Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 13. STATE TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM [22000 - 25115]

  ( Part 13 repealed and added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 893, Sec. 2. )

CHAPTER 25. Disability Allowance [24001 - 24018]
  ( Chapter 25 added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 893, Sec. 2. )

24001.
  

(a) (1) A member may apply for a disability allowance under the Defined Benefit Program, upon written application for disability allowance to the board on a properly executed form provided by the system, if the member has five or more years of credited service and if all of the following requirements are met:

(A) At least four years were credited for actual performance of service subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program. Credit received because of workers’ compensation payments shall be counted toward the four-year requirement in accordance with Section 22710.

(B) The last five years of credited service were performed in this state.

(C) Except as described in subdivision (d) of Section 24201.5, the member is not currently receiving a service retirement allowance and at least one year was credited for service performed subsequent to the date on which the member terminated a service retirement allowance under Section 24208.

(D) At least one year was credited for service performed subsequent to the most recent refund of accumulated retirement contributions.

(E) The member has neither attained normal retirement age, nor possesses sufficient unused sick leave days to receive creditable compensation on account of sick leave to normal retirement age.

(F) The member is not applying for a disability allowance because of a physical or mental condition known to exist at the time the most recent membership in the Defined Benefit Program commenced and remains substantially unchanged at the time of application.

(2) A member who becomes disabled prior to normal retirement age, who has sick leave which will extend beyond normal retirement age, and who has a dependent child, may be awarded a disability allowance with an effective date after normal retirement age if the application is filed prior to attaining normal retirement age.

(b) Nothing in subdivision (a) shall affect the right of a member to a disability allowance under this part if the reason that the member is credited with less than four years of actual service performed subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program is due to an on-the-job injury or a disease that occurred while the member was employed and the four-year requirement can be satisfied by credit obtained under Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 22800) or Chapter 14.5 (commencing with Section 22850) in addition to any credit received from workers’ compensation payments.

(c) Nothing in subdivision (a) shall affect the right of a member under this part who has less than five years of credited service to a disability allowance if the following conditions are met:

(1) The member has at least one year of credited service performed in this state.

(2) The disability is the direct result of an unlawful act of bodily injury that was perpetrated on his or her person by another human being while the member was performing his or her official duties in a position subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program.

(3) The member provides documentation of the unlawful act in the form of an official police report or official employer incident report.

(d) A member who is eligible to apply for a disability allowance pursuant to this section may also apply for a service retirement pending a determination of his or her application for disability as described in Section 24201.5.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 755, Sec. 26. Effective January 1, 2015.)

24001.5.
  

A member shall not be eligible for a disability allowance under the Defined Benefit Program while on a leave of absence to serve as a full-time elected officer of an employee organization, even if the member receives service credit under Section 22711.

(Amended by Stats. 2001, Ch. 803, Sec. 11. Effective January 1, 2002.)

24002.
  

(a) The board may authorize payment of a disability allowance to any member who is qualified upon application under this part by the member, the member’s guardian or conservator, or the member’s employer, if the application is submitted on a properly executed form prescribed by the system during any one of the following periods:

(1) While the member is employed and has performed creditable service within the four months previous to application, or while the member is on a compensated leave of absence.

(2) While the member is physically or mentally incapacitated for performance of service and the incapacity has been continuous from the last day of actual performance of service for which compensation is payable to the member.

(3) While the member is on a leave of absence without compensation, granted for reason other than mental or physical incapacity for performance of service, and within four months after the last day of actual performance of service for which compensation is payable to the member, or within 12 months of that date if the member is on an employer-approved leave to study at an approved college or university.

(4) Within four months after the termination of the member’s employment subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program, if the application was not made under paragraph (2) and was not made more than four months after the last day of actual performance of service for which compensation is payable to the member.

(b) A member is not qualified to receive a disability allowance if the member is applying because of a physical or mental condition that existed at the time the most recent membership in the Defined Benefit Program commenced and which remains substantially unchanged at the time of application.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 558, Sec. 19. Effective January 1, 2014.)

24003.
  

(a) The member shall provide medical documentation to substantiate the impairment qualifying the member for the disability allowance.

(b) On receipt of an application for disability allowance under this part, the system may order a medical examination or review of medical documentation of a member to determine whether the member is incapacitated for performance of service. The medical examination or review of medical documentation shall be conducted by a practicing physician, selected by the board, with expertise in the member’s impairment and the board shall pay all costs associated with the examination or review of medical documentation. If the member refuses to submit to the required medical examination or review of medical documentation, the application for disability allowance shall be rejected. If a medical examination is ordered:

(1) The member shall either remain in this state, or return to this state at the member’s own expense, to undergo the medical examination, or the application shall be rejected, unless this requirement is waived by the board. The board shall pay all other reasonable costs related to travel and meals in accordance with the rates set for state employees by the Department of Human Resources.

