution from which he is assigned in all respects during the period of such assignment.

(Enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010.)

44928.
  

No school in any school district having an average daily attendance in excess of 400,000 shall have at any time a certificated teaching staff, excluding substitutes employed pursuant to Section 45030, of whom more than 5 percent have only an emergency credential.

This section does not apply to emergency credentials for bilingual education or for education of the learning handicapped, severely handicapped, physically handicapped, or to any other emergency credential established for the purposes of special education.

(Added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 830.)

44929.
  

Whenever the governing board of a school district or a county office of education, by formal action, determines that because of impending curtailment of or changes in the manner of performing services, the best interests of the district or county office of education would be served by encouraging the retirement of certificated employees and that the retirement will result in a net savings to the district or county office of education, an additional two years of service shall be credited under the Defined Benefit Program of the State Teachers’ Retirement Plan to a certificated employee pursuant to Section 22714 if all of the conditions set forth in that section are satisfied.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 313, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2004.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC2.