Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 10.5. SCHOOL FACILITIES [17210 - 17653]

  ( Part 10.5 repealed (by Sec. 4) and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. )

CHAPTER 5. Property Maintenance and Control [17565 - 17614]

  ( Chapter 5 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. )

ARTICLE 1. Duties of Governing Board [17565 - 17592.5]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. )

17565.
  

The governing board of any school district shall furnish, repair, insure against fire, and in its discretion rent the school property of its districts. The governing board may also insure the property against other perils. The insurance shall be written in any admitted insurer, or in any nonadmitted insurer to the extent and subject to the conditions prescribed in Section 1763 of the Insurance Code. Insurance on property of a district may be, in the discretion of the governing board, of the deductible type of coverage. By deductible type of coverage is meant a form of insurance under which the insurance becomes operative when the loss and damage exceeds an amount stipulated in the policy or policies.

The governing board, in their notice of bid for any school district construction, may indicate that it may elect to assume the cost of fire insurance by adding the coverage to the district’s existing policy and in that event bids made on the construction shall be made in the alternative, with and without the fire insurance coverage included, and the governing board shall make its election as to who shall secure and pay for the insurance at the time of accepting the bid.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17566.
  

(a) The governing board of any school district, by resolution, may establish a fund or funds for losses, and payments, including, but not limited to, health and welfare benefits for its employees as defined by Section 53200 of the Government Code, school district property, any liability, and workers’ compensation, in the county treasury for the purpose of covering the deductible amount under deductible types of insurance policies, losses or payments arising from self-insurance programs, or losses or payments due to noninsured perils. In the fund or funds shall be placed those sums, to be provided in the budget of the school district, that will create an amount that, together with investments made from the fund or funds, will be sufficient in the judgment of the governing board to protect the school district from those losses or to provide for payments on the deductible amount under deductible types of insurance policies, losses or payments arising from self-insurance programs, or losses or payments due to noninsured perils. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the governing board from providing protection against those losses or liability for the payment of claims partly by means of the fund or funds and partly by means of insurance written by acceptable insurers as provided in Section 17565.

The fund or funds shall be considered as separate and apart from all other funds of the school district, and the balance therein shall not be considered to be part of the working cash of the school district in compiling annual budgets.

Warrants may be drawn on or transfers made from the fund or funds so created only to reimburse or indemnify the school district for losses as herein specified, and for the payment of claims, administrative costs, and related services, and to provide for deductible insurance amounts and purchase of excess insurance. The warrants or transfers shall be within the purpose of the fund or funds as established by resolution of the governing board.

The cash placed in the fund or funds may be invested and reinvested by the county treasurer, with the advice and consent of the governing board of the school district, in securities that are legal investments for surplus county funds in this state. The income derived from the investments, together with interest earned on uninvested funds, shall be considered revenue of, and be deposited in, the fund. The cost of contracts or services authorized by this section are appropriate charges against the respective fund.

The governing board may contract for investigative, administrative, and claims adjustment services relating to claims. The contract may provide that the contracting firm may reject, settle, compromise, and approve claims against the district, or its officers or employees, within the limits and for amounts that the governing board may specify, and may provide that the contracting firm may execute and issue checks in payment of those claims, which checks shall be payable only from a trust account that may be established by the governing board. Funds in the trust account established by the board pursuant to this section shall not exceed a sum that is sufficient, as determined by the governing board to provide for the settlement of claims for a 30-day period. The rejection or settlement and approval of a claim by the contracting firm in accordance with the terms of the contract shall have the same effect as would the rejection or settlement and approval of the claim by the governing board.

The contract may also provide that the contracting firm may employ legal counsel, subject to terms and limitations that the board may prescribe, to advise the contracting firm concerning the legality and advisability of rejecting, settling, compromising, and paying claims referred to the contracting firm by the board for investigation and adjustment, or to represent the board in litigation concerning the claims. The compensation and expenses of the attorney for services rendered to the board shall be an appropriate charge against the appropriate fund.

The contract provided for in this section may contain other terms and conditions that the governing board may consider necessary or desirable to effectuate the board’s self-insured programs.

In lieu of, or in addition to, contracting for the services described in this section, the governing board may authorize an employee or employees to perform any or all of the services and functions for which the board may contract under the provisions of this section.

(b) As used in this section:

(1) “Firm” includes a person, corporation, or other legal entity, including a county superintendent of schools.

(2) “Governing boards” includes governing boards of school districts and county superintendents of schools.

(3) “School district” includes a county superintendent of schools who may participate in or administer insurance or self-insurance programs for the county office of education or for one or more school districts.