(2) If the member is too ill to be examined, the system shall postpone the examination until the member can be examined. The member or the member’s treating physician shall inform the system, in writing, when the medical examination can be rescheduled.

(c) The system may reject the disability allowance application under this part if the member fails to provide requested medical documentation to substantiate a disability, as defined in Section 22126, within 45 days from the date of the request or within 30 days from the time that a legally designated representative is empowered to act on behalf of a member who is mentally or physically incapacitated.

(d) If the board determines that a member who has applied for a disability allowance under this part may perform service in the member’s former position of employment or in a comparable level position with the assistance of reasonable accommodation, the board may require the member to request reasonable accommodation from the employer. Failure of the member to request reasonable accommodation, as directed by the board, may be grounds for cancellation of the disability allowance application.

(e) If the employer fails or refuses to provide reasonable accommodation, the board may require the member to pursue an administrative appeal of the employer’s denial as a condition for receiving a disability allowance under this part.

(f) The system shall inform the member of the rejection or cancellation of the member’s disability allowance application under this part within 30 days after that determination is made by the system.

(g) In determining whether a member meets the definition of disability pursuant to Section 22126, the board shall make a determination on the basis of competent medical documentation and shall not use the awarding of a disability allowance as a substitute for the disciplinary process.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 665, Sec. 8. Effective January 1, 2013.)

24004.
  

In cases of a member’s willful substance abuse or if the board determines a member who qualifies for a disability allowance pursuant to Section 24001 has mental, physical, or vocational rehabilitation potential, the board may limit the disability allowance under this part to a period not to exceed two years from the date of approval of the disability allowance. Notwithstanding Section 24013, the disability allowance shall terminate at the end of the period granted unless an extension is granted by the board.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 149. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24005.
  

(a) A disability allowance under this part shall become effective upon any date designated by the member, provided all of the following conditions are met:

(1) An application for disability allowance is filed on a properly executed form prescribed by the system.

(2) The effective date is later than the last day the member earned creditable compensation pursuant to Section 22119.2 or 22119.3.

(3) The effective date is no earlier than either the first day of the month in which the application is received by the system’s headquarters office or the date upon and continuously after which the member is determined to the satisfaction of the board to have been mentally incompetent.

(b) If the member is employed to perform creditable service subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program at the time the disability allowance is approved under this part, the member shall notify the system in writing, within 90 days, of the last day on which the member will perform service. If the member does not respond within 90 days, or if the last day on which service will be performed is more than 90 days after the date the system notifies the member of approval of the disability allowance, the member’s application for a disability allowance shall be rejected and a disability allowance shall not be payable to the member.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 218, Sec. 26. Effective January 1, 2017.)

24006.
  

Upon qualification for disability under this part, a member shall receive an annual allowance equal to 50 percent of final compensation payable in monthly installments. The allowance shall be increased by 10 percent of final compensation for each dependent child, to a maximum of four dependent children.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 151. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24007.
  

A member who qualifies for a disability allowance under this chapter and who has attained age 45 years, but who has not yet attained age 60 years, shall have his or her allowance calculated upon service with each year of credited California service providing 5 percent of final compensation. The disabled member shall receive the lesser of this amount or the amount provided by Section 24006. A child’s portion of the allowance shall be determined pursuant to Section 24006. This section shall not apply to a member who is eligible to apply for a disability allowance under subdivision (c) of Section 24001.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 386, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1998.)

24009.
  

A disability allowance payable pursuant to Sections 24006 and 24007 that includes a child’s portion shall be reduced when a dependent child becomes ineligible. The reduction shall take into account the increases made by application of the improvement factor. However, the member’s disability allowance shall not be less than it would have been if there had never been a dependent child.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1165, Sec. 26. Effective January 1, 1997.)

24010.
  

Allowances payable under Sections 24006 and 24007 shall be reduced by an amount equal to the unmodified benefits paid or payable under other public systems for the same impairment or impairments that qualify the member for a disability allowance under this part. With respect to workers’ compensation payments that are subject to liens under Section 4903 of the Labor Code, “unmodified benefits,” for purposes of this section, shall only include payments for temporary disability, vocational rehabilitation monthly allowance, and permanent disability.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 375, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 2003.)

