Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 10. SCHOOL BONDS [15100 - 17199.6]

  ( Part 10 repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. )

CHAPTER 6. State School Building Aid Law of 1952 [16000 - 16344]

  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 2. School Housing Aid for Reorganized Districts [16150 - 16166]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. )

16150.
  

(a) As used in this article:

(1) “Acquiring district” means a district in which all or a part of a state-aided district or an applicant district has been included.

(2) “Original district” means a state-aided or applicant district included in whole or in part in an acquiring district.

(3) “State-aided district” means a district to which a conditional or final apportionment has been made under this chapter.

(b) For purposes of this article as it applies to an acquiring district, the effective date of any change of boundaries, annexation, formation of a new district, or other reorganization shall be:

(1) For granting conditional apportionments: the date the action became effective for purposes of Sections 35532 and 35533.

(2) For making conditional apportionments final: the date the action became effective for purposes of Sections 35532 and 35533.

(c) For purposes of this article as it applies to an original district, the effective date of any change of boundaries, annexation, formation of a new district, or other reorganization in which the original district is included in whole or in part in an acquiring district shall be:

(1) For granting conditional apportionments: the date the action becomes effective for all purposes as specified in Section 35534.

(2) For making conditional apportionments final: the date the action became effective for all purposes as specified in Section 35534.

(3) No conditional apportionment may be made to any original district affected by any reorganization after the date that action became effective for purposes of Sections 35532 and 35533 except upon an application that has the approval of the governing board of the acquiring district.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 2016.)

16151.
  

On the date an acquiring district becomes effective for all purposes, as specified in Section 35534, the authority to accept a state loan voted by an original district pursuant to this chapter whose boundaries are coterminous with the boundaries of the acquiring district shall become authority of the acquiring district to accept a state loan. However, when the proceeds of bonds authorized and sold by the acquiring district are applied toward the reduction of apportionments made to an original district that is included in whole in the acquiring district pursuant to Section 16058, the amount of bond proceeds shall be excluded in determining the amount chargeable against any apportionment authorized to be accepted by the electorate of the original or acquiring district.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 2016.)

16152.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, where an election is or has been held after April 1, 1972, in two elementary districts for the purpose of forming a new elementary district from the territories of the districts, which reorganization would become effective for all purposes on July 1, 1973, and where one of the districts has prior to April 1, 1972, voted to accept, expend, and repay apportionments under this chapter but no apportionments pursuant to the authorization has been made to the district as of April 1, 1972, the consent of the electors in the districts to the reorganization shall be deemed to constitute a consent on behalf of the newly formed district to accept, expend, and repay apportionments under this chapter to the extent that the former authorization for apportionments had not been utilized.

Further, the ballot for the election held for the purpose of forming the new elementary school district shall contain a statement to the effect that approval of reorganization shall be deemed to constitute a consent on behalf of the newly formed district to accept, expend, and repay apportionments under this chapter to the extent that the former authorization for apportionments has not been utilized.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16153.
  

Whenever, prior to the date on which a conditional apportionment is made by the board to an applicant district, (1) if an applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in whole in another district which is ineligible for an apportionment under this chapter, no apportionment shall be made to the applicant district; (2) if less than the whole of an applicant district is included in a district which is ineligible for an apportionment under this chapter, the board may reconsider the application of the applicant district and make such determinations and take the action with respect thereto, including the making, subject to Article 1 (commencing with Section 16000) of this chapter, of a conditional apportionment to the district, as the board may deem necessary because of such inclusion of less than the whole of the applicant district in the acquiring district; (3) if an applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in whole or in part in a district which is eligible for an apportionment under this chapter and has made or does make an application for the apportionment, the board may reconsider the applications of the applicant district and the acquiring district and make the determinations and take the action with respect thereto, including the making, subject to the provisions of Article 1 (commencing with Section 16000) of this chapter, of conditional apportionments to the districts, as the board may deem necessary because of the annexation or other inclusion in the acquiring district of the applicant district in whole or in part.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16154.
  

Whenever, subsequent to the date on which a conditional apportionment is made by the board to an applicant district, but prior to the date on which the conditional apportionment becomes final, (1) if an applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in whole in a district which is not eligible for an apportionment under this chapter, the conditional apportionment shall, notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, become void and the board shall promptly notify the Controller in writing thereof and the date on which the apportionment became void; (2) if the district to which an applicant district is annexed or in which it is otherwise included in whole is eligible for an apportionment, has made or does make an application for such an apportionment under this chapter, the conditional apportionment made to the applicant district shall, notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, become void but the board may reconsider the application of the acquiring district and make the determinations and take such action with respect thereto, including the making, subject to the provisions of Article 1 (commencing with Section 16000) of this chapter except as hereinafter provided, of additional conditional apportionments to the acquiring district, as the board may deem necessary as a result of such annexation or other inclusion in the acquiring district of the applicant district; (3) if less than the whole of an applicant district is included in another district, the conditional apportionment shall, notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, become void, but the board may reconsider the application and make such determinations and take such actions with respect thereto, including the making, subject to the provisions of Article 1 (commencing with Section 16000) of this chapter except as hereinafter provided, of new conditional apportionments to the applicant district, as the board may deem necessary as a result of such inclusion of a portion of the applicant district in the acquiring district.

Notwithstanding anything in the first sentence of Section 16058 to the contrary, additional conditional apportionments made to a district under (2), or new conditional apportionments made to a district under (3) of the first paragraph of this section may, with the approval of the board, become final if the total amount of the bonds of the district outstanding and unpaid is within twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) of the amount required under Section 16058.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16155.
  

If an annexation or other inclusion of a portion of an applicant district in another district comprises less than 5 percent of the assessed valuation of the applicant district on the effective date of the change, no annexation or other inclusion shall be deemed to have taken place for the purposes of Sections 16154 and 16156.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16156.
  

Whenever, prior to the date on which conditional apportionments have been made to an applicant district for the full amount of state aid approved for the district under Section 16035, (1) if the applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in whole in another district which is ineligible for an apportionment under this chapter, no further apportionment shall be made to the applicant district; (2) if the applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in whole in a district which is eligible for an apportionment under this chapter and which has made or does make an application for the apportionment, the board may reconsider the applications of the applicant district and the acquiring district and make any determinations and take any action with respect thereto, including the making, subject to the provisions of Article 1 (commencing with Section 16000) of this chapter, of a conditional apportionment or apportionments to the acquiring district that the board may deem necessary because of the annexation or other inclusion in the acquiring district of the applicant district; (3) if a portion of the applicant district is annexed to or otherwise included in another district, the board may reconsider the application of the applicant district and may, within two years after the first apportionment made under the approval, make the additional apportionments as it sees fit to the applicant district, but not in excess of the amount in which the application was originally approved, without requiring the district to issue additional bonds.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16157.
  

If, subsequent to the date on which a conditional apportionment made to a district becomes final, the state-aided district is included in whole in another district, the acquiring district shall, on the effective date of the inclusion, succeed to and be vested with all of the duties, powers, purposes, jurisdiction, and responsibilities of the state-aided district with respect to the apportionment and the property acquired or to be acquired from funds provided thereby, and all funds in the state school building fund of the state-aided district shall be transferred to the state school building fund of the acquiring district. All amounts that would, after the effective date of the inclusion, have been otherwise paid to the state-aided district under the terms of or pursuant to the apportionment, shall be paid to the acquiring district. In addition, the acquiring district shall, on the effective date of the inclusion of the state-aided district in the acquiring district as fixed by Section 35534, become liable for the annual repayments and other payments due the state under Section 16075 and other provisions of this chapter with respect to the apportionment or the property acquired or to be acquired therewith.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2016.)

16158.
  

Whenever one or more state-aided districts are included in whole in an acquiring district, and the acquiring district applies for and receives an apportionment, then after the effective date of the inclusion and upon the approval of the application of the acquiring district, the governing board of each component state-aided district shall immediately transfer to the acquiring district all moneys of the component district which are required to be, or have been, earmarked for a project or projects of the district. The acquiring district, upon the transfer to it of the funds, may expend the funds for any projects of the acquiring district as to which its application was approved.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16159.
  

Whenever, subsequent to the date on which a conditional apportionment made to a state-aided district becomes final, less than all of the district is included in another district, the Director of General Services shall determine what portion of the apportionment was expended or will be expended for property acquired or to be acquired by the acquiring district. Any determination made by the Director of General Services under this section may be redetermined by him or her, from time to time, until the project for which the apportionment was made has been completed, and the final cost thereof determined and the final determination has been made pursuant to the final cost. The Director of General Services shall promptly notify the Controller, the governing board of the state-aided district and of the acquiring district, the superintendent of schools, the auditor and the treasurer of the counties having jurisdiction over the districts of each determination and redetermination made by him or her under this section. No redetermination shall be retroactive nor affect the liability of any school district for any payment or annual repayment, or portion thereof, previously made by or on behalf of the district to the state under this chapter.

On and after the date of the change of boundaries, the acquiring district succeeds to and is vested with all of the duties, powers, purposes, jurisdiction, and responsibilities of the state-aided district with respect to that portion of the apportionment which the Director of General Services has determined or redetermined under this section was expended, or will be expended, for property acquired or to be acquired by the acquiring district, and the unexpended part of the portion of the apportionment in the state school building fund of the state-aided district shall be transferred to the state school building fund of the acquiring district. In addition, and at the same time, the acquiring district shall become liable for the payment to the state of that portion of the annual repayment and all other payments due the state under Section 16075 and other provisions of this chapter with respect to that portion of the apportionment which the Director of General Services has determined or redetermined was expended, or will be expended for property acquired, or to be acquired by the acquiring district, or, in the event the portion of the apportionment is a lower percentage of the apportionment than the percentage that the assessed valuation in the territory of the state-aided district which was transferred to the acquiring district is of the total assessed valuation of the state-aided district immediately preceding the effective date of the transfer, the acquiring district shall become liable for the payment to the state of that portion of the annual repayment and all other repayments due the state under Section 16075 and other provisions of this chapter with respect to the apportionment which is equal to the percentage of assessed valuation in the territory transferred to the acquiring district. “Annual repayment,” as used in this section, refers to repayment computed under Sections 16070 to 16075, inclusive, and excludes amounts for which the state-aided district is liable under the provisions of Section 16039. Whenever a site for which repayments are being made under Section 16039 is transferred to an acquiring district the acquiring district shall be liable for the repayments required under Section 16039.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the liability of the acquiring district for the repayment of any portion of the apportionment made to the state-aided district shall not exceed the product of the highest percentage referred to above (whether relating to assessed valuation or to the portion of the apportionment expended in the property acquired), multiplied by the balance due on the apportionment made to the state-aided district at the time of the withdrawal on the effective date specified in Section 4064 (Sec. 1, Ch. 95, Stats. 1964, 1st Ex. Sess.) of the territory referred to. The limited liability is hereinafter referred to as “the maximum.” It is the intent of the Legislature that the maximum shall be applied by the Controller, both retroactively and prospectively, provided that as a result of the application (1) no cash refund shall be made to any district; (2) in the event any district has, in the past, paid an amount greater than the maximum, assuming this paragraph had been in effect at that time, the excess shall be credited by the Controller against any apportionment balances for which the district is or may hereafter become liable; and (3) the Controller shall make retroactively any adjustments in the amounts due from other districts by virtue of any adjustments made under (2) above. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any computations required to be made pursuant to this paragraph shall not be reflected in any changes in deductions required to be made pursuant to Section 16080 prior to January 1, 1966.

If any subdivision clause, sentence, or phrase of this section is for any reason held to be unconstitutional the decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this section. The Legislature hereby declares that it would have adopted this section and each subdivision, sentence, clause, or phrase thereof irrespective of the fact that any one or more subsections, clauses, sentences, or phrases be declared unconstitutional.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16160.
  

Notwithstanding Sections 16159 and 16161, in situations where an applicant district at the elementary grade level under this chapter is divided into three parts, each of which is included in a newly formed unified school district, each part shall be excluded in determining the state loan repayment liability for any apportionment made to the original district subsequent to the date the unification is effective for purposes of Section 35532, provided that all of the following occur:

(a) The assessed valuation of the part is less than 4 percent of the original district in the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year the change is made effective for all purposes.

(b) The average daily attendance in the part is excluded in determining projected enrollment of the original district for additional state aid during the period after the change is effective for purposes of Section 35532 and before the effective date for all purposes.

(c) The part contains no sites, plans, or school facilities, which were acquired under this chapter or under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 15700).

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 386, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 2016.)

16161.
  

Notwithstanding any change in the boundaries of a state-aided district or the annexation to, or the inclusion in, another district of a state-aided district, the state-aided district as it existed immediately prior to the effective date of the action shall be continued in existence for the determination of the assessed valuation of the property therein and for the purposes of the computations provided by Sections 16070, 16072, 16074, 16075 and 16084; and all the computations required to be made pursuant to those sections shall be made exactly as if there had been no such change of boundaries, annexation, or inclusion, except as otherwise provided in Sections 16163 and 16164. However, that if a state-aided district shall be included entirely in another school district which subsequently becomes state aided, then the unpaid balances of the apportionments made to the original district shall be added to the balances of the apportionments made to the newly aided district. In those cases, no further computations as aforesaid, or repayments, shall be made with respect to the original district, but the computations and repayments shall thenceforth be based solely upon the territory and assessed valuation of the newly aided district, in the manner provided by Sections 16070, 16072, 16074, 16075 and 16084.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16162.
  

If a unified school district, after the effective date of this section, applies for and is granted an apportionment under this chapter on the basis of grade levels as defined in Section 16003, all unpaid balances of prior apportionments made to the district, subject to Section 16161, shall be added to the balances of the apportionments made on the basis of Section 16003. In those cases, no further computations or repayments under Sections 16070, 16072, 16074, 16075 and 16084 shall be made with respect to the prior apportionments alone, but the computations and repayments shall thenceforth be based solely upon the combined apportionments, and shall be made as provided in Sections 16071, 16072, 16074, 16075 and 16084.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16163.
  

Whenever, subsequent to the date on which a conditional apportionment becomes final, territory is withdrawn from a state-aided district and no portion of the apportionment was expended for school property acquired by the acquiring district:

(1) If the acquiring district is a state-aided district, the assessed valuation in the territory acquired shall be included in determining assessed valuation of the property in the acquiring district, and shall thereafter be excluded in determining assessed valuation of the property in the state-aided district, for purposes of the computations under Sections 16070 to 16075, inclusive;

(2) If the acquiring district is not a state-aided district, the Controller shall determine the percentage relationship, at the time of the withdrawal, between (a) the assessed valuation in the territory acquired, together with the current assessed valuation in all other territory theretofore acquired by the acquiring district from the state-aided district since the date of its first conditional apportionment under this chapter, and (b) the current assessed valuation of the state-aided district as it was territorially constituted on the latter date.

If the percentage of assessed valuation in acquired territory is, in the aggregate, less than 10 percent, the assessed valuation in all the acquired territory shall be excluded, until the next withdrawal of territory from the state-aided district to the acquiring district, in determining the assessed valuation of the state-aided district for the purposes of the computations under Sections 16070 to 16075, inclusive.

If the percentage of assessed valuation in acquired territory is, in the aggregate, a percentage equal to or greater than 10 percent, the Controller shall, by deducting the percentage from 100 percent, obtain the “complement percentage.” Until the next withdrawal of territory from the state-aided district to the acquiring district, the assessed valuation of the state-aided district for purposes of the computations under Sections 16070 to 16075, inclusive, shall be determined by dividing the current assessed valuation of the state-aided district as territorially constituted immediately subsequent to the last withdrawal, by the complement percentage.

Whenever, pursuant to this section, the assessed valuation of the state-aided district is adjusted for repayment computation purposes by use of the complement percentage, liability for the annual repayment computed shall be apportioned between the state-aided district and the acquiring district by multiplying the annual repayment by the complement percentage, the product representing the liability of the state-aided district, and the remainder of the computed repayment representing the liability of the acquiring district.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the liability of the state-aided district shall not exceed the product of any “complement percentage” (as it may from time to time exist) times the balance due on the aforesaid final apportionment at the time the complement percentage is established; and the liability of the acquiring district (while a complement percentage remains unchanged) shall not exceed the remainder of the balance of the final apportionment at the time complement percentage is established. The maximum liability on the part of either the state-aided or acquiring districts established as above (and until the time that the liability be altered by altering the “complement percentage”) shall be hereinafter referred to in this section with respect to each such district as “the maximum.”

(3) In the event that two or more non-state-aided districts acquire territory from the state-aided district, the Controller shall determine the formulae for apportioning liability for the annual repayment between the districts affected (including the formulae for determining what assessed valuations shall be used within the affected districts or territories withdrawn, and the dates of determination thereof), as will in his or her opinion best comply with the principles set forth above, irrespective of whether the formulae are in literal compliance therewith. The same percentage of annual repayment for which a district is liable at the time the liability apportionment is made shall (unless and until the liability apportionment is subsequently changed pursuant to this paragraph) be deemed applicable to the liability of the district for the balance (as of the date the liability apportionment is made) due on the final apportionment to the state-aided district. The liability for the balance shall, with respect to any affected district, be hereinafter referred to as the “maximum” for the district.

(4) It is the intent of the Legislature that the foregoing “maximums” shall be applied by the Controller both retroactively and prospectively, provided that as a result of the application (1) no cash refund shall be made to any district; (2) in the event any district has, in the past, paid an amount greater than its “maximum,” assuming this paragraph and others to which it is referable had been in effect at that time, the excess shall be credited by the Controller against any apportionment balances for which the district is or may hereafter become liable; and (3) the Controller shall make retroactively any adjustments in the amounts due from any other district by virtue of any adjustments made under (2) above. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any computations required to be made pursuant to this paragraph shall not be reflected in any changes in deductions required to be made pursuant to Section 16080 prior to January 1, 1966.

If any subdivision, clause, sentence, or phrase of this section is for any reason held to be unconstitutional the decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this section. The Legislature hereby declares that it would have adopted this section and each subdivision, sentence, clause, or phrase thereof irrespective of the fact that any one or more subdivisions, clauses, sentences, or phrases be declared unconstitutional.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16164.
  

Whenever, subsequent to the date on which a conditional apportionment becomes final, any territory is withdrawn from a non-state-aided district and annexed to the state-aided district, the assessed valuation in the territory so annexed shall be included with the valuation of the state-aided district for the purposes of making the computations provided by Sections 16070 to 16075, inclusive.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16165.
  

The Controller shall compute, in accordance with Sections 16161, 16163 and 16164, the amount of the annual repayment due the state on account of the apportionment or apportionments to each state-aided district and shall deduct from the respective apportionments made from the State School Fund under Sections 46304, 46305, and 92 or 41050, Sections 41330 to 41343, inclusive, and Sections 41600 to 41972, inclusive, to the state-aided district and an acquiring district the portion thereof for which each is liable under this article (Sections 16150 to 16166, inclusive).

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

16166.
  

When, after any application is filed, the applicant district is annexed to, or, by change of boundaries or otherwise, is included in whole or in part in another district or districts, the superintendent of schools of the county having jurisdiction over the applicant district shall, within 10 days after the effective date of the annexation, inclusion, or change of boundaries, file a certificate with the board, in writing, in the form that the board shall prescribe, setting forth (1) the effective date of the annexation, inclusion, or change of boundaries; (2) identification of the area of the school district affected by the change and the name of the school district or districts in which the area is included as a result thereof; and (3) any additional information in any form that the board may require.

The board shall, upon receiving the appropriate certificate from a county superintendent of schools as provided herein, promptly notify the State Controller, in writing, of (1) the effective date of annexation or other inclusion of a state-aided district by an acquiring district; (2) the name of the state-aided district; (3) the name of the acquiring district; and (4) the number and other identification of the apportionment affected.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 277, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Operative January 1, 1998.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC2.