(c) A county superintendent of schools may participate in or administer insurance for one or more school districts pursuant to this section or for one or more community college districts pursuant to Section 81602, for any combination of school districts and community college districts pursuant to this section and Section 81602.

(d) Prior to funding health and welfare benefits pursuant to this section, the school district shall secure the services of an actuary who is a member of the American Academy of Actuaries to provide actuarial evaluations of the future annual costs of those benefits. The future annual costs as determined by the actuary shall be made public at a public meeting at least two weeks prior to the commencement of funding health and welfare benefits pursuant to this section.

(e) Upon commencing the funding of health and welfare benefits pursuant to this section, the school district shall secure the services of an actuary as described in subdivision (d) to complete, every three years, an actuarial evaluation of the annual costs of those benefits. A copy of the results of that evaluation shall be submitted by the district to the county superintendent of schools.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17567.
  

Nothing in this code shall be construed to prohibit two or more school districts from exercising, through a joint powers agreement made pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 6500) of Chapter 5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, the powers prescribed in Section 17566 in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth in that section and in Section 17565.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17568.
  

In districts situated within or partly within cities having a population of over five hundred thousand (500,000) as determined by the 1920 federal census any board of education may establish a fund in the county treasury for the purpose of covering fire losses to school property in lieu of carrying fire insurance in admitted insurers as provided in Section 17565. In the fund shall be placed sums, to be provided in the budget of the district, as will create an amount which, together with investments made from the fund, will be sufficient in the judgment of the board of education upon the advice of competent actuaries to protect the board of education against losses by fire on all or any part of the school property within its jurisdiction. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as prohibiting the board of education from providing protection against fire losses partly by means of the fund and partly by means of fire insurance written by admitted insurers as provided in Section 17565.

The fund shall be considered as separate and apart from all other funds of the district and the balance therein shall not be considered as being part of the working cash of the district in compiling annual budgets or fixing annual tax rates.

Warrants shall be drawn on, or transfers made from, the fund so created only to reimburse or indemnify the school district for losses as herein specified, and for the payment of claims, administrative costs, related services, and to provide for deductible insurance amounts and the purchase of excess insurance. The warrants or transfers shall be within the purpose of the fund as established by resolution of the governing board.

The cash placed in the fund may be invested and reinvested by the county treasurer with the advice and consent of the board of education in securities which are legal investments for surplus county funds in this state. The income derived from such investments together with interest earned on uninvested funds shall be considered revenue of and be deposited in the fund.

The county treasurer shall make quarterly reports to the board of education as to the condition of the fund, using as a basis for the report the cost or market value, whichever may be the lower, of the securities held as investments plus the cash in the fund.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17569.
  

The governing board of any school district may grade, pave, construct sewers, or otherwise improve streets and other public places in front of real property owned or controlled by it, and also may construct in immediate proximity to any school or site owned or controlled by the district, pedestrian tunnels, overpasses, footbridges, sewers and water pipes when required for school or administrative purposes, may acquire property, easements and rights-of-way for such purpose, and may appropriate money to pay the cost and expense of the improvements, whether made by the board under contract executed by the board, or under contracts made in pursuance of any of the general laws of the state respecting street improvements, or under other contracts made in pursuance of the charter of any county or municipality.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17570.
  

Any provision to the contrary notwithstanding, the governing board of any school district, other than a city school district with over 50,000 pupils in average daily attendance during the preceding fiscal year, may construct pedestrian walks, footbridges, and pedestrian tunnels when required for the safety of pupils attending the schools of the district, may acquire easements and rights-of-way for those purposes, and may appropriate money to acquire such easements and rights-of-way and to pay the cost and expense of the improvements, whether made by the board under contract executed by the board, or under contracts made in pursuance of any of the general laws of the state respecting street improvements, or under other contracts made in pursuance of the charter of any county or municipality. Pedestrian walks, footbridges, and pedestrian tunnels shall be constructed, and such easements or rights-of-way for those purposes shall be acquired, within one mile of the school for the pupils of which the walks, bridges, and tunnels are necessary.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17571.
  

The governing board of any school district may install and maintain a lighting system in any underpass in the vicinity of a schoolhouse.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17572.
  

The governing board of any school district may appropriate money to pay assessments, for the improvement of streets or other public places, levied against any real property owned by, or under the control of the board, when the property is included within an assessment district formed in pursuance of any general law of the state or under the charter of any municipality. The assessments may be paid out of any funds belonging to the school district, except funds derived from the sale of bonds or required by law to be used for teachers’ salaries.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17573.
  

The governing board of every school district shall provide a warm, healthful place in which children who bring their own lunches to school may eat the lunches.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17574.
  

The governing board of a school district may construct a mobilehome site on the grounds of any district facility or facilities maintained by the district, including all necessary appurtenances and fixtures, and may pay the cost of utilities, insurance, and necessary services, for the purpose of enabling a responsible person or persons to install and occupy a mobilehome on such site. Such person or persons, who need not be classified as employees of the district, shall, in return for being permitted to install and occupy a mobilehome on the district facility site on terms and conditions acceptable to the governing board, agree to maintain any surveillance over the facility grounds as the school district governing board requires, and to report to district authorities illegal or suspicious activities that are observed.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17575.
  

The governing board of any school district, when leasing a building for housing of school district employees, may lease such building for any period they deem necessary.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17576.
  

The governing board of every school district shall provide, as an integral part of each school building, or as part of at least one building of a group of separate buildings, sufficient patent flush water closets for the use of the pupils. In school districts where the water supply is inadequate, chemical water closets may be substituted for patent flush water closets by the board.

This section shall apply to all buildings existing on September 19, 1947, or constructed after such date.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17577.
  

In addition to the other powers granted the governing board of each school district may provide sewers and drains adequate to treat and/or dispose of sewage and drainage on or away from each school property. For this purpose it may construct adequate systems or acquire adequate disposal rights in systems constructed or to be constructed by others for these purposes without regard to their proximity. The cost thereof may be paid from the building fund, including any bond moneys therein.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17578.
  

The governing board of each district maintaining a high school shall provide for the annual cleaning, sterilizing, and necessary repair of football equipment of their respective schools pursuant to Sections 17579 and 17580.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 646, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2000.)

17579.
  

All football equipment actually worn by pupils shall be cleaned and sterilized at least once a year. Football equipment used in spring training shall be cleaned and sterilized before it is used in the succeeding fall term.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17580.
  

Any contract with a dealer or craftsman for the repair of football equipment belonging to the district or the state college shall specifically state or describe the materials to be used by the dealer or craftsman in repairing such equipment.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17581.
  

(a) The Legislature finds and declares that the quality of protective equipment worn by participants in high school interscholastic football is a significant factor in the occurrence of injuries to such participants and that it is therefore necessary to insure minimum standards of quality for the equipment in order to prevent unnecessary injuries to such participants.

(b) No football helmets shall be worn by participants in high school interscholastic football unless the equipment has been certified for use by the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment or any other recognized certifying agency in the field.

This section shall not be construed as relieving school districts from the duty of maintaining football protective equipment in a safe and serviceable condition.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17582.
  

(a) The governing board of a school district may establish a restricted fund to be known as the “district deferred maintenance fund” for purposes including, but not limited to, major repair or replacement of plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, electrical, roofing, and floor systems; the exterior and interior painting of school buildings; the inspection, sampling, and analysis of building materials to determine the presence of asbestos-containing materials; the encapsulation or removal of asbestos-containing materials; the inspection, identification, sampling, and analysis of building materials to determine the presence of lead-containing materials; and the control, management, and removal of lead-containing materials. Funds deposited in the district deferred maintenance fund may be received from any source and shall be accounted for separately from all other funds and accounts and retained in the district deferred maintenance fund for purposes of this section. The term “school building” as used in this article includes a facility that a county office of education is authorized to use pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 17280) of Chapter 3.

(b) Funds deposited in the district deferred maintenance fund shall only be expended for maintenance purposes as provided pursuant to subdivision (a).

(c) The governing board of each school district shall have complete control over the funds and earnings of funds once deposited in the district deferred maintenance fund.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 12. Effective January 1, 2016.)

17589.
  

The State Allocation Board shall develop board policies for the apportionment of funds appropriated for the containment or removal of asbestos materials in schools pursuant to Section 49410. The policies shall provide for the allocation of funds on a matching basis, or the board may determine, based on each application, to increase the allocation to any school district by the amount it determines is necessary to complete critical projects. In making policies pursuant to this section, the board may establish funding priorities based on a determination in each instance as to the imminence of the health hazard posed by the asbestos materials.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17590.
  

The Asbestos Abatement Fund is hereby created, and notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, all moneys deposited in this fund are continuously appropriated to be administered by the State Allocation Board for the purpose of making allocations to school districts and county offices of education pursuant to Sections 17589 and 49410.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

17592.5.
  

The Southern California Regional Occupational Center and the Metropolitan Education District, each of which is a joint powers authority, shall be deemed to be school districts for purposes of Sections 17582, 17589, and 17590.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2016.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC1.