24011.
  

A member who qualifies for disability allowance pursuant to this chapter because of a disabling impairment that is amenable to treatment that could be expected to restore the member’s ability to perform service in the member’s former position of employment or a comparable level position shall participate in a treatment program prescribed by the member’s primary treating physician. Willful failure to initiate and continue participation in the treatment program shall cause the disability allowance to be terminated. In determining whether a member has good cause for failure to follow the treatment program, the board shall take into account whether treatment would abridge the member’s right to the free exercise of religion or whether the member’s physical or mental condition has worsened, as determined by the member’s treating physician and substantiated by medical evidence.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 153. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24012.
  

(a) A member who is receiving a disability allowance pursuant to this chapter who is determined by the board to have a mental, physical, or vocational rehabilitation potential that could be expected to restore the member’s ability to perform service in the member’s former position of employment or a comparable level position shall participate in an appropriate rehabilitation program approved by the board. The board shall pay all reasonable costs of the approved program. Willful failure to initiate and continue participation in the rehabilitation program shall cause the disability allowance to be terminated. In determining whether a member has good cause for failure to participate in the program, the board shall take into account whether the participation would abridge the member’s right to the free exercise of religion or whether the member’s physical or mental condition has worsened, as determined by the member’s treating physician and substantiated by medical evidence.

(b) Any cost for the approved rehabilitation program prescribed by the board shall be paid directly by the system from the fund.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 859, Sec. 19. Effective January 1, 2004.)

24013.
  

The board may require any member receiving a disability allowance under this part to undergo medical examination at such times as the board deems necessary. The system may request the member’s treating physician, upon authorization by the disabled member, to complete a medical reevaluation questionnaire. The system shall reimburse the disabled member for all reasonable costs related to completion of this questionnaire in an amount not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250) if the disabled member has no other health coverage that would pay the costs of completing the medical questionnaire. The board may authorize a medical examination to be conducted by the disabled member’s treating source at the disabled member’s expense and, in any case, may require a medical examination to be conducted by a physician selected by the board, in which event, the board shall pay all reasonable costs associated with the examination. The board shall, in scheduling medical examinations, give consideration to the interests and convenience of the disabled member. If the examination, together with other available information, shows to the satisfaction of the board that the member is no longer disabled, the disability allowance shall be terminated. Should the disabled member refuse to submit to medical examination, as provided in this section, the disability allowance shall be terminated and all rights of the disabled member to the disability allowance shall be revoked.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 154. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24014.
  

A disabled member may be employed to perform creditable service subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program. The employment shall not cause the disability allowance to be suspended or terminated except as provided in Sections 23401, 24013, and 24015, and no deduction shall be made from the disabled member’s compensation as contributions to the Defined Benefit Program.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 155. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24015.
  

Notwithstanding Section 22132, if a person who begins to receive a disability allowance under this part after June 30, 1972, is employed, or is self-employed in any capacity in which his or her average earnings for any prior continuous six months amount to 66 2/3 percent of the indexed final compensation, the person shall be presumed capable of performing gainful employment and no longer disabled. The disability allowance shall be terminated on the first day of the month following the six-month period. Any allowance paid thereafter shall be considered an overpayment and recovery shall be made.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 156. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24016.
  

(a) For any one or more months in which the total of a disabled member’s allowance under this part, excluding children’s portions, and earnings exceed 100 percent of indexed final compensation, 100 percent of the amount in excess shall be considered an overpayment and recovery shall be made.

(b) This action shall not apply to disabled members who have allowances terminated under Section 24015 or who are enrolled in an approved rehabilitation program.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 157. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24017.
  

If a person who began receiving a disability allowance under this part after June 30, 1972, is enrolled in an approved rehabilitation program and the total of the disability allowance, excluding children’s portions, and earnings exceed 100 percent of indexed final compensation, 50 percent of the amount in excess shall be considered an overpayment and recovery shall be made.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 965, Sec. 158. Effective January 1, 1999.)

24018.
  

When a disabled member returns to work in his or her former position of employment or in a comparable level position and within six months of return experiences a recurrence of the original disability, that can be medically substantiated, it shall be considered, for the purpose of determining the duration of the disability, that the condition had its onset as of the date the member first became disabled. The former disability allowance under this part shall again become payable as of the later of the first day of the month in which the recurrence of the disability occurred or the last day of creditable service for which compensation is payable to the member provided the member complies with the provisions of Section 24003.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 207, Sec. 16. Effective January 1, 2011.